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Encyclopedia > Wolfgang Schüssel
Headshot of Wolfang Schüssel Source: Fotodienst des österreichischen Bundeskanzleramtes File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur...
Headshot of Wolfang Schüssel Source: Fotodienst des österreichischen Bundeskanzleramtes File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur... Enlarge
Wolfgang Schüssel

Wolfgang Schüssel (born June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. Events 1000-1899 1099 - Beginning of Siege of Jerusalem (1099) 1494 - Spain and Portugal sign the Treaty of Tordesillas which divides the New World between the two countries. 1654... June 7, 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 5 - The Soviet Union recognizes the new pro-Soviet government of Poland. January 7 - British General Bernard Montgomery holds a press conference in which he claims credit for victory in the Battle of... 1945) is a Christian Democratic The Republic of Austria ( German: Official languages German Capital Vienna Largest city Vienna President Heinz Fischer Chancellor Wolfgang Schüssel Area  - Total:  - % water: Ranked 112th 83,858 km² 1.3% Population  - Total:  - Density: Ranked 86th 8,150,836 ( 2000) 97/km² GDP (2003... Austrian politician. He has been Chancellor (Latin: or lattice work screens of a basilica or law court, which separated the judge and counsel from the audience. Government Chancellors Austria The Chancellor of Austria or position is somewhat equivalent to that of a Prime Minister. Germany As in Austria, the Chancellor of Germany or position is... Federal Chancellor of Austria (" The Federal Chancellor of Austria (Bundeskanzler) is the Austria. First Republic (1918-1938) Second Republic (since 1945) See also Politics of Austria List of Federal Presidents of Austria Lists of incumbents External links Official site of the Austrian Bundeskanzler Categories: Lists of office-holders | Austria | Chancellors of Austria ... Bundeskanzler") since 2000 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ 2000 From Wikipedia 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Popular culture also holds the year 2000 as the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd... 2000.

Contents

Early career

Born in Vienna (German: Vienna was originally a Celtic city founded around 500 BC. In 15 BC, it became a frontier city (Vindobona) guarding the Roman Empire against the German tribes to the north. In the Middle Ages, it became the home of the Babenberg and, later, the Habsburg dynasties and through... Vienna, Schüssel attended a well-known Catholic means will often be included in the official name of a particular parish church, school, hospice or other institution belonging to the Catholic Church, in order to distinguish it from those of other denominations. For example, the name St. Marks Church (as an invisible entity) should refer to... Catholic Categories: Disambiguation ... gymnasium for boys in Vienna (the Schottengymnasium) where he took his , meaning that certain standards need to be met in the Matura grades before acceptance at a university. The equivalent British term is A-levels, and the German Abitur. Matura in Austria The official term for Matur(a) in Austria is . In the ) to be submitted at the beginning of the... Matura exams in Events January-February January 11 - The Whisky A Go-Go night club in Los Angeles, the first disco in the USA, is opened. January 14 - George Wallace becomes governor of Alabama. January 22 - Elysée treaty between France and Germany January 28 - Black student Harvey Gantt enters Clemson College in... 1963. He went on to study at the The University of Vienna (German: (main university). With 63,000 students, it is the largest university in the German speaking world. Famous scholars Nobel-prize winners who taught at the University of Vienna include Robert Bárány, Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Hans Fischer, Karl Landsteiner, Erwin Schrödinger, Victor Franz... University of Vienna and received a A doctorate is an academic degree of the highest level. Traditionally, the award of a doctorate implies recognition of the candidate as an equal by the university faculty under which he or she has studied. There are essentially three types of doctorates: research, first-professional (USA only), and honorary. Research... Doctorate in Law (a loanword from Danish- Norwegian for the future, but in practice, jurisprudence is often quite equivalent to common law precedent. However, Administrative law refers to the body of law which regulates bureaucratic managerial procedures and is administered by the executive branch of a government; rather than the judicial or... Law in 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). Events Undated Booker Prize for Fiction is established by Booker plc. 1968 is known as the year of the Prague Spring and also the year of the Paris riots. The ASCII character code is... 1968.


