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Encyclopedia > Workers' Party (Brazil)
Partido dos Trabalhadores
Image:Pt flag.png
President Ricardo Berzoini
Founded February 10, 1980
Headquarters Rua Silveira Martins, 132 Centro, São Paulo, São Paulo (state)
Political Ideology Democratic Socialism, Social Democracy and Trotskyism (minority factions)
International Affiliation Sao Paulo Forum (the Socialist Democracy faction is affiliated to the (reunified) Fourth International)
Colours red and white
TSE Identification Number 13
Website www.pt.org.br
See also Politics of Brazil

Political parties
Elections Brazilian Workers Party Flag This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... Ricardo Berzoini is the President of the Workers Party of Brazil. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the city. ... Motto Pro Brasilia Fiant Eximia (Latin) For Brazil Great Things Are Done Anthem Bandeirantes Anthem Capital (and largest city) São Paulo Demonym Paulista Government  -  Governor José Serra  -  Vice Governor Alberto Goldman Area  -  Total 248. ... Democratic socialism advocates socialism as a basis for the economy and democracy as a governing principle. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. ... Foro de São Paulo (FSP, São Paulo Forum) is a congress of left-wing political parties, idealized by President Fidel Castro of Cuba and Luis Inacio Lula da Silva of Brazil located in Latin America. ... Socialist Democracy is a Trotskyist political grouping in Brazil. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Fourth_International#From the Fourth World Congress to reunification. ... For other uses, see Red (disambiguation). ... This article is about the color. ... Politics of Brazil takes place in a framework of a federal presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Brazil is both head of state and head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... This article lists political parties in Brazil. ... Brazil elects on the national level a head of state – the president – and a legislature. ...

The Workers' Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores, PT) is a left-wing political party in Brazil. It was officially founded by a group of intellectuals and workers in February 10, 1980 at Colégio Sion (Sion High School) in São Paulo. Brazil's current president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, was one of its founders, and is the most famous member of the party at the present time. Among others present at its founding were Henos Amorina, Djalma Bom, Wagner Benevides, Jacó Bittar, Apolônio de Carvalho, José Cicote, Manuel da Conceição, Olívio Dutra, Moacir Gadoti, Édson Khair, Mário Pedrosa, Henrique Santillo, Arnóbio Vieira da Silva, Lourin Martinho dos Santos, Paulo Skromov and Jaques Wagner. Left wing redirects here. ... A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the city. ... Brazilian Presidential Standard The President of Brazil is both the head of state and head of government of the Federative Republic of Brazil. ... Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (pron. ... Henos Amorina, a former leader of the metalworkers of Osasco, a municipality and city in São Paulo, Brazil. ... Olívio Dutra (born 10 June 1941 in Bossoroca) is a Brazilian politician, a founder and current member of the Workers Party (PT). ... Jaques Wagner Jaques Wagner (born March 16, 1951, in Rio de Janeiro) is a Brazilian politician, and the current Governor of Bahia. ...


The PT was legally recognized as a political party by Brazilian Electoral Superior Court on February 11, 1982. is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ...


The color of the party is red, and its symbol is a red "PT" star with the "PT" label in white. The flag of the party is an inverted white "PT" star on a red background.


There are about thirty factions (tendências) within the PT, ranging from Articulação, the center-left group that Lula is a part of, to Marxists and Christian socialists. Its members are known as petistas, from the Portuguese acronym "PT". The party is recognized as one of the most important left-wing parties of Latin America. A political faction is presently an informal grouping of individuals, especially within a political organisation, such as a political party, a trade union, or other group with some kind of political purpose (referred to in this article as the “broader organisation”). It may also be referred to as a... Marxism is both the theory and the political practice (that is, the praxis) derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ... Religious socialism Key Issues People and organizations Related subjects Christian socialism generally refers to those on the Christian left whose politics are both Christian and socialist and who see these two things as being interconnected. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Backronym and Apronym (Discuss) Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations, such as NATO, laser, and ABC, written as the initial letter or letters of words, and pronounced on the basis of this abbreviated written form. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...


