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Encyclopedia > Wladislaus II of Poland
Wladislaus II on Jan Matejko's painting
Wladislaus II on Jan Matejko's painting
Jagello redirects here. If you are looking for the Jagiellon dynasty, click the link.

Wladislaus II Jagiello (Polish: Władysław II Jagiełło, Lithuanian: Jogaila, Belarusian: Jahajla (Ягайла)) (c.1351 - 1 June 1434 Gródek Jagielloński), Grand Prince of Lithuania from 1377 (or 1378) – 1381, 13821392 (or 1401), became King of Poland as Wladislaus II in 1386 after converting to Christianity and marrying Jadwiga, second of Poland's Angevin rulers. Ladislaus II Jagiello of Poland File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Ladislaus II Jagiello of Poland File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Jan Matejko , self-portrait Jan Matejko, also Jan Mateyko (b. ... The Jagiellons were a royal dynasty which reigned in some Central European countries between the 14th and 16th century. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Start of the reign of Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan, fourth of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders May 1 Zürich joins the Swiss Confederation. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... Events May 30, Battle of Lipany in the Hussite Wars Jan van Eyck painted the wedding of Giovanni Arnoflini The Honorable Passing of Arms at the bridge of Obrigo The Portuguese reach Cape Bojador in Western Sahara. ... The title Grand Prince (Latin, Magnus Princeps; German, Großfürst, Finnish Suuriruhtinas, Swedish Storfurste, Lithuanian Didysis kunigaikÅ¡tis, Russian Великий князь Velikii kniaz) ranks in honour below Emperor and Tsar but higher than a sovereign Prince (Fürst) or Royal Prince. ... Events January 17 – Gregory XI enters Rome. ... Events March - John Wyclif tried to gain public favour by laying his theses before parliament, and then made them public in a tract. ... Events June 12 - Peasants Revolt: In England rebels arrive at Blackheath. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Enyu of Japan, fifth and last of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Emperor Go-Komatsu ascends to the throne of Japan John Wyclifs teachings are condemned by the Synod of London. ... Events Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General Yi Seonggye leads a coup détat, overthrowing the kingdom of Goryeo and founding the kingdom of Joseon Afyonkarahisar in western Turkey is conquered by Sultan Beyazid I Louis de Valois is created the 1st Duke of Orléans, the second time... Events The Lollards, a religious sect taught by John Wycliffe, were persecuted for their beliefs. ... A monarch is a type of ruler or head of state, whose titles and ascent are often inherited, not earned, and who represents a larger monarchical system which has established rules and customs regarding succession, duties, and powers. ... Events Battle of Sempach: Swiss safeguard independence from Hapsburg rule End of reign of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament writings of his early followers. ... This article is about 14th century queen and saint. ... Angevin is the name applied to three distinct medieval dynasties which originated as counts (from 1360, dukes) of the western French province of Anjou (of which angevin is the adjectival form), but later came to rule far greater areas including England, Hungary and Poland (see Angevin Empire). ... Poland was ruled by dukes (c. ...


His original name was Jogaila (Jagiełło) and his Christian name was Wladislaus (Polish: Władysław also seen Vladislaus, Ladislaus, Ladislas or Vladislav).

Contents


Royal title

  • Royal title in Latin: Wladislaus Dei gracia rex Polonie necnon terrarum Cracovie, Sandomirie, Syradia, Lancicie, Cuiavie, Lithuanie princeps supremus, Pomoranie Russieque dominus et heres etc.
  • Lithuanian translation: Vladislovas, Dievo valia karalius Lenkijos ir žemių Krokuvos, Sandomiro, Sieradžo, Lenčycos, Kujavijos, Lietuvos didysis kunigaikštis, Pomeranijos ir Rusios valdovas ir paveldėtojas, etc..
  • Polish translation: Władysław, z Bożej łaski król Polski, ziemi krakowskiej, sandomierskiej, sieradzkiej, łęczyckiej, kujawskiej, Nadrzędny Książe Litewski, pan i dziedzic Pomorza i Rutenii, etc

