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Encyclopedia > Wood Buffalo National Park
Wood Buffalo National Park
IUCN Category II (National Park)
Location of Wood Buffalo National Park
Location Alberta & Northwest Territories, Canada
Nearest city Fort Smith
Coordinates 59°23′27″N 112°59′11″W / 59.39083, -112.98639
Area 44,807 km²
Established 1922
Governing body Parks Canada
World Heritage Site 256

Wood Buffalo National Park, located in northeastern Alberta and southern Northwest Territories, is the largest national park in Canada at 44,807 km². The park was established in 1922 to protect the world's largest herd of free roaming Wood Bison, currently estimated at more than 5,000. It is the only known nesting site of whooping cranes. The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada A national park is a reserve of land, usually, but not always (see National Parks of England and Wales), declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (976x790, 57 KB) Summary Location of Canadian national parks Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: List of Canadian national parks Point Pelee National Park Bruce Peninsula National Park Gros Morne National Park Forillon National Park Cape Breton... Motto: Fortis et liber(Latin) Strong and free Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Official languages English (see below) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong - Premier Ed Stelmach (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 28 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (split from Northwest Territories) (8th [Province]) Area Ranked... For other geographical names that include Northwest, see Northwest. ... Fort Smith is a community in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Parks Canada is a Canadian government agency whose purpose is to protect and present nationally significant examples of Canadas natural and cultural heritage and foster public understanding, appreciation and enjoyment in ways that ensure their ecological and commemorative integrity for present and future generations. ... Motto: Fortis et liber(Latin) Strong and free Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Official languages English (see below) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong - Premier Ed Stelmach (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 28 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (split from Northwest Territories) (8th [Province]) Area Ranked... For other geographical names that include Northwest, see Northwest. ... Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada A national park is a reserve of land, usually, but not always (see National Parks of England and Wales), declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The Wood Bison (Bison bison athabascae) or Wood Buffalo is a distinct northern subspecies of the North American Bison whose original range included much of the boreal forest regions of Alaska, Yukon, western Northwest Territories, northeastern British Columbia, northern Alberta, and northwestern Saskatchewan. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The Whooping Crane (Grus americana), named for its whooping call, is a very large and endangered crane. ...


The park ranges in elevation from 183 metres (600') at the Little Buffalo River to 945 metres (3,100') in the Caribou Mountains. The park headquarters is located in Fort Smith, with a smaller satellite office in Fort Chipewyan, Alberta. Geographically the park is important; it contains one of the world's largest fresh water deltas, formed by the Peace, Athabasca and Slave Rivers. It is also known for its karst sinkholes on the Northwest Territory side. The national park is also located directly north of the Athabasca Oil Sands. Location of Caribou Mountains in Alberta Caribou Mountains are a mountain range surrounding an elavated plateau in northern Alberta, Canada. ... Fort Smith is a community in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Fort Chipewyan is the oldest European settlement in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... Motto: Fortis et liber(Latin) Strong and free Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Official languages English (see below) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong - Premier Ed Stelmach (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 28 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (split from Northwest Territories) (8th [Province]) Area Ranked... Nile River delta, as seen from Earth orbit. ... The Peace River (French: rivière de la Paix) is a river in Canada that originates in the Rocky Mountains of northern British Columbia and flows through northern Alberta. ... Athabasca River watershed in western Canada The Athabasca River (French: rivière Athabasca) originates from the Columbia Glacier of the Columbia Icefield in Jasper National Park in Alberta, Canada. ... The Slave River is a Canadian river that flows from Lake Athabasca in northeastern Alberta and empties into Great Slave Lake. ... Karst topography occurs when a landscape is marked by underground drainage patterns. ... Devils Hole near Hawthorne, Florida, USA. A sinkhole, also known as a sink, shake hole, swallow hole, swallet, doline or cenote, is a natural depression or hole in the surface topography caused by the removal of soil or bedrock, often both, by water. ... The Athabasca Oil Sands in Alberta, Canada. ...

Contents

Conservation

Wood Buffalo National Park contains a large variety of wildlife species, such as moose, black bear, wolf, lynx, brown bear, snowshoe hare, sandhill crane, Wood Buffalo, ruffed grouse, and the garter snake, which form famous communal dens within the park. Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Moose range map The moose (so named in North America, derived from Eastern Abenaki moz)[1] or elk (in Anglophone Europe), Alces alces, is the largest extant member of the deer family Cervidae, distinguished from the others by the palmate antlers of its males. ... “Black Bear” redirects here. ... Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... Type species Felis lynx Linnaeus, 1758 The overall range of Lynx species. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Ursus arctos range map. ... Binomial name Lepus americanus Erxleben, 1777 The Snowshoe Hare (Lepus americanus) is a species of hare found in North America. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The Sandhill Crane (Grus canadensis) is a large crane of North America and extreme northeastern Siberia. ... Binomial name Bonasa umbellus (Linnaeus, 1766) The Ruffed Grouse, Bonasa umbellus, is a medium-sized grouse occurring in forests across Canada and the appalachian and northern United States including Alaska. ... Species See Taxonomy section. ...


Wood Buffalo Park contains the only natural nesting habitat for the critically endangered whooping crane. Known as Whooping Crane Summer Range, it is classified as a Ramsar site. It was identified through the International Biological Program. The range is a complex of contiguous water bodies, primarily lakes and various wetlands, such as marshes and bogs, but also includes streams and ponds. Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The Whooping Crane (Grus americana), named for its whooping call, is a very large and endangered crane. ... Whooping Crane Summer Range is a 16,895 km² wetland complex in the boreal forests of northern Alberta and southwestern Northwest Territories in Canada. ... // Site listing by country These data have been taken from the Ramsar Sites Database. ... The International Biological Program (IBP) was an effort between 1964 and 1974 to coordinate large-scale ecological and environmental studies. ... A subtropical wetland in Florida, USA, with an endangered American Crocodile. ... This article is about marsh, a type of wetland. ... Lütt-Witt Moor, a bog in Henstedt-Ulzburg in northern Germany. ...


World Heritage Site

This area was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for the biological diversity of the Peace-Athabasca Delta, the world's largest inland delta, as well as the massive population of wild bison. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ...

Transportation

Year-round access is available to Fort Smith by road on the Mackenzie Highway, which connects to Highway 5 near Hay River, Northwest Territories. Commercial flights are available to Fort Smith and Fort Chipewyan from Edmonton.[1] Winter access is also available using winter and ice roads from Fort McMurray through Fort Chipewyan. This highway, which begins at Grimshaw, Alberta, comprises the entire length of Alberta provincial highway 35, and N.W.T. Highway 1. ... The Liard Highway The following is a list of Northwest Territories highways. ... Hay River on Great Slave Lake Hay River connection to the Arctic Ocean Hay River is a community on the south shore of Great Slave Lake, in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... For other places with the same name, see Edmonton (disambiguation). ... Fort McMurray is a town in the northeastern part of Canadas western province of Alberta, in the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo, Alberta. ... Fort Chipewyan is the oldest European settlement in the province of Alberta, Canada. ...


Gallery

See also

The Canadian National Parks system encompasses over forty protected areas, including National Parks, National Park Reserves and National Marine Conservation Areas. ... A stylized beaver is the logo of Parks Canada The National Parks of Canada preserve both spectacular and representative areas of the country, located in every one of the nations 13 provinces and territories. ... List of parks in the territory of the Northwest Territories, Canada. ...

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