Since its inception the party has been led by:

Other well known members of the Worker's Party include: Frei Betto, Ana Julia Carepa, Marcelo Déda, Wellington Dias, Antônio Palocci Filho, Luiz Gushiken, Guido Mantega, Binho Marques, Aloízio Mercadante, Dilma Rousseff, Eduardo Suplicy and Marta Suplicy. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (pron. ... Rui Falcão is a Brazilian politician, and a member of the Workers Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores). ... José Dirceu and his wife Maria Rita. ... José Genoino José Genoino Guimarães Neto (born May 3, 1946) is a Brazilian politician. ... Tarso Genro Tarso Genro is a Brazilian politician, and a member of the Workers Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores). ... Ricardo Berzoini is the President of the Workers Party of Brazil. ... Marco Aurélio Garcia is a Brazilian politician, and a member of the Workers Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Ana Julia Carepa Ana Julia Carepa (born December 23, 1957 in Belém, Pará) is a Brazilian politician, and the current Governor of the Brazilian state of Pará. She is Parás first female governor, and is a member of the Workers Party. ... Marcelo Déda November 23 of 2006. ... Wellington Dias José Wellington Barroso de Araújo Dias, known as Wellington Dias, (born March 5, 1962, in Oeiras, Piauí) is a Brazilian politician, and the current Governor of Piauí. He is a member of the Workers Party. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Antonio Palocci. ... Luiz Gushiken was a former Brazilian communications minister. ... Guido Mantega, March 2006. ... Binho Marques Binho Marques (born October 29, 1962, in São Paulo) is a Brazilian politician, and the current Governor of Acre. ... Aloízio Mercadante Oliva (born in Santos, São Paulo on 13 May 1954) is an economist and Brazilian politician. ... Dilma Rousseff is a Brazilian minister . ... Eduardo Matarazzo Suplicy (born June 21, 1941) is a Senator in Brasil representing the State of São Paulo. ... Marta Suplicy Marta Teresa Smith de Vasconcellos Suplicy (; born March 18, 1945) is a Brazilian politician and psychologist. ...

Contents

Electoral history

Since 1990, the Worker's Party has grown in popularity on the national stage by winning elections in many important cities, like São Paulo and Porto Alegre (1988, 1992, 1996 and 2000), as well as in states like Rio Grande do Sul (1998). This winning streak culminated with the victory of its presidential candidate, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in 2002, who succeeded President Fernando Henrique Cardoso of PSDB. This article is about the city. ... This article is about Porto Alegre, Brazil. ... Flag of Rio Grande do Sul See other Brazilian States Capital Porto Alegre Largest City Porto Alegre Area 282,062 km² Population   - Total   - Density 10. ... Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (pron. ... Fernando Henrique Cardoso, pron. ... The Brazilian Social Democracy Party (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira, PSDB) is a political party in Brazil. ...


1994 general elections

Leading up to the 1994 general elections, Lula was the leading Presidential candidate in the majority of the media's polls. As a result, the centrist and right-wing parties openly united behind Fernando Henrique Cardoso. This strategy succeeded, and Cardoso won the election with 54%; Lula only received 27% of the vote. However, it has been noted that "the elections were not a complete disaster for the PT, which significantly increased its presence in Congress and elected for the first time two state governors." [1] Fernando Henrique Cardoso, pron. ...


2006 general elections

Flag of the PT in front of the Palace of Plateaus. Photo: José Cruz/ABr.
Flag of the PT in front of the Palace of Plateaus. Photo: José Cruz/ABr.

On October 29, 2006, the Workers' Party won 83 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 11 seats in the Senate. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva was re-elected with more than 60% of the votes, extending his position as President of Brazil until January 1, 2011.[2] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 570 pixelsFull resolution (2598 × 1852 pixels, file size: 492 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) العربية | | Deutsch | English | Español | فارسی | Français | Italiano | | | | Nederlands | Polski | Português | | Svenska | | | | +/- Brasília - O sindicato dos Frentistas do Distrito Federal, colocam bandeiras do PT... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 570 pixelsFull resolution (2598 × 1852 pixels, file size: 492 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) العربية | | Deutsch | English | Español | فارسی | Français | Italiano | | | | Nederlands | Polski | Português | | Svenska | | | | +/- Brasília - O sindicato dos Frentistas do Distrito Federal, colocam bandeiras do PT... In 2006, Brazil held general elections in two rounds. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Chamber of Deputies of Brazil (Portuguese: Câmara dos Deputados) is a federal legislative body and the lower house of the National Congress of Brazil. ... In its present configuration, the Brazilian Senate (Portuguese: Senado Federal) is a federal legislative body and the upper house of the National Congress of Brazil. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2011 (MMXI) will be a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Workers' Party is now the second largest party in the Chamber of Deputies, the fourth largest party in the Senate, and has 5 state governorships.


