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Encyclopedia > World Hockey Association
World Hockey Association logo.
World Hockey Association logo.

The World Hockey Association (French: Association Mondiale de Hockey) was a professional ice hockey league that operated in North America from 1972 to 1979. It was the first major competition for the National Hockey League since the collapse of the Western Hockey League after the 1925-26 WHL season. Although the WHA was not the first league since that time to attempt to challenge the NHL's supremacy, it was by far the most successful. WHA is a three-letter abbreviation with multiple meanings, including: World Hockey Association, a professional hockey league active from 1972 to 1979 World Hockey Association (proposed), Organization that controls WHA Hockey interests World Health Assembly, the meetings of the World Health Organization (WHO) World Heritage Area, or World Heritage Site. ... Image File history File links Wha. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... The 1972-73 WHA season was the first regular season of the now defunct World Hockey Association (WHA). ... World Hockey Association logo The 1978-79 WHA season was the seventh and last regular season of the now defunct World Hockey Association (WHA). ... NHL redirects here. ... The Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL), founded in 1921, was a major professional ice hockey league originally based in the prairies of Canada. ... The 1925-26 season was the fifth and last season for the now defunct Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL), which was renamed Western Hockey League (WHL) at the start of the season due to one of its Canadian teams, the Regina Capitals, moving to Portland, Oregon in the United States...


The WHA hoped to capitalize on the lack of hockey teams in a number of major cities, and it also hoped to attract the best players by paying more than the cartel of NHL owners would. Key parts of its success were its firm stance in not recognizing the reserve clause that found its way onto NHL contracts of the time, and its active scouting of players from all over the world, in contrast to the NHL which mainly fielded players from Canada. However, the WHA was also known for its unstable franchises, and the multi-million-dollar salaries it introduced to the game have remained a source of contention. The reserve clause is a term formerly employed in North American professional sports contracts. ...

Contents

History

This article is part of the Evolution of the NHL series.

This article is part of the Evolution of the NHL series. ... This article is part of the Evolution of the NHL series. ... This article is part of the Evolution of the NHL series. ... The International (Professional) Hockey League was the first major professional hockey league, operating from 1904 to 1907. ... This article is part of the Evolution of the NHL series. ... The Ontario Professional Hockey League was an ice hockey league in Canada that was formed in 1907. ... This article is part of the Evolution of the NHL series. ... This article is part of the Evolution of the NHL series. ... The Pacific Coast Hockey Association was a professional ice hockey league in western Canada, operating from 1911 to 1924 when it merged with the Western Canada Hockey League. ... The classic NHL shield logo, used until the end of the 2004 lockout. ... The Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL), founded in 1921, was a major professional ice hockey league originally based in the prairies of Canada. ...

Founding

The league was founded by American promoters Dennis Murphy and Gary Davidson, the founder and first president of the American Basketball Association, respectively. Murphy and Davidson were quick to bring Canadian investor Bill Hunter into the fold. Hunter was considered one of the most powerful men in hockey not associated with the NHL, and with his help, the WHA had solid backing in Calgary, Edmonton, Saskatoon, and Winnipeg, potentially giving the new league four Western Canadian teams — one more than the NHL had in all of Canada at the time. For the league that began in 1999, see American Basketball Association (2000-). The American Basketball Association (ABA) was a professional basketball league founded in 1967, and eventually merged, in part, with the National Basketball Association (NBA). ... This article discusses the ice hockey personality Bill Hunter. ... This article is about the Canadian city. ... For other places with the same name, see Edmonton (disambiguation). ... For other uses of Saskatoon, see Saskatoon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ... This article is about the region in Canada. ...


Part of the WHA's success was its abolishment of the reserve clause in its contracts, as well as the fact that it would also not honour the reserve clauses in NHL contracts. As many players employed by the NHL were set to have their contracts expire in 1972, many would try to defect to the WHA as a negotiation tool with their teams, or, in any event, consider offers to play for the fledgling league before looking to new NHL contracts. Some, including many stars such as Bobby Hull, would carry out their threat and join the WHA. The NHL, for its part, did nothing, believing the WHA would fold before their first season. When it was apparent that the WHA would play, the NHL responded by hastily adding the New York Islanders and Atlanta Flames to forestall WHA franchises in new arenas just opened on Long Island and in Atlanta. Robert Marvin Bobby Hull OC (born January 3, 1939) is a retired Canadian ice hockey player. ... The New York Islanders are a professional ice hockey team based in Uniondale, a hamlet located on Long Island in Town of Hempstead, Nassau County, New York, United States. ... The Atlanta Flames were a National Hockey League (NHL) team based in Atlanta, Georgia from 1972 to 1980. ... The Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum, commonly known as Nassau Coliseum (or simply The Coliseum), is a multi-purpose indoor arena in Uniondale, New York, on Long Island. ... The Omni Coliseum, usually called The Omni, from the Latin for all, was an indoor arena located in Atlanta, Georgia. ...