Schüssel was secretary of the parliamentary group of the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) from 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). Events Undated Booker Prize for Fiction is established by Booker plc. 1968 is known as the year of the Prague Spring and also the year of the Paris riots. The ASCII character code is... 1968 to 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). Events January January 1 - Watergate scandal: John N. Mitchell, H. R. Haldeman, John D. Ehrlichman are found guilty of the Watergate cover-up and are sentenced to between 30 months and 8 years in... 1975. From 1975 to 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 2 - Sharon Pratt Dixon is sworn in as mayor of Washington, DC becoming the first black woman to lead a city of that size and importance. January 4 - The United Nations Security Council votes unanimously... 1991 he was Secretary General of the Austrian Business Federation, a sub-organisation of the Christian Democratic People's Party.


Minister in the "Grand Coalition"

He became Minister for Economic Affairs on April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). There are 251 days remaining. Events 1184 BC - Greeks enter Troy using the Trojan Horse (traditional). 1066 - Halleys Comet spotted. 1704 - The first regular newspaper in the United States, the Boston, Massachusetts... April 24, 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 7 - Akihito becomes Emperor of Japan following the death of Hirohito. The Heisei period begins January 8 - the Kegworth Air Disaster - A British Midland Boeing 737 crashes on approach to East Midlands Airport - 44 dead... 1989 in a coalition government under Chancellor Franz Vranitzky (born October 4, 1937) is an Austrian politician of the SPÖ party (social democrates). He was chancellor of Austria from 1986 till 1996. From 1976 till 1984 Vranitzky was director of several banks, and till 1986 Minister of Finance. After the president election of Kurt Waldheim, chancellor Fred... Franz Vranitzky (SPÖ) formed by the The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. It was united in 1889 as ) since the founding of the Second Republic (1945): Adolf Schärf (1945-1957) Bruno Pittermann (1957-1967) Bruno Kreisky (1967-1983) Fred Sinowatz (1983-1988) Franz Vranitzky (1988_1997... Austrian Social Democratic Party (SPÖ) and the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP).


On April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). There are 253 days remaining. Events 1500 - Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral becomes the first European to sight Brazil. 1509 - Henry VIII ascends the throne of England after the death of his... April 22, 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. It was the first year of the Events January January 1 Austria, Finland and Sweden enter the European Union Fred West, accused of mass murder, hangs himself in Winson Green Prison, Birmingham World Trade Organization is established to... 1995, at the 30th Party Congress of the ÖVP, Schüssel was elected national leader of the Austrian People's Party .


On May 4 is the 124th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (125th in leap years). There are 241 days remaining. Events 1400-1899 1471 - Wars of the Roses: The Battle of Tewkesbury - Edward IV defeats a Lancastrian Army and kills Edward, Prince of Wales. 1493 - Pope Alexander VI... May 4, 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. It was the first year of the Events January January 1 Austria, Finland and Sweden enter the European Union Fred West, accused of mass murder, hangs himself in Winson Green Prison, Birmingham World Trade Organization is established to... 1995 Wolfgang Schüssel was sworn in as Vice-Chancellor and Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs in Franz Vranitzky's fourth government. He held the same posts in Chancellor Vranitzky’s fifth Cabinet. In Chancellor Viktor Klima (born 4 June 1947), a Social Democratic Austrian politician, was Federal Chancellor of Austria (Bundeskanzler) from 1997 till his resignation in 2000. Born in Schwechat, Lower Austria, Klima started working for the OMV oil company in 1969 and remained with the company up to the beginning of his... Viktor Klima's (SPÖ) first government, from January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 337 days remaining (338 in leap years). Events 1521 - Diet of Worms begins, lasting until May 25. 1547 - Edward VI becomes King, and the first Protestant ruler of England. 1573 - Articles of Warsaw Confederation are... January 28, 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the Bryant Gumbel signs off for the last time January 8 - Mister Rogers receives a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame January 9 - Yachtsman Tony Bullimore found alive five days after his boat capsized... 1997 to February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 330 days remaining, (331 in leap years). Events Before 1900 211 - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus dies, leaving the Roman Empire in the hands of his two quarrelsome sons, Caracalla and Geta. 1454 - In the Thirteen... February 4, 2000 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ 2000 From Wikipedia 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Popular culture also holds the year 2000 as the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd... 2000, Schüssel was again Vice-Chancellor and Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs.