Internal debate, 2003-2007

The relative changes in the political orientation of the PT, the Federal Government and Lula himself were well received by the majority of the population, but, as a historically more radical party, the PT has experienced a series of internal struggles with members who have refused to embrace the new political positions of the party. These struggles have fueled public debates, the worst of which had its climax in December 2003, when four dissident legislators" were expelled from the party for not following majority sanctioned political decisions. [3] Among these members were congressman João Batista Oliveira de Araujo (known as Babá), and senator Heloísa Helena, who formed the Partido Socialismo e Liberdade (P-SOL) in June 2004. December 2003: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December - → Events December 31, 2003 In Taiwan, President Chen Shui-bian signs a law that allows referendums to be held. ... João Batista Oliveira de Araujo (known as Babá) is a Brazilian politician. ... Heloísa Helena in 2001 Heloísa Helena Lima de Moraes Carvalho (born June 6, 1963 in Pão de Açúcar) is a left-wing politician in Brazil. ... The Socialism and Freedom Party (Partido Socialismo e Liberdade, P-SOL) is a Brazilian political party. ... 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: June 2004 in sports Deaths in June • 28 Anthony Buckeridge • 26 Naomi Shemer • 26 Yash Johar • 22 Bob Bemer • 22 Thomas Gold • 22 Francisco Ortiz Franco • 16 Thanom Kittikachorn • 10 Ray Charles • 5 Ronald Reagan...


In a recent move, 112 members of the radical wing of the Party announced they were abandoning PT in the World Social Forum, in Porto Alegre, on January 30, 2005. They also published a manifesto entitled Manifesto of the Rupture that states that PT is no longer an instrument of social transformation, but only an instrument of the status quo, continuing with references to the IMF and other economic and social issues. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about Porto Alegre, Brazil. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Look up manifesto in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The flag of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is the international organization entrusted with overseeing the global financial system by monitoring foreign exchange rates and balance of payments, as well as offering technical and financial assistance when asked. ...


International political relations of the Workers' Party

Prior to the 1998 general elections, Peter Mandelson, a close aide to British prime minister and former Labour Party leader Tony Blair, stated that the Workers' Party's proposals for the 1998 presidential elections represented "an old-fashioned and out-of-date socialism." Representatives of the Workers' Party publicly protested this statement. [4] Labour-Workers' Party relations have since improved. This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is, in practice, the political leader of the United Kingdom. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... For other people of the same name, see Tony Blair (disambiguation) Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born May 6, 1953)[1] is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service, Leader of the Labour Party, and Member of Parliament for the constituency...


Political crises

The Mensalão scandal

Main article: Mensalão scandal

In July 2005, the party suffered from a sequence of corruption accusations, started by a deputy of PTB, Roberto Jefferson[5]. Serious evidence for slush funding and bribes-for-votes has been presented, dragging PT to the most serious crisis in its history - known colloquially as the Mensalão. José Genoíno also resigned as president of the party and was replaced by Tarso Genro, former mayor of Porto Alegre. Wikinews has news related to: Political crisis in Brazil Dollars found in the underwear of the adviser to deputy José Nobre Guimarães (PT) The Mensalão scandal, known in Brazil as the escândalo do mensalão, dominated the politics of Brazil in 2005 and currently threatens to bring... Ongoing events • 2005 Atlantic and Pacific hurricanes • 2005 Maharashtra floods • 2005 Gujarat Flood • Expo 2005 in Aichi, Japan • Fuel prices • Gomery Comm. ... Dollars found in the underwear of the adviser to deputy José Nobre Guimarães (PT) Wikinews has news related to this article: Category:Political crisis in Brazil The Brazilian vote-for-cash scandal, known in Brazil as the Escândalo do mensalão, dominated the politics of Brazil in the... Chamber of Deputies is the name given to a legislative body, which may either be the lower house of a bicameral legislature, or the name of a unicameral one. ... The Brazilian Labour Party (PTB) (Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro) is a right-wing political party based on clientelism that arose in Brazil in 1945 and today forms part of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silvas government. ... Roberto Jefferson. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... José Genoino José Genoino Guimarães Neto (born May 3, 1946) is a Brazilian politician. ... Tarso Genro Tarso Genro is a Brazilian politician, and a member of the Workers Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores). ...