Teams

In November of 1971, twelve teams were formally announced. They included teams from cities without NHL teams such as the Miami Screaming Eagles -- possibly the best known hockey franchise never actually to take the ice -- as well as teams in cities where it was felt there was room for more than one team, such as the Los Angeles Sharks, Chicago Cougars, and New York Raiders. Two of the original twelve teams, the Dayton Aeros and the San Francisco Sharks, relocated citing arena troubles. These two franchises were moved to become the Houston Aeros and Quebec Nordiques, respectively. Other franchises, such as the Calgary Broncos and the Screaming Eagles, folded outright. The Philadelphia Blazers and the Cleveland Crusaders would replace the Screaming Eagles and the Broncos. See also: 1970 in sports, other events of 1971, 1972 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Richard Petty won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Richard Petty Indianapolis 500 - Al Unser, Sr. ... The Miami Screaming Eagles were Miamis first attempt at a professional ice hockey team. ... The Los Angeles Sharks were a hockey team based out of Los Angeles that played in the World Hockey Association. ... The Chicago Cougars were a former hockey team in Chicago. ... The New York Raiders were an ice hockey team based in New York City that played in the World Hockey Association. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Quebec Nordiques (pronounced ; translated into English as Northmen or Northerners) were a professional ice hockey team based in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. ... The Houston Aeros became one of the original ten franchises for the World Hockey Association when the Dayton Aeros moved to Houston in 1971. ... The Quebec Nordiques (in french Nordiques de Québec, pronounced ; translated into English as Northmen or Northerners) were a professional ice hockey team based in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. ... The Calgary Broncos were an original World Hockey Association franchise founded in Calgary, Alberta on November 1, 1971 by Bob Brownridge. ... The Philadelphia Blazers were a hockey team based out of Ottawa that played in the World Hockey Association. ... The Cleveland Crusaders was an ice hockey team that played in the WHA in Cleveland, Ohio from 1972-1976. ...


Although the league had many players under contract by June of 1972, including a few NHL stars such as Bernie Parent, many of its players were career minor leaguers and college players. The new league was not considered much of a threat, until Bobby Hull, arguably the NHL's top player at the time, jumped to the new league. Hull, who considered moving to the WHA as part of a negotiation tactic with the Chicago Blackhawks, had jokingly told reporters that he would only move to the WHA for a million dollars, at that time a ridiculous amount of money for a hockey player. But to everyone's surprise the Winnipeg Jets offered this sum. Hull accepted and moved to the WHA, signing a five-year, million-dollar contract, with a million-dollar signing bonus. Hull's signing attracted a few other top stars such as Gerry Cheevers, Derek Sanderson, and J.C. Tremblay. See also: 1971 in sports, other events of 1972, 1973 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: February 20: A.J. Foyt won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Richard Petty Indianapolis 500 - Mark Donohue USAC Racing - Joe Leonard won the season championship Formula... Bernard Marcel Parent (born April 3, 1945 in Montreal, Quebec) is a retired Canadian professional ice hockey goaltender. ... Robert Marvin Bobby Hull OC (born January 3, 1939) is a retired Canadian ice hockey player. ... The Chicago Blackhawks are a professional mens ice hockey team based in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Winnipeg Jets were a professional ice hockey team based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. ... Gerald Michael Gerry Cheevers (born on December 7, 1940, in St. ... Derek Turk Sanderson (born June 16, 1946 in Niagara Falls, Ontario), is a former Canadian professional ice hockey center who is now a bank executive and restauranteur. ... Jean-Claude (J.C.) Tremblay (born January 22, 1939 in Bagotville, Quebec - deceased) was a hockey defenceman for the NHL Montreal Canadiens and the WHA Quebec Nordiques notable for playmaking and defensive skills. ...


The WHA officially made its debut on October 11, 1972 in the Ottawa Civic Centre, when the Alberta Oilers defeated the Ottawa Nationals 7-4. Although the quality of hockey was predictably below that of the NHL, the WHA had indeed made stars out of many players that had little or no playing time in the NHL. The New England Whalers would eventually win the WHA's first World Trophy (later renamed the Avco World Trophy when the Avco Financial Services Corporation became its main sponsor). is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1972-73 WHA season was the first regular season of the now defunct World Hockey Association (WHA). ... The Edmonton Oilers are a National Hockey League team based in Edmonton, Alberta. ... The Ottawa Nationals were a hockey team based out of Ottawa that played in the World Hockey Association. ... The Carolina Hurricanes are a National Hockey League team based in Raleigh, North Carolina. ... Avco World Trophy The Avco World Trophy was the championship trophy of the original World Hockey Association (1972-1979). ...

Alternate WHA logo

Image File history File links WHA_Alternate. ... Image File history File links WHA_Alternate. ...

