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Encyclopedia > Woodworking
Artists can use woodworking to create delicate sculptures.
Artists can use woodworking to create delicate sculptures.

Woodworking is the process of building, making or carving something using wood. Photo by Quadell. ... Photo by Quadell. ... Sculptor redirects here. ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

Ancient Egyptian woodworking
Ancient Egyptian woodworking
Woodworking shop in Germany in 1568, the worker in front is using a bow saw and the one in the background is planing
Woodworking shop in Germany in 1568, the worker in front is using a bow saw and the one in the background is planing
Damascene woodworkers carving wood for hookahs, 19th century.
Damascene woodworkers carving wood for hookahs, 19th century.

Along with stone, mud, and animal parts, wood was certainly one of the first materials worked by primitive human beings. Microwear analysis of the Mousterian stone tools used by the Neanderthals show that many were used to work wood. Indeed, the development of civilization was closely tied to the development of increasingly greater degrees of skill in working these materials. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2024x2053, 409 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Woodworking ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2024x2053, 409 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Woodworking ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (474x621, 100 KB) Schreiner, a joiner. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (474x621, 100 KB) Schreiner, a joiner. ... A bow saw is a woodworking tool used for straight or curved cuts. ... A Japanese plane in use A plane is a tool for shaping wood. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The term Damascene can be used to refer to: A resident of Damascus Saint John Damascene A special type of steel, see Damascus steel A decorative metal inlay, see Damascening A tapestry-woven fabric, see Damask This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Carving can mean Rock carving Wood carving Meat carving See also: Sculpture, Lapidary This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article is about a traditional smoking pipe. ... In archaeology, lithic analysis is the analysis of stone tools using basic scientific techniques. ... Mousterian is a name given by archaeologists to a style of predominantly flint tools (or industry) associated primarily with Homo neanderthalensis and dating to the Middle Paleolithic, the middle part of the Old Stone Age. ... Ancient stone tools A stone tool is, in the most general sense, any tool made of stone. ... For other uses, see Neanderthal (disambiguation). ...


Among early finds of wooden tools are the worked sticks from Kalambo Falls, Clacton-on-Sea and Lehringen. The spears from Schöningen (Germany) provide some of the first examples of wooden hunting gear. Flint tools were used for carving. Since Neolithic times, carved wooden vessels are known, for example from the Linear Pottery culture wells at Kückhofen and Eythra. Examples of Bronze Age wood-carving include trees worked into coffins from northern Germany and Denmark, and wooden folding-chairs. The site of Fellbach-Schmieden in Germany has provided fine examples of wooden animal statues from the Iron Age. Wooden idols from the La Tène period are known from a sanctuary at the source of the Seine in France. Kalambo Falls Kalambo Falls on the Kalambo River is a 772ft (235m) single drop waterfall on the border of Zambia and Tanzania at the southeast end of Lake Tanganyika. ... Town - Clacton-on-Sea Location - Essex, England Founded - 1871 Population (1991) - 45,065 Clacton-on-Sea is the largest town on the Tendring Peninsula, in Essex, England. ... Spears were one of the most common personal weapons from the late Bronze Age until the advent of firearms. ... Schöningen is a city of 13,500 inhabitants (2003) in Helmstedt, Lower Saxony, Germany. ... This article is about the sedimentary rock. ... // Linear pottery. ... Village pump redirects here, for information on Wikipedia project-related discussions, see Wikipedia:Village pump. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... For people named Coffin, see Coffin (surname). ... This is a list of archaeological sites is sorted by country. ... Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The La Tène culture was an Iron Age culture named after the archaeological site of La Tène on the north side of Lake Neuchatel in Switzerland, where a rich trove of artifacts was discovered by Hansli Kopp in 1857. ... This article is about the river in France. ...


