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Encyclopedia > World War II in contemporary culture

The influence of World War II has been profound and diverse, having an impact on many parts of life. Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Contents

Movies and television

It has provided material for many movies, television programmes and books, beginning in the war. The movie aspect had reached its peak by the 1960s, with movies such as The Longest Day (which had been adapted from a book), The Great Escape, Patton and Battle of Britain. Movies about WWII continued for the rest of the 20th century, though less in number and included The Thin Red Line (1998) and Saving Private Ryan (1998). Movies and television programmes about the war continued to be made into the 21st century, including the television mini-series Band of Brothers and Dunkirk. The majority of WWII movies are portrayed from the Allied perspective (increasingly being limited to that of the Americans). Some exceptions include Das Boot, Der Untergang , Letters from Iwo Jima, Stalingrad, and Cross of Iron. World War II used to provide most of the material for the USA TV channel, the History Channel. There are also some comedy shows based on the war; some examples are the British sitcom Allo Allo which makes fun of the French Resistance forces, and Dad's Army, which satirizes the British Home Guard, an anti-invasion force largely made up of men too old or in too bad health to join the regular forces. Mel Brooks also used the theme in the fictitious musical "Springtime for Hitler" in his 1968 film and 2001 musical, The Producers. The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... The Longest Day is a 3-hour-long 1962 war film with a very large cast, based on the 1959 book The Longest Day by Cornelius Ryan, about D-Day, the invasion of Normandy on 6 June 1944, during World War II. // The movie was adapted by Romain Gary, James... The Longest Day is a book by Cornelius Ryan published in 1959, telling the story of D-Day, the first day of the World War II invasion of Normandy. ... The Great Escape, written by James Clavell, W.R. Burnett, and Walter Newman (uncredited), and directed by John Sturges is a popular 1963 World War II film, based on a true story about Allied prisoners of war with a record for escaping from German prisoner-of-war camps. ... Patton is a 1970 epic biographical film which tells the story of General George S. Pattons commands during World War II. It stars George C. Scott, Karl Malden, Michael Bates, and Karl Michael Vogler. ... Battle of Britain is a 1969 film directed by Guy Hamilton, and produced by Harry Saltzman and S Benjamin Fisz. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... The Thin Red Line is a 1998 war film which tells the story of United States forces during the Battle of Guadalcanal in World War II. It marked Terrence Malicks return to filmmaking after a twenty year absence. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Saving Private Ryan is a 1998 Academy-Award-winning film set in World War II, directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Robert Rodat. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The 21st century is the present century of the Anno Domini (common) era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Band of Brothers is an acclaimed 10-part television miniseries set during World War II, co-produced by Steven Spielberg and Tom Hanks. ... Das Boot (IPA pronunciation: /das boːt/, German for The Boat) is a 1981 feature film directed by Wolfgang Petersen, adapted from a novel of the same name by Lothar-Günther Buchheim. ... Der Untergang (2004; international English title Downfall) is a German film depicting the final days of Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany in 1945. ... Letters from Iwo Jima (Japanese: 硫黄島からの手紙) a 2006 Academy Award and Golden Globe-winning critically-acclaimed [1][2][3]war film starring Ken Watanabe and Kazunari Ninomiya among others, and directed by Clint Eastwood, is about the Battle of Iwo Jima from the perspective of Japanese soldiers. ... Stalingrad is a 1993 film by Joseph Vilsmaier, similar to Apocalypse Now and Platoon in its approach to depicting the horrors of war in a realistic and unromanticized fashion. ... Cross of Iron is a 1977 drama war film directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring James Coburn, James Mason, Maximilian Schell, and David Warner. ... The History Channel is a cable television channel, dedicated to the presentation of historical events and persons, often with frequent observations and explanations by noted historians as well as reenactors and witnesses to events, if possible. ... Allo Allo! was a British sitcom that ran on BBC1 from 1984 to 1992. ... Dad’s Army is a British sitcom about the Home Guard in the Second World War, written by Jimmy Perry and David Croft and broadcast on BBC television between 1968 and 1977. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Producers may refer to one of the following: American actor and writer director Mel Brooks comedy about two con-men who attempt to cheat theatre investors out of their investment money. ...