Problems

However, the league was suffering. Big stars lacked supporting players, and many teams often found themselves in financial difficulty, folding or moving from one city to another, often in mid-season. The New York franchise was a key example: as the NHL's Islanders had locked up Nassau Coliseum for their own use, the WHA team was first forced to rent space at Madison Square Garden, and then to play in lesser arenas, often without visitor's locker rooms. Because of this, the franchise went through several ownership changes year after year. Nassau Coliseum, officially known as Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum (though colloquially referred to simply as The Coliseum), is a multi-purpose indoor arena in Uniondale, New York, half an hour from New York City. ... Madison Square Garden, often abbreviated as MSG, known colloquially simply as The Garden, has been the name of four arenas in New York City, United States. ...


Also notable was when Harold Ballard deliberately made the Toronto Toros' lease terms at the Maple Leaf Gardens as onerous as possible. Toros owner John Bassett had formerly been a partner in the Toronto Maple Leafs before being ousted by Ballard. The Toros' lease with Maple Leaf Gardens Ltd. called for them to pay $15,000 per game, which was negotiated by Ballard's son Bill while the elder Ballard was in jail. However, Ballard soon regained control of the Gardens, and much to Bassett's outrage, the arena was dim for the first game. It was then that Ballard demanded $3,500 for use of the lights. Ballard also denied the Toros access to the Leafs' locker room, forcing them to build their own at a cost of $55,000. He also removed the cushions from the home bench for Toros' games (he told an arena worker, "Let 'em buy their own cushions!").[1] It was obvious that Ballard was angered at the WHA being literally in his backyard, and took his frustration on the renegade league out on the Toros. Harold Ballard (July 30, 1903-April 11, 1990) was the controversial long-time owner of the Toronto Maple Leafs and Maple Leaf Gardens. ... The Toronto Toros were an ice hockey team based out of Toronto that played in the World Hockey Association and were owned by John F. Bassett. ... Exterior signage as of 2006, with letters missing Maple Leaf Gardens was an indoor arena in Toronto, on the northwest corner of Carlton Street and Church Street. ... The Honourable John White Hughes Bassett, PC , CC , O.Ont (August 25, 1915 – April 27, 1998) was a Canadian publisher and media baron. ... For other uses, see Toronto Maple Leafs (disambiguation). ...


Part of the financial trouble was also attributed to the high player salaries: Derek Sanderson was paid large amounts of cash to play for the WHA, but when his on-ice performance suffered, he was paid even more money to sit at home. Derek Turk Sanderson (born June 16, 1946 in Niagara Falls, Ontario), is a former Canadian professional ice hockey center who is now a bank executive and restauranteur. ...


Talent Competition

The WHA had won several key victories, including a court ruling which prevented the NHL from binding players to NHL teams via the reserve clause, and the signings of more NHL stars such as Marc Tardif and Gordie Howe, and in later years, Frank Mahovlich and Paul Henderson. Marc Tardif (born June 12, 1949 in Granby, Quebec) was a Canadian ice hockey forward. ... Gordon Gordie Howe, OC (born March 31, 1928 in Floral, Saskatchewan) is a former Canadian professional ice hockey player who played for the Detroit Red Wings and Hartford Whalers in the NHL, and the Houston Aeros and New England Whalers in the WHA. He is often referred to as Mr. ... The Honourable Francis William Mahovlich, CM , LL.D (born January 10, 1938 in Timmins, Ontario) is a Canadian Senator, and formerly a talented NHL ice hockey player. ... Signature of Canadian hockey player Paul Henderson Paul Henderson (born January 28, 1943 in Lucknow, Ontario, Canada) is a retired Canadian hockey left winger who played 13 seasons in the National Hockey League for the Detroit Red Wings, Toronto Maple Leafs and Atlanta Flames. ...


In 1974, to broaden a depleted talent pool, the WHA began employing European players -- which the NHL had largely ignored up to that time -- in serious numbers, including stars such as Swedish players Anders Hedberg and Ulf Nilsson and Czech center Vaclav Nedomansky. Winnipeg especially loaded up with Scandinavian players and became the class of the league, with Hedberg and Nilsson combining with Bobby Hull to form one of hockey's most formidable forward lines. Along with the mass import of European stars, the Vancouver franchise attempted unsuccessfully to lure Phil Esposito away from the NHL by offering a contract similar to that of Bobby Hull, with a million dollars upfront. [2] World Hockey Association logo The 1974-75 WHA season was the second season of the now defunct World Hockey Association. ... Anders Hedberg (born February 25, 1951 in Ornskoldsvik, Sweden) is a retired former professional ice hockey player who was one of the first European-born players to make an impact in North America. ... Ulf Nilsson played for the the Winnipeg Jets ... Vaclav Nedomansky (born March 14, 1944, in Hodonín, Czechoslovakia), is a former hockey forward. ... Philip Anthony Espo Esposito, OC (born February 20, 1942 in Sault Ste. ...


