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Encyclopedia > Woburn, Massachusetts
Woburn, Massachusetts
Benjamin Thompson House, Woburn, Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County, Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County, Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°28′45″N 71°09′10″W / 42.47917, -71.15278
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Settled 1640
Incorporated 1642
Government
 - Type Mayor-council city
 - Mayor Thomas L. McLaughlin
 - Ward
   aldermen
Charles E. Doherty (1)
Richard F. Gately Jr. (2)
Scott D. Galvin (3)
James J. Dwyer (4)
Darlene Mercer-Bruen (5)
John A. Ciriello (6)
Raymond B. Drapeau (7)
 - At-large
   aldermen
Paul J. Denaro
Joanna Gonsalves
Area
 - Total 12.9 sq mi (33.4 km²)
 - Land 12.7 sq mi (32.8 km²)
 - Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km²)
Elevation 100 ft (30 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 37,258
 - Density 2,939.6/sq mi (1,135.0/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01801 / 01888
Area code(s) 339 / 781
FIPS code 25-81035
GNIS feature ID 0612270
Website: http://www.ci.woburn.ma.us/
Statue of Benjamin Thompson (Count Rumford) outside the library of his hometown, Woburn, Massachusetts. (A copy of the original in Munich.)
Statue of Benjamin Thompson (Count Rumford) outside the library of his hometown, Woburn, Massachusetts. (A copy of the original in Munich.)
The 1790 House (September 2005).
The 1790 House (September 2005).
Baldwin House, Woburn, Massachusetts with a stretch of the Middlesex Canal in foreground.
Baldwin House, Woburn, Massachusetts with a stretch of the Middlesex Canal in foreground.

Woburn (pronounced /ˈwuːbɚn/) is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. The population was 37,258 at the 2000 census. Woburn is the birthplace of Anglo-American scientist Benjamin Thompson, a.k.a. Count Rumford, who made great contributions to the nascent science of thermodynamics. Woburn is located 11 miles north of Boston, Massachusetts, and just south of the intersection of I-93 and I-95. Woburn is pronounced locally as if it were spelled woo-burn rather than woe-burn. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1097 KB) Birthplace of Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford, in Woburn, Massachusetts. ... For other persons named Benjamin Thompson, see Benjamin Thompson (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Massachusetts counties This is a list of Massachusetts counties, consisting of the 14 Massachusetts counties currently in existence. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 339 is an overlay of parts of area code 781. ... Under the North American Numbering Plan for telephone area codes, area code 781 covers suburban Boston, Massachusetts. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1059 KB) Library in Woburn, Massachusetts. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1059 KB) Library in Woburn, Massachusetts. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2477x1844, 893 KB) 1790 House, Woburn, Massachusetts. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2477x1844, 893 KB) 1790 House, Woburn, Massachusetts. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1064 KB) Baldwin House, Woburn, Massachusetts, with a stretch of the Middlesex Canal in foreground. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1064 KB) Baldwin House, Woburn, Massachusetts, with a stretch of the Middlesex Canal in foreground. ... The Middlesex Canal was built in the late 18th century to connect the Merrimack River with the port of Boston. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other persons named Benjamin Thompson, see Benjamin Thompson (disambiguation). ... Thermodynamics (from the Greek θερμη, therme, meaning heat and δυναμις, dynamis, meaning power) is a branch of physics that studies the effects of changes in temperature, pressure, and volume on physical systems at the macroscopic scale by analyzing the collective motion of their particles using statistics. ... Boston redirects here. ... Interstate 93 is an interstate highway in the New England section of the United States. ... Interstate 95 is 92 miles in the state of Massachusetts. ...

Contents

History

Woburn was first settled in 1640 and was officially incorporated in 1642 . Woburn played host to the first religious ordination in the Americas on Nov. 22, 1642. Rev. Thomas Carter was sworn in by many of the most prominent men of New England including John Cotton, minister of the First Church of Boston, Richard Mather minister of the First Church of Dorchester and Capt. Edward Johnson co-founder of the church and town of Woburn. The establishment of the church proceeded the incorporation of the town, as was customary in those days. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... John Cotton (1585–1652) The Reverend John Cotton (December 4, 1585 – December 23, 1652) was a highly regarded principal among the New England Puritan ministers, who also included John Winthrop, Thomas Hooker, Increase Mather (who became his son-in-law), John Davenport, and Thomas Shepard. ... Richard Mather Richard Mather (1596 - 1669), was a Puritan clergyman in Colonial Boston, Massachusetts. ... Edward Johnson may refer to: Edward Johnson (general) (1816–1873), American Civil War Edward H. Johnson (born 1846?), inventor, electric Christmas tree lights Edward Johnson (soccer) (born 1984), American Edward Mead Johnson (1852–1934), co-founder of Johnson and Johnson Edward Johnson (finance) Edward Johnson (mayor), former mayor of Baltimore...