Many non-war-related TV shows in the USA such as The Simpsons, Family Guy and Seinfeld frequently make reference to World War II-related persons and subjects, such as Adolf Hitler, Franklin Roosevelt, battles during the war, the Holocaust and the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. During the war several of the Donald Duck shorts were also propaganda films. In the sixth episode of Fawlty Towers, Basil Fawlty (played by John Cleese) bases his comical routine on the paramount need that he and his staff be polite and "don't mention the War!" to their German guests, a task in which he signally and repeatedly fails himself. Simpsons redirects here. ... Family Guy is an Emmy award winning American animated television series about a nuclear family in the fictional town of Quahog (IPA or ), Rhode Island. ... Seinfeld is an Emmy Award-winning American sitcom that originally aired on NBC from July 5, 1989, to May 14, 1998, running a total of 9 seasons. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), often referred to as FDR, was the 32nd (1933–1945) President of the United States. ... For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ... The Japanese city of Hiroshima ) is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the ChÅ«goku region of western HonshÅ«, the largest of Japans islands. ... Nagasaki ) ( ) is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture in Japan. ... Donald Duck is an animated cartoon and comic-book character from Walt Disney Productions. ... The Germans is the sixth episode of the BBC sitcom Fawlty Towers. ... Fawlty Towers is a British sitcom made by the BBC and first broadcast on BBC2 in 1975. ... Basil Fawlty, played by John Cleese Basil Fawlty is the major character in the British sitcom Fawlty Towers, played by John Cleese. ... John Marwood Cleese (born 27 October 1939) is an Academy Award-nominated and Emmy Award winning English comedian and actor. ...


Holocaust movies

Also some movies and TV series in an attempt to show and educate the future generation about the horror of racism and discrimination when taken into a national frenzy by making movies based on the Holocaust and other atrocities committed by the Nazi party. Movies like Schindler's List, Anne Frank, Life Is Beautiful, The Pianist and many other movies depict the hardship the Jews, homosexuals and communists had endured in Auschwitz and other concentration camps. For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ... Germany committed war crimes in both World War I and World War II. The most notable of these is the Holocaust, where millions of people, about half of which were Jews, were murdered. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Life Is Beautiful (Italian: La vita è bella) is a 1997 Italian language film which tells the story of a Jewish Italian, Guido Orefice (played by Roberto Benigni, who also directed and co-wrote the film), who lives in his own romantic fairy tale world, but must learn how to use... The Pianist may be: The Pianist (1991 film), a 1991 film The Pianist (1998 film) (El Pianista), a 1998 Catalan film The Pianist (memoir), a biographical memoir by Polish pianist WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw Szpilman The Pianist (film), a 2002 Roman Polanski film based on the memoir Die Klavierspielerin, a novel... Auschwitz, in English, commonly refers to the Auschwitz concentration camp complex built near the town of Oświęcim, by Nazi Germany during World War II. Rarely, it may refer to the Polish town of Oświęcim (called by the Germans Auschwitz) itself. ...


