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Encyclopedia > World's tallest structure

For many millennia the record holder for world's tallest structure was clearly defined (see table below.) However, there has been much debate as to the ranking of the world's tallest structures since the middle of the 20th century, chiefly depending on the criteria used for selecting the structures admissible to the list. These pages contain the trends of millennia and centuries. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...

Warsaw radio mast

In particular, there is debate about whether: Download high resolution version (750x800, 116 KB)With http://pl. ... Download high resolution version (750x800, 116 KB)With http://pl. ...

  • guy-wire-supported structures can be counted,
  • only habitable height counts,
  • roof-top antennas can be counted towards height of inhabitable buildings; the debate over this originates from that fact that spires are included in the height but antennas are not (see the debate on the Sears Tower versus the Petronas Towers),
  • observation galleries on communication towers make them into habitable buildings,
  • structures under construction can be included in the list, and whether
  • structures rising out of water should have their below-water height included.
Contents

Categories: Stub ... A yagi antenna Most simply, an antenna is an electronic component designed to send or receive radio waves. ... A modern spire on the Lancaster University Chaplaincy Centre A spire is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building, particularly a church tower. ... A view of the Sears Tower from the Chicago River. ... The Petronas Towers The Petronas Twin Towers at night A comparison of the worlds tallest structures. ...

Tallest structures

KVLY-TV mast

Tallest Structure by Category Download high resolution version (566x750, 55 KB)Photo by User:Hephaestos August 19, 2003 GFDL File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (566x750, 55 KB)Photo by User:Hephaestos August 19, 2003 GFDL File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Category Structure Country City Height to relevant point
Supported Stucture KVLY-TV mast USA Blanchard, North Dakota 629 m (2,063 ft)
Freestanding Structure with Largest Functional Structure Borj-e Milad Iran Teheran 435m (1,427 ft)
Freestanding Structure Petronius Platform Gulf of Mexico 610 m (2,001 ft)
Freestanding Structure On Land CN Tower Canada Toronto 559 m (1,865 ft)
Building - to top of antenna Sears Tower USA Chicago 529 m (1,736 ft)
Building - to architectural top Taipei 101 Taiwan Taipeh 508 m (1,667 ft)
Building - to top of the roof Taipei 101 Taiwan Taipeh 448 m (1,470 ft)
Building - to highest occupied floor Taipei 101 Taiwan Taipeh 438 m (1,437 ft)
Chimney Chimney of GRES-2 Power Station Kazachstan Ekibastusz 419.7 m (1,437 ft)
Lattice Tower Kiev TV Tower Ukraina Kiev 385 m (1,437 ft)
Partially Guyed Tower Gerbrandy Tower Netherlands Lopik 375 m (1,437 ft)
Bridge Pillar Millau Viaduct France Millau 341 m (1,053 ft)
Residential Building Burj al-Arab UAE Dubai 321 m (1,053 ft)
Electricity pylon Pylons of Pearl River Crossing China Pearl River 253 m (1,053 ft)
Minarett Hassan II Mosque Maroc Casablanca 210 m (1,053 ft)
Church Tower Ulm Münster Germany Ulm 161 m (1,053 ft)
Industrial Hall VAB USA Kennedy Space Center 160 m (1,053 ft)
Memorial Cross Santa Cruz del Valle de los Caídos Spain El Escorial 152.4 m (1,053 ft)
Silo Schapfen-Mill-Tower Germany Ulm 130 m (1,053 ft)
Air-traffic-controll tower KUL Control Tower Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 130 m (1,053 ft)
Light Advertisement Bayer Cross Leverkusen Germany Leverkusen 118 m (1,053 ft)
Tower built of wood Radio Tower Gliwice Poland Gliwice 118 m (1,053 ft)
support tower of aerial tramway Pillar of third section of Gletscherbahn Kaprun Austria Kaprun 113.6 m (1,053 ft)