Two ancient civilizations that used woodworking were the Egyptians and the Chinese. Woodworking is depicted in many ancient Egyptian drawings, and a considerable amount of ancient Egyptian furniture (such as stools, chairs, tables, beds, chests) has been preserved in tombs. As well, the inner coffins found in the tombs were also made of wood. The metal used by the Egyptians for woodworking tools was originally copper and eventually, after 2000 BC bronze as ironworking was unknown until much later.[1] Commonly used woodworking tools included axes, adzes, chisels, pull saws, and bow drills. Mortise and tenon joints are attested from the earliest Predynastic period. These joints were strengthened using pegs, dowels and leather or cord lashings. Animal glue came to be used only in the New Kingdom period.[2] Ancient Egyptians invented the art of veneering and used varnishes whose composition is not known as finishes. Although different native acacias were used, as was the wood from the local sycomore and tamarisk trees, deforestation in the Nile valley resulted in the need for importation of wood, notably cedar, but also Aleppo pine, boxwood and oak, starting from the Second Dynasty.[3] For the UK band, see Furniture (band). ... For other uses of chair, see chair (disambiguation). ... A wooden dining table and chairs. ... For other uses, see Bed (disambiguation). ... A chest is one of the oldest forms of furniture. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... (Redirected from 2000 BC) (21st century BC - 20th century BC - 19th century BC - other centuries) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events 2064 - 1986 BC -- Twin Dynasty wars in Egypt 2000 BC -- Farmers and herders travel south from Ethiopia and settle in Kenya. ... This article is about the metal alloy. ... Axe For other uses, see Axe (disambiguation). ... Adze The tool known as the adze [pronounced adds] serves for smoothing rough-cut wood in hand woodworking. ... This article is about the tool. ... Portable saw A saw is a tool for cutting wood or other material, consisting of a serrated blade (a blade with the cutting edge dentated or toothed) and worked either by hand or by steam, water, electric or other power. ... The bow drill is an ancient tool. ... Diagram of a Mortise and Tenon Joint Simple and strong, the mortise and tenon joint (also called the mortice and tenon) has been used for millennia by woodworkers around the world to join two pieces of wood, most often at an angle close to 90°. Although there are many variations... The Predynastic Period of Egypt (prior to 3100 BC) is traditionally the period between the Early Neolithic and the beginning of the Pharaonic monarchy beginning with King Narmer. ... The Dowel Joint is a simple joinery technique, which serves the same purpose as the mortise and tenon - that is joining one piece of timber, usually at right angles to another. ... An animal glue is an adhesive that is created by prolonged boiling of animal connective tissue. ... The maximum territorial extent of Egypt (XVth century BC) The New Kingdom, sometimes referred to as the Egyptian Empire, is the period in ancient Egyptian history between the 16th century BC and the 11th century BC, covering the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Dynasties of Egypt. ... Veneer, in woodworking, refers to thin slices of wood, usually thinner than 3 millimetres (1/8 inch). ... This article is about varnish. ... Wood finishing refers to the process of embellishing and/or protecting the surface. ... For other uses, see Acacia (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Ficus sycomorus L. Ficus sycomorus, commonly called Fig-mulberry (due to the leaves resemblance to those of the Mulberry), sycamore, or sycomore, is a fig species that has been cultivated since early times. ... Species Tamarix africana Tamarix anglica Tamarix aphylla Tamarix canariensis Tamarix chinensis Tamarix dioica Tamarix gallica Tamarix hispida Tamarix indica Tamarix juniperina Tamarix parviflora Tamarix ramosissima Tamarix tetrandra The genus Tamarix, known as tamarisk or (US) saltcedar, comprises about 50-60 species of deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees growing... For other uses, see Cedar (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Pinus halepensis Miller The Aleppo Pine (Pinus halepensis) is a pine native to the Mediterranean region. ... This article is about the box tree. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), which are listed in the List of Quercus species, and some related genera, notably... History of Ancient Egypt Second Dynasty The names of the actual rulers of the Second Dynasty are in dispute. ...


The progenitors of Chinese woodworking are considered to be Lu Ban (魯班) and his wife Lady Yun, from the Spring and Autumn Period. Lu Ban is said to have brought the plane, chalkline, and other tools to China. His teachings are supposedly left behind in the book Lu Ban Jing (魯班經, "Manuscript of Lu Ban"), although it was written some 1500 years after his death. This book is filled largely with descriptions of dimensions for use in building various items—such as flower pots, tables, altars, etc.—and also contains extensive instructions concerning Feng Shui. It mentions almost nothing of the intricate glueless and nailless joinery for which Chinese furniture was so famous. Lu Ban (Chinese: 鲁班; Pinyin: LÇ” Bān, ?-?) was a famous architect of ancient China. ... The Spring and Autumn Period (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) was a period in Chinese history, which roughly corresponds to the first half of the Eastern Zhou dynasty (from the second half of the 8th century BC to the first half of the 5th century). ... Fēng Shuǐ (風水 – literally, wind and water pronounced fung shuway), which may be more than 3000 years old, is the ancient practice of placement to achieve harmony with the environment. ...


Materials

Historically, woodworkers relied upon the woods native to their region, until transportation and trade innovations made more exotic woods available to the craftsman. Woods can be sorted into three basic types, hardwoods, typified by tight grain and often derived from deciduous trees, softwoods, typically from evergreen trees, and man-made materials, such as plywood and MDF. Beech is a typical temperate zone hardwood For the record label, see Hardwood Records. ... Despite being fairly hard, cedar is a softwood Softwood is a generic term used in woodworking and the lumber industries for wood from conifers (needle-bearing trees from the order Pinales). ... Towers of Hanoi constructed from plywood. ... MDF may stand for: main distribution frame (in telephony) medium-density fibreboard, a type of particle board made of wood chips market development funds, the real-estate cost of preferred retail shelf space, paid by the vendor Hungarian Democratic Forum (Magyar Demokrata Fórum in Hungarian), a political party . ...