Woburn is home to "America's oldest active gun club," the Massachusetts Rifle Association which was founded in 1875 and moved to Woburn in 1876. Although there are several clubs that claim the title, the Massachusetts Rifle Association (also known as Walnut Hill, Mass Rifle or the MRA) is the oldest active gun club in the United States and was founded in 1875, just four years following the creation of the National Rifle Association in...


In contemporary history, Woburn is the setting for the 1998 film A Civil Action, starring John Travolta and Robert Duvall, which is based on a book by Jonathan Harr. It is the true life story of a water contamination crisis, uncovered by Anne Anderson, in Woburn in the 1970s involving W. R. Grace and Company, and the lawsuit around it. It was found that W. R. Grace had improperly disposed of trichloroethylene, an industrial solvent, which appears to have entered the town's groundwater and caused fatal cases of leukemia and cancer, as well as a wide variety of other health problems, among the citizens of the town. A Civil Action is a 1998 film, starring John Travolta (as plaintiffs attorney Jan Schlichtmann) and Robert Duvall, based on the book of the same name by Jonathan Harr. ... John Joseph Travolta (born February 18, 1954) is an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe Award-winning American actor, dancer, and singer. ... Robert Selden Duvall (born January 5, 1931) is an Academy Award-, two-time Emmy Award-, and four-time Golden Globe Award-winning American film actor and director. ... Jonathan Harr is best known as the author of A Civil Action and The Lost Painting: The Quest for a Caravaggio Masterpiece. ... Raw sewage and industrial waste flows into the U.S. from Mexico as the New River passes from Mexicali, Baja California to Calexico, California Water pollution is a large set of adverse effects upon water bodies such as lakes, rivers, oceans, and groundwater caused by human activities. ... W. R. Grace and Company NYSE: GRA is a conglomerate founded in 1854 by William Russell Grace (1832-1904). ... The chemical compound trichloroethylene is a chlorinated hydrocarbon commonly used as an industrial solvent. ... Leukemia or leukaemia(Greek leukos λευκός, “white”; aima αίμα, “blood”) (see spelling differences) is a cancer of the blood or bone marrow and is characterized by an abnormal proliferation (production by multiplication) of blood cells, usually white blood cells (leukocytes). ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ...


Part of the Roxbury Jewish Cemetery of Boston is located in Woburn.


Geography

Woburn is located at 42°29′4″N, 71°9′7″W (42.484545, -71.152060).GR1 It is bordered by the towns of Wilmington, Reading, Stoneham, Winchester, Lexington, and Burlington. For other towns and places named Wilmington, see Wilmington. ... Reading is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Stoneham is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Winchester is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1642 Incorporated 1713 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Total 16. ... Burlington is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 33.4 km² (12.9 mi²). 32.8 km² (12.7 mi²) of it is land and 0.6 km² (0.2 mi²) of it (1.71%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 37,258 people (37,010 by 2006 estimate), 14,997 households, and 9,658 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,135.4/km² (2,939.6/mi²). There were 15,391 housing units at an average density of 469.0/km² (1,214.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.57% White, 1.87% African American, 0.10% Native American, 4.85% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.09% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 14,997 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.09. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 34.9% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $54,897, and the median income for a family was $66,364. Males had a median income of $45,210 versus $33,239 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,207. About 4.5% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

Woburn's elected officials are its mayor, nine members of the city council, seven school committee members and a representative to the Northeast Regional Vocational School in Wakefield. All elected officials serve two-year terms, except for the two top finishers in the School Committee race, who serve four-year terms. The city council is comprised of seven aldermen who represent the city's seven wards, plus two aldermen at-large who represent the entire city. t


Education

There are nine public elementary schools in Woburn. The schools are the Goodyear Elementary, Altavesta Elementary, Hurld Elementary, Shamrock Elementary, Malcolm White Elementary, Reeves Elementary, Linscott Elementary, Clapp Elementary, and Wyman Elementary. The Goodyear Elementary School is a school in Massachusetts, the United States, named after Charles Goodyear. ...


