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Encyclopedia > Wojciech Korfanty
Wojciech Korfaty in 1905
Wojciech Korfaty in 1905

Wojciech Korfanty (20 April 1873-17 August 1939) was a Polish nationalist activist, journalist and politician, serving as member of the German Reichstag and the Prussian Landtag, later in the Polish Sejm. Briefly, he also was a paramilitary leader. He is known for organizing violent uprisings in Upper Silesia. Wojciech Korfaty This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Wojciech Korfaty This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolizing French nationalism during the July Revolution. ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as intentional action to bring about social or political change. ... The Reichstag (German for Imperial Diet) was the parliament of the Holy Roman Empire, the North German Confederation, and of Germany until 1945. ... Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 Prussia (German: ; Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Lithuanian: ; Polish: ; Old Prussian: Prūsa) was, most recently, a historic state originating in East Prussia, an area which for centuries had substantial influence on German and European history. ... A Landtag (Diet) is a representative assembly, with some legislative authority, of a political entity called Land (i. ... The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... A paramilitary organization is a group of civilians trained and organized in a military fashion. ...


He was known for his irredentist policies after World War I. He fought to protect Poles from discrimination and the policy of Germanisation in Upper Silesia before the war, and was one of the chief advocates of joining Upper Silesia to Poland after the war. Irredentism is an international relations term that involves advocating annexation of territories administered by another state on the grounds of common ethnicity and/or prior historical possession, actual or alleged. ... {{Infobox Military Conflict |conflict = World War I |partof = |image = |caption = Clockwise from top: Trenches on the Western Front; a British Mark IV tank crossing a trench; Royal Navy battleship HMS Irresistible sinking after striking a mine at the Battle of the Dardanelles; a Vickers machine gun crew with gas masks... Map of Upper Silesia, 1746 Upper Silesia (Polish: Górny Śląsk, German: Oberschlesien, Czech: Horní Slezsko) is the south-eastern part of Silesia, a historical and geographical region of Poland (Opole Voivodship and Silesian Voivodship) and of the Czech Republic (Silesian-Moravian Region). ...


Korfanty was born the son of a coal miner in Sadzawka, part of Siemianowice, in Upper Silesia, which was then German territory. From 1895 until 1901, he studied philosophy, law, and economics, first at the Technical University in Charlottenburg (Berlin) (1895) and at the (then German) University of Breslau, where Werner Sombart was among his teachers and remained on friendly terms with him for many years. Siemianowice Śląskie is a town in south Poland with 78,100 inhabitants (1995). ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Socrates (central bare-chested figure) about to drink hemlock as mandated by the court. ... // Balancing scales are symbolic of how law mediates peoples interests For other senses of this word, see Law (disambiguation). ... Face-to-face trading interactions among on the New York Stock Exchange trading floor Economics or oeconomics is the study of human choice behaviour. ... Charlottenburg palace Charlottenburg is an area in Berlin, formerly a borough, now part of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The University of Breslau (Universität Breslau) was a university in Breslau, Germany, which existed from 1702 until the city with the rest of Silesia was occupied by Stalin and given to the Peoples Republic of Poland after the Second World War. ... Werner Sombart Werner Sombart (January 19, 1863-May 18, 1941) was a German economist and sociologist, the head of the Youngest Historical School and one of the leading Continental European social scientists during the first quarter of the 20th century. ...

A plaque dedicated by the University of Wrocław to celebrate the 130th anniversary of Korfanty's birth in 2003. The text reads: Student of philosophy, law, and economics at Wrocław University; journalist, defender of Polishness, leader of the Silesian Uprisings; member of parliament and senator of the Polish Republic.
A plaque dedicated by the University of Wrocław to celebrate the 130th anniversary of Korfanty's birth in 2003. The text reads: Student of philosophy, law, and economics at Wrocław University; journalist, defender of Polishness, leader of the Silesian Uprisings; member of parliament and senator of the Polish Republic.

In 1901, Korfanty became editor-in-chief of the Polish language paper Górnoslązak (The Upper Silesian), in which he appealed to the national consciousness of the region's Polish-speaking population. In 1903, Korfanty was elected to the German Reichstag and in 1904 also to the Prussian Landtag, where he represented the independent "Polish circle" (Polskie koło). This was a significant departure from tradition, as the Polish minority in Prussia had so far predominantly supported the Catholic Centre Party in elections. As the Catholic Centre Party refused to protect Polish rights the Poles distanced themselves from the party, seeking protection elsewhere. In a polemic paper entitled Precz z Centrum ("Away with the Centre Party", 1901), Korfanty had urged the Catholic Polish-speaking minority in Germany to overcome their national indifference and shift their political allegiance from supra-national Catholicism to the cause of the Polish nation. However, Korfanty retained his Christian Democratic convictions and later returned to them in domestic Polish politics. Image File history File links Tablica_UWr_Korfanty. ... Image File history File links Tablica_UWr_Korfanty. ... The main building of WrocÅ‚aw University, seen from the University bridge (Most Uniwersytecki) spanning the Oder River. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Editor in chief is a publications primary editor. ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 Prussia (German: ; Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Lithuanian: ; Polish: ; Old Prussian: PrÅ«sa) was, most recently, a historic state originating in East Prussia, an area which for centuries had substantial influence on German and European history. ... A Landtag (Diet) is a representative assembly, with some legislative authority, of a political entity called Land (i. ... The German Centre Party (Deutsche Zentrumspartei or merely Zentrum), often called the Catholic Centre Party, was a Catholic political party in Germany during the Kaiserreich and the Weimar Republic. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


