World Christian Fundamentals Association, religious organization founded in 1919 by the Baptist minister William Bell Riley of the First Baptist Church, Minneapolis, Minnesota. A distinction should be maintained between "Fundamentalists" (members of Riley's organization) and "fundamentalists" (adherents of Fundamentalist doctrines), as we distinquish between "Democrat" and "democrat." The group was the earliest and most influential of the Adamist leagues, but was crippled in 1924 when an accident laid up Riley for six months. Revived in 1925 the annual conferences drew increasingly smaller crowds until 1930 when Riley resigned and the WCFA became a minute evangelical society. Other Adamist organizations of this same period included the Bryan Bible League, the National Anti-Evolution Society, the Anti-Evolution League of America, the Defenders of the Christian Faith, and the Research Science Bureau and American Science Foundation. Baptist churches are part of a Christian movement often regarded as an Evangelical, Protestant denomination. ... William Bell Riley (born March 22, 1861 in Greene County, Indiana, USA; died December 5, 1947 Minneapolis, Minnesota) was known as The Grand Old Man of Fundamentalism. ... Fundamentalism is a movement to maintain strict adherence to founding principles. ...
However, it is widely acknowledged in mainstream Christian circles that the globalisation of Christianfundamentalism has contributed to a rise in inter-faith tension, resulting in a backlash against minority Christians and curbs against the social witness of the church.
The term fundamentalism, meaning an entirely self-sufficient and self-referential doctrine or worldview, is often used to describe the worldview of an individual or a group and their interpretation of things immanent and eschatological.
The word fundamentalism was first coined in the USA to refer to Christians within the evangelical movement, who, in addition to being born again, maintaining a direct personal relationship to God, and actively winning souls for Christ, advocate active opposition to liberalism (abortion, feminism, deviant sexualities) secularism, communism and other religions.
Riley was the editor of The ChristianFundamentalist from 1891 to 1933.
In the early 1920s Riley promoted a vigorous anti-evolutionary campaign in the Northwest and it was Riley's WorldChristianFundamentalsAssociation that wired William Jennings Bryan urging him to act as counsel for the association in the Scopes Trial.
At the time of his death Northwestern Bible School was the second largest Bible School in the world with some 1,200 students enrolled.
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