Please note that Wladislaus' title was 'supreme duke/prince of Lithuania' while as the same time the traditional title of 'high duke/prince of Lithuania' was reserved for his cousin Vytautas. Motto: none Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada miasta Kraków Mayor Jacek Majchrowski Area 326,8 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 757,500 (2004 est. ... Sandomierz is a city in south-eastern Poland with 27,000 inhabitants (1995). ... Coat of Arms of Sieradz Sieradz is a town on Warta river in central Poland with 44,700 inhabitants (1995). ... Łęczyca (in full The Royal Town of Łęczyca, Polish: Królewskie Miasto Łęczyca) is a town of 18000 inhabitants in central Poland. ... KUYAVIA (sometimes spelt Cuyavia; in German KUJAWIEN, in Polish KUJAVY) is a historical region of Poland, named after the pagan tribe of the Kujawier (name in German) still known there under that name in the tenth century AD. It is the northernmost part of Greater Poland, west of Masovia and... Pomerania (Polish: Pomorze, German: Pommern and Pommerellen, Pomeranian (Kashubian): Pòmòrze and Pòmòrskô, Latin: Pomerania, Pomorania) is a geographical and historical region in northern Poland and Germany on the south coasts of the Baltic Sea between and on both sides of the Vistula and Oder (Odra) rivers... Ruthenia is a name applied to parts of Eastern Europe which were populated by Eastern Slavic peoples, as well as to various states that existed in this territory in the past. ... Vytautas the Great - engraving of XVI ct. ...


Biography

The Majestatic Seal of Wladysław Jagiełło
The Majestatic Seal of Wladysław Jagiełło
Statue of Jagiello in Central Park. (New York City, New York, USA)
Statue of Jagiello in Central Park. (New York City, New York, USA)

Jogaila (or Jagiełło) was from the Gediminid dynasty of dukes and grand dukes of Lithuania. His father was Algirdas (or Olgierd, ruled 1345-1377), duke of Lithuania, a son of Gediminas. He was born in Vilnius, Lithuania. Download high resolution version (600x631, 114 KB)The Majestic Seal of King Wladyslaw Jagiello This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (600x631, 114 KB)The Majestic Seal of King Wladyslaw Jagiello This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Ladislaus II Jagiello of Poland File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Ladislaus II Jagiello of Poland File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A wintry aerial view, looking south: ice on the frozen lakes, the Metropolitan Museum in the park at left, the East River and the Empire State Building in the distance Central Park (40°46′59″ N 73°58′20″ W) is a large urban public park (843 acres or 3. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the United States, the most densely populated major city in North America, and is at the center of international finance, politics, entertainment, and culture. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki (R) Official languages None (English is de facto) Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... Columns of Gediminas, symbol of the Gediminids. ... A dynasty is a family or extended family which retains political power across generations, or more generally, any organization which extends dominance in its field even as its particular members change. ... The term duke is a title of nobility which refers to the sovereign male ruler of a Continental European duchy, to a nobleman of the highest grade of the British peerage, or to the highest rank of nobility in various other European countries, including Portugal, Spain and France (in Italy... Columns of Gediminas Algirdas (approximate English transcription [ˈaːl(É™).gır. ... Gediminas, duke of Lithuania - engraving of XVII ct. ... The Three Crosses monument in Vilnius. ...