The collapse of the German Empire at the end of World War I in 1918 resulted in the restoration of an independent Polish state, which had not existed since 1795. In a Reichstag speech on October 25, 1918, Korfanty demanded that the Prussian provinces West Prussia (including Ermeland and the city of Gdańsk (then Danzig), Poznań (Posen), and parts of the provinces East Prussia (Masuria) and Silesia (Upper Silesia), all of which had been parts of Poland until 1795. After this date the inhabitants of these areas were under the pressure of germanization for years. Motto: Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem: Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I Capital Berlin Language(s) Official: German Unofficial minority languages: Polish (Posen, Lower Silesia,Upper Silesia, Masuria) French (Alsace-Lorraine) Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871... {{Infobox Military Conflict |conflict = World War I |partof = |image = |caption = Clockwise from top: Trenches on the Western Front; a British Mark IV tank crossing a trench; Royal Navy battleship HMS Irresistible sinking after striking a mine at the Battle of the Dardanelles; a Vickers machine gun crew with gas masks... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... One of four districts of East Prussia in 1920 - 1938. ... Warmia (Polish: Warmia or Warmija, Latin Warmia or Varmia, German Ermland or Ermeland) is a region between Pomerania and Masuria in north-eastern Poland. ... GdaÅ„sk (IPA: ; German: , Kashubian: , Late Latin: ; older English Dantzig; also other languages) is Polands sixth-largest city, and also her principal seaport and the capital of the Pomeranian Voivodeship. ... PoznaÅ„ ( ; full official name: The Capital City of PoznaÅ„, Latin: , German: , Yiddish: פּױזן Poyzn) is a city in west-central Poland with over 578,900 inhabitants (2002). ... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... Sailing on Lake MikoÅ‚ajki. ... Prussian Silesia, 1871, outlined in yellow; Silesia at the close of the Seven Years War in 1763, outlined in cyan (areas now in the Czech Republic were Austrian-ruled at that time) Silesia (Czech: ; German: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlonsk / Åšlónsk) is a historical region in central Europe. ... Map of Upper Silesia, 1746 Upper Silesia (Polish: Górny ÅšlÄ…sk, German: Oberschlesien, Czech: Horní Slezsko) is the south-eastern part of Silesia, a historical and geographical region of Poland (Opole Voivodship and Silesian Voivodship) and of the Czech Republic (Silesian-Moravian Region). ...


After the war, during the Great Poland Uprising, Korfanty became a member of the Naczelna Rada Ludowa (Supreme People's Council) in Poznań, and a member of the Polish provisional parliament, the Constituanta-Sejm. He was also the head of the Polish plebiscite committee in Upper Silesia. In 1921 he was one of the leaders of the Third Silesian Uprising — a Polish insurrection against German rule in Upper Silesia, roughly half of which was eventually attached to Poland. Korfanty was occused by some Germans of organizing terrorism against German civilians in Upper Silesia. They also occused him of ordering the murder of Silesian politician Theofil Kupka. His uprising was suppressed by German forces. Soldiers of Greatpolish Army Greater Poland Uprising of 1918- 1919 (Polish: powstanie wielkopolskie 1918-19 roku) was a military insurrection of the Polish people in the Greater Poland region (also called the Grand Duchy of Poznań) against the German/Prussian forces. ... The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... The Third Silesian Uprising (Polish: Trzecie powstanie Å›lÄ…skie, German: Dritter Polnischer Aufstand) was the last out of three military insurections of polish national extremists in the mixed Upper Silesia region (Part of the german/prussian province of Silesia) in order to occupy the region and join it to Poland...