Chancellor of Austria

On February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 330 days remaining, (331 in leap years). Events Before 1900 211 - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus dies, leaving the Roman Empire in the hands of his two quarrelsome sons, Caracalla and Geta. 1454 - In the Thirteen... February 4, 2000 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ 2000 From Wikipedia 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Popular culture also holds the year 2000 as the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd... 2000 Wolfgang Schüssel was sworn in as Federal Chancellor. On February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 306 days remaining, 307 in leap years. Events 364 - Valentinian I is elevated as Roman Emperor. 1258 - Hulagu Khan sacks Baghdad 1700 - February 28 is followed by March 1 in Sweden, thus creating the Swedish... February 28, 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: reports that 350,000-year-old upright-walking human footprints had been found in Italy March 15 - Hu Jintao becomes president of the Peoples Republic of China, replacing Jiang Zemin. March 16 Iraq disarmament crisis... 2003, after a landslide victory, he was sworn in as Federal Chancellor again.


The government headed by Schüssel was - in its beginnings - probably the most controversial since 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 5 - The Soviet Union recognizes the new pro-Soviet government of Poland. January 7 - British General Bernard Montgomery holds a press conference in which he claims credit for victory in the Battle of... 1945, which to a large extent is due to the A coalition government, or coalition cabinet, is a cabinet in parliamentary government in which several parties cooperate. The usual reason for this arrangement is that no party on its own has a majority in the parliament. In times of crisis such as a war or a major economic or political... coalition formed with the right-wing The Austrian Freedom Party (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, abbreviated to FPÖ) is an Austrian political party usually associated with the name of Jörg Haider. The FPÖ is generally regarded as a populist party and often classed as a Euronationalist party. It promises stronger anti-immigration laws, stricter law enforcement and... Austrian Freedom Party (FPÖ), whose leader at that time was Jörg Haider in Carinthia (promotional photo) Jörg Haider (born January 26, 1950) is an Austrian politician. He is currently Governor of Carinthia. Haider was a leader of the far right Austrian Freedom Party (FPÖ) and a leading figure in that party until April 2005, when... Jörg Haider. Although Haider was never a member of Schüssel's government, his participation raised widespread criticism, both inside and outside of Austria.

Image by an unknown photographer, taken from a web site no longer existent which specialised in current affairs ( http://wienerfotografie.at/frame.htm or http://wienerfotografie.at ). File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date...
Image by an unknown photographer, taken from a web site no longer existent which specialised in current affairs ( http://wienerfotografie.at/frame.htm or http://wienerfotografie.at ). File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date... Enlarge
Anti-government protesters during a Donnerstagsdemonstration in front of the Austrian Parliament in Vienna

Between 2000 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ 2000 From Wikipedia 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Popular culture also holds the year 2000 as the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd... 2000 and 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. It was designated: reporter Daniel Pearl March 31 - Ukraine: elections for the Parliament April April 2 - Israeli forces surround the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, where Palestinian terrorists are holding around 200 hostages. A siege ensues. April... 2002 there were weekly Donnerstagsdemonstrationen (Thursday Demonstrations) through the city and the inner districts of Vienna (German: Vienna was originally a Celtic city founded around 500 BC. In 15 BC, it became a frontier city (Vindobona) guarding the Roman Empire against the German tribes to the north. In the Middle Ages, it became the home of the Babenberg and, later, the Habsburg dynasties and through... Vienna. The coalition with the The Austrian Freedom Party (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, abbreviated to FPÖ) is an Austrian political party usually associated with the name of Jörg Haider. The FPÖ is generally regarded as a populist party and often classed as a Euronationalist party. It promises stronger anti-immigration laws, stricter law enforcement and... Austrian Freedom Party and various policies aiming at achieving the much-maligned Nulldefizit (zero A budget deficit occurs when an entity (often a government) spends more money than it takes in. The opposite is a budget surplus. This entry only concerns the governments deficits. These are important political issues. Starve-the-beast strategies usually lead to high budget deficits. Others, fiscal conservatives denounce... budget deficit) were the main points of criticism.