The tallest currently standing structure is the KVLY-TV mast near Mayville, North Dakota, at 629 m (2,063 ft). It is a transmission antenna, consisting of a bare metal structure supported by guy-wires. Transmission towers in excess of 600 meters (~2000 ft) are common in the American Midwest; similar structures exist near Alleman, Iowa and Rapid City, South Dakota. KVLY-TV mast seen close-up The KVLY-TV mast (formerly the KTHI-TV mast) is a television transmitting tower in North Dakota used by Fargo station KVLY channel 11. ... The metre (American spelling: meter), symbol: m, is the basic unit of distance (or of length, in the parlance of the physical sciences) in the International System of Units. ... A foot (plural: feet) is a non-SI unit of distance or length, measuring around a third of a metre. ... Milad Tower is the worlds fourth tallest free standing structure at 435 m. ... The Petronius Platform is a deepwater oil rig operated by ChevronTexaco and Marathon Oil in the Gulf of Mexico, 210 km South-east of New Orleans. ... Picture of CN Tower from Lake Ontario At 559. ... A view of the Sears Tower from the Chicago River. ... Taipei 101 (臺北 101) is a 106-floor skyscraper in Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan. ... Taipei 101 (臺北 101) is a 106-floor skyscraper in Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan. ... Taipei 101 (臺北 101) is a 106-floor skyscraper in Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan. ... The Chimney of GRES-2 Power Station is the worlds tallest chimney. ... The Kiev TV Tower is a 385 m high lattice steel tower built in 1973 in Kiev, Ukraine. ... The tower at Christmas The Gerbrandy Tower (Dutch: Gerbrandytoren) is a tower which was built in 1961 in the Netherlands. ... Millau viaduct in France, currently the worlds tallest vehicular bridge. ... The Burj al-Arab The Burj al-Arab (Arabic tower of the Arabs) is a luxury hotel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The pylons of the Pearl River Crossing are three electricity pylons with heights of 240 metres, 253 metres, and 80 metres. ... Categories: Mosques | Morocco | Islam-related stubs | Buildings and structures stubs ... Church tower of the Ulmer Münster The Ulm Münster is the tallest church world wide. ... VAB is an three-letter acronym with multiple meanings, including: the Vehicle Assembly Building, a large building belonging to NASA (originally known as the Vertical Assembly Building) a French armoured personnel carrier (VAB (armoured personnel carrier)) The keystroke command used in the 1999 video game called Tribes to trigger an... Valle de los Caídos, aerial view Santa Cruz del Valle de los Caídos (the Holy Cross of the Valley of the Fallen) is a site northwest of Madrid, in the autonomous community of Madrid in central Spain. ... Schapfen-Mill-Tower is a 130 metre high silo tower at Ulm, Germany. ... KUL Control Tower is the tower for controlling the traffic of the airport of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ... The Radio Tower Gliwice is the transmission tower of the radio station Gliwice (Gleiwitz), situated at 50°19 N and 18°41 E at the Tarnowitzer Road in Gliwice. ... One of the reservoirs of the Kaprun Kraftwerk (power project) Kaprun is a small town in the Pinzgau district of Land Salzburg in Austria. ... KVLY-TV mast seen close-up The KVLY-TV mast (formerly the KTHI-TV mast) is a television transmitting tower in North Dakota used by Fargo station KVLY channel 11. ... Mayville is a city located in Traill County, North Dakota. ... State nickname: Peace Garden State, Roughrider State, Flickertail State Other U.S. States Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Governor John Hoeven Official languages English Area 183 272 km² (19th)  - Land 178 839 km²  - Water 4 432 km² (2. ... Hot metal work from a blacksmith In chemistry, a metal (Greek: Metallon) is an element that readily forms ions (cations) and has metallic bonds, and metals are sometimes described as a lattice of positive ions (cations) in a cloud of electrons. ... Midwest States (United States of America, ND to OH) The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... Alleman is a city located in Polk County, Iowa. ... Rapid City is a city located in Pennington County, South Dakota. ...


The Warsaw radio mast near Warsaw, Poland at 645 m (2,115 ft) was taller, but it collapsed in 1991. The Warsaw radio mast in Konstantynów The Warsaw radio mast was the tallest structure ever built; however, it only existed from 1974 to 1991. ... Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The main reason these transmission antennas are not usually included with the world's tallest buildings is that they are not self-supported. Another example of a structure that's not self-supporting is a long rope tethered to the ground on one end and to a helium balloon on the other. If structures that are not self-supporting were counted then these would be the tallest in the world.


The Petronius Platform stands 610 m (2,001 ft) tall, making it the tallest freestanding structure in the world. However, as this oil and natural gas platform is partially supported by buoyancy, some critics argue that the below-water height should not be counted, in the same manner as the underground 'height' of buildings is not taken into account. The Petronius Platform is a deepwater oil rig operated by ChevronTexaco and Marathon Oil in the Gulf of Mexico, 210 km South-east of New Orleans. ... Oil is a generic term for organic liquids that are not miscible with water. ... Natural gas rig Natural gas (commonly refered to as gas in many countries) is a gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane. ... In physics, buoyancy is an upward force on an object immersed in a fluid (i. ...