Woodworkers

“Aalto” redirects here. ... Norm Abram (born 1950) is an American carpenter known from the PBS television programs This Old House and The New Yankee Workshop. ... John Boson was a cabinet maker and carver whose work is associated with that of William Kent. ... Tage Frid (1915 – 2004) was an influential Danish-born woodworker who immigrated to the USA in 1948. ... Eileen Gray Bibendum chair by Eileen Gray E1027 table by Eileen Gray Early Photograph of Eileen Grays E-1027 villa. ... R. Bruce Hoadley is a professor of Building Materials and Wood Technology in the Department of Natural Resources Conservation at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. ... James Krenov was born in Wellen in Kamchatka in 1920. ... John Makepeace (b 1939), OBE, FCSD, FRSA,is a British furniture designer who established a workshop in 1963. ... Sam Maloof (born 1916) is a furniture craftsman who also designs his own pieces. ... David J. Marks is a woodworker living in Santa Rosa, CA. Marks studied art at Cabrillo College in Santa Cruz, CA. He is the host of DIY Networks show Wood Works, he also teaches private classes on various topics in his studio. ... Joseph Moxon (1627 - 1700) was an English mathematical lexicographer. ... George Katsutoshi Nakashima (1905 – 1990) was a Japanese American woodworker, architect, and furniture maker who was one of the leading innovators of 20th Century furniture design. ... Alan Peters is a British furniture designer maker who is one of the very few direct links with the Arts and Crafts Movement, having apprenticed to Sir Edward Barnsley. ... André Jacob Roubo was a French cabinetmaker and author. ... The Studley Tool Chest, opened up. ... Roy Underhill was raised in Washington, DC and was the first master housewright at the Colonial Williamsburg reconstruction. ... Major Sir Neville Rodwell Wilkinson was born 1869. ...

See also

Fire hardening is the process of removing moisture from wood by slowly and lightly charring it over a fire. ... Man has constructed buildings and other structures since prehistory. ... This article is about the history of wood carving. ... For the U.S. small town, see Sawpit, Colorado. ... Sloyd (Slöjd), also known as Educational Sloyd, was a system of woodworking education started by Uno Cygnaeus in Finland in 1865. ... Urnes stave church in Luster, Norway, listed as a world heritage site by UNESCO A stave church is a medieval wooden church with a post and beam construction related to timber framing. ... Turning, CNC turning, or manual turning is the process used to produce cylindrical components in a lathe. ... As a contemporary artistic medium, wood is used in traditional and modern styles, and is an excellent medium for new art. ... This article is about a lathe as a tool. ... Categories: | ... A basic bench A Workbench is a table used by woodworkers to hold workpieces while they are worked by other tools. ... Segmented turning is turning on a lathe where the initial workpiece is composed of multiple glued-together parts. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ...

Notes

  1. ^ Enrichetta Leospo (2001), "Woodworking in Ancient Egypt", The Art of Woodworking, Turin: Museo Egizio, p.20
  2. ^ Ibid., pp.20-21
  3. ^ Ibid., pp. 17-19

Torino redirects here. ... Egyptian statues in the museum. ...

References

  • Feirer, John L. (1988). Cabinetmaking and Millwork. Mission Hills California: Glencoe Publishing. ISBN 0-02-675950-0. 
  • Frid, Tage (1979). Tage Frid Teaches Woodworking. Newton, Connecticut: Taunton Press. ISBN 0-918804-03-5. 
  • Joyce, Edward; revised and expanded by Alan Peters (1987). Encyclopedia of Furniture Making. New York: Sterling Publishing Co.. ISBN 0-8069-6440-5 (ISBN 0-8069-7142-8 Paperback). 
  • Roubo, André Jacob (1769-1784). The Art of the Joiner. Paris: Académie des Sciences. 
Tage Frid (1915 – 2004) was an influential Danish-born woodworker who immigrated to the USA in 1948. ... André Jacob Roubo was a French cabinetmaker and author. ... The French Academy of Sciences (Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Woodworking Tools News on Inside Woodworking (823 words)
In this special edition of inside woodworking, we take a closer look on the variety of workbenches available on the market.
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Most woodworkers are trained on the job; basic machine operations may be learned in a few months, but becoming a skilled woodworker often requires 2 or more years.
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Employment of sawing and woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders is expected to decline through 2014.
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