The heads the governments of the other 14 The European Union or EU is an intergovernmental organisation of European countries, which currently has 25 member states. The Union was established under that name by the Anthem: Ode to Joy (orchestral) Official languages See Languages of the European Union2 Councils President Jean-Claude Juncker ( Luxembourg3) Commissions... EU members decided to cease cooperation with the Austrian government, as it was felt in many countries that the cordon sanitaire against coalitions with parties considered as right-wing extremists, which had mostly held in Western Europe since 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 5 - The Soviet Union recognizes the new pro-Soviet government of Poland. January 7 - British General Bernard Montgomery holds a press conference in which he claims credit for victory in the Battle of... 1945, had been breached. For example, for several months, other national leaders refused to shake hands and socialize with members of the Schüssel government. In Austria, this approach was often described as sanctions, for which supporters of the government often blamed the opposition social democrats and President Thomas Klestil (4 November 1932 – 6 July 2004) was an Austrian diplomat and politician. He was elected Federal President of Austria ( - General Hospital) in Vienna. On 9 July 2004 he was interred in the presidential crypt at Viennas Central Cemetery (Zentralfriedhof). External link Official homepage of the Austrian... Thomas Klestil, whose loyalty to the country was thus put into question. The EU leaders soon saw that their measures were counterproductive and returned to normality during the summer of 2000, even though the coalition remained unchanged.


Schüssel's government was the first after 30 years with a The Federal Chancellor of Austria (Bundeskanzler) is the Austria. First Republic (1918-1938) Second Republic (since 1945) See also Politics of Austria List of Federal Presidents of Austria Lists of incumbents External links Official site of the Austrian Bundeskanzler Categories: Lists of office-holders | Austria | Chancellors of Austria ... Bundeskanzler who was not a represenative of the The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. It was united in 1889 as ) since the founding of the Second Republic (1945): Adolf Schärf (1945-1957) Bruno Pittermann (1957-1967) Bruno Kreisky (1967-1983) Fred Sinowatz (1983-1988) Franz Vranitzky (1988_1997... Austrian Social Democratic Party (SPÖ). In the period from 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 5 - The Soviet Union recognizes the new pro-Soviet government of Poland. January 7 - British General Bernard Montgomery holds a press conference in which he claims credit for victory in the Battle of... 1945 to 2000 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ 2000 From Wikipedia 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Popular culture also holds the year 2000 as the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd... 2000 the SPÖ was in the government for 51 years and led it for 30 years, which is sometimes claimed to be the true reason for the demonstrations and for the so-called "sanctions". The SPÖ's policies in the past is also frequently blamed by Schüssel and his followers for the necessity for reforms in certain fields.


However, it cannot be overlooked that Schüssel's ÖVP had been a member of all governments from 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 5 - The Soviet Union recognizes the new pro-Soviet government of Poland. January 7 - British General Bernard Montgomery holds a press conference in which he claims credit for victory in the Battle of... 1945 to 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. Events January-February January 1 - Construction begins on Arcosanti, by Paolo Soleri, in Mayer, Arizona, located 65, miles north of Phoenix, Arizona. January 1 - Unix epoch at 00:00:00 UTC. January 12 - Biafra capitulates, ending the Nigerian civil war. January 15... 1970 and from 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 1 - Spain and Portugal enter the European Community January 1 - Aruba gains increased autonomy from the Netherlands and is separated from the Netherlands Antilles. January 9 - After losing a patent battle with Polaroid, Kodak leaves... 1986 onwards, and that it had never been completely excluded from power because of the tradition of social partnership, under which representatives of all major interest groups in the country would be consulted before any policy was enacted. Since the ÖVP had always dominated the representations of farmers, businessmen and government employees, it had never been completely shut out from policymaking, also during the Bruno Kreisky Bruno Kreisky (January 22, 1911—July 29, 1990) was an Austrian politician. Kreisky served as Chancellor of Austria from 1970 to 1983 and was the first Jew to hold that position. Kreisky was born in Vienna, the son of a clothing manufacturer. At 15 he joined the... Kreisky era, even though its influence was considerably attenuated during that time. When Schüssel came into power, he broke with that tradition in order to be able to enact reforms that he felt to be necessary more quickly, which is probably also the reason for a lot of resentment towards him and his government.