Decline and Merger

By 1976, it had become evident that many of the WHA's franchises were teetering on the verge of financial collapse, with stable teams few and far between, and that the at one time combined 30 teams of the NHL and WHA had badly strained the talent pool. Merger discussions then began, with one proposal (not popular enough among the NHL owners) having six of the then eight WHA teams moving to the NHL. Another idea had the Edmonton Oilers and the New England Whalers moving to the NHL, with the Winnipeg Jets following a year later. Neither of these ideas were accepted. The 1976-76 WHA season was the fifth season of the now defunct World Hockey Association (WHA). ... The Edmonton Oilers are a professional ice hockey team based in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. ... The Carolina Hurricanes are a National Hockey League team based in Raleigh, North Carolina. ... The Winnipeg Jets were a professional ice hockey team based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. ...


The final two seasons of the WHA saw the debut of many superstars, some of which became hockey legends in the NHL. They included Wayne Gretzky, Mark Messier, Ken Linseman, and Mike Gartner. The Birmingham franchise alone would feature future NHLers Rick Vaive, Michel Goulet, Rob Ramage, Craig Hartsburg, and Gaston Gingras. [3] Wayne Douglas Gretzky, OC (born 26 January 1961 in Brantford, Ontario) is a retired Canadian-American professional ice hockey player who is currently part-owner and head coach of the Phoenix Coyotes. ... Not to be confused with Marc Messier, an actor from Quebec. ... Ken LinsemanFollowing a standout junior career with the Kingston Canadiens, Ken Linseman he attempted to sign as an under-aged player with the Birmingham Bulls of the WHA in 1977. ... Michael Alfred Gartner (born October 29, 1959 in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada) is a former Canadian professional ice hockey right winger who played 19 seasons in the National Hockey League for the Washington Capitals, Minnesota North Stars, New York Rangers, Toronto Maple Leafs and Phoenix Coyotes. ... Rick Vaive (born May 14, 1959 in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada), was a professional ice hockey player. ... Michel Goulet (April 21, 1960 in Peribonka, Quebec was a Canadian professional ice hockey forward who played for the Quebec Nordiques and Chicago Blackhawks in the National Hockey League. ... Robert Rob Ramage was born on January 11, 1959 in Byron, Ontario, Canada and was a professional ice hockey player from 1979 to 1994. ... Craig Hartsburg (born June 29, 1959 in Stratford, Ontario, Canada) is a retired professional ice hockey defenceman who played ten seasons with the Minnesota North Stars of the National Hockey League from 1979-80 until 1988-89. ... Gaston Reginald Gingras (born February 13, 1959 in Temiscamingue, Quebec, Canada) is a retired professional ice hockey defenceman who played ten seasons in the National Hockey League. ...


However, by the end of the final season, only six teams remained. Facing financial difficulty and unable to meet payrolls, the WHA finally came to an agreement with the NHL on March 22, 1979. The Edmonton Oilers, New England Whalers (renamed the Hartford Whalers), Quebec Nordiques, and Winnipeg Jets would join the NHL as expansion teams, and the WHA would cease operations. The Birmingham Bulls and the Cincinnati Stingers were paid to disband. Harold Ballard who controlled the Toronto Maple Leafs was the leader of the hardline faction of NHL owners who opposed any merger with the upstart league. When the NHL finally did take in four WHA teams, Ballard refused to support the deal. He was not only angry at how the WHA had decimated his roster earlier in the decade, but also wasn't enamored at the prospect of reduced television revenue. The WHA had insisted on bringing in all three of its surviving Canadian teams, meaning revenue from CBC telecasts now had to be split six ways rather than three. is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // World Artistic Gymnastics Championships: Mens all-around champion: Alexander Dityatin, USSR Womens all-around champion: Nellie Kim, USSR Mens team competition champion: USSR Womens team competition champion: Romania Best Year Performance  Guido Kratschmer  – 8476 points July 14 — Pan American Games Marathon, San Juan, Puerto Rico Men... The Edmonton Oilers are a professional ice hockey team based in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. ... The Carolina Hurricanes are a National Hockey League team based in Raleigh, North Carolina. ... The Quebec Nordiques (in french Nordiques de Québec, pronounced ; translated into English as Northmen or Northerners) were a professional ice hockey team based in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. ... The Winnipeg Jets were a professional ice hockey team based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. ... The Birmingham Bulls were a hockey team based out of Birmingham, Alabama that played in the World Hockey Association. ... The Cincinnati Stingers were an ice hockey team based out of Cincinnati, Ohio that played in the World Hockey Association. ... Harold Ballard (July 30, 1903-April 11, 1990) was the controversial long-time owner of the Toronto Maple Leafs and Maple Leaf Gardens. ... For other uses, see Toronto Maple Leafs (disambiguation). ... Radio-Canada redirects here. ...


Legacy of the WHA

On the ice, the WHA teams had proven themselves to be the NHL's competitive equals, winning more games than they lost in interleague exhibition games. Nonetheless, the former WHA clubs were expected to struggle after joining the NHL since the terms of the expansion allowed the incoming WHA teams to protect only two goalies and two skaters each in the player dispersal draft. Instead, though, each did respectably well in their first year, with the Whalers and Oilers earning playoff berths. The Oilers would go on to a Stanley Cup dynasty in the 1980s. The 1979 NHL Expansion Draft was held on June 13, 1979. ... The Stanley Cup The Stanley Cup (French: ) is the championship trophy of the National Hockey League (NHL), the major professional ice hockey league in Canada and the United States. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ...


