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Encyclopedia > World War II Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial
Normandy American Memorial
Normandy American Memorial

The World War II Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial honors American soldiers who died during operations in Europe during World War II.  ©  This image is copyrighted. ...  ©  This image is copyrighted. ... World map showing Europe Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiogeographic one. ... Combatants Allies: • Poland, • UK & Commonwealth, • France/Free France, • Soviet Union, • USA, • China, ...and others Axis: • Germany, • Italy, • Japan, ...and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total: 50 million Full list Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total: 12 million Full list World War II...

Contents


History

The cemetery is located on the site of the temporary American St. Laurent Cemetery, established by the U.S. First Army on June 8, 1944, the first American cemetery on European soil in World War II. Shoulder Sleeve Insignia of the U.S. First Army. ... June 8 is the 159th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (160th in leap years), with 206 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Location

The cemetery is situated on a cliff overlooking Omaha Beach and the English Channel in Colleville-sur-Mer, Normandy, France. It is just east of Saint-Laurent-sur-Mer and northwest of Bayeux, about 170 miles (274 km) west of Paris (Google Maps). Troops from the First Division landing on Omaha beach. ... Satellite view of the English Channel The English Channel (French: La Manche, IPA: , the sleeve), also for some time known in England as the British Sea, is the part of the Atlantic Ocean that separates the island of Great Britain from northern France, and joins the North Sea to the... Colleville-sur-Mer is a commune of the Calvados département, in the Basse_Normandie région, in France. ... Flag of Normandy Mont Saint Michel is a historic pilgrimage site and a symbol of Normandy Normandy is a geographical region in northern France. ... Saint-Laurent-sur-Mer is a commune of the Calvados département, in the Basse-Normandie région, in France. ... Bayeux is a small town and commune in the Calvados département, in Normandy, northern France. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world Paris is Frances capital and largest city, straddling the river Seine in the northern centre of its country. ...


Description

Normandy American Cemetery
Normandy American Cemetery

The World War II Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial is situated on a cliff overlooking Omaha Beach and the English Channel in Colleville-sur Mer, France. It is just east of St. Laurent-sur-Mer and northwest of Bayeux about one hundred and seventy miles west of Paris. Image File history File links Onormay059p4E.jpg http://search. ... Image File history File links Onormay059p4E.jpg http://search. ...


The cemetery is located on the site of the temporary American St. Laurent Cemetery, established by the U.S. First Army on June 8, 1944, the first American cemetery on European soil in World War II. The cemetery is at the north end of its one half mile access road and covers one hundred and seventy-two acres. It contains the graves of 9,387 American military Dead, most of whom gave their lives during the landings and ensuing operations of World War II.


On the walls of the semicircular garden on the east side of the memorial are inscribed the names of 1,557 American Missing who gave their lives in the service of their country, but whose remains were not located or identified. The memorial consists of a semicircular colonnade with a loggia at each end containing maps and narratives of the military operations. At the center is a bronze statue titled, "Spirit of American Youth." An orientation table overlooks the beach and depicts the landings at Normandy. Facing west at the memorial, one sees in the foreground the reflecting pool, the mall with burial areas to either side and the circular chapel beyond. Behind the chapel are statues representing the United States and France.


Miscellaneous

The cemetery is briefly featured at the beginning of Steven Spielberg's 1998 film Saving Private Ryan, as a much older Private James Ryan, accompanied by his family, makes his way to the grave of Capt. John Miller (played by Tom Hanks) and segues into that movie's defining scene, the D-Day landing at Omaha Beach. Do not look for this grave because the headstone for Capt. John Miller was only brought to the cemetery for the movie. A Capt. John Miller never lived. The private Ryan story is based upon the story of the Niland Brothers. Steven Spielberg Steven Allan Spielberg, KBE (born December 18, 1946) is an American film director. ... Saving Private Ryan is a 1998 Academy Award winning film directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Robert Rodat. ... Tom Hanks in February 2004 Thomas Jeffrey Hanks (born July 9, 1956) is a two-time Academy Award-winning English-American actor famous for playing notable roles in many popular and critically acclaimed movies. ... Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ... Troops from the First Division landing on Omaha beach. ...


See also


Main articles on Battle of Normandy, Western Front, World War II
Operations Key locations See also