The CN Tower in Toronto stands 553.33 m (1,815 ft) tall, making it the tallest freestanding structure above ground. Ostankino Tower in Moscow is currently being renovated following a fire. When completed it will stand 577m (1,893 ft). Picture of CN Tower from Lake Ontario At 559. ... }|135px|City of Toronto, Ontario Official Flag]]|Coat Image=[[Image:{{{Coat Image}}}|135px|City of Toronto, Ontario Coat of Arms]]}} {{Canadian City/Disable Field={{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: Diversity Our Strength {{Canadian City/Location Image is:{{{Location Image Type}}}|[[Image:{{{Location Image}}}|thumbnail|250px|City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada Location. ... Ostankino Tower from the air. ... Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow (Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, pronunciation: Maskvá  listen) is the capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ...


The tallest tower built of lattice steel is Kiev TV Tower with a height of 386 metres. Built in 1934 and demolished in 1945, the tallest tower ever built of wood was the 190 metre high radio tower of the transmitter Mühlacker in Germany. The tallest tower built of wood is currently the transmission tower of the transmitter Gliwice in Poland at 118 meters. The Kiev TV Tower is a 385 m high lattice steel tower built in 1973 in Kiev, Ukraine. ... The Broadcasting transmission facility Muehlacker is a radio transmission facility near Mühlacker, Germany. ... The Radio Tower Gliwice is the transmission tower of the radio station Gliwice (Gleiwitz), situated at 50°19 N and 18°41 E at the Tarnowitzer Road in Gliwice. ...


Tallest buildings

Comparison of top skyscrapers

Up until 1998 the tallest building status was essentially uncontested. Counting buildings as structures with floors throughout, New York City's World Trade Center was the tallest including the antennas, Sears Tower in Chicago excluding the antennas. As antennas were usually excluded, Sears Tower was counted as the tallest. When Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia was built, some felt that the "spire" extending to 9 meters higher than the roof of the Sears Tower was just added to "cheat" its way into the spot as tallest building. Excluding the spire, the Petronas Towers were not taller than the Sears Tower. Therefore, before the Petronas Towers were completed, the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat defined four categories in which the "world's tallest building" can be measured: Download high resolution version (820x650, 4 KB)NOT ACCURATE!!! Tallest towers go in order from Tapei 101, Petronas Towers, and then the Sears Tower. ... Download high resolution version (820x650, 4 KB)NOT ACCURATE!!! Tallest towers go in order from Tapei 101, Petronas Towers, and then the Sears Tower. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... City nickname: The Big Apple Location in the state of New York Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area  - Land  - Water 1,214. ... The twin towers, photographed from the west The World Trade Center in New York City was a complex of seven buildings around a central plaza, near the south end of Manhattan in the downtown financial district. ... A view of the Sears Tower from the Chicago River. ... Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States and the largest inland city in the country, with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ... The PETRONAS Twin Towers According to Lao Tse, the reality of a hollow object is in the void and not in the walls that define it. ... Mayor Datuk Ruslin Hasan District Kuala Lumpur District Area  - Total (City) 243. ... The Council on Tall buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) was founded at Lehigh University in 1969. ...

  1. Height to the structural or architectural top (including spires and pinnacles, but not antennas, masts or flagpoles)
  2. Height to the highest occupied floor
  3. Height to the top of the roof
  4. Height to the top of antenna

The height is measured from the sidewalk level of the main entrance. In all of these categories, Sears Tower had held the top spot. After Petronas was built, Sears Tower became second in the first category only. A modern spire on the Lancaster University Chaplaincy Centre A spire is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building, particularly a church tower. ...


On April 20, 2004, the Taipei 101 in Taipei, Taiwan was completed. Its completion gave it the record for the first category. April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Taipei 101 (臺北 101) is a 106-floor skyscraper in Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan. ... City nickname: the City of Azaleas Capital District Xinyi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ...


Today, the Taipei 101 leads in the first category with 508 m (1,667 ft); in the second category with an occupied floor at 438 m (1,437 ft); and in the third category with 448 m (1,470 ft). The first category was formerly held by the Petronas Twin Towers with 452 m (1,483 ft), and before that by Sears Towers with 443 m (1,448 ft). The second category was held by the Sears Tower, with 435 m (1,431 ft). The third category was formerly held by the Sears Tower with 442 m (1,445 ft).


The Sears Tower still leads in the fourth category with 529 m (1,736 ft), previously held by the World Trade Center until its destruction in 2001; its antenna included, it measured 536 m (1,758 ft). The World Trade Center became the world's tallest buildings to be demolished–indeed, its site entered the record books twice on September 11, 2001, in that category, replacing the Singer Building, which once stood a block from the WTC site. The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years). ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Singer Building at Liberty Street and Broadway in Manhattan, New York was an office building completed in 1908 as the headquarters of the Singer Sewing Machine Company. ...


The CN Tower is excluded from these categories because it is not a "habitable building", which is defined as a frame structure made with floors and walls throughout. Picture of CN Tower from Lake Ontario At 559. ...