A small minority of party members defected as a result of the crisis. Most of them went to P-SOL.[citation needed] The Socialism and Freedom Party (Partido Socialismo e Liberdade, P-SOL) is a Brazilian political party. ...


2006 electoral scandal

A new scandal unfolded in September 2006, just two weeks before general elections. As a result, Berzoni left the coordination of Lula's reelection after an alleged use of PT's budget (which is partially state-funded, through party allowances) to purchase, from a confessed fraudster, a dossier that would be used to attack political adversaries. On April 25, 2007, the Supreme Electoral Tribunal unanimously cleared Lula of any responsibility for this electoral scandal.[6] September 2006 is the ninth month of 2006 and has begun on a Friday. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Branford, Sue; Bernardo Kucinski (1995). Brazil: Carnival of the Oppressed. London: Latin America Bureau, 120. 
  2. ^ "Brazil re-elects President Lula", BBC, October 30, 2006
  3. ^ "Lula's purge: The Workers' Party sheds its dissenters" (October 1 2003). The Economist. 
  4. ^ BBC News: Mandelson under fire in Brazil
  5. ^ Valerio denies negotiating funds for PT and PTB with Portugal Telecom
  6. ^ BBC News: Lula cleared of electoral scandal

For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

In English

  • Baiocchi, Gianpaolo - Radicals in Power: The Workers' Party and Experiments in Urban Democracy in Brazil
  • Branford, Sue and Bernardo Kucinski - Lula and the Workers' Party in Brazil
  • Keck, Margaret E. - The Workers' Party and Democratization in Brazil

In Portuguese

  • Couto, A. J. Paula - O PT em pílulas
  • Dacanal, José Hildebrando - A nova classe no poder
  • Demier, Felipe - As Transformações do PT e os Rumos da Esquerda no Brasil
  • Godoy, Dagoberto Lima - Neocomunismo no Brasil
  • Harnecker, Martha - O sonho era possível; São Paulo, Casa das Américas, 1994.
  • Hohlfeldt, Antônio - O fascínio da estrela
  • Moura, Paulo - PT - Comunismo ou Social-Democracia?
  • Paula Couto, Adolpho João de - A face oculta da estrela
  • Pedrosa, Mário - Sobre o PT; São Paulo, CHED Editorial, 1980.
  • Pluggina, Percival - Crônicas contra o totalitarismo
  • Rosenfield, Denis L. - O PT na Encruzilhada, 2000.
  • Tavares, José Antônio Giusti with Fernando Schüller, Ronaldo Moreira Brum and Valério Rohden - Totalitarismo tardio - o caso do PT
  • Singer, André - O PT - Folha Explica

External links

  • (Portuguese)Tribunal Superior Eleitoral (Brazilian Electoral Superior Court)
  • (Portuguese) Partido dos Trabalhadores (Workers' Party) official webpage
  • Perseu Abramo Foundation (FPA)
  • Foro de São Paulo. Organization guided by PT.
  • Al-Jazeera: Investigation shake Brazilian party
  • Lula's lament: article on PT corruption scandal
Preceded by
12 - DLP (PDT)
Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties
13 - WP (PT)
Succeeded by
14 - BLP (PTB)
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Workers Party (PT)(Brazil) (810 words)
According to Carlos Noronha, the flag of the party is red with a white 5-pointed star centered and the red initials PT superimposed on the star.
Brazil uses a system of electronic balloting, where each party is attributed a number and then voters punch the number of their preferred candidate into a special machine.
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Workers' Party (Brazil) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (863 words)
The PT was legally recognized as a political party by Brazilian Electoral Superior Court on February 11, 1982.
The relative changes in the political orientation of his party (PT), the Government and Lula himself were well received by the majority of the population, but as a historically more radical party, PT has been suffering from internal struggles with members that followed the old standards.
In a recent move by the radical wing of the Party, sometimes called the rebels by the media, 112 members announced they are abandoning PT in the World Social Forum, in Porto Alegre, on January 30, 2005.
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