FACTOID # 30: If Alaska were its own country, it would be the 26th largest in total area, slightly larger than Iran.
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Encyclopedia > Work of the United States Government

A work of the United States government, as defined by United States copyright law, is "a work prepared by an officer or employee of the U.S. government as part of that person's official duties." The term only applies to the work of the federal government, not state or local governments. Such works are not entitled to domestic copyright under U.S. law. Note that many publications of the U.S. government may contain protectable works authored by others (e.g., patent applications, Securities and Exchange Commission filings, public comments on regulations, etc.), and this rule does not necessarily apply to the creative content of those works. Image File history File links Acap. ... United States copyright law governs the legally enforceable rights of creative and artistic works in the United States. ... This article describes the government of the United States. ... The Securities and Exchange Commission, commonly referred to as the SEC, is the United States governing body which has primary responsibility for overseeing the regulation of the securities industry. ...

Certain works, particularly logos of government agencies, while not copyrightable, are still protected by other laws similar in effect to trademark laws, protecting indicators of source or quality. For example, the Central Intelligence Agency logo cannot be used without permission, in order to prevent the appearance of endorsement, under the CIA Act of 1949 (50 U.S.C. section 403m). "In accordance with the objectives of the Postal Reorganization Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91 – 375, which enacted title 39, Postal Service], this section does not apply to works created by employees of the United States Postal Service."[1] This article or section should include material from logo design, discuss it at Talk:Logo design A logotype, commonly known as a logo, is the graphic element of a trademark or brand, which is set in a special typeface/font, or arranged in a particular, but legible, way. ... For other senses of this word, see Trademark (disambiguation). ... The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an intelligence agency of the United States government. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... The Postal Reorganization Act of 1970 abolished the United States Post Office Department, a part of the cabinet, and created the United States Postal Service, a corporation with an official monopoly on the delivery of mail in the United States. ... The United States Postal Service (USPS) is an independent establishment of the executive branch of the United States government (see 39 U.S.C. Â§ 201) responsible for providing postal service in the U.S. Within the United States, it is colloquially referred to simply as the post office. ...

The federal government can hold copyrights to works when they are transferred to it, as can happen with work produced by contractors. For example, the federal government purchased the United States copyright to James Madison's notes from Dolley Madison for $30,000 upon Madison's death. James Madison (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836), an American politician and fourth President of the United States of America (1809–1817), was one of the most influential Founders of the United States. ... Madison in 1818 The only surviving photograph of Dolley Madison Dorothea Dandrige Payne or Dolley Payne, was born (May 20, 1768 – July 12, 1849) was the wife of President James Madison, who served from 1809 until 1817. ...


Digital historical material

The Digitized Document System (DDS) of the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center (AHEC) and the United States Army Center of Military History (USAMHI) provide online access to images of a small selection of materials in their collections such as photographs, printed materials, archival documents, artifacts, and finding aids to their holdings. This system is called the Army Heritage Collection Online. Logo of the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center The United States Army Heritage and Education Center (AHEC), in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, is the U.S. Armys primary historical research facility. ... The Center of Military History traces its functional lineage to the American Civil War era. ...

The materials available online represent many different periods of American military history, branches of the Army, activities military forces take part in, and documentation. In general, the materials selected for inclusion in the DDS are considered public domain and are not covered under copyright.

The U.S. Army Institute of Heraldry

The mission of the Institute is to furnish heraldic services to the Armed Forces and other United States government organizations, including the Executive Office of the President. The activities of the Institute encompass research, design, development, standardization, quality control, and other services relating to official symbolic items--seals, decorations, medals, insignia, badges, flags, and other items awarded to or authorized for official wear or display by government personnel and agencies. Limited research and information services concerning official symbolic items are also provided to the general public.

The images of all badges, insignia, decorations and medals on the institute web site are protected by Title 18, United States Code, Section 704 and the Code of Federal Regulations (32 CFR, Part 507). Permission to use these images for commercial purposes must be obtained from The Institute of Heraldry prior to their use. The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is the codification of the general and permanent rules and regulations (sometimes called administrative law) published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government of the United States. ...

TITLE 18 USC 33, Section 704 governs as follows:

Sec. 704. Military medals or decorations

(a) In General. - Whoever knowingly wears, manufactures, or sells any decoration or medal authorized by Congress for the armed forces of the United States, or any of the service medals or badges awarded to the members of such forces, or the ribbon, button, or rosette of any such badge, decoration or medal, or any colorable imitation thereof, except when authorized under regulations made pursuant to law, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than six months, or both.