Asia

Due to the still sensitive subject between China, Japan and Korea, the War in the Pacific and the Second Sino-Japanese war is hardly made into any historical war movies intended for entertainment use (movies like Sands of Iwo Jima). However, reference about the ongoing war as a background setting is heavily used as a setpiece to drive the storyline on. For example, Hong Kong martial arts movies have used "cartoon villain" portrayal of Japanese soldiers or generals being defeated by the Chinese lead character in an attempt to stop the Japanese from using biological weapons or stealing Chinese treasures (movies like Fist of Fury, Millionaire's Express and Fist of Legend). Some movies that depict Japanese war crimes were also made, such the controversial exploitation movie Men Behind the Sun. This article is about the Korean peninsula and civilization. ... For other uses, see Pacific War (disambiguation). ... Combatants China Japan Commanders Chiang Kai-shek, Chen Cheng, Yan Xishan, Feng Yuxiang, Li Zongren, Xue Yue, Bai Chongxi, Mao Zedong, Peng Dehuai Hirohito, Hideki Tojo, Kotohito Kanin, Matsui Iwane, Hajime Sugiyama, Shunroku Hata, Toshizo Nishio, Yasuji Okamura, Umezu Yoshijiro, Fumimaro Konoe Strength 58,600,000 4,100,000... A war film is any film dealing with war, usually focusing on naval, air, or land battle, but sometimes focusing instead on prisoners of war, covert operations, training, or other related subjects. ... Sands of Iwo Jima is a 1949 war film which follows a group of Marines from training to the Battle of Iwo Jima during World War II. It stars John Wayne, John Agar, Adele Mara and Forrest Tucker. ... Martial arts film is a film genre that originated in the Pacific Rim. ... A stereotypical villain, common in early 20th century silent films, wears formal black clothes, exquisitely neat facial hair, and a maniacal demeanour. ... Jing Wu Men redirects here. ... Millionaires Express aka. ... Fist of Legend (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; literally Hero of Jing Wu) is a 1994 Hong Kong martial arts film starring the martial artist Jet Li. ... Japanese war crimes occurred during the period of Japanese imperialism. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


More serious documentary style movies have also been made such as the German made documentary "Nanking". Also recently, to celebrate the Chinese Red Army first victory (out of two major battles the Communist actually fought) over the Japanese, a heavy-handed propaganda film that depict the Battle of Pingxingguan was made in 2005 to commemorate the 60th anniversary. However it was heavily criticised by Taiwan government, accusing the PRC government for hiding the truth by discrediting the Nationalist Revolutionary Army who took the blunt of the battles as it was them who did most of the fighting against the invaders in more than twenty battles. Actually, the PRC has made several movies focusing on battles fought by Nationalist soldiers, such as the Battle of Taierzhuang and Battle of Kunlun Pass. However, for political reasons, these movies were banned and did not receive wide release in mainland China until recently. The PRC censor banned these movies because it did not wish to portray the nationalists as heroes, but in the hope of reunification with Taiwan, the PRC government nowadays portray the war was fought by "The people of China". Nanking (Chinese: 南京) is a 2007 documentary film about the 1937 Nanking Massacre in China. ... Alternate meaning: Shining Path The Peoples Liberation Army (PLA); Traditional Chinese: 人民解放軍, Simplified Chinese: 人民解放军, pinyin: Rénmín Jiěfàng Jūn), including strategic nuclear forces, an army, navy and air force, serves as the military of... The Battle of Pingxingguan, commonly called the Great Victory of Pingxingguan (平型关大捷) in Mainland China, was an engagement fought between the 8th Route Army of the Chinese Communist Party and the Imperial Japanese Army on September 25, 1937. ... PRC is a common abbreviation for: Peoples Republic of China Palestinian Red Crescent Popular Resistance Committees This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The National Revolutionary Army (NRA) (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: , sometimes shortened to 國軍 or National Army) was the National Army of the Republic of China from 1925 until 1949. ... The Battle of Taierzhuang was a battle of the Second Sino_Japanese War in 1938, between armies of Chinese Kuomintang and Japan. ... Combatants National Revolutionary Army, China Imperial Japanese Army, Japan Commanders Du Yuming Masao Nakamura Strength  ?  ? Casualties 27,000 men 8000 men The Battle of Kunlun Pass (Traditional Chinese: 崑崙關戰役, Simplified Chinese: 昆仑关战役; pinyin: KÅ«nlúnguān Zhàngyì) was series of battles between the Japanese and the Chinese in contention for... Chinese (re)unification (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a goal of Chinese nationalism that refers to the reunification of all of Greater China under a single political entity. ...


South Korea, which still has strong anti-Japanese sentiments, recently made a TV series about the Japanese assassination of Empress Myeongseong and the unfair treatment of the Korean people, also several movies based on Kim Du-han as a freedom fighter was made. The origins of Anti-Japanese sentiment in Korea are complex and multi-faceted. ... Empress Myeongseong (October 19, 1851 – October 8, 1895), also known as Queen Min, was one of the wives of King Gojong, the 26th king of the Joseon dynasty of Korea. ... Kim Du-han, also spelled Kim Doo Han (1918-1972) was a Korean gangster, right-wing politician, and freedom fighter. ...