The two middle schools are the John F. Kennedy Middle School and Joyce Middle School.


The high school is Woburn Memorial High School. Woburn Memorial High School is a public high school located in Woburn, Massachusetts. ...


There is also a private Catholic school, St. Charles. Its grades range from K-8. It is part of the adjacent St. Charles Parish.


Notable residents

Colonel Loammi Baldwin was an American politician, noted engineer, surveyor and a soldier in the American Revolutionary War. ... Eric Bogosian Eric Bogosian (born on April 24, 1953) is an American actor, playwright, monologist, and novelist. ... John Carter may refer to: John Carter, Tennessee statesman and Chairman of the Watauga Petition. ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... For other persons named Charles Goodyear, see Charles Goodyear (disambiguation). ... Vulcanization refers to a specific curing process of rubber involving high heat and the addition of sulfur. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Not to be mistaken for (Mary) Courtney Kennedy, Mrs. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... A junior ice hockey game, being played at the Pengrowth Saddledome in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... The stanza is inscribed at the base of The Minute Man statue by Daniel Chester French The shot heard round the world is a well known phrase that has come to represent several historical incidents throughout world history. ... The Battle of Lexington and Concord was the first battle of the American Revolutionary War, marking the shot heard around the world. ... Stephen McCauley (June 26, 1955) is an American author. ... The Object of My Affection is a movie starring Jennifer Aniston, Paul Rudd, John Pankow, Alan Alda, and others. ... These two Marine Corporals were the last two men killed in Vietnam on April 29, 1975, at Ton Sun Nhut airbase in Saigon. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... David Robinson (born April 2, 1953) was a drummer for the Massachusetts bands The Modern Lovers and The Cars. ... For the comic book character, see Drummer (comics). ... New Wave was a pop and rock music genre that existed during the late 1970s and the early-to-mid 1980s. ... The Cars were an American rock band, fronted by Ric Ocasek, that emerged from the early punk scene in the late 1970s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other persons named Benjamin Thompson, see Benjamin Thompson (disambiguation). ... Lyle Reynolds Wheeler (February 2, 1905 - January 10, 1990) was an important American motion picture art director. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Gone with the Wind is a 1939 film adapted from Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel of the same name. ... The King and I is a musical by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, with a script based on the book Anna and the King of Siam by Margaret Landon. ... Philemon Wright (September 3, 1760 – June 3, 1839) was a farmer and entrepreneur who founded Wrightville, the first settlement in the National Capital Region of Canada. ... This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... Mississippi Burning is a 1988 film based on the investigation into the real-life murders of three civil rights workers in Mississippi in 1964. ... Quiz Show is a 1994 film which tells the true story of the Twenty One quiz show scandal of the 1950s. ... Ghosts of Mississippi is a 1996 drama film directed by Rob Reiner and starring Alec Baldwin, Whoopi Goldberg and James Woods. ...

Points of interest

Deacon Edward Convers House, first house built in Woburn, 1640

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Deacon Edward Converse House, first house built in Woburn, 1640 Deacon Edward Convers (1587 - 1663) was an early Puritan settler in the Massachusetts Bay Colony who founded Woburn and helped establish Charlestown. ... The 1790 House is a historic house located on at 827 Main Street, North Woburn, Massachusetts, and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. ... Baldwin House, Woburn, Massachusetts with a stetch of the Middlesex Canal in foreground. ... Benjamin Thompson House, also known as the Count Rumford Birthplace National Historic Landmark, is the birthplace of scientist and inventor Benjamin Thompson (1753-1814), Count Rumford. ... Winn Memorial Library First floor plan The Winn Memorial Library is a public library designed by noted American architect H. H. Richardson. ... Woburn Memorial High School is a public high school located in Woburn, Massachusetts. ...

References

  • http://users.rcn.com/waynemccarthy/LMM2002/EbenLocke.html

External links

Coordinates: 42.484545° N 71.15206° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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