Works produced by contractors

Unlike works of the U.S. Government, works produced by contractors under government contracts (or submitted in anticipation of such contracts) are protected under U.S. Copyright Law. The ownership of the copyright depends on the terms of the contract and the type of work (e.g., "works made for hire", and transfer of ownership of other works). Contract terms and conditions vary between civilian agencies or NASA and the military.[2] A work for hire is an exception to the general rule that the person who creates a work is the author of that work. ... An assignment is a term used with similar meanings in the law of contracts and in the law of real estate. ...

Civilian agencies and NASA are guided by the Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR). There are a number of FAR provisions that can affect the ownership of the copyright. FAR Subpart 27.4--Rights in Data and Copyright provides copyright guidance for the civilian agencies and NASA. In addition, Agencies may have their own FAR Supplements that should be followed. The Federal Acquisition Regulations, usually referred to as the FAR (or sometimes F.A.R.), are a series of regulations issued by the U.S. Federal government that concern the requirements of contractors for selling to the government, the terms under which the government obtains ownership, title and control of... Copyright symbol Copyright is a set of exclusive rights regulating the use of a particular expression of an idea or information. ...

Under the FAR general data rights clause (FAR 52.227-14), except for works in which the contractor asserts claim to copyright, the Government has unlimited rights in all data first produced in the performance of a contract and all data delivered under a contract unless provided otherwise in the contract. Unless provided otherwise by an Agency FAR Supplement, a contractor may, without prior approval of the Contracting Officer, assert claim to copyright in scientific and technical articles based on or containing data first produced in the performance of a contract and published in academic, technical or professional journals, symposia proceedings, or the like. The express written permission of the Contracting Officer is required before the contractor may assert or enforce the copyright in all other works first produced in the performance of a contract. However, if a contract includes Alternate IV of the clause, the Contracting Officer's approval is not required to assert claim to copyright. Whenever the contractor asserts claim to copyright in works other than computer software, the Government, and others acting on its behalf, are granted a license to reproduce, prepare derivative works, distribute, perform and display the copyrighted work. For computer software the scope of the Government's license does not include the right to distribute to the public, and for "commercial software", the Government typically obtains no better license than would any other customer.

Examples 00:14, 15 July 2007 (UTC)801221-12-5043218.208.236.54 00:14, 15 July 2007 (UTC) 801221-12-5043 04:24, 20 July 2007 (UTC) World Factbook 2004 cover The World Factbook is an annual publication by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with basic almanac-style information about the various countries of the world. ... Federal Standard 1037C, entitled Telecommunications: Glossary of Telecommunication Terms is a United States Federal Standard, issued by the General Services Administration pursuant to the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended. ... The Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS for short) is the primary reference work for the basic facts about every ship ever used by the United States Navy. ...


  1. ^ Legal Information Institute (September 27 2004). TITLE 17 > CHAPTER 1 > § 105 NOTES. US Code Collection. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Law School. Retrieved on July 22, 2005.
  2. ^ CENDI Copyright Working Group (August 2004). Frequently Asked Questions About Copyright. Commerce, Energy, NASA, Defense Information Managers Group. Oak Ridge, TN: CENDI Secretariat, Information International Associates, Inc.. Retrieved on July 22, 2005. 00:14, 15 July 2007 (UTC)801221-12-5043218.208.236.54 00:14, 15 July 2007 (UTC)

See also

  Results from FactBites:
WikiAnswers - How does the united states government work is their ... (205 words)
WikiAnswers - How does the united states government work is their...
How does the united states government work is their a way that we can make it work better?
Answer "How does the united states government work is their a way that we can make it work better?"
Crown copyright - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2514 words)
Crown copyright applies to all works produced by the British Government, subject to the condition that the qualification "Where a work is made by Her Majesty or by an officer or servant of the Crown in the course of his duties" is met.
Works where copyright is assigned to the Crown by an author are subject to the normal term of protection for that particular type of work, for example life of the author plus 70 years for a literary work.
In practice, government materials are often licensed to the public for non-commercial use under the conditions that 1) due diligence is taken to ensure accuracy, 2) the source is identified, and 3) the material is not represented as an official version.
  More results at FactBites »



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