With the Union of Krewo in 1385, Jagiello married Queen Jadwiga of Poland (who was then only 11 years old) and established the Jagiellonian dynasty, which would rule in Poland and Lithuania until 1572. At the same time, Jagiello accepted Roman Catholicism, as did some other Lithuanian nobles. Thus he became King Władysław II Jagiełło (Wladislaus II) of Poland, and reigned 49 years. After the death of Jadwiga and their newborn daughter in 1399, Jagiello continued to rule, for yet 35 years. Many regarded that he had lost his entitlement to the crown with the death of Jadwiga. However, there were no obvious heirs of ancient Polish monarchs - all potential competitors, of which there existed a vast number, were distant relatives, and although Jagello faced from time to time difficulties, he remained king more or less by default. He tried to strengthen his position and rights by next marrying Anna of Cilli, granddaughter of Casimir III of Poland (d. 1370), whose mother Anna, Countess of Cilli (died 1425), daughter of king Casimir, tried to obtain influence. Anna of Cilli also died childless in 1416. Jegello did not yet have any heirs. His next marriages were with ladies from Polish and Lithuanian dominions, apparently having nothing to do with ancestors among Polish monarchs. The Union of Krewo (or Union of Krevo) was a a political and dynastic agreement between Queen Jadwiga of Poland and Grand Prince Jagiello of Lithuania and the begining of the Polish-Lithuanian Union. ... Events August 14 - Battle of Aljubarrota between the Portuguese under John I of Portugal and the Castilians, under John I of Castile. ... This article is about 14th century queen and saint. ... The Jagiellons were a royal dynasty which reigned in some Central European countries between the 14th and 16th century. ... Events January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian body, with over 1. ... Events September 30 - Accession of Henry IV of England October 13 - Coronation of Henry IV of England November 1 - Accession of John VI, Duke of Brittany Births Deaths November 1 - John V, Duke of Brittany Categories: 1399 ... Casimir the Great Casimir III the Great (Polish: Kazimierz Wielki), (1310-1370), King of Poland, son of king WÅ‚adyslaw I Łokietek (Wladyslaw the Elbow High), 1305-1333 and Jadwiga of Gniezno and Great Poland. ...


The Jagiellonian era is usually characterised as the start of Poland's "golden age", and saw the country become a major European power and extend its frontiers to the north and east. World map showing location of Europe When considered a continent, Europe is the worlds second smallest continent in terms of area, with an area of 10,600,000 km² (4,140,625 square miles), making it larger than Australia only. ...


Jagiello's conversion marked the establishment of Catholic Christianity as the official religion of Lithuania following a brief period of Catholic kingship in the 1250s. Though pagan beliefs continued in the country for some time, the Lithuanian nobility gave its support to the new order upon being promised (in 1401) a voice in the election of the future Polish-Lithuanian rulers. Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Decades: 1200s 1210s 1220s 1230s 1240s - 1250s - 1260s 1270s 1280s 1290s 1300s Years: 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 Events and Trends The great mathematician Fibonacci dies Categories: 1250s ... Within a Christian context, Paganism (from Latin paganus) and Heathenry are a catch-all terms which has come to connote a broad set of spiritual/religious beliefs and practices of a natural religion, as opposed to the Abrahamic religions. ...


In military terms, his reign is noted for the crushing defeat inflicted on the Teutonic Knights in neighbouring Province of Prussia by Polish and Lithuanian forces at the Battle of Grunwald 1410 (the military leader of this battle was his cousin Grand Duke Vytautas of LIthuania). Teutonic Knights, charging into battle. ... The Province of Prussia was a province of Poland from the 15th century until 1660, consisting of Royal Prussia and Ducal Prussia. ... The Battle of Grunwald took place on July 15, 1410 between the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania on one side, and the Knights of the Teutonic Order on the other. ... Events July 15 – Lithuanian forces under the cousins Władysław Jagiełło of Poland and Witowt of Lithuania decisively defeat the forces of the Teutonic Knights, whose power is broken Jan Hus is excommunicated by the Archbishop of Prague. ... Vytautas the Great - engraving of XVI ct. ...


Jagiello was the first of the dynasty of Lithuanian princes who were also kings of Poland (1386-1572). He was succeeded by his son Wladislaus III, and after his death at the battle of Varna by second son Casimir IV. Previously rulers from this dynasty, called Gediminaičiai, were grand princes of Lithuania, and after the Krewo Union, Jogaila adopted both titles (Supreme duke of Lithuania and King of Poland). Later, however, up until the Union of Lublin, the title of Grand duke of Lithuania was sometimes under dispute and not always belonged to the King of Poland. However, both titles, if separate, were used to be held by members of same Gediminaičiai dynasty who were related to each other in close family ties. Categories: Poland-related stubs | 1424 births | 1444 deaths | Hungarian monarchs | Polish monarchs | Dukes of Sieradz-Leczyca ... The Battle of Varna took place on November 10, 1444 near Varna in eastern Bulgaria. ... Reign From 1446 until June 7, 1492 Coronation On June 25, 1447 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Władyslaw II Jagiełło Zofia Holszańska Consorts Elżbieta Rakuszanka Children with Elżbieta Rakuszanka Władysław II Jagiellończyk Jadwiga Jagiellonka Kazimierz Swięty Jan I Olbracht Aleksander Jagiellończyk Zofia Elżbieta Zygmunt I... The Gediminaičiai (singular: Gediminaitis) were a dynasty of grand dukes of Lithuania that reigned from the 13th to the 16th century. ... The Union of Krewo (or Union of Krevo) was a a political and dynastic agreement between Queen Jadwiga of Poland and Grand Prince Jagiello of Lithuania and the begining of the Polish-Lithuanian Union. ... The Union of Lublin, painted by Jan Matejko The Union of Lublin (Lithuanian: Liublino unija; Belarusian: Лю́блінская ву́нія; Polish: Unia lubelska) - signed on July 1, 1569 in Lublin, united the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into a single state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, with the official... The Gediminaičiai (singular: Gediminaitis) were a dynasty of grand dukes of Lithuania that reigned from the 13th to the 16th century. ...