By the summer of 2002, a series of lost elections had resulted in considerable internal strife in the FPÖ, which was instigated by Haider and some of his closest allies. When the leading proponents of the more pragmatic wing of this party, Vice Chancellor Susanne Riess-Passer and Finance Minister Portrait of Karl-Heinz Grasser Karl-Heinz Grasser is an Austrian politician who currently holds the office of the Austrian Minister of Finance. He was born on January 2, 1969 in Klagenfurt, Carinthia, where he studied business administration at the University of Klagenfurt from 1988 to 1992. He soon joined... Karl-Heinz Grasser, announced their resignation, Schüssel broke the coaltion and announced general elections, which were held prematurely in November 2002 and led to a landslide victory for Schüssel. However, after negotiating for months with both the Social Democratic Party (SPÖ) and the The Greens-Green Alternative (, from a merger of the rather conservative party Vereinte Grüne Österreichs (VGÖ, founded 1982) and the more progressive party Alternative Liste Österreichs (ALÖ, founded 1983). In 1995 the name was changed to the now official name. The party is member of the European Federation of... Green Party, Schüssel decided to renew his coalition government with the Freedom Party, which had been reduced to a mere 10 percent of the vote.


Policies

The government's attempts at achieving a balanced Budget generally refers to a list of all planned expenses. A budget is an important concept in microeconomics, which uses a budget line to illustrate the trade-offs between two or more goods. A personal budget provides a way to manage your expenses and plan out how you will spend... budget (called "Nulldefizit") — while being more successful than similar attempts in some other European countries — failed. Some of the effect was reached by raising taxes and fees, but quite sigificant cost-cutting measures were undertaken, many of which caused significant criticism. For example, the Austrian education system has suffered considerably, as is shown by the PISA study released in 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. It was designated the: ) lands on Mars. January 8 - Queen Elizabeth II christens the ) lands on Mars. January 27 - The British government narrowly wins a House of Commons vote on the proposed introduction of tutition top-up fees... 2004. Costs are being cut at A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees. A university provides both tertiary and quaternary education. can award degrees of any kind. In France, students can also attend Grandes écoles, which are very prestigious and elitist schools, with small promotions—usually... universities, even though the government proclaims that it will bring teaching and research to a "world-class" level. Cost-cutting in the security sector is blamed for an increase in (guilty action) and (or proof of a crime) must be established. What is crime? A crime can be the action of violating or breaking the law, having the intention of doing so or helping others in the process; in some systems the simple association for organising a crime is punished... crime.


At the same time, Schüssel's government increased public spending in certain areas. For example, the new "Kindergeld" (children money) to help families replaced the old "Karenzgeld", which was dependent on the recipient standing in employment. This change was a nod to a Freedom Party, which had campaigned for this measure.


