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Encyclopedia > World Organisation Against Torture

The World Organisation Against Torture (Organisation Mondiale Contre la Torture, OMCT) is the world’s largest coalition of non-governmental organisations fighting against arbitrary detention, torture, summary and extrajudicial executions, forced disappearances and other forms of violence. The global network consists of almost 300 local, national and regional organisations, all of which share a common goal of eradicating torture and fostering respect of human rights for all. The word torture is commonly used to mean the infliction of pain to break the will of the victim(s). ... Extrajudicial execution and extrajudicial punishment are terms to describe death sentences and other types of punishment, respectively, executed without prior proper judicial procedure. ... A forced disappearance occurs when an organization forces a person to vanish from public view, either by murder or by simple sequestration. ... Violence is any act of aggression and abuse which causes or intends to cause injury, in some cases criminal, or harm to persons, and (by some definitions) animals or property. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ...


The OMCT's Prevention of Torture programme reinforces the prevention and reporting of torture by strengthening the capacity of members through the SOS-Torture network to use United Nations human rights mechanisms. The programme submits alternative reports to UN Committees in collaboration with local NGOs, provides support for individuals and organisations wishing to challenge torture practices in international legal fora and publishes a practical guide on international and regional conventional mechanisms relevant to torture. OMCT is also mainstreaming women’s and children’s issues into the UN human rights mechanisms. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... The term non-governmental organization (NGO) is used in a variety of ways all over the world and, depending on the context in which it is used, can refer to many different types of organizations. ...


Activities

OMCT contributes to UN activities through three main activities:

  • The submission of alternative reports to the UN Committee Against Torture (CAT) and the Human Rights Committee (HRC) in collaboration with local NGOs. Reporting activities are designed to encourage national NGOs to report torture and follow-up on reports of torture through:
    • the participation of local NGOs in the drafting of alternative reports and their active inclusion in the relevant Committees’ sessions, with the possibility of a follow-up meeting in the field;
    • an integrated approach to the questions relating to the protection from torture and other ill-treatment of women and children, by involving organisations specialised in these issues in the drafting of alternative reports and in the sessions of the Committees;
    • greater dissemination of reports and of the Conclusions and Recommendations of the Committees in English and in the preferred language of the relevant country, through the publication of the reports that have been submitted.
  • Support for individuals and organisations wishing to challenge torture practices in international legal forums. Complaint mechanisms can be used to achieve a number of different objectives including: protection for victims or persons under threat; obtaining reparations and compensation for victims; putting pressure on governments to end impunity in specific cases; and achieving changes in legislation and State practice which lead to serious human rights violations. Many NGOs are not fully aware of how the UN procedures can be used in support of their work in protecting victims from torture. OMCT hopes to encourage and assist partner NGOs that are already active in the struggle against torture to present individual complaints and other relevant information to the CAT, the HRC, and the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).
  • The publication of a practical guide on international and regional conventional mechanisms relevant to torture. The Handbook is conceived as a tool for action. It seeks to respond to the practical needs of the persons intending to employ international mechanisms and bodies to challenge torture practices.

The United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (UNCAT) is an international human rights instrument, organized by the United Nations and intended to prevent torture and other similar activities. ... The Human Rights Committee is a group of 18 experts who meet three times a year to consider the five-yearly reports submitted by United Nations member states on their compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. ... In the philosophy of justice, reparation is the idea that a just sentence ought to compensate the victim of a crime appropriately. ... Compensation has several different meanings as indicated below. ... Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women Place signed New York Date signed 1979 Date entered into force September 3, 1981 Parties 180[1] The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) is an international convention adopted in 1979 by the...

External links

  • World Organisation Against Torture

 
 

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