Before that the Piasts were monarchs of Poland, in last century intermitting with the Bohemian Przemysls and followed by a brief period of Angevins. The Piast dynasty is a line of Kings and dukes that ruled Poland from its beginnings as an independent state up to 1370. ... Przemysł, Przemysław, Přemysl or Przemko is a common Slavonic name. ... Angevin is the name applied to two distinct medieval dynasties which originated as counts (from 1360, dukes) of the western French province of Anjou (of which angevin is the adjectival form), but later came to rule far greater areas including England, Hungary and Poland (see Angevin Empire). ...


Although Jagiellonian dynasty was not hereditary and in theory each king of this dynasty was elected, in reality every time when the father died, his son (or brother) was elected as new king.


After the last male member of the Jagiellonian dynasty died out, the kings of Poland were elected by the Polish nobles. The Jagiellons were a royal dynasty which reigned in some Central European countries between the 14th and 16th century. ...


Dynastic Relations

100 zloty banknote of Poland with face of Władysław Jagiełło
100 zloty banknote of Poland with face of Władysław Jagiełło

Jagiello was married in 1386 to Queen Jadwiga of Poland (1374-1399). Their only child was: http://www. ... http://www. ... Złoty. ... A £20 Ulster Bank banknote. ... Events Battle of Sempach: Swiss safeguard independence from Hapsburg rule End of reign of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Hedwig, from Gallery of Polish Kings by Jan Matejko (1838-1893) Hedwig (ca. ... Events King Gongmin is assassinated and King U ascends to the Goryeo throne Births Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey. ... Events September 30 - Accession of Henry IV of England October 13 - Coronation of Henry IV of England November 1 - Accession of John VI, Duke of Brittany Births Deaths November 1 - John V, Duke of Brittany Categories: 1399 ...

  • Elzbieta-Bonifacja (born and died 1399)

His second wife was Anna of Cilli (1386-1416), married in 1402, a Slovenian noblewoman, and (more importantly) the only child of Anna, a superseded daughter of Casimir III of Poland (d 1370). The mother, Anna Countess of Cilli died 1425 without surviving children. The only child of Jagiello and Anna of Cilli was: Events September 30 - Accession of Henry IV of England October 13 - Coronation of Henry IV of England November 1 - Accession of John VI, Duke of Brittany Births Deaths November 1 - John V, Duke of Brittany Categories: 1399 ... Casimir the Great Casimir III the Great (Polish: Kazimierz Wielki), (1310-1370), King of Poland, son of king Władyslaw I Łokietek (Wladyslaw the Elbow High), 1305-1333 and Jadwiga of Gniezno and Great Poland. ... Events Foundation of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium Births Deaths March 17 - Ashikaga Yoshikazu, Ashikaga shogun July 21 - Manuel II Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor Categories: 1425 ...

  • Jadwiga (1408-1431)

The third wife was Elisabeth of Pilica (Granowska). No children.


