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Encyclopedia > World Hockey Championship

The Ice Hockey World Championships are an annual event put together by the IIHF, the International Ice Hockey Federation, since 1930. Originally, in Olympic Years, the Championships were decided at the Winter Olympics, except for 1972 and 1976. The last World Championships decided at an the Olympic Winter Games were in Sarajevo in 1984.

Contents

History

In the early days of the Championships, teams from Canada dominated. Between 1930 and 1939, Canadian teams won 8 world championships. This was in spite of Canada sending a different team every year, as in those days Senior A amateur teams typically represented Canada.


The World War II years caused the championships to be delayed, and it wasn't until 1947, 8 years after the last one, that they were hosted again. Canada refused an invitation to that tournament, as well as to tournaments in 1953 and 1957, but nonetheless continued to dominate tournaments until after the 1961 WC's, as teams from Czechoslovakia, Sweden, and the Soviet Union became increasingly competitive.


Canadian officials began to feel the amateurs that represented Canada were not able to keep up with the European teams, who were capable of bringing their best players while retaining their amateur status, so in 1970 the IIHF allowed Canada to send 9 professionals from the ranks of the National Hockey League and the rest of its minor professional leagues; as the tournaments were held during the Stanley Cup playoffs only a handful of them could actually compete. However, these rules were later rescinded after officials produced many reciprocal claims against them. It upset the Canadians, who felt that they should be allowed to send their best players as well. Canada boycotted the World Championships for 7 years as a result, during which the IIHF moved the championships out of the Olympics in 1972 and 1976 in an attempt to bring back the Canadians.


During 1976, a new president of the IIHF finally allowed professionals on all teams, and Canada returned the following year. It would take Canada until 1994, 33 years after their previous championship, for Canada to win. The breakup of the Soviet Union, which dominated the WC's for 3 decades after Canada's dominance ended, and of Czechoslovakia, which won in most of the years the Soviets didn't, made it easier for the Canadians to win ? by 1994 most of these countries' best players were also tied up in the Stanley Cup, and the ones who were not represented a number of different countries.


In recent championships, former Czechoslovakia has fared quite well in international play, as they accounted for 4 straight world championships between 1999-2002 (1999-2001 Czech republic, 2002 Slovak republic), as well as the olympic gold medals from "Tournament of the Century" (won by Czech republic, 1998 winter olympic games in Nagano, Japan). Canada regained their form in 2003 and won a 16th world championship, and repeated their championship in 2004.


The Playing Format

The modern format for the World Championships features a minimum of 40 teams: 16 teams in the main group, 12 teams in Division I and 12 teams in Division II. If there are more than 40 teams, the rest compete in Division III.


The main group features 16 teams split into 4 groups. The teams play each other in a round robin format, and the top 3 teams in each advance into another round of group play, this time with 2 groups of 6. After another robin round format, the top 4 teams in each advance into an 8 team knockout playoff, which eventually decides the championship.


The bottom team in the first groups will play in another group as well, this group will determine relegation. After round-robin format, the bottom two teams are usually relegated to the Division I. Japan typically does not get relegated, as the IIHF holds a "far-east qualifier" typically featuring Japan, China and South Korea, the winner of it gets an automatic berth. Japan has always won this tournament, since this system was established in 1998. IIHF plans to discontinue the "far-east qualifier" after 2004.


After the World Championship group are the two 6-team Division I groups. Those groups play in a round robin format and the winner of the respective groups are promoted to the world championship group, while the last place teams in each are demoted to Division II. Division II works similarly to Division I, the last place team in these groups are subject to a Division III, a qualifying group which determines entry into Division II the following season. No team can go lower than this.