History of Record Holders in each CTBUH category The Council on Tall buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) was founded at Lehigh University in 1969. ...

Date (Event) 1.Height to the architectural top 2. Height to the highest occupied floor 3. Height to the top of the roof 4. Height to the top of antenna
2003 (Completion of Taipei 101) Taipei 101 Taipei 101 Taipei 101 Sears Tower
2001 (Destruction of World Trade Center) Petronas Twin Towers Sears Tower Sears Tower Sears Tower
1998 (Completion of Petronas Towers) Petronas Twin Towers Sears Tower Sears Tower World Trade Center
1996 (CTBUH defines the four categories) Sears Tower Sears Tower Sears Tower World Trade Center

Taipei 101 (臺北 101) is a 106-floor skyscraper in Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan. ... Taipei 101 (臺北 101) is a 106-floor skyscraper in Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan. ... Taipei 101 (臺北 101) is a 106-floor skyscraper in Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan. ... Taipei 101 (臺北 101) is a 106-floor skyscraper in Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan. ... A view of the Sears Tower from the Chicago River. ... The twin towers, photographed from the west The World Trade Center in New York City was a complex of seven buildings around a central plaza, near the south end of Manhattan in the downtown financial district. ... The PETRONAS Twin Towers According to Lao Tse, the reality of a hollow object is in the void and not in the walls that define it. ... A view of the Sears Tower from the Chicago River. ... A view of the Sears Tower from the Chicago River. ... A view of the Sears Tower from the Chicago River. ... The Petronas Towers The Petronas Twin Towers at night A comparison of the worlds tallest structures. ... The PETRONAS Twin Towers According to Lao Tse, the reality of a hollow object is in the void and not in the walls that define it. ... A view of the Sears Tower from the Chicago River. ... A view of the Sears Tower from the Chicago River. ... The twin towers, photographed from the west The World Trade Center in New York City was a complex of seven buildings around a central plaza, near the south end of Manhattan in the downtown financial district. ... A view of the Sears Tower from the Chicago River. ... A view of the Sears Tower from the Chicago River. ... A view of the Sears Tower from the Chicago River. ... The twin towers, photographed from the west The World Trade Center in New York City was a complex of seven buildings around a central plaza, near the south end of Manhattan in the downtown financial district. ...

Tallest structures before 1954

Held record Name and Location Constructed Height (m) Height (ft) Notes
From To
c. 2600 BC c. 2570 BC Red Pyramid of Sneferu, Egypt c. 2600 BC 105 345  
c. 2570 BC c. AD 1300 Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt c. 2570 BC 146 481 By AD 1439 the Great Pyramid had eroded to a height of approximately 139 m (455 ft)
c. 1300 1549 Lincoln Cathedral, England 10921311 160 524 The central spire was destroyed in a storm in 1549
1549 1625 St. Olaf's Church, Tallinn, Estonia 14381519 159 522 The spire burnt down after a lightning strike in 1625
1625 1847 Notre Dame Minster, Strasbourg, Germany, now France 1439 143 469 Still standing
1847 1876 St. Nikolaikirche, Hamburg, Germany 18461847 147 483 Designed by George Gilbert Scott
1876 1880 Cathédrale Notre Dame, Rouen, France 12021876 151 495  
1880 1884 Cologne Cathedral, Germany 12481880 157 515 Still the tallest Gothic spires
1884 1889 Washington Monument, United States 1884 169 555  
1889 1930 Eiffel Tower, Paris, France 1889 300 986 The addition of a telecommunications tower brought the overall height to 324 meters in the 1950s  
1930 1931 Chrysler Building, New York, United States 19281930 319 1046  
1931 1954 Empire State Building, New York, United States 19301931 381 1250 A broadcasting tower added in the 1950s brought its overall height to 443 meters; the 481 meter KWTV Mast, Oklahoma City was constructed in 1954