THe fourth wife was Sophia of Halshany, a noblewoman from Lithuanian nobility. Their children were:

Wladislaus III on a painting by Jan Matejko Wladislaus III of Varna (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw WarneÅ„czyk) also seen as Vladislaus, Ladislaus, Ladislas or Vladislav) (October 31, 1424 - November 10, 1444). ... Events August 17 - Battle of Verneuil - An English force under John, Duke of Bedford defeats a larger French army under the Duke of Alençon, John Stuart, and Earl Archibald of Douglas. ... Events March 1 - Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg proclaimed commander of the Albanian resistance April 16 - Truce of Tours. ... Reign From 1446 until June 7, 1492 Coronation On June 25, 1447 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents WÅ‚adyslaw II JagieÅ‚Å‚o Zofia HolszaÅ„ska Consorts Elżbieta Rakuszanka (1438-1505) Children with Elżbieta Rakuszanka WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II JagielloÅ„czyk Jadwiga Jagiellonka... Events Lincoln College in Oxford is founded. ... Events January 2 - Boabdil, the last Moorish King of Granada, surrenders his city to the army of Ferdinand and Isabella after a lengthy siege. ...

Mother

Juliana of Tver 1350 (ca 1325 - 1392)

Events Hayam Wuruk becomes ruler of the Majapahit Empire The Black Death ravages Europe (1347-1351) Births Manuel II Palaeologus, future Byzantine Emperor John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury (approximate date). ... Events Muhammed Tughlaq succeeds his father Ghiyas al-Din Tughlaq as Sultan of Delhi. ... Events Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General Yi Seonggye leads a coup détat, overthrowing the kingdom of Goryeo and founding the kingdom of Joseon Afyonkarahisar in western Turkey is conquered by Sultan Beyazid I Louis de Valois is created the 1st Duke of Orléans, the second time...

Father

Olgierd (ca 1304 - end of May 1377), Grand Prince of Lithuania 1345 - 1377

Columns of Gediminas Algirdas (approximate English transcription [ˈaːl(É™).gır. ... Events 20 July - Fall of Stirling Castle: Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold in the Wars of Scottish Independence. ... This article is about the month of May. ... Events January 17 – Gregory XI enters Rome. ... The title Grand Prince (Latin, Magnus Princeps; German, Großfürst, Finnish Suuriruhtinas, Swedish Storfurste, Lithuanian Didysis kunigaikÅ¡tis, Russian Великий князь Velikii kniaz) ranks in honour below Emperor and Tsar but higher than a sovereign Prince (Fürst) or Royal Prince. ... Events Miracle of the Host Births October 31 - King Fernando I of Portugal (died 1383) Agnès of Valois, daughter of John II of France (died 1349) Eleanor Maltravers, English noblewoman (died 1405) Deaths April 14 - Richard Aungerville, English writer and bishop (born 1287) September 16 - John IV, Duke of... Events January 17 – Gregory XI enters Rome. ...

Wives

Queen Jadwiga of Poland 1386 (1374 - 1399)
Anna of Cilli 1402 (1386-1416)
Elisabeth of Pilica 1417 (d. 1420)
Sophia of Halshany 1422 (d. 1461)

Hedwig, from Gallery of Polish Kings by Jan Matejko (1838-1893) Hedwig (ca. ... Events Battle of Sempach: Swiss safeguard independence from Hapsburg rule End of reign of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Events King Gongmin is assassinated and King U ascends to the Goryeo throne Births Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey. ... Events September 30 - Accession of Henry IV of England October 13 - Coronation of Henry IV of England November 1 - Accession of John VI, Duke of Brittany Births Deaths November 1 - John V, Duke of Brittany Categories: 1399 ... Events September 14 - Battle of Homildon Hill. ... Events Battle of Sempach: Swiss safeguard independence from Hapsburg rule End of reign of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Events May 30 - The Catholic Church burns Jerome of Prague as a heretic. ... Events Antipope Benedict XIII is deposed, and Pope Martin V is elected. ... Events May 21 - Treaty of Troyes. ... Events August 31 - Henry VI becomes King of England. ... Events February 2 - Battle of Mortimers Cross - Yorkist troops led by Edward, Duke of York defeat Lancastrians under Owen Tudor and his son Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke in Wales. ...