The decision to replace the old The Saab Draken ( RM6B/C turbojet (Rolls-Royce Avon 200/300). It was later replaced by the Saab Viggen in Swedish service although it remains in limited numbers in both military and civilian service. In 1985 the Austrian air force purchased 24 Saab-Scania reconditioned Drakens. See also: Swedish Air... Draken A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for attacking other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. Fighters are comparatively small, fast, and highly maneuverable, and have been fitted with increasingly sophisticated tracking and weapons systems to intercept... fighter planes of the Bundesheer with 18 The Eurofighter Typhoon is a twin-engine multi-role canard-delta fighter aircraft, very similar to the US-German Rockwell-MBB X-31 prototype and designed and built by a consortium of European nations formed in 1983. History The initial members were the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, and Spain... Eurofighters was seen as waste of money by the opposition, most of all because of the attempts to save money in almost every area of the public administration. The government's arguments for this was that the The Austrian Independence Treaty (complete form: Treaty for the re-establishment of an independent and democratic Austria, signed in Vienna on the 15th May 1955), more commonly referred to as Austrian State Treaty ( German Staatsvertrag), was signed on the 15th May 1955 in Vienna at Schloss Belvedere between the Allied... Austrian State Treaty, according to which Austria needs to be able to defend itself, is to be read to imply that Austria must be in complete control its air space. The opposition argued that this goal could have been reached in a much cheaper way.


Starting from around 2030, the unfavorable structure of the A population pyramid is two back-to-back bar graphs, one showing the number of males and one showing females in a particular population in five-year age groups. Males are conventionally shown on the left and females on the right, and they may be measured by raw number or... population pyramid will create a ratio of active to retired workers of 1:1. Schüssel's pension reform led to reduction of future A pension (also known as superannuation) is a retirement plan intended to provide a person with a secure income for life. Although a lottery may provide a pension, the common use of the term is to describe the payments a person receives upon retirement. Pensions have traditionally been payments made... pensions and at the same time a raising of the Retirement is the status of a worker who has stopped working. This usually happens upon reaching a determined age, when physical conditions dont allow the person to work any more (by illness or accident), or even for personal choice (usually in the presence of an adequate pension). The retirement... retirement age. Schüssel's reform of the Austrian A pension (also known as superannuation) is a retirement plan intended to provide a person with a secure income for life. Although a lottery may provide a pension, the common use of the term is to describe the payments a person receives upon retirement. Pensions have traditionally been payments made... pension system is more broad-sweeping and thus more likely to be effective than all previous reforms in this area combined. However, experts insist that it should have been still more ambitious, but despite of this fact the SPÖ and the Austrian Federation of Trade Unions (ÖGB) protested heavily and argued that the pension losses, limited by Schüssel to 10 % and later reduced to 5 %, were excessive.


Recent efforts to reform the military and to create a uniform pension system are proceeding. One result of the military reform is by many hoped to be a reduction of the Conscription is a general term for forced labor demanded by some established authority, e.g, Old Testament commentaries use the term to describe the levies of labor used to build the Temple, but here it is used in the specific sense of government policies that require citizens to serve in... mandatory military service to six months, or even an abolition of military service. From 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January Iraqi police officers hold up their index fingers marked with purple indelible ink, a security measure to prevent double voting. Worldwide aid effort continues to develop in response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. January 3... 2005 onwards, Corporate tax refers to direct taxes charged by various jurisdictions on the profits made by companies or associations. As a general principle, this varies substantially between jurisdictions. In particular allowances for capital expenditure and the amount of interest payments that can be deducted from gross profits when working out the... corporate tax will be reduced to 25%, which is hoped to stimulate investment and economic growth. The measure is thought to be necessary, as neighboring countries which recently entered the EU, such as Internet TLD .sk Calling Code 421 Slovakia ( Slovak: ). The short form is linguistically and historically as correct as the long one, just like with French Republic vs. France, Republic of Slovenia vs. Slovenia etc. The recent practice, especially in economic texts, of using the name The original Slavic population settled... Slovakia, have even lower tax rates. However, critics sometimes argue that such a tax advantage for firms is unfair to employees and may even be unconstitutional.