(27th century BC - 26th century BC - 25th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2900 - 2334 BC – Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period. ... (27th century BC - 26th century BC - 25th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2900 - 2334 BC – Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period. ... The Red Pyramid Detail of the massive corbel-vaulted ceiling of the main burial chamber The Red Pyramid, named for the light crimson hue of its exposed granite surface, is the largest of the three major pyramids located at the Dahshur necropolis, and the third largest Egyptian pyramid, after those... Sneferus Cartouche Sneferu, also spelt as Snefru or Snofru (in Greek known as Soris), was the founder of the Fourth dynasty of Egypt, reigning from around 2613 BC to 2589 BC. The father of Egypts most famous pyramid builder, Khufu, Sneferu was actually more prolific than his heir... (27th century BC - 26th century BC - 25th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2900 - 2334 BC – Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period. ... (27th century BC - 26th century BC - 25th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2900 - 2334 BC – Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period. ... Events Beginning of the Renaissance. ... The Great Pyramid of Giza (29° 97′ 60″ N 31° 13′ 22″ E), (sometimes spelled Gizeh) is the oldest, and last remaining of the Seven Wonders of the World and the most widely recognized pyramid in the world. ... (27th century BC - 26th century BC - 25th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2900 - 2334 BC – Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period. ... Events Battle of Grotnik, which ended the hussite movement in Poland Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway is declared deposed in Sweden. ... Events Beginning of the Renaissance. ... Events July - Ketts Rebellion Francis Xavier arrives in Japan. ... The city of Lincoln in England has had a cathedral since the 11th century. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Religion... Events May 9 - Lincoln Cathedral is consecrated. ... Events Bolingbroke Castle passes to the House of Lancaster. ... Events July - Ketts Rebellion Francis Xavier arrives in Japan. ... Events March 27 - Prince Charles Stuart becomes King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... The city of Tallinn is the capital city and main seaport of Estonia. ... Events Pachacuti who would later create Tahuantinsuyu, or Inca Empire became the ruler of Cuzco January 1 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Hungary March 18 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Germany Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway looses direct control of Sweden. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ... Events March 27 - Prince Charles Stuart becomes King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A minster is a type of cathedral. ... City motto: – City proper (commune) Région Alsace Département Bas-Rhin (67) Mayor Fabienne Keller (UMP) (since 2001) Area 78. ... Events Battle of Grotnik, which ended the hussite movement in Poland Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway is declared deposed in Sweden. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1876 is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Position of Hamburg in Germany Hamburgs central broadway Jungfernstieg at the Alster lake, between 1900 and 1914 This article is about the city in Germany. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The chapel of St Johns College, Cambridge is characteristic of Scotts many church designs Sir George Gilbert Scott (July 13, 1811 - March 27, 1878) was an English architect of the Victorian Age, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches and cathedrals. ... 1876 is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Location within France Rouen (pronounced in French, sometimes also ) is the historical capital city of Normandy, in northern France, and presently the capital of the Upper Normandy région. ... Events August 1 - Arthur of Brittany captured in Mirebeau, north of Poitiers Beginning of the Fourth Crusade. ... 1876 is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1884 is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar). ... The rear of the cathedral, viewed from across the Rhine Cologne Cathedral (German: Kölner Dom) is one of the most well-known architectural monuments in Germany and has been Colognes most famous landmark for centuries. ... Events Louis IX of France departs on the Seventh Crusade for Egypt Kingdom of Castile captures city of Seville from Muslims Cologne cathedral: old cathedral burns down April 30; foundation stone to current cathedral laid August 15 Births Deaths January 4 - King Sancho II of Portugal, in exile in Toledo... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1884 is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar). ... 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Washington Monument The Washington Monument is a large white-colored obelisk in the center of the National Mall in Washington, D.C., built as a memorial to George Washington, the first President of the United States and the leader of the revolutionary Continental Army, which won independence from the British... 1884 is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar). ... 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... The Eiffel Tower (French: la Tour Eiffel) is a metallic tower built on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France, and is nowadays the most famous landmark and symbol of Paris. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Chrysler Building Completed in 1930, the Chrysler Building is a distinctive symbol of New York City, standing 1,046 feet (319 m) high on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1954 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Empire State Building The Empire State Building, a 101-story Contemporary Art Deco building in New York City, was designed by Shreeve, Lamb, and Hamond, Shreve, Lamb & Harmon Associates and built in 1931. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Griffin Television Tower Oklahoma (KWTV Mast) is a 480. ... The State Capitol of Oklahoma Looking at Downtown Oklahoma City The Flag of Oklahoma City Oklahoma City (sometimes abbreviated as OKC) is the capitol and largest city of the state of Oklahoma in the United States of America. ...