Korfanty was a member of the national Sejm from 1922 to 1930, and in the Silesian Sejm (1922-1935), where he represented Christian Democratic views. He opposed the autonomy of the Silesian Voivodship, which he saw as an obstacle against its integration into of Poland as a whole. However, Korfanty defended the rights of the German minority in Upper Silesia, because he believed that the prosperity of minorities enriches the whole society of the region. He briefly acted as vice prime minister in the government of Wincent Witos (October-December 1923). From 1924, he resumed his journalist activities as editor-in-chief of the papers Rzeczpospolita ("The Republic", not to be confused with the modern paper of the same name) and Polonia. He opposed the May Coup of Józef Piłsudski and his subsequent establishment of Sanacja government from a Christian Democratic position. In 1930, he was arrested and imprisoned in the Brest-Litovsk fortress, together with other leaders of the Centrolew, an alliance of left-wing and centrist parties in opposition to the ruling government. 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... Silesian Sejm (Sejm being a Polish word for parliament) was the governing body of the Autonomous Silesian Voivodship, an autonomous Voivodship of Poland between 1920 and 1939. ... Christian Democracy is a heterogeneous political ideology and movement. ... Silesian voivodship since 1999 Silesia or Silesian Voivodship(1) is an administrative region and local government unit in Poland, established in 1999 out of Katowice, CzÄ™tochowa and Bielsko-BiaÅ‚a voivodships as a result of Local Government Reorganisation Act of 1998 (effective 1 January 1999). ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Rzeczpospolita (pronounced: , zhech-poss-POH-lee-tah) is a Polish calque translation of the Latin expression res publica (public affair). It has been used in Poland since at least 16th century, originally to denote any democratic state. ... A cover of Rzeczpospolita Rzeczpospolita ( ) is one of Polands large nationwide daily newspapers, with a circulation of 260-270,000 and an estimated readership of 1. ... May Coup (Polish: Przewrót majowy or zamach majowy) was a coup detat successfully carried out in Poland by Józef PiÅ‚sudski between May 12 and May 14, 1926. ... Office Chief of State, Marshal of Poland Term of office from November 14, 1918 until December 9, 1922 Profession Polish Leader Political party none, see Sanacja for details Spouse Maria PiÅ‚sudska Aleksandra PiÅ‚sudska Date of birth December 5, 1867 Place of birth Zułów, in todays Lithuania... Flag of the Chief of State (1919-1927) Sanacja was a coalition political movement of the Second Polish Republic in the inter war years. ... 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... Brest-Litovsk Fortress is the biggest 19th century fortresses, one of the western Russian fortresses. ...


In 1935, he finally left Poland and emigrated to Czechoslovakia, from where he participated in the center-right Morges Front group formed by émigrés Ignacy Paderewski and Władysław Sikorski. After the German invasion of the Czechoslovakia, Korfanty moved on to France. He returned to Poland in April 1939, after Nazi Germany had cancelled the Polish-German non-aggression pact of 1934, hoping that the renewed threat to Polish independence would help overcome the domestic political cleavage. However, he was arrested immediately upon arrival. In August, he was released as unfit for prison due to his bad health, and died shortly afterwards, two weaks before the World War II began with the German invasion of Poland. Although the causes of his death remain unclear, it has been maintained that the treatment he received in prison caused his health to deteriorate. 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Ignacy Jan Paderewski Ignacy Jan Paderewski (November 6, 1860 – June 29, 1941) was a Polish pianist, composer and politician, the third Prime Minister of Poland. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw Eugeniusz Sikorski Coat of arms of Kopaszyna, (May 20, 1881 – July 4, 1943; pronounced ) was a Polish military and political leader. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead...


After 1945, when the Polish communists sought legitimation as champions and garantors of Polish independence, Korfanty was finally rehabilitated as a national hero due to his fight to protect Polish population in Upper Silesia from discrimination and his efforts to join Polish population in Silesia to Poland. Today, many streets, places and institutions are named after him. When Opole Silesia became part of Poland in 1945, the town of Friedland in Opole Silesia was renamed Korfantów in his honour. Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Korfantów (-Polish, German: Friedland in Oberschlesien) is a town in the Opole Voivodship of Poland. ...

Preceded by
Artur Śliwiński
Prime Minister of Poland
1922
Succeeded by
Julian Nowak

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wojciech Korfanty - Definition, explanation (327 words)
Wojciech Korfanty (1873-1939) was a Polish nationalist and activist, known for his irredentist policies after World War I.
Korfanty was born the son of a coalminer in Sadzawka, Siemianowice in Upper Silesia, which was then German territory.
Korfanty served the national Sejm from 1922 to 1930 and the Silesian Sejm(1922-1935).
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Wojciech Korfanty (954 words)
Wojciech Korfanty (20 April 1873 - 17 August 1939) was a Polish nationalist activist, journalist and politician, serving as member of the German Reichstag, the Prussian Landtag and, later on, in the Polish Sejm.
Korfanty was born the son of a coal miner in Sadzawka, part of Siemianowice, in Upper Silesia, which was then a Prussian territory.
Korfanty was finally rehabilitated as a national hero due to his fight to protect the Polish population in Upper Silesia from discrimination, and his efforts to join the Polish population in Silesia to Poland.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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