Brothers

Theodor (14th century - 1394/1400), Prince of Rylsk 1370 - 1399, Ratna 1387 - 1394, Briansk 1393
Andrew (14th century - 12 August 1399), Prince of Pskov 1342 - 1349, Polock 1349 - 1387, governor of Novgorod 1394 - 1396
Demetrius I the Elder (Dmitry; 1327 - 12 May 1399 Battle of the Worskla River), Prince of Trubchevsk 1357 - 1399, Briansk 1357 - 1379, Starodub 1370 - 1399, Druck 13?? - 13??
Wladimir (14th century - after October 1398), Prince of Vitebsk till [1367]], Kiev 1367-1394, Kopyl and Sluck 1394-1398
Skirgaila (Iwan; ca 1354 - 11 January 1397 Kiev), Prince of Trakai 1382 - 1392, Polock 1387-1394, Kiev 1394 - 1397, regent of Lithuania 1387 - 1392
Kaributas (Korybut Demetrius, Dmitry; ca 1355 - after 1404), Prince of Novgorod-Seversky 1386 - 1392/93
Lengvenis (Lingwen Simon; ca 1356 - after 19 June 1431), Prince of Mscislaw, regent of Great Novgorod
Karigaila (Korygiello Kazimierz (Casimir); ca 1364/67 - 1390), Prince of Mscislaw, regent
Mingaila (Minigiello; ca 1365]]/68 - before 1382
Vygantas (Wigunt Aleksander; ca 1372 - 28 June 1392), Prince of Kernavė
Švitrigaila (Swidrygiello, Svitrigaylo, Boleslaw; ca 1370 - 10 February 1452 Luck), Prince of Vitebsk 1392 - 1393, 1430 - 1436, Podolja 1400 - 1402, Novgorod-Seversky 1404 - 1408, 1420 - 1438, Chernigov 1419 - 1430, Grand Duke of Lithuania 1430 - 1432, lord of Volynia 1437 - 1452