The WHA had many lasting effects on NHL hockey. The NHL used to recruit virtually all players from Canada, but following the success of the Jets' Hedberg and Nilsson scouts began looking overseas for the best players that Europe could offer. Teams such as the Whalers and Fighting Saints also offered excellent opportunities for young American players, and several U.S. - born NHL stars of the early 1980s (Mark Howe, Rod Langway, Dave Langevin, Robbie Ftorek, Paul Holmgren) began their pro careers in the WHA. As a result, the NHL evolved into a truly cosmopolitan league during the 1980s. Mark Howe (born May 28, 1955, in Detroit, Michigan) is a retired American professional ice hockey defenseman who played 16 seasons in the National Hockey League and 6 seasons in the World Hockey Association. ... Rod Cory Langway (born May 3, 1957 in Taipei, Taiwan) is a former American professional ice hockey defenceman in the National Hockey League (NHL), elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame in 2002. ... Dave Langevin (born May 15, 1954 in St. ... Robbie Ftorek is a former NHL player and coach. ... Paul Howard Holmgren (born December 2, 1955 in St. ...


The WHA also ended the NHL policy of paying its players only a fraction of the league's profits and, combined with the abolition of the reserve clause, led to much higher player salaries. Many great stars began their careers in the WHA, including Howe, Wayne Gretzky, Mike Gartner, Mike Liut, and Mark Messier. Messier was the last WHA veteran to play in the NHL. He opened his professional career with 52 games with the Indianapolis Racers and Cincinnati Stingers in 1978-79, and played his last NHL game on April 3, 2004. Wayne Douglas Gretzky, OC (born 26 January 1961 in Brantford, Ontario) is a retired Canadian-American professional ice hockey player who is currently part-owner and head coach of the Phoenix Coyotes. ... Michael Alfred Gartner (born October 29, 1959 in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada) is a former Canadian professional ice hockey right winger who played 19 seasons in the National Hockey League for the Washington Capitals, Minnesota North Stars, New York Rangers, Toronto Maple Leafs and Phoenix Coyotes. ... Michael Dennis Liut (born January 7, 1956 in Weston, Ontario) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey goaltender. ... Not to be confused with Marc Messier, an actor from Quebec. ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... The Indianapolis Racers were a franchise in the former World Hockey Association. ... The Cincinnati Stingers were an ice hockey team based out of Cincinnati, Ohio that played in the World Hockey Association. ... World Hockey Association logo The 1978-79 WHA season was the seventh and last regular season of the now defunct World Hockey Association (WHA). ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The WHA's success in Canada led the NHL to re-consider the other major Canadian cities without NHL teams, of which there were only three NHL Canadian teams prior to 1979. The Atlanta Flames would move to Calgary in 1980 to spark a fierce intra-Albertan rivalry with the Oilers and the Ottawa Senators would (re-)join the NHL as an expansion team in 1992. Both of these teams remain in their respective Canadian cities as of 2007. However, a proposal by Hunter to move the St. Louis Blues to Saskatoon, Saskatchewan was rejected by the NHL, and repeated overtures to bring an expansion team to Hamilton, Ontario have been rebuffed. Various ownership groups that wanted to buy the Pittsburgh Penguins have also wanted to move the team to Hamilton or Winnipeg if a new arena wasn't agreed on to replace the Mellon Arena. Again, the NHL declined, and Mario Lemieux has since taken the team off the market. The Atlanta Flames were a National Hockey League (NHL) team based in Atlanta, Georgia from 1972 to 1980. ... The Calgary Flames are a professional hockey team based in Calgary, Alberta, Canada and play out of the Pengrowth Saddledome. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... The Battle of Alberta is a term applied to the intense rivalry between the cities of Edmonton, Albertas capital, and Calgary, the provinces largest city. ... For other uses, see Ottawa Senators (disambiguation). ... An expansion team is a term used for a brand new team in a sports league. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The St. ... For other uses of Saskatoon, see Saskatoon (disambiguation). ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... The Pittsburgh Penguins are a professional ice hockey team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ... The New Pittsburgh Arena is a description for a proposed sports venue in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ... The Mellon Arena (known as Pittsburgh Civic Arena from 1961–1999[1] and informally known as The Igloo) is an indoor arena in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Mario Lemieux (born October 5, 1965, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada) is a retired professional ice hockey centre who played 17 seasons for the Pittsburgh Penguins of the National Hockey League between 1984 and 2006. ...