Wolfgang Schüssel's Private life

Schüssel keeps a low profile as far as his private life is concerned. Married with two children, he lives in Vienna and says he prefers spending his vacations in The Republic of Austria ( German: Official languages German Capital Vienna Largest city Vienna President Heinz Fischer Chancellor Wolfgang Schüssel Area  - Total:  - % water: Ranked 112th 83,858 km² 1.3% Population  - Total:  - Density: Ranked 86th 8,150,836 ( 2000) 97/km² GDP (2003... Austria. He is fond of Mountaineering is an umbrella term that can variously be used to describe the actions of climbing, hillwalking and scrambling. In its usual sense, however, it concerns the ascent of mountains of various stature, using various types and amounts of mountaineering equipment. In this latter sense it is also known as... mountaineering in the Austrian The Alps is the collective name for one of the great mountain range systems of Europe, stretching from Austria in the east, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Germany, through to France in the west. The word Alps means mountains. The highest mountain in the Alps is Mont Blanc at 4810... Alps (he also co-authored a tour guide) and, a lover of This article needs cleanup. Please edit this article to conform to a higher standard of article quality. and [with voice], where a masked trio silently mimes playing instruments. In this example sound, a common element, is excluded, while gesture, a less common element, is given primacy. The platonic ideal of... music, plays several instruments including the The piano Piano is a common abbreviation for pianoforte, a large musical instrument with a keyboard (see keyboard instrument). Its sound is produced by strings stretched on a rigid frame. These vibrate when struck by felt-covered hammers, which are activated by the keyboard. The word (harpsichord that plays both... piano.


See also

  • The Federal Chancellor of Austria (Bundeskanzler) is the Austria. First Republic (1918-1938) Second Republic (since 1945) See also Politics of Austria List of Federal Presidents of Austria Lists of incumbents External links Official site of the Austrian Bundeskanzler Categories: Lists of office-holders | Austria | Chancellors of Austria ... Chancellor of Austria for a complete list of Bundeskanzler since 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). Events January-February January 8 - President Woodrow Wilson announces his Fourteen Points for the aftermath of World War I. January 24 - a decree of the Council of Peoples Commissars, introducing the Gregorian calendar in Russia since February... 1918

External link


Preceded by:
Viktor Klima (born 4 June 1947), a Social Democratic Austrian politician, was Federal Chancellor of Austria (Bundeskanzler) from 1997 till his resignation in 2000. Born in Schwechat, Lower Austria, Klima started working for the OMV oil company in 1969 and remained with the company up to the beginning of his... Viktor Klima
The Federal Chancellor of Austria (Bundeskanzler) is the Austria. First Republic (1918-1938) Second Republic (since 1945) See also Politics of Austria List of Federal Presidents of Austria Lists of incumbents External links Official site of the Austrian Bundeskanzler Categories: Lists of office-holders | Austria | Chancellors of Austria ... Chancellor of Austria
since 2000
Succeeded by:
---
Preceded by:
Erhard Busek (born March 25, 1941 in Vienna, Austria) is a politician from the christian-conservative Peoples Party (ÖVP). He is a roman catholic from the green-liberal political spectrum. Busek was chief of the party and Austrian Vice-Chancellor in the red-black coalition of 1991-1995 and... Erhard Busek
ÖVP Party Chairman
since 1995
Vice Chancellor of Austria
1995–2000
Succeeded by:
Susanne Riess-Passer
Preceded by:
Dr. Alois Mock (born June 10, 1934) is a politician and member of the Christian-conservative Austria (German: Vizekanzler) from 1991 to 1995. As foreign minister he lead Austria into the European Union. Born in Euratsfeld, Lower Austria, Mock went on to study law at the University of Vienna and... Alois Mock
The Republic of Austria ( German: Official languages German Capital Vienna Largest city Vienna President Heinz Fischer Chancellor Wolfgang Schüssel Area  - Total:  - % water: Ranked 112th 83,858 km² 1.3% Population  - Total:  - Density: Ranked 86th 8,150,836 ( 2000) 97/km² GDP (2003... Foreign Minister of Austria
1995–2000
Succeeded by:
Benita Ferrero_Waldner Benita Ferrero_Waldner (born September 5, 1948) is an Austrian diplomat and politician. She is a member of the conservative Austrian Peoples Party ( VP). Career Born Benita Waldner in Salzburg, she took her for Secretary General Boutros-Ghali at the United Nations in New York. From 1995 till... Benita Ferrero-Waldner

 
 

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