Currently-standing tallest structures

Rank Name and location Year
completed
Height1 Stories
m ft
Buildings
1 Taipei 101, Taipei, Taiwan 2004 508 1,668 101
2 Petronas Tower I, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1998 452 1,483 88
(tie) 2 Petronas Tower II, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1998 452 1,483 88
4 Sears Tower, Chicago (IL), United States 1974 442 1,450 110
5 Jin Mao Building, Shanghai, China 1998 421 1,380 88
6 Two International Finance Centre, Hong Kong, China 2003 412 1,352 88
7 CITIC Plaza, Guangzhou, China 1997 391 1,283 80
8 Shun Hing Square, Shenzhen, China 1996 384 1,260 69
9 Empire State Building, New York (NY), United States 1931 381 1,250 102
10 Central Plaza, Hong Kong, China 1992 374 1,227 78
11 Bank of China Tower, Hong Kong, China 1989 368 1,209 72
12 Emirates Office Tower, Dubai, United Arab Emirates 1999 355 1,165 55
13 T & C Tower, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 1997 347 1,140 85
14 Aon Center, Chicago (IL), United States 1973 346 1,136 80
15 The Center, Hong Kong, China 1998 346 1,135 73
16 John Hancock Center, Chicago (IL), United States 1967 344 1,127 100
17 Ryugyong Hotel, Pyongyang, North Korea 1995 330 1,083 105
18 Sky Tower, Auckland, New Zealand 1997 328 1,076 ?
19 Burj al Arab Hotel, Dubai, United Arab Emirates 1999 321 1,053 60
20 Chrysler Building, New York (NY), United States 1930 319 1,046 77
21 Bank of America Plaza, Atlanta (GA), United States 1993 312 1,023 55
22 U.S. Bank Tower, Los Angeles (CA), United States 1990 310 1,018 75
23 Telekom Malaysia Headquarters, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1999 310 1,017 55
24 Emirates Towers Hotel, Dubai, United Arab Emirates 2000 309 1,014 56
25 AT&T Corporate Center, Chicago (IL), United States 1989 307 1,007 60
Towers and Other Structures
KVLY-TV mast, Fargo (ND), United States 1963 629 2,063
1 CN Tower, Toronto (ON), Canada 1976 553 1,815
2 Ostankino Tower, Moscow, Russia 1967 540 1,772