Fate of Surviving Teams

The 1980s was considered a moderately successful period for the former WHA teams. The Oilers led by Wayne Gretzky would shatter numerous NHL records and amass a Stanley Cup dynasty. Though the Jets were initially the opposite of the Oilers, being decimated by the dispersal draft, the team developed into a solid nucleus of star players by the mid decade, though being in the Smythe Division with the powerful Oilers and Calgary Flames hurt their playoff chances. The Nordiques developed a heated competition with the Montreal Canadiens and eventually captured a division title in 1986. The Whalers were the least successful but had similar rivalries with the nearby Boston Bruins and New York Rangers, attracting many Bruins fans to its home games. Wayne Douglas Gretzky, OC (born 26 January 1961 in Brantford, Ontario) is a retired Canadian-American professional ice hockey player who is currently part-owner and head coach of the Phoenix Coyotes. ... The Stanley Cup The Stanley Cup (French: ) is the championship trophy of the National Hockey League (NHL), the major professional ice hockey league in Canada and the United States. ... The NHLs Smythe Division was formed in 1974 as part of the Clarence Campbell Conference. ... The Calgary Flames are a professional hockey team based in Calgary, Alberta, Canada and play out of the Pengrowth Saddledome. ... The Montreal Canadiens (French: ) are a professional mens ice hockey team based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The Boston Bruins are a professional ice hockey team based in Boston, Massachusetts. ... The New York Rangers are a professional ice hockey team based in New York, New York, U.S.A. They are members of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). ...


The last team from the WHA still in its original city is the Edmonton Oilers. The Quebec Nordiques moved to Denver in 1995 and became the Colorado Avalanche, the Winnipeg Jets moved to Phoenix in 1996 and became the Phoenix Coyotes, and the Hartford Whalers moved to North Carolina in 1997 (playing temporarily in Greensboro, then in Raleigh from 1999) and became the Carolina Hurricanes. All four of the former WHA teams were plagued by the small fanbase of their small markets as player salaries escalated; for instance the Nordiques finished what would be their last year in Quebec at the top of their conference, the lockout-shortened 1994-95 season, but that did not keep them from moving. The Edmonton Oilers are a professional ice hockey team based in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country State Founded [1] November 22, 1858 Incorporated November 7, 1861 Government  - Type Strong Mayor/Weak Council  - Mayor John Hickenlooper (D) Area [1]  - City & County  154. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... The Colorado Avalanche are a professional mens ice hockey team based in Denver, Colorado, United States. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The Phoenix Coyotes are a professional ice hockey team based in the Phoenix suburb of Glendale. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Greensboro redirects here. ... For other uses of this name, see Raleigh. ... This article is about the year. ... The Carolina Hurricanes are a professional ice hockey team based in Raleigh, North Carolina. ... The 1994-95 NHL season was the 78th regular season of the National Hockey League. ...


Since 1979, three of the four former WHA teams have won the Stanley Cup: the Oilers have played in the finals seven times, winning five; the Avalanche have played for it twice, winning on both occasions; the Hurricanes have played for it twice, winning once. The 2006 Stanley Cup Playoffs marked the first time two former WHA teams played for the Cup, with the Hurricanes defeating the Oilers in seven games. At least one of the former WHA teams had qualified for the NHL playoffs in every season from the merger until the 2007 Stanley Cup Playoffs. The NHL unveiled a new logo for the 2006 Stanley Cup Playoffs. ... The 2007 Stanley Cup Playoffs of the National Hockey League began on April 11, 2007. ...


Although they were the most successful team in the WHA, the Jets were not able to parlay their WHA exploits into any great success in the NHL. Though they managed to recover from the disastrous dispersal draft to develop a core of star players, the Jets only won two playoff series after joining the NHL, these wins coming in 1985 and 1987. This was attributed to the conference structure at the time, being in the Smythe Division as both series wins were against the Flames and were followed by elimination at the hands of the powerful Oilers. Unlike the Whalers and Nordiques after their relocations, the team has not won a playoff series since becoming the Phoenix Coyotes, even with the playoff seeding changed, and have not qualified for the playoffs since 2002. This article is about the year. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... The NHLs Smythe Division was formed in 1974 as part of the Clarence Campbell Conference. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


A successor league to the WHA, the Global Hockey League attempted to start up in 1990, with the support of Gordie Howe and Bobby Hull. However, it failed to launch, and did not, despite speculation by some hockey commentators, see Brett Hull switch over as his father had. The Global Hockey League was a proposed hockey league in 1990. ... Gordon Gordie Howe, OC (born March 31, 1928 in Floral, Saskatchewan) is a former Canadian professional ice hockey player who played for the Detroit Red Wings and Hartford Whalers in the NHL, and the Houston Aeros and New England Whalers in the WHA. He is often referred to as Mr. ... Robert Marvin Bobby Hull OC (born January 3, 1939) is a retired Canadian ice hockey player. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Hockey Hall of Famers

List of WHA players and executives inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame, for achievements in their hockey career. Hockey Hall of Fame logo The Hockey Hall of Fame, located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, is dedicated to the history of ice hockey with exhibits featuring memorabilia and NHL trophies (including the Stanley Cup) along with interactive activities. ...