List of Men's World Championships

Year Gold Silver Bronze Venue
1910 Great Britain Germany Belgium Les Avants
1911 Bohemia Germany Belgium Berlin
1912 Cancelled
1913 Belgium Bohemia Germany Munich
1914 Bohemia Germany Belgium Berlin
1920 Canada USA Czechoslovakia Antwerp (Olympics)
1924 Canada USA Great Britain Chamonix (Olympics)
1928 Canada Sweden Switzerland St. Moritz (Olympics)
1930 Canada Germany Switzerland Chamonix/Berlin
1931 Canada USA Austria Krynica
1932 Canada USA Germany Lake Placid (Olympics)
1933 USA Canada Czechoslovakia Prague
1934 Canada USA Germany Milan
1935 Canada Switzerland Great Britain Davos
1936 Great Britain Canada USA Garmisch-Partenkirchen (Olympics)
1937 Canada Great Britain Switzerland London
1938 Canada Great Britain Czechoslovakia Prague
1939 Canada USA Switzerland Zürich/Basel
No Championships 1940-1946
1947 Czechoslovakia Sweden Austria Prague
1948 Canada Czechoslovakia Switzerland St. Moritz (Olympics)
1949 Czechoslovakia Canada USA Stockholm
1950 Canada USA Switzerland London
1951 Canada Sweden Switzerland Paris
1952 Canada USA Sweden Oslo (Olympics)
1953 Sweden FR Germany Switzerland Zürich/Basel
1954 Soviet Union Canada Sweden Stockholm
1955 Canada Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Krefeld/Dortmund/Cologne
1956 Soviet Union USA Canada Cortina (Olympics)
1957 Sweden Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Moscow
1958 Canada Soviet Union Sweden Oslo
1959 Canada Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Prague/Bratislava
1960 USA Canada Soviet Union Squaw Valley (Olympics)
1961 Canada Czechoslovakia Soviet Union Geneva/Lausanne
1962 Sweden Canada USA Colorado Springs/Denver
1963 Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Stockholm
1964 Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Innsbruck (Olympics)
1965 Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Sweden Tampere
1966 Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Canada Ljubljana
1967 Soviet Union Sweden Canada Vienna
1968 Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Canada Grenoble (Olympics)
1969 Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Stockholm
1970 Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Stockholm
1971 Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Sweden Berne/Geneva
1972 Czechoslovakia Soviet Union Sweden Prague
1973 Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Moscow
1974 Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Sweden Helsinki
1975 Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Sweden Munich/Düsseldorf
1976 Czechoslovakia Soviet Union Sweden Katowice
1977 Czechoslovakia Sweden Soviet Union Vienna
1978 Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Canada Prague
1979 Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Sweden Moscow
1981 Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Gothenburg/Stockholm
1982 Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Canada Helsinki/Tampere
1983 Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Canada Düsseldorf/Dortmund/Munich
1985 Czechoslovakia Canada Soviet Union Prague
1986 Soviet Union Sweden Canada Moscow
1987 Sweden Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Vienna
1989 Soviet Union Canada Czechoslovakia Stockholm/Södertälje
1990 Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Berne/Fribourg
1991 Sweden Canada Soviet Union Turku/Helsinki/Tampere
1992 Sweden Finland Czechoslovakia Prague/Bratislava
1993 Russia Sweden Czech Republic Dortmund/Munich
1994 Canada Finland Sweden Bolzano/Canazei/Milano
1995 Finland Sweden Canada Stockholm/Gävle
1996 Czech Republic Canada USA Vienna
1997 Canada Sweden Czech Republic Helsinki/Turku/Tampere
1998 Sweden Finland Czech Republic Zürich/Basel
1999 Czech Republic Finland Sweden Oslo/Lillehammer/Hamar
2000 Czech Republic Slovakia Finland St. Petersburg
2001 Czech Republic Finland Sweden Cologne/Hanover/Nuremberg
2002 Slovakia Russia Sweden Gothenburg/Karlstad/Jönköping
2003 Canada Sweden Slovakia Helsinki/Tampere/Turku
2004 Canada Sweden USA Prague/Ostrava
2005 Innsbruck/Vienna
2006 Riga
2007 St. Petersburg or Moscow
2008 Halifax/Quebec City
2009 Switzerland

Women's World Ice Hockey Champions:

See: IIHF World Women Championships


Junior World Championships

IIHF also conducts Junior World Championships in two age groups: for Under-20 and Under-18 players. They are organized according to a system similar to World Championships, with the main group and Divisions I, II and III but the number of teams is smaller.

Year Gold Silver Bronze Venue
1977 Soviet Union Canada Czechoslovakia Banska Bystrica/Zvolen
1978 Soviet Union Sweden Canada Montreal
1979 Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Sweden Karlstad
1980 Soviet Union Finland Sweden Helsinki
1981 Sweden Finland Soviet Union Fussen
1982 Canada Czechoslovakia Finland Minnesota
1983 Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Canada Leningrad
1984 Soviet Union Finland Czechoslovakia Norrköping/Nyköping
1985 Canada Czechoslovakia Soviet Union Helsinki/Turku
1986 Soviet Union Canada United States Hamilton
1987 Finland Czechoslovakia Sweden Piestany
1988 Canada Soviet Union Finland Moscow
1989 Soviet Union Sweden Czechoslovakia Anchorage
1990 Canada Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Helsinki/Turku
1991 Canada Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Saskatoon
1992 Soviet Union Sweden United States Fussen/Kaufbeuren
1993 Canada Sweden Czechoslovakia Gävle
1994 Canada Sweden Russia Ostrava/Frydek Mistek
1995 Canada Russia Sweden Alberta
1996 Canada Sweden Russia Boston
1997 Canada United States Russia Geneva/Morges
1998 Finland Russia Switzerland Helsinki/Hämeenlinna
1999 Russia Canada Slovakia Winnipeg
2000 Czech Republic Russia Canada Skellefteå/Umeå
2001 Czech Republic Finland Canada Moscow/Podolsk
2002 Russia Canada Finland Pardubice/Hradec Kralove
2003 Russia Canada Finland Halifax/Sydney
2004
Details
United States Canada Finland Helsinki/Hämeenlinna
2005
Details
Canada Russia Czech Republic Grand Forks/Thief River Falls
2006 Vancouver

Other information

See also

External links

  • World Championships web site (http://ihwc.net) - current Men's World Championships
  • Result archive (http://www.iihf.com/archive/archive.htm) - full results for men's, women's and junior championships since 1999 and medalists for all tournaments.

  Results from FactBites:
 
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Ice Hockey World Championships (758 words)
The World War II years caused the championships to be delayed, and it wasn't until 1947, 8 years after the last one, that they were hosted again.
Canada boycotted the World Championships for 7 years as a result, during which the IIHF moved the championships out of the Olympics in 1972 and 1976 in an attempt to bring back the Canadians.
In recent championships, former Czechoslovakia has fared quite well in international play, as they accounted for 4 straight world championships between 1999-2002 (1999-2001 Czech republic, 2002 Slovak republic), as well as the olympic gold medals from "Tournament of the Century" (won by Czech republic, 1998 winter olympic games in Nagano, Japan).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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