1 Height for inhabited buildings (with stories) does not include TV towers and antennas.
Taipei 101 (臺北 101) is a 106-floor skyscraper in Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan. ... City nickname: the City of Azaleas Capital District Xinyi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ... The Petronas Towers The Petronas Twin Towers at night A comparison of the worlds tallest structures. ... Mayor Datuk Ruslin Hasan District Kuala Lumpur District Area  - Total (City) 243. ... The Petronas Towers The Petronas Twin Towers at night A comparison of the worlds tallest structures. ... Mayor Datuk Ruslin Hasan District Kuala Lumpur District Area  - Total (City) 243. ... A view of the Sears Tower from the Chicago River. ... Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States (after New York City and Los Angeles), with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ... State nickname: Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State Other U.S. States Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Governor Rod Blagojevich Official languages English Area 149,998 km² (25th)  - Land 143,968 km²  - Water 6,030 km² (4. ... Jin Mao Building as seen from the Bund The Jin Mao Building is a high-rise building in the Pudong district of Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... Shanghai (Chinese: 上海; pinyin: ; Shanghainese IPA: ) is Chinas largest city and is situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta. ... Two IFC International Finance Centre (IFC) is an integrated commercial development on the waterfront of Hong Kongs Central District. ... CITIC Plaza CITIC Plaza is a high rise building or skyscraper built in Guangzhou, Peoples Republic of China. ... Location within China CITIC Plaza Guangzhou fireworks display at night Guangzhou (Simplified Chinese: 广州; Traditional Chinese: 廣州; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuang-chou; Jyutping: Gwong2zau1; Yale: Gwóngjaū) is the capital of the Guangdong Province in southern China. ... Shun Hing Square (信兴广场) is a tall high-rise building or skyscraper in Shenzhen, China. ... Shenzhen (Chinese: 深圳; pinyin: ; Cantonese Jyutping: sam1 zan3, Yale: sām jan; Sham Chun [Shamchun] The hazy Shenzhen skyline in old or Hong Kong documents; lit. ... The Empire State Building The Empire State Building, a 101-story Contemporary Art Deco building in New York City, was designed by Shreeve, Lamb, and Hamond, Shreve, Lamb & Harmon Associates and built in 1931. ... City nickname: The Big Apple Location in the state of New York Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area  - Land  - Water 1,214. ... Central Plaza is the second tallest skyscraper in Hong Kong (tallest as of 2001) after IFC, Hong Kong Phase 2. ... BOC Tower The Bank of China Tower (short: BOC Tower) is a huge skyscraper in Central, Hong Kong. ... The Emirates Office Tower is a 54 floor office building in the city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. ... The Burj al-Arab Hotel Classification Emirate, City Emirate Dubai Emir Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area 3,885 km² [1] Population  - Total (2005)  - Density  - UAE calculated rank     -Emirate    - City 1,141,959 (Emirate) [2] 1,137,376 (city, proper) [3] 293. ... Lantern Festival at Tuntex Sky Tower, Kaohsiung, Taiwan/ taken by lockchou/ 7 February, 2004 Tuntex Sky Tower, or the T & C Tower (the Tuntex & Chien-Tai Tower), is a skyscraper in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. ... Abbreviation: Kaohsiung (高雄) City nickname: The Harbor City Capital District Linya Dist. ... There is also an Aon Center in Los Angeles, California, see Aon Center (Los Angeles). ... Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States (after New York City and Los Angeles), with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ... The Center is the third tallest skyscraper in Hong Kong after Two International Finance Centre (88 stories) and Central Plaza, Hong Kong. ... The John Hancock Center among other buildings as seen from the Sears Tower in Chicago The John Hancock Center in Chicago, Illinois is a one-hundred story, 1,127ft (344 m) tall skyscraper designed by structural Engineer Fazlur Khan of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill and when completed in 1969, was... Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States (after New York City and Los Angeles), with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ... The Ryugyong Hotel (or Ryu-Gyong Hotel) is a towering, empty concrete shell in Sojang-dong, in the Potong-gang District of Pyongyang, North Korea. ... Pyŏngyang (Pyeongyang) is the capital city of North Korea, located in the northwest of the country, near the Taedong River. ... Auckland Sky Tower The Sky Tower is a tower located on the corner of Victoria and Federal streets in the central business district of Auckland, New Zealand From ground level to the top of the mast it is 328 metres tall, making it the tallest free-standing structure in the... Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest urban area in New Zealand. ... The Burj al-Arab Hotel The Burj al-Arab is a luxury hotel in United Arab Emirates. ... The Burj al-Arab Hotel Classification Emirate, City Emirate Dubai Emir Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area 3,885 km² [1] Population  - Total (2005)  - Density  - UAE calculated rank     -Emirate    - City 1,141,959 (Emirate) [2] 1,137,376 (city, proper) [3] 293. ... Chrysler Building Completed in 1930, the Chrysler Building is a distinctive symbol of New York City, standing 1,046 feet (319 m) high on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... City nickname: The Big Apple Location in the state of New York Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area  - Land  - Water 1,214. ... There are two skyscrapers in the United States called the Bank of America Plaza: The Bank of America Plaza in Atlanta, Georgia. ... Downtown Atlanta skyline Atlanta is the capital and largest city of Georgia, a state of the United States of America. ... State nickname: Peach State / Empire State of the South Other U.S. States Capital Atlanta Largest city Atlanta Governor Sonny Perdue Official languages English Area 154,077 km² (24th)  - Land 150,132 km²  - Water 3,945 km² (2. ... U.S. Bank Tower in Downtown Los Angeles is the tallest North American building west of Chicago. ... This article is about the largest city in California. ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... Telekom Malaysia Tower or Menara Telekom(official name) is a new tower. ... Mayor Datuk Ruslin Hasan District Kuala Lumpur District Area  - Total (City) 243. ... The Burj al-Arab Hotel Classification Emirate, City Emirate Dubai Emir Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area 3,885 km² [1] Population  - Total (2005)  - Density  - UAE calculated rank     -Emirate    - City 1,141,959 (Emirate) [2] 1,137,376 (city, proper) [3] 293. ... AT&T Corporate Center The Lobby in AT&T Corporate Center The AT&T Corporate Center is the 4th tallest skyscraper in Chicago and 8th tallest in the United States at 1,007ft (307 m) with 60 floors. ... Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States (after New York City and Los Angeles), with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ... KVLY-TV mast seen close-up The KVLY-TV mast (formerly the KTHI-TV mast) is a television transmitting tower in North Dakota used by Fargo station KVLY channel 11. ... Fargo is a city located in Cass County in the U.S. state of North Dakota. ... State nickname: Peace Garden State, Roughrider State, Flickertail State Other U.S. States Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Governor John Hoeven Official languages English Area 183 272 km² (19th)  - Land 178 839 km²  - Water 4 432 km² (2. ... Picture of CN Tower from Lake Ontario At 559. ... }|135px|City of Toronto, Ontario Official Flag]]|Coat Image=[[Image:{{{Coat Image}}}|135px|City of Toronto, Ontario Coat of Arms]]}} {{Canadian City/Disable Field={{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: Diversity Our Strength {{Canadian City/Location Image is:{{{Location Image Type}}}|[[Image:{{{Location Image}}}|thumbnail|250px|City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada Location. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th)  - Land 917,741 km²  - Water 158,654 km² (14. ... Ostankino Tower from the air. ... Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow (Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, pronunciation: Maskvá  listen) is the capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ...


Source: Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat.


Proposed record-breaking structures

A Solar Chimney that has been proposed in Buronga, New South Wales, Australia would be 1,000 m (3,281 ft) tall. Engineering feasibility has been demonstrated to the satisfaction of consulting engineers, and construction is a matter of financial viability. The Solar Tower Buronga will be part of the first solar thermal power station and if built it will get the tallest construction ever built on earth. ... Motto: Orta Recens Quam Pura Nites (Newly Risen, How Brightly You Shine) Nickname: Premier State Other Australian states and territories Capital Sydney Government Governor Premier Const. ...


