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Encyclopedia > Woonsocket, Rhode Island
City of Woonsocket
Woonsocket City Hall
Coordinates: 42°00′30″N 71°30′58″W / 42.00833, -71.51611
Country United States
State Rhode Island
County Providence
Incorporated (town) 1867
Incorporated (city) 1888
Government
 - Type Mayor-council
 - Mayor Susan D. Menard
Area
 - Total 7.96 sq mi (20.62 km²)
 - Land 7.7 sq mi (20.0 km²)
 - Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km²)
Elevation 184 ft (56 m)
Population (2005)
 - Total 44,328
 - Density 5,749/sq mi (2,220/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02895
Area code(s) 401
FIPS code 44-80780GR2
GNIS feature ID 1219339GR3
Website: http://www.ci.woonsocket.ri.us/

Woonsocket is a city in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. The population was 43,224 at the 2000 census, making it the sixth largest city in the state. Woonsocket lies directly south of the Massachusetts border. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 3888 pixel, file size: 3. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. State. ... List of Rhode Island counties: Rhode Island Bristol County: formed in 1747 from land gained from Bristol County, Massachusetts after resolution of a boundary dispute between the two colonies. ... Providence County is a county located in the state of Rhode Island. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 401 is the telephone area code serving all of the state of Rhode Island. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Providence County is a county located in the state of Rhode Island. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


In the 2000 census, 46.1% of the population identified itself as French or French-Canadian, making Woonsocket one of the most heavily French-Canadian cities in New England. Historically, the city has been called, « La ville la plus française aux États-Unis » (The most French city in America). The city is home to St John the Baptist Union. Before the Italian-American population hit its peak, Providence County was majority French. As of 2000, that distinction lies across the border in Windham County, Connecticut. Canadiens redirects here. ... The Quebec diaspora refers to the hundreds of thousands of people who left the province of Quebec for the United States, Ontario and the Canadian prairies between 1840 and the Great Depression of the 1930s as well as those who began to leave during the 1960s following the Front de... Little Canada or le petit Canada is the name traditionally given to neighborhoods in cities and towns settled by immigrants from the Province of Quebec, known as French Canadians. ... The logo of the Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society. ... Windham County is a county located in the northeastern corner of the U.S. state of Connecticut. ...

Contents

History

Woonsocket French Quarter
Woonsocket French Quarter
Woonsocket Medical Corporation, founded by Seth Arnold in the 19th century
Woonsocket Medical Corporation, founded by Seth Arnold in the 19th century

Before northern Rhode Island was settled, the Woonsocket region was inhabited by three Native American tribes — the Nipmucs, Wampanoags, and Narragansetts [1]. In 1660, Richard Arnold constructed the first sawmill on the Blackstone River, thus sparking the first European colonization of the region [2]. Over the course of the next 200 years, Arnold's friends and family — as well as several other colonists — built and expanded several small villages in the area. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 1237 KB) Author: Matthew Hittenmark File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 1237 KB) Author: Matthew Hittenmark File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Nipmuck emblem The Nipmuck are an aboriginal North American people, belonging to the family of Algonquian peoples, currently living in and around the Chaubunagungamaug Reservation of Webster, Massachusetts. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Tribal flag The Narragansett tribe, or more accurately Nahahiganseck Sovereign Nation, are a Native American tribe who controlled the area surrounding Narragansett Bay in present-day Rhode Island, and also portions of Connecticut, and eastern Massachusetts. ... Richard Rorbert II Ricky Arnold (born November 26, 1963 in Cheverly, Maryland) is a NASA astronaut. ... For the 1922 film starring Oliver Hardy, see The Sawmill. ... The Blackstone River begins in central Massachusetts and travels through Rhode Island until emptying into Narragansett Bay which connects to the Atlantic Ocean. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


As the 19th century dawned and the textile Industrial Revolution began in nearby Pawtucket, the area that would become Woonsocket experienced significant changes. With the Blackstone river providing ample water power, the region became a hot spot for textile mills mainly after World War I with help of French engineers from Roubaix, a textile manufacturing town in northern France. Six new villages were constructed over the pre-existing settlements: Social, Jenckesville, Hamlet, Bernon, Globe, and Woonsocket Falls [3]. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Watt steam engine, the steam engine that propelled the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the world. ... Pawtucket is a city in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. ... Hydropower (or waterpower) harnesses the energy of moving or falling water. ... The cotton mill is a type of factory that was created to house spinning and weaving machinery. ...