Andrew James Bathgate, (born August 28, 1932 in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada) is a retired Canadian professional ice hockey centre who played 17 seasons in the National Hockey League for the New York Rangers, Toronto Maple Leafs, Detroit Red Wings and Pittsburgh Penguins. ... Gerald Michael Gerry Cheevers (born on December 7, 1940, in St. ... Michael Alfred Gartner (born October 29, 1959 in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada) is a former Canadian professional ice hockey right winger who played 19 seasons in the National Hockey League for the Washington Capitals, Minnesota North Stars, New York Rangers, Toronto Maple Leafs and Phoenix Coyotes. ... Michel Goulet (April 21, 1960 in Peribonka, Quebec was a Canadian professional ice hockey forward who played for the Quebec Nordiques and Chicago Blackhawks in the National Hockey League. ... Wayne Douglas Gretzky, OC (born 26 January 1961 in Brantford, Ontario) is a retired Canadian-American professional ice hockey player who is currently part-owner and head coach of the Phoenix Coyotes. ... Gordon Gordie Howe, OC (born March 31, 1928 in Floral, Saskatchewan) is a former Canadian professional ice hockey player who played for the Detroit Red Wings and Hartford Whalers in the NHL, and the Houston Aeros and New England Whalers in the WHA. He is often referred to as Mr. ... Robert Marvin Bobby Hull OC (born January 3, 1939) is a retired Canadian ice hockey player. ... David Michael Keon (born March 22, 1940 in Noranda, Quebec), is a retired Canadian professional ice hockey centre. ... Rod Cory Langway (born May 3, 1957 in Taipei, Taiwan) is a former American professional ice hockey defenceman in the National Hockey League (NHL), elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame in 2002. ... The Honourable Francis William Mahovlich, CM , LL.D (born January 10, 1938 in Timmins, Ontario) is a Canadian Senator, and formerly a talented NHL ice hockey player. ... Not to be confused with Marc Messier, an actor from Quebec. ... Bernard Marcel Parent (born April 3, 1945 in Montreal, Quebec) is a retired Canadian professional ice hockey goaltender. ... Joseph Jacques Omer Jake the Snake Plante (born January 17, 1929 in Shawinigan Falls, Quebec; died February 27, 1986 in Sierre, Switzerland) was a Canadian professional ice hockey goaltender. ... Norman R. Bud Poile (February 10, 1924 – January 4, 2005) was a professional hockey player, coach, general manager, and league executive. ... Marcel Pronovost (June 15, 1930 in Lac A La Tortue, Quebec was a Canadian professional ice hockey defensman who played for the Detroit Red Wings and Toronto Maple Leafs in the National Hockey League. ... Joseph-Henri-Maurice Rocket Richard PC, CC, OQ (August 4, 1921 – May 27, 2000) was a professional ice hockey player who played for the Montreal Canadiens from 1942 to 1960. ... Al Rollins (born October 9, 1926 in Vanguard, Saskatchewan was a Canadian ice hockey goaltender. ... Glen Slats Sather (born September 2, 1943 in High River, Alberta, Canada) is a retired professional ice hockey left winger in the World Hockey Association and National Hockey League and current President and General Manager of the New York Rangers of the NHL. He played for the Boston Bruins, Pittsburgh... Norman Victor Alexander Norm Ullman (born December 26, 1935, in Provost, Alberta, Canada) is a former ice hockey forward. ...

Trophies and Awards

This is a list of the trophies and awards handed out annually by the World Hockey Association.

Avco World Trophy The Avco World Trophy was the championship trophy of the original World Hockey Association (1972-1979). ... The Gary L. Davidson Award was given to the most valuable player of the World Hockey Association regular season, from 1973 to 1975. ... The Bill Hunter Trophy was presented to the World Hockey Associations scoring leader in the regular season. ... The Lou Kaplan Trophy was presented to the World Hockey Associations rookie of the year. ... The Ben Hatskin Trophy was presented annually to the World Hockey Associations best goaltender. ... The Dennis A. Murphy Trophy was presented annually to the World Hockey Associations best defenceman. ... The Paul Deneau Trophy was presented annually to the World Hockey Associations most gentlemanly player. ... The Howard Baldwin Trophy was presented annually to the World Hockey Associations coach of the year. ... The Playoff MVP award for the World Hockey Association was handed out annually from 1975 to 1979 to the most valuable player of the playoffs. ...

WHA Teams

Teams in bold were absorbed into the NHL.