The 492 m (1,614 ft; roof height) Shanghai World Financial Center in Shanghai, China has proposed completion in 2007, but has been delayed by evaluation of soil stability. A competing on-going project for the world's tallest is the 474 m (1,555 ft) Union Square Phase 7 in Hong Kong, also scheduled for completion in 2007. This would make either building the tallest under categories 2 and 3 by the CTBUH. The Shanghai World Financial Center is a skyscraper that has been intermittently under construction in Shanghai, China. ... Shanghai (Chinese: 上海; pinyin: ; Shanghainese IPA: ) is Chinas largest city and is situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta. ... Union Square Phase 7 is the formal name of a skyscraper under construction in Kowloon, Hong Kong. ...


The Freedom Tower of the new World Trade Center in New York City will reach 1,776 ft (541.3 metres) to its spire and about 1,100 ft (335 m) to its roof once completed in 2008. This would make it the tallest building under categories 1 and 4 by the CTBUH. The cornerstone was laid on July 4, 2004. Artists depiction of the proposed Freedom Tower amidst the New York skyline at night. ... City nickname: The Big Apple Location in the state of New York Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area  - Land  - Water 1,214. ... 2008 is a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar There will be a United States Presidential Election this year; it will be the election of the fourty-fourth president of the United States. ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ...


Burj Dubai is a 705-metre (2,313-foot) skyscraper currently under development in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Designed to be completed around 2008, this would put it at the number one spot in all four of CTBUH's categories, as well as make it the tallest freestanding structure. The Burj Dubai (Arabic for Tower of Dubai) is a skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest skyscraper by roof height on high rise. ... The Burj al-Arab Hotel Classification Emirate, City Emirate Dubai Emir Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area 3,885 km² [1] Population  - Total (2005)  - Density  - UAE calculated rank     -Emirate    - City 1,141,959 (Emirate) [2] 1,137,376 (city, proper) [3] 293. ... 2008 is a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar There will be a United States Presidential Election this year; it will be the election of the fourty-fourth president of the United States. ...


The new Guangdong TV Tower at Guangzhou, China may also become one of the world's tallest structures. The Guangdong TV Tower is a 200 metre high TV tower of lattice steel at Guangzhou, China, built in 1965. ... Location within China CITIC Plaza Guangzhou fireworks display at night Guangzhou (Simplified Chinese: 广州; Traditional Chinese: 廣州; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuang-chou; Jyutping: Gwong2zau1; Yale: Gwóngjaū) is the capital of the Guangdong Province in southern China. ...


There are some plans for a 609.6 metre high free-standing TV tower at Bayonne, New Jersey. Bayonne is a city located in Hudson County, New Jersey. ...


Other proposed very tall towers

In the USA several guyed masts with heights between 600 and 610 metres are planned [1] (http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=212471). Another planned large tower is the TV tower of Djakarta [2] (http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=208756). Warsaw radio mast Masts are among the tallest man-made structures. ...


See also

Taipei 101, the worlds tallest skyscraper by roof height on high rise. ... Boeing claims that its Boeing Everett plant at Everett, Washington is the largest building in the world by volume at 13. ... 1. ... This is a list of the tallest structures in Canada. ... The height of structures in the United States has historically been poorly documented. ... This is a list of the all the worlds tallest structures, past and present of any type. ... A list of the tallest structures of several countries in the world. ... Famous or notable buildings with articles about them in Wikipedia include: Index: A-B - C-D - E-I - J-O - P-R - S - T-V - W 1 Canada Square, London, United Kingdom 2 Fevrier Sofitel Hotel, Lomé, Togo 8 Canada Square, London 30 St Mary Axe, London 40 Wall Street... This is a list of skyscrapers: Top 200 skyscrapers by structural height Woolworth building Adapted from [1], and ranks buildings by the highest architectural detail, and does not include the height of structural components that may look like a spire, but are not classified as such. ... Olympiaturm Towers by height Tehrans Milad Tower is the worlds fourth tallest free standing structure at 435 m. ... Warsaw radio mast Masts are among the tallest man-made structures. ... Until the advent of the skyscraper, Christian churches were some of the tallest buildings in the world. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
World's Tallest Buildings — Infoplease.com (771 words)
World Trade Center twin towers of New York City ranked fifth and sixth (at 1,368 ft and 1,362 ft) on this list until their destruction on Sept. 11, 2001.
A building differs from a tower in that the former is considered to be a structure that is designed for residential, business, or manufacturing purposes.
This data was gathered and/or supplied by members and representatives of the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat who represent world leaders in the field of the built environment, including research, industry, and education.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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