Landing Points: Combatants Allied Powers Germany Commanders Dwight D. Eisenhower (Supreme Allied Commander) Bernard Montgomery (land) Bertram Ramsay (sea) Trafford Leigh-Mallory (air) Gerd von Rundstedt (OB WEST) Erwin Rommel (Heeresgruppe B) Strength 326,000 (by June 11) Unknown Casualties 53,700 dead, 18,000 missing, 155,000 wounded About 200,000... During World War II, the Western Front was the theater of fighting west of Germany, encompassing France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxemberg, and Denmark. ... Combatants Allies: • Poland, • UK & Commonwealth, • France/Free France, • Soviet Union, • USA, • China, ...and others Axis: • Germany, • Italy, • Japan, ...and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total: 50 million Full list Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total: 12 million Full list World War II... The Battle of Normandy was fought in 1944 between the German forces occupying Western Europe and the invading Allies. ... The Battle of Normandy was fought in 1944 between the German forces occupying Western Europe and the invading Allies. ... Operation Neptune refers to the landing phase of Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Normandy. ... During World War II, Operation Chicago was carried out by the Allies in 1944. ... During World War II, Operation Detroit was the glider insertion of the U.S. 82nd Airborne Division into Normandy on the night of 6 June 1944 as part of Operation Overlord. ... Operation Tonga: Pathfinders synchronising their watches in front of an Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle. ... Operation Pluto (Pipe-Lines Under The Ocean) was a World War II operation by British scientists, oil companies and armed forces to construct undersea oil pipelines under the English Channel between England and France. ... Operation Fortitude was the codename for the deception operations used by the Allied forces during World War II in connection with the Normandy landings. ... Operation Skye was a deception plan carried out by the Allies during World War II. Operation Skye was subplan of Operation Fortitude, a wider deception plan. ... During World War II, Operation Epsom (Allies, 1944) was a British attack to seize Caen, France. ... During World War 2, Operation Charnwood (Allies, 1944) had the objective to capture Caen and its surroundings during the ongoing Battle of Normandy. ... Operation Goodwood was also used as the codename for the series of attacks by the British Fleet Air Arm on the German battleship Tirpitz in late August 1944. ... Operation Cobra was the codename for the World War II operation planned by United States Army General Omar Bradley to break out from the Normandy area after the previous months D-Day landings. ... During World War II, Operation Totalize (Allies, 1944) was a ground attack on 7 August 1944 by British, Canadian and Polish forces to breakout from the Normandy beachhead along the Caen-Falaise road. ...

Other key locations: Gold Beach was the Allied codename for the centre invasion beach during the World War II Allied invasion of Normandy, June 6, 1944. ... Juno Beach was one of the landing sites for Allied invaders on the coast of Normandy during D-Day, the invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944, a turning point of World War II. It was situated between Sword Beach and Gold Beach. ... Troops from the First Division landing on Omaha beach. ... Pointe du Hocs location Preinvasion bombing of Pointe du Hoc by 9th Air Force bombers. ... British infantry waiting to move off Queen White Beach, SWORD Area, while under enemy fire, on the morning of 6 June. ... American assault troops move onto Utah Beach, carrying full equipment. ...

More information on Battle of Normandy:

 D-day from Wiktionary
 D-day Textbooks from Wikibooks
 D-day Quotations from Wikiquote
 D-day Source texts from Wikisource
 D-day Images and media from Commons
 D-day from Wikinews
Bayeux is a small town and commune in the Calvados département, in Normandy, northern France. ... Location within France Hôtel dEscoville, 16th century, Caen Anonymous pen-and-ink birds-eye view of the fortifications of Caen (Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris) South Wall of the Castle, a huge fortress in the center of the city Town Hall of Caen Caen train station. ... Carentan is a commune of the Manche département in Normandy, France. ... Cherbourg is a city of Normandy, in northwestern France, in the Manche département, of which it is a sous_préfecture. ... During World War II, the Falaise pocket (also known as the Chambois pocket, Chambois-Montcormel pocket, Falaise-Chambois pocket) was the area between the four cities of Trun-Argentan-Vimoutiers-Chambois near Falaise, France, in which Allied forces tried to encircle and destroy the German Seventh Army and Fifth Panzer... Pegasus Bridge before its replacement Pegasus was the name given to a bridge over the Caen canal, near the town of Ouistreham. ... Villers-Bocage is a town and commune in France, in the Calvados département, in Normandy. ... German coast artillery in the Pas-de-Calais area, with laborers at work on casemate. ... Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ... Dieppes pebble beach and cliff immediately following the raid on 19 August 1942. ... Badge of the 79th Armoured Division Amphibious DD tanks await blowing of breaches in the sea wall on Utah Beach. ... This is a list of Allied forces in the Normandy Campaign between 6 June-25 August 1944. ... See also Battle of Normandy Reference Hammond, William M. U.S. Army Center of Military History. ... A map of the operation. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikinews-logo. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
World War II Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial

  Results from FactBites:
 
World War II Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (521 words)
The cemetery is located on the site of the temporary American St. Laurent Cemetery, established by the U.S. First Army on June 8, 1944, the first American cemetery on European soil in World War II.
The cemetery is situated on a cliff overlooking Omaha Beach and the English Channel in Colleville-sur-Mer, Normandy, France.
The World War II Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial is situated on a cliff overlooking Omaha Beach and the English Channel in Colleville-sur Mer, France.
War memorial - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (744 words)
Many cemeteries tended by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission have an identical war memorial called the Cross of Sacrifice designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield that vary in height from 4.5m to 9m depending on the size of the cemetery.
Arlington National Cemetery has a Canadian Cross of Sacrifice with the names of all the citizens of the USA who lost their lives fighting in the Canadian forces during the Korean War and two World Wars.
Moreton in Marsh and Batsford War Memorial, Gloucestershire
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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