Woonsocket was soon officially formed by the integration of these six industrial villages. Countless French-Canadians and other ethnic groups entered the city at the turn of the 20th century. Consequently, the communities grew in area and population, thus changing Woonsocket from a collection of six settlements to one of the largest cities in the state. The largest of the villages — Woonsocket Falls — formed Woonsocket's downtown, while the other five communities became general neighborhoods.


After World War II, most of the textile industry moved south and the city was forced to diversify its economy. The suburban migration and a shopping plaza, which is located in northeast Woonsocket on the border of Massachusetts and opened in the early 1960s, took away much business from downtown and the city's independent business. Main street and its environs have yet to recover[4]. The North End of Woonsocket has a great number of historic houses; preservation plays a significant role in this area with several individual houses as well as groups added to the National Register of Historic Places in recent years. Sixty-four buildings are included in the South Main Street Historic District. Nevertheless, several historical structures — including the original Court Street Bridge — were demolished and replaced by modern design for safety reasons.[5]. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


In 1978, Woonsocket began holding Autumnfest, an annual festival held on Columbus Day weekend. The festival remains a major annual attraction and gathering place for Woonsocket residents [6]. Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Autumnfest is an annual festival that takes place on Columbus Day Weekend at World War II Veterans Memorial State Park in Woonsocket, Rhode Island. ... Columbus Day is a holiday celebrating the anniversary of the October 12, 1492, arrival of Christopher Columbus to the Americas. ...


Because of the large numbers of French-Canadians who settled in the city, Woonsocket gained the title, "the most French place in the United States outside of Louisiana."


Currently, the Mayor of Woonsocket is Susan D. Menard. She took over from Francis L. Lanctot in 1995. She is the first female mayor of the city and also is the longest serving to date.


Blizzard of 1978

Woonsocket was buried under 54 inches of snow during the Blizzard of 1978.[1] However, the National Weather Service accepted a lesser figure of 38.0 inches.[2] The storm's forward progress was blocked by a high pressure area and caused the storm to move very slowly. Snowfall rates of up to four inches per hour were reported as well as thunder and lightning. The National Guard was activated by the state of Rhode Island to help the city open up the roads so people could resume their normal lives. A local belief is that the higher snow figure resulted from measurements taken where snow had heavily drifted. The mayor, Gerard Bouley, was thought to have elected to use the inflated figure in hopes of obtaining disaster relief funds. As a result, the higher snow total is often humorously referred to as "Gerry's Total." This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The National Weather Service (NWS) is one of the six scientific agencies that make up the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the United States government. ... High pressure science and engineering is studying the effects of high pressure on materials and the design and construction of devices, such as a diamond anvil cell, which can create high pressure. ... Thunder is the sound made by lightning. ... Not to be confused with lighting. ... The United States National Guard is a reserve forces component of the United States Army (the Army National Guard) and the United States Air Force (the Air National Guard). ...


Geography

Woonsocket is located at 42°0′6″N, 71°30′26″W (42.001731, -71.507223).GR1


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.6 km² (8.0 mi²). 20.0 km² (7.7 mi²) of it is land and 0.6 km² (0.2 mi²) of it (3.14%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 43,224 people, 17,750 households, and 10,774 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,164.6/km² (5,608.8/mi²). There were 18,757 housing units at an average density of 939.3/km² (2,433.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.14% White, 4.44% African American, 0.32% Native American, 4.06% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.86% from other races, and 3.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.32% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 17,750 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.4% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.3% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.02. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $30,819, and the median income for a family was $38,353. Males had a median income of $31,465 versus $24,638 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,223. About 16.7% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.3% of those under age 18 and 14.7% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Name origin

The name Woonsocket is derived from a Native American word. It is widely believed to mean "thunder-mist" in reference to the largest waterfall on the Blackstone River, which lies at the center of the city. Recent scholarship puts this translation in doubt. The city likely was named after the impressive Woonsocket Hill in neighboring North Smithfield. The meaning of the name is a mystery. Nevertheless, the term "thunder-mist" is used by several local businesses, including the city clinic.[citation needed] This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... The Blackstone Valley or Blackstone River Valley is a region of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. ... Image:RI towns North Smithfield. ...


Accents

Many of the French-Canadian immigrants use French grammar in order to form English sentences. Therefore, instead of "side by side" and "throw my coat downstairs," the phrases become "side by each" and "throw me down the stairs my coat." This is prevalent among the older residents of the city, but has become scarce as grandchildren and great-grandchildren of French Canadian immigrants have Americanized themselves.