(13th century - 14th century - 15th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which lasted from 1301 to 1400. ... Events Expulsion of the Jews from France. ... Events Henry IV quells baron rebellion and executes The Earls of Kent, Huntingdon and Salisbury for their attempt to have Richard II of England restored as King Jean Froissart writes the Chronicles Medici family becomes powerful in Florence, Italy Births Owen Tudor, seventh generation descedant of Rhys ap Gruffydd (approximate... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Events September 30 - Accession of Henry IV of England October 13 - Coronation of Henry IV of England November 1 - Accession of John VI, Duke of Brittany Births Deaths November 1 - John V, Duke of Brittany Categories: 1399 ... Events June 2 - John Holland, a maternal half-brother of Richard II of England, is created Earl of Huntingdon. ... Events Expulsion of the Jews from France. ... Bryansk (Брянск) is a city in Russia, 379 km South-West from Moscow. ... Events Ottoman Turks occupy Veliko Turnovo in north-central Bulgaria. ... (13th century - 14th century - 15th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which lasted from 1301 to 1400. ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events September 30 - Accession of Henry IV of England October 13 - Coronation of Henry IV of England November 1 - Accession of John VI, Duke of Brittany Births Deaths November 1 - John V, Duke of Brittany Categories: 1399 ... 10-ruble Russian coin of 2003 in the Ancient cities of Russia series - commemorating Pskov Pskov (Псков, ancient spelling Пльсковъ, also Pihkva (Estonian), Pleskau (German) and Psków (Polish)) is an ancient Russian city, located in the north-west of Russia near the present-day border with Estonia, on the river... Events May - Pope Clement VI elected John III Comnenus becomes emperor of Trebizond Louis becomes king of Sicily and duke of Athens Constantine IV becomes king of Armenia Patriarch of Antioch transferred to Damascus under Ignatius II Kitzbühel becomes part of Tyrol Louis I becomes king of Hungary Births... -1... Polatsk (Belarusian: По́лацак, По́лацк; Polish: Połock, also spelt as Polacak; Russian: По́лоцк, also transliterated as Polotsk, Polotzk, Polock) is the most historic city in Belarus, situated on the Dvina river. ... -1... Events June 2 - John Holland, a maternal half-brother of Richard II of England, is created Earl of Huntingdon. ... Velikiy Novgorod (Но́вгород) is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia, situated on the highway (and railway) connecting Moscow and St Petersburg. ... Events Expulsion of the Jews from France. ... Events September 25 - Bayezid I defeats Sigismund of Hungary and John of Nevers at the Battle of Nicopolis. ... PogoÅ„ Litewska Coat of Arms Druck Coat of Arms Demetrius I Starszy (1327 – 12 May 1399 Battle of the Worskla River) was the Prince of Trubczewsk 1357 – 1399, Briansk 1357 – 1379, Starodub 1370 – 1399, Druck 13?? – 13??; the forefather of Troubetzkoys. ... Events January 25 - Edward III becomes King of England. ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... Events September 30 - Accession of Henry IV of England October 13 - Coronation of Henry IV of England November 1 - Accession of John VI, Duke of Brittany Births Deaths November 1 - John V, Duke of Brittany Categories: 1399 ... The Battle of the Vorskla River was one of the greatest and bloodiest in the medieval history of Eastern Europe. ... The Principality of Trubczewsk was a principality in modern Bryansk Oblast of Russian Federation, about 50 miles (80 kilometres) southwest of Bryansk. ... [[ == == ===Events= July 9 - Charles Bridge in Prague was founded == == ==]] Births Vincent Ferrer April 11 - King John I of Portugal Deaths May 28 - King Afonso IV of Portugal Categories: 1357 ... Events September 30 - Accession of Henry IV of England October 13 - Coronation of Henry IV of England November 1 - Accession of John VI, Duke of Brittany Births Deaths November 1 - John V, Duke of Brittany Categories: 1399 ... Bryansk (Брянск) is a city in Russia, 379 km South-West from Moscow. ... [[ == == ===Events= July 9 - Charles Bridge in Prague was founded == == ==]] Births Vincent Ferrer April 11 - King John I of Portugal Deaths May 28 - King Afonso IV of Portugal Categories: 1357 ... Events Robert of Geneva, the butcher of Cesena was elected as Pope Clement VII. This led to a schism in the Catholic church with one pope in Rome (Pope Gregory XI and the antipope (Clement VII) in Avignon. ... Starodub (Стародуб in Russian; could be translated as old oak), a town in the Bryansk Oblast in Russia. ... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Events September 30 - Accession of Henry IV of England October 13 - Coronation of Henry IV of England November 1 - Accession of John VI, Duke of Brittany Births Deaths November 1 - John V, Duke of Brittany Categories: 1399 ... Druck Coat of Arms Druck, known as Dryutesk in the Middle Ages, this place no longer exists. ... (13th century - 14th century - 15th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which lasted from 1301 to 1400. ... October is the tenth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Events Glendalough monastery, Wicklow Ireland destroyed. ... Categories: Belarus-related stubs | Towns in Belarus ... Kiev (Київ, Kyiv, in Ukrainian; Киев, Kiev, in Russian) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper river. ... Events Battle of Najera, Peter I of Castile restored as King. ... Events Expulsion of the Jews from France. ... Slutsk (Belarusian: Слу́цак, Слуцк; Polish Słuck; Russian: Слуцк) is a predominantly jewish town in Belarus, located on the Sluc river, 105 km south of Minsk. ... Events Expulsion of the Jews from France. ... Events Glendalough monastery, Wicklow Ireland destroyed. ... Pillars of Giedymin Castle of Trock Skirgiello (Skiryhajla, Skirgaila, Iwan; ca 1354 – 11 January 1397 Kijow; baptized 1383/1384) was the Grand Prince of Lithuania 1386 – 1392, Prince of Trock 1382 – 1395, Połock 1387 - 1397, Kijow 1395 – 1397, regent of Lithuania 1392 - 1401. ... Events End of reign of John VI Cantacuzenus, as Byzantine emperor. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 10 - John Beaufort becomes Earl of Somerset. ... Kiev (Київ, Kyiv, in Ukrainian; Киев, Kiev, in Russian) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper river. ... The castle in Trakai Trakai (Polish Troki) - a town and lake resort in Lithuania, a part of Trakai national park territory and an administrative centre of the region. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Enyu of Japan, fifth and last of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Emperor Go-Komatsu ascends to the throne of Japan John Wyclifs teachings are condemned by the Synod of London. ... Events Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General Yi Seonggye leads a coup détat, overthrowing the kingdom of Goryeo and founding the kingdom of Joseon Afyonkarahisar in western Turkey is conquered by Sultan Beyazid I Louis de Valois is created the 1st Duke of Orléans, the second time... Polatsk (Belarusian: По́лацак, По́лацк; Polish: Połock, also spelt as Polacak; Russian: По́лоцк, also transliterated as Polotsk, Polotzk, Polock) is the most historic city in Belarus, situated on the Dvina river. ... Events June 2 - John Holland, a maternal half-brother of Richard II of England, is created Earl of Huntingdon. ... Events Expulsion of the Jews from France. ... Kiev (Київ, Kyiv, in Ukrainian; Киев, Kiev, in Russian) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper river. ... Events Expulsion of the Jews from France. ... Events February 10 - John Beaufort becomes Earl of Somerset. ... // High public office A regent, from the Latin regens who reigns is anyone who acts of head of state, especially if not the Monarch (who has higher titles). ... Events June 2 - John Holland, a maternal half-brother of Richard II of England, is created Earl of Huntingdon. ... Events Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General Yi Seonggye leads a coup détat, overthrowing the kingdom of Goryeo and founding the kingdom of Joseon Afyonkarahisar in western Turkey is conquered by Sultan Beyazid I Louis de Valois is created the 1st Duke of Orléans, the second time... Events January 7 - Portuguese king Afonso IV sends three men to kill Ines de Castro, beloved of his son prince Pedro - Pedro revolts and incites a civil war April - Philip of Anjou marries Mary of Naples, daughter of Charles of Valois, duke of Calabria, and Mary of Valois Scots defeat... Events June 14 - Owain Glyndwr of Wales allies with the French against the English and the Henry of Lancaster. ... Novgorod-Seversky is a historic town in the Chernigov region of Ukraine, on the bank of the Desna River, only 45 km south from the Russian border. ... Events Battle of Sempach: Swiss safeguard independence from Hapsburg rule End of reign of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Events Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General Yi Seonggye leads a coup détat, overthrowing the kingdom of Goryeo and founding the kingdom of Joseon Afyonkarahisar in western Turkey is conquered by Sultan Beyazid I Louis de Valois is created the 1st Duke of Orléans, the second time... Events Ottoman Turks occupy Veliko Turnovo in north-central Bulgaria. ... Events January 20 - Edward Balliol surrenders title as King of Scotland to Edward III of England April 16 — the King of the Serbian Kingdom of RaÅ¡ka Stefan DuÅ¡an is proclaimed Tsar (Emperor) of all Serbs, Arbanasses and Greeks in Skopje by the Serbian Orthodox Christian Patriarch of a... June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... Events February 21 - The trial of Joan of Arc March 3 - Eugenius IV becomes Pope May 30 - In Rouen, France, 19-year old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake. ... Mstsislav (Polish: Mścisław) is a town in Belarus. ... Velikiy Novgorod (Но́вгород) is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia, situated on the highway (and railway) connecting Moscow and St Petersburg. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 - 1364 - 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 See also: 1364 state leaders Events Foundation of the Jagiellonian University in Krakow (Cracow) The Breton War of Succession... Events Battle of Najera, Peter I of Castile restored as King. ... Events Births December 27 - Anne Mortimer John Dunstable, English composer (d. ... Mstsislav (Polish: Mścisław) is a town in Belarus. ... Events Timur ascends throne of Samarkand. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Enyu of Japan, fifth and last of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Emperor Go-Komatsu ascends to the throne of Japan John Wyclifs teachings are condemned by the Synod of London. ... Events Births March 13 - Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, son of king Charles V of France Princess Beatrice of Portugal, heiress to the throne during the 1383-1385 Crisis Deaths Categories: 1372 ... (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. ... Events Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General Yi Seonggye leads a coup détat, overthrowing the kingdom of Goryeo and founding the kingdom of Joseon Afyonkarahisar in western Turkey is conquered by Sultan Beyazid I Louis de Valois is created the 1st Duke of Orléans, the second time... Birds eye view of KernavÄ— KernavÄ— is a tourist