Computer/Video and Other Games

One relatively new development of the "WWII media franchise" is that of video games. They are an extremely lucrative aspect of the gaming industry, and many titles are usually released every year. Some established games series about WWII include Battlefield 1942, Medal of Honor, Call of Duty, Close Combat, Day of Defeat, Day of Defeat: Source, Brothers in Arms, Wolfenstein 3D and Commandos, as well as the grand strategy game Hearts of Iron 2. An RTS game was released based on America's western campaign called Company of Heroes. In 2001, a massively multiplayer online game MMORG World War II Online was introduced, and has thousands of players refighting the 1940 Western Europe campaign. There are however also much older games about the war, the arcade game 1942 being one of many examples. The British satire game Conkers Bad Fur Day has several references to World War 2, including the fascist Tediz, German Tediz Commander, and similarity to the landing on Normandy on D-Day. “Computer and video games” redirects here. ... Battlefield 1942 is an expansive first-person shooter (FPS), set in World War II, developed by Digital Illusions CE and published by Electronic Arts for Microsoft Windows (2002) and Apple Macintosh (2004). ... Medal of Honor (MOH) is the name of a series of first-person shooter games set in World War II. The first game was developed by DreamWorks Interactive (currently known as EA Los Angeles) and published by Electronic Arts in 1999 for the PlayStation game console. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Close Combat is the name of a series of tactical real-time (RTT) computer games by Atomic Games, as well as a first-person shooter by Destineer Games. ... Day of Defeat (DoD) is a popular team-based multiplayer World War II first-person shooter computer game of the European Theatre of World War II. The games graphics and sounds have been influenced by the movie Saving Private Ryan and in the past has even made use of... Day of Defeat (DoD) is a team-based multiplayer World War II first-person shooter computer game. ... Brothers in Arms can refer to: a 1985 album called Brothers in Arms by Dire Straits. ... Wolfenstein 3D (commonly abbreviated to Wolf 3D) is the computer game that started the first person shooter genre on the PC. It was created by id Software and published by Apogee Software on May 5, 1992. ... Promotional artwork for the Commandos series. ... Grand strategy is military strategy considered at the level of the movement and use of an entire nation state or empires resources. ... Hearts of Iron 2 is a grand strategy computer war game for the PC based upon its predecessor, Hearts of Iron. ... Company of Heroes (CoH) is a real-time strategy (RTS) computer game developed for Microsoft Windows by Relic Entertainment. ... A massive(ly) multiplayer online role-playing game or MMORPG is a multiplayer computer role-playing game that enables thousands of players to play in an evolving virtual world at the same time over the Internet. ... World War II Online: Battleground Europe, commonly referred to as WWIIOL:BE, WW2OL or BE is a massively multiplayer online first-person shooter computer game (MMOFPS) set in 1940-43 World War II Europe. ... 1942 is a vertically scrolling shoot em up made by Capcom that was released for the arcade in 1984. ...


Traditional board wargaming has replicated World War II from the tactical to the grand strategic levels. Axis and Allies and other "beer and pretzel" games continue to be popular. Avalon Hill and other wargame companies produced such complex games as Squad Leader and Panzerblitz in the 1970's. Other popular World War II games still in production include Australian Design Group's World In Flames and Decision Games reproductions of SPI World War II games. Glory, an American Civil War game by GMT This article is about the civilian hobby. ... Axis and Allies redirects here. ... Avalon Hill was a game company that specialized in wargames and strategic board games. ... Squad Leader game package. ... Box art Panzerblitz is a tactical-scale board wargame of tank, artillery, and infantry combat set in the Eastern Front of the Second World War. ...