The Edmonton Oilers are a National Hockey League team based in Edmonton, Alberta. ... The Edmonton Oilers are a professional ice hockey team based in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. ... The Chicago Cougars were a former hockey team in Chicago. ... The Cincinnati Stingers were an ice hockey team based out of Cincinnati, Ohio that played in the World Hockey Association. ... The Calgary Broncos were an original World Hockey Association franchise founded in Calgary, Alberta on November 1, 1971 by Bob Brownridge. ... The Cleveland Crusaders was an ice hockey team that played in the WHA in Cleveland, Ohio from 1972-1976. ... The Minnesota Fighting Saints were a professional ice hockey team that played in Saint Paul, Minnesota. ... The Denver Spurs were a hockey team based out of Denver that played in the World Hockey Association. ... Ottawa Civics logo The Ottawa Civics were an ice hockey team based out of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, that played in the World Hockey Association. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Houston Aeros became one of the original ten franchises for the World Hockey Association when the Dayton Aeros moved to Houston in 1971. ... The Indianapolis Racers were a franchise in the former World Hockey Association. ... The Los Angeles Sharks were a hockey team based out of Los Angeles that played in the World Hockey Association. ... Michigan Stags Logo The Michigan Stags were an ice hockey team based out of Detroit, USA that played in the World Hockey Association. ... The Baltimore Blades were a hockey team based out of Baltimore that played in the World Hockey Association. ... The Minnesota Fighting Saints were a professional ice hockey team that played in Saint Paul, Minnesota. ... The Carolina Hurricanes are a National Hockey League team based in Raleigh, North Carolina. ... The New York Raiders were an ice hockey team based in New York City that played in the World Hockey Association. ... The New York Raiders were a hockey team based out of New York that played in the World Hockey Association. ... The New Jersey Knights were a hockey team based out of Cherry Hill, New Jersey that played in the World Hockey Association. ... The San Diego Mariners were a hockey team based out of San Diego that played in the World Hockey Association. ... The Ottawa Nationals were a hockey team based out of Ottawa that played in the World Hockey Association. ... The Toronto Toros were an ice hockey team based out of Toronto that played in the World Hockey Association and were owned by John F. Bassett. ... The Birmingham Bulls were a hockey team based out of Birmingham, Alabama that played in the World Hockey Association. ... The Miami Screaming Eagles were Miamis first attempt at a professional ice hockey team. ... The Philadelphia Blazers were a hockey team based out of Ottawa that played in the World Hockey Association. ... The Vancouver Blazers were a professional ice hockey team that played in the World Hockey Association in the 1970s. ... The Calgary Cowboys were a professional ice hockey team that played in the World Hockey Association in the 1970s in Calgary, Alberta. ... Phoenix Roadrunners The Phoenix Roadrunners were a team in the now defunct World Hockey Association from 1974 to 1977. ... The Quebec Nordiques (pronounced ; translated into English as Northmen or Northerners) were a professional ice hockey team based in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. ... The Quebec Nordiques (in french Nordiques de Québec, pronounced ; translated into English as Northmen or Northerners) were a professional ice hockey team based in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. ... The Winnipeg Jets were a professional ice hockey team based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. ...

WHA All-Star Game

Every season of the World Hockey Association had an All-Star game, but the format had changed with regularity. [4]

  • 1972-73 Eastern Division vs Western Division contest.
  • 1973-74 Eastern Division vs Western Division contest.
  • 1974-75 Eastern Division vs Western Division contest.
  • 1975-76 Canadian-based teams (5) vs US-based teams (9).
  • 1976-77 East played West.
  • 1977-78 AVCO Cup champion (Quebec Nordiques) vs WHA All-Star team.
  • 1978-79 WHA All-Star team vs Dynamo Moscow in a three game series.

HC Dynamo Moscow (ru: Динамо Москва) is a Russian professional ice hockey club based in Moscow. ...

See also

Avco World Trophy The Avco World Trophy was the championship trophy of the original World Hockey Association (1972-1979). ... The WHA Entry Draft was the entry draft for the World Hockey Association, and was held annually between 1973 and 1977. ... A list of National Hockey League seasons since inception of the league: 1917-18 | 1918-19 | 1919-20 | 1920-21 | 1921-22 | 1922-23 | 1923-24 | 1924-25 | 1925-26 | 1926-27 | 1927-28 | 1928-29 | 1929-30 | 1930-31 | 1931-32 | 1932-33 | 1933-34 | 1934-35 | 1935-36... This article is part of the Evolution of the NHL series. ... A list of World Hockey Association (WHA) seasons 1972-73 WHA season | 1973-74 WHA season | 1974-75 WHA season | 1975-76 WHA season | 1976-77 WHA season | 1977-78 WHA season | 1978-79 WHA season See also Avco Cup List of NHL seasons List of pre-NHL seasons ... This is a list of ice hockey leagues, both professional and amateur, from around the world; parentheses denote year of establishment and, where applicable, year of disestablishment. ... OTCBB: WHKA The original World Hockey Association (WHA) merged into the National Hockey League (NHL) in 1979. ... The Global Hockey League was a proposed hockey league in 1990. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.hockeytraderumors.com/article3760.html
  2. ^ Thunder and Lightning: a No-B.S. Hockey Memoir, Phil Esposito and Peter Golenbock, ISBN 978-0771030864
  3. ^ Bill Boyd, All Roads Lead to Hockey, 2004, Key Porter Books, 1-55263-618-6
  4. ^ http://www.azhockey.com/Wh.htm

External links


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