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Encyclopedia > Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) is a private, nonprofit research and higher education facility dedicated to the study of all aspects of marine science and engineering and to the education of marine researchers. Established in 1930, it is the largest independent oceanographic research institution in the U.S., with staff and students numbering about 1,000. The Institution is organized into five departments, four interdisciplinary institutes—ocean life, coastal ocean, ocean and climate change, deep ocean exploration—the Cooperative Institute for Climate and Ocean Research, and a marine policy center. Its shore-based facilities are located in the village of Woods Hole, Massachusetts, and a mile and a half away on the Quissett Campus. The bulk of the Institution's funding comes from peer-reviewed grants and contracts from the National Science Foundation and other government agencies, augmented by foundations and private donations. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 649 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1096 × 1013 pixel, file size: 104 KB, MIME type: image/png) Converted from EPS file available at WHOI Graphic Services with ImageMagick. ...


In an interdisciplinary atmosphere that nurtures discovery, WHOI scientists, engineers, and students collaborate to explore the frontiers of knowledge about planet Earth. They develop theories, test ideas, build seagoing instruments, and collect data in diverse marine environments. Working in all the world’s oceans, their broad research agenda includes: geological activity deep within the earth; plant, animal, and microbial populations and their interactions in the ocean; coastal erosion; ocean circulation; ocean pollution; and global climate change.


Ships operated by WHOI carry research scientists throughout the world’s oceans. The WHOI fleet includes three large research vessels (R/V Atlantis, R/V Knorr, and R/V Oceanus), coastal craft including R/V Tioga, the deep-diving human-occupied submersible Alvin, the tethered, remotely-operated vehicle Jason/Medea, and autonomous underwater vehicles such as the Autonomous Benthic Explorer (ABE) and SeaBED. R/V Knorr is a research vessel is owned by the U.S. Navy and operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution for the U.S. research community. ... R/V Oceanus, shown prior to a 1994 midlife refit. ... R/V Tioga is a coastal research vessel operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. ... Alvin in 1978, a year after first exploring hydrothermal vents. ...


WHOI offers graduate and post-graduate studies in nearly all areas of marine science. There are several fellowship and traineeship programs, and graduate degrees are awarded through a joint program with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) or by the Institution itself. WHOI also offers other outreach programs and informal public education through its Exhibit Center and summer tours. The Institution has a volunteer program and a membership program, WHOI Associates.

Contents

Mission

The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution is dedicated to research and education to advance understanding of the ocean and its interaction with the Earth system, and to communicating this understanding for the benefit of society.


History

R/V Atlantis, the first research vessel operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
R/V Atlantis, the first research vessel operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

In 1927, a National Academy of Sciences committee concluded that it was time to "consider the share of the United States of America in a worldwide program of oceanographic research." The committee's recommendation for establishing a permanent independent research laboratory on the East Coast to "prosecute oceanography in all its branches" led to the founding in 1930 of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... // A research vessel (R/V) is a ship primarily constructed to carry out scientific research at sea. ...


A $3 million grant from the Rockefeller Foundation supported the summer work of a dozen scientists, construction of a laboratory building and commissioning of a research vessel, the 142-foot ketch Atlantis, whose profile still forms the Institution's logo.


WHOI grew substantially to support significant defense-related research during World War II, and later began a steady growth in staff, research fleet, and scientific stature. Over the years, WHOI scientists have made seminal discoveries about the ocean that have contributed to improving our commerce, health, national security, and quality of life.


In February 2008, Dr. Susan K. Avery became the new president and director of the institution. Avery, an atmospheric physicist, is the ninth director in WHOI's 77-year history, and the first woman to hold the position.


Research vessels

WHOI operates several research vessels, owned by the United States Navy, the National Science Foundation, or the Institution: [1] // A research vessel (R/V) is a ship primarily constructed to carry out scientific research at sea. ... USN redirects here. ... The logo of the National Science Foundation The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering. ...

R/V Knorr is a research vessel is owned by the U.S. Navy and operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution for the U.S. research community. ... R/V Atlantis (AGOR-25) is an oceanographic research vessel operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. ... R/V Oceanus, shown prior to a 1994 midlife refit. ... R/V Tioga is a coastal research vessel operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. ...

Underwater vehicles

WHOI also has developed numerous underwater autonomous and remotely operated vehicles for research:

WHOI also shares with MBL a large library of marine-related works. Alvin, which means noble friend and dinosaur like, could mean many things. ... Romulus and Remus, founders of Rome in Roman mythology, were the supposed sons of the god Mars and the priestess Rhea Silvia. ... // An Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) is a robot which travels underwater. ... // An Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) is a robot which travels underwater. ... // An Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) is a robot which travels underwater. ... Jason is a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) system designed for scientific investigation of the deep ocean and seafloor. ... Variety of ROVs: Work Class, General, Mini Remotely operated underwater vehicles (ROVs) is the common accepted name for tethered underwater robots in the offshore industry. ...


See also

Scripps Institution of Oceanography pier Scripps Institution of Oceanography (sometimes referred to as SIO, Scripps Oceanography or just Scripps) in La Jolla, California, is one of the oldest and largest centers for ocean and earth science research, graduate training, and public service in the world. ... The Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences (IMCS) focuses on marine science-related education and research. ... Rutgers redirects here. ...

External links

  • Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
  • Oceanography Image of the Day, from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
  • Oceanus Magazine, The Magazine that Explores the Oceans in Depth
  • MIT/WHOI Joint Program
  • Project Oceanology]

  Results from FactBites:
 
Woods Hole, the early years (3221 words)
Woods Hole might have continued to grow as one of the factory towns of Massachusetts but, fortunately for the progress of science and good fortune of its residents (except those who invested their savings in the shares of Pacific Guano Works), the company began to decline and became bankrupt in 1889.
At the time of his arrival at Woods Hole in 1871, Baird was well known to the scientific circles of this country and abroad as a naturalist, student of classification and distribution of mammals and birds, and as a tireless collector of zoological specimens.
Woods Hole was selected as the base of the sea coast operations during the first summer and Vinal N. Edwards became the first permanent federal employee of the fisheries service.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (1347 words)
The town of Woods Hole, Massachusetts, is located on the extreme southwest end of Cape Cod, near Falmouth.
In 1871, Spenser Baird, the new commissioner of fish and fisheries and assistant-secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, arrived on the scene.
Woods Hole has consistently been a world leader in developing sophisticated detection equipment that would enable scientists to pry secrets from the vast area covered by the Earth’s oceans.
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