Autumnfest

Autumnfest is an annual festival that takes place on Columbus Day Weekend at World War II Veteran's Memorial State Park. The festival is run by the Woonsocket Rotary Club and features several sponsors, including CVS. Autumnfest began in 1977 with a primary goal of providing residents of Rhode Island and Massachusetts a chance to explore the culture of Woonsocket via consumer/arts and crafts stands, musical entertainment at the park's Band Stand, and local cuisine. The first Autumnfest featured heavy rain in addition to other technical issues. Nevertheless, the festival has grown into a popular Rhode Island attraction for 28 years. For other uses, see Festival (disambiguation). ... Columbus Day is a holiday celebrating the anniversary of the October 12, 1492, arrival of Christopher Columbus to the Americas. ... Woonsocket is a city in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. ... CVS/pharmacy is a pharmacy and convenience store chain in the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Admission to Autumnfest is free.  However, all attractions (excluding the bandstand) cost money. Autumnfest officially opens at the park's Band Stand on Saturday at 10:00 a.m., with the Mayor and other popular figures addressing the festival.  This is immediately followed by a string of bands, talent shows, and other performances until 9:00 p.m.  On Sunday, the same schedule is followed, except that there is a fireworks display at 9:00 p.m.  On Monday, one of the largest parades in Rhode Island begins at 9:00 a.m.  The Columbus Day Parade is three hours long and features ten divisions of local schools, officials, and talents.  Other events, such as the "Iron Man Competition" are also featured throughout the long weekend.  Autumnfest officially closes at 6:00 p.m. on Columbus Day (Monday).


Constant attractions at Autumnfest include the extensive Food Court, consumer and arts & crafts stands, a Midway, the Beer Garden, and the popular "Consumer Showcase," which features stands for local and area businesses. Autumnfest has seen several popular local performers, including Beatlemania, Big Nazo, The Beaver Brown Band, Kings Row, and the Remininsants.[7][8][9] The Beatles arrival at Americas JFK Airport in 1964 has proved a particularly enduring image of Beatlemania. ...


Famous residents

Several notable people were born or once lived in Woonsocket, including:

Rocco Dan Baldelli (born September 25, 1981 in Woonsocket, Rhode Island) is a Major League Baseball player for the Tampa Bay Devil Rays. ... Bryan Wallace Berard (b. ... Brian Boucher (born January 2, 1977 in Woonsocket, Rhode Island) is an American professional ice hockey goaltender. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The American soprano Eileen Farrell (February 13, 1920 - March 16, 2002) was a famous opera and concert singer. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[2] Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... Dr. Scott David Haltzman (born in Emmaus, Pennsylvania) is an American psychiatrist and author. ... Charles Leo Gabby Hartnett (December 20, 1900 - December 20, 1972) was an American Major League Baseball catcher and manager who played nearly his entire career with the Chicago Cubs. ... Napoleon Nap Lajoie [la-ZHOWAY] (September 5, 1874 – February 7, 1959), also known as Larry Lajoie, was an American professional athlete of French Canadian descent. ... McGrath (middle left) with Theodore Francis Green (right) and Harry S. Truman (far right). ... Dave McKenna was born in Rhode Island in 1930. ... Edwin OConnor (1918 - 1968) was an American journalist and novelist who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1962 for The Edge of Sadness (1961). ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... Michael John Duke Robillard is a blues guitarist and singer. ... William Reed Summers (November 10, 1895 - September 12, 1966) was an American umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the American League from 1933 to 1959. ...

References

  1. ^ R.I. Calamities. Providence Journal. Retrieved on 2007-01-31.
  2. ^ The Blizzard of 1978. National Weather Service: Taunton, MA. Retrieved on 2007-01-31.
  3. ^ [1969] (1979) in Reichler, Joseph L.: The Baseball Encyclopedia, 4th edition, New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8. 

The Providence Journal is a daily newspaper serving the metropolitan area of Providence, Rhode Island. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Coordinates: 42.001731° N 71.507223° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Woonsocket's Mill Villages (1657 words)
The City of Woonsocket was formed in 1888 from six mill villages which grew up along the Blackstone River in the area around the Woonsocket Falls.
The Woonsocket Falls Village, located on the main road and centrally located to the other villages, became the downtown hub and central business district.
While the Social district was the home to Woonsocket's first textile mill, little remains that would attest to the fact that this area was once a thriving mill village.
RHODE ISLAND WOONSOCKET (1146 words)
Joseph Octave Bastien was born January 18, 1893 in Woonsocket RI, and died November 06, 1964 in Woonsocket RI.
Arthur Bastien was born December 14, 1896 in Woonsocket RI, and died March 08, 1955 in Woonsocket RI.
Argemire Bastien was born February 24, 1900 in Woonsocket RI, and died October 1989 in Woonsocket Rhode Island.
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