World War II has also been replicated through miniatures tabletop wargaming. Games like Flames of War, Command Decision, Spearhead, BlitzkriegCommander and others have become popular among historical miniature wargamers. A novelty is the upcoming of free internet based wargames in high quality such as Final Round. Flames of War (abbreviated as FoW) is a World War II tabletop miniatures wargame produced by the New Zealand company Battlefront Ltd. ... Image:Bkc. ... Final Round is a set of rules for World War II miniatures wargaming. ...


Literature

The Settling Accounts tetralogy in the Southern Victory alternate history series of novels by Harry Turtledove features an alternate World War II known as the Second Great War between the United States and its Central Powers allies and the Confederate States and its Entente allies that bears many similarities to the real-life World War II (the fascist Confederate States is similar to Nazi Germany for example, with Jake Featherston as an analog of Adolf Hitler). The Settling Accounts tetralogy is an alternate history setting of World War II by Harry Turtledove in North America, presupposing that the Confederate States of America won the U.S. Civil War. ... Timeline-191 is a fan name given to a series of Harry Turtledove alternate history novels. ... Alternative history or alternate history can be: A History told from an alternative viewpoint, rather than from the view of imperialist, conqueror, or explorer. ... Harry Norman Turtledove (born June 14, 1949) is an American historian and prolific novelist who has written historical fiction, fantasy, and science fiction works. ... Combatants Great Britain France Russian Empire Japan Confederate States Empire of Mexico Mormon Rebels Canadian Rebels Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Japan (against British) Ottoman Empire Ireland Poland Ukraine Quebec United States Norway Black Guerillas An analog to the real-life World War II, this second global war is the backdrop... European military alliances in 1914. ... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: With God As Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans February 4, 1861–May 1... Entente, meaning a diplomatic understanding, may refer to a number of agreements: The Entente Cordiale, 1904 between France and the United Kingdom. ... Image:Nyluh. ... The Southern Victory series or Timeline-191 is a series of novels written by Harry Turtledove. ... Hitler redirects here. ...


Popculture reference

The war has also influenced footballing (soccer) rivalries. Most notably, the subject of WWII is used as chants by fans of the English football team. One such chant is "2 World Wars and 1 World Cup, do dah, do dah." Before the World Cup Final '66 match between England and Germany, one British editorial stated: A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... First International Scotland 0 - 0 England (Partick, Scotland; 30 November 1872) Largest win Ireland 0 - 13 England (Belfast, Northern Ireland; 18 February 1882) Worst defeat Hungary 7 - 1 England (Budapest, Hungary; 23 May 1954) World Cup Appearances 11 (First in 1950) Best result Winners, 1966 European Championship Appearances 7 (First... The FIFA World Cup, sometimes called the Football World Cup or the Soccer World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international football competition contested by the mens national football teams of the member nations of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA...

"If perchance, on the morrow, Germany should beat us at our national game, let us take comfort in the fact that we have twice beaten them at theirs."

Campaigns, battles and so on have been commemorated throughout the 20th century and into the 21st century, mostly by veterans of the war and people that lived through it. In 2004 the commemoration of the D-Day landings took place which included, for the first time, German veterans of the war. Later that year, the commemoration of the campaigns in Italy and the Netherlands also took place. The 60th anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camp was commemorated in January 2005, while many other campaigns will also be commemorated, as well as the end of the war in Europe and the Far East. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ... Auschwitz (Konzentrationslager Auschwitz) was the largest of the Nazi German concentration camps. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The war also figures prominently in many thousands of novels and other works of literature, including many published in the 1990s and 2000s.


References

External links

  • Srsly World War II (YouTube), for Internet generation
    • http://chi-v121.chi.youtube.com/get_video?video_id=zDIaCiiKX-I

  Results from FactBites:
 
World War II - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about World War II (7298 words)
World War II Allied troops and civilians celebrating the liberation of the Netherlands, by Allied forces, in 1945.
The war was fought in the Atlantic theatre (Europe, North Africa, and the Atlantic Ocean) and the Pacific theatre (Far East and the Pacific).
In order to bring the war to a swift conclusion, the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima on 6 August, devastating the city, followed by a second bomb at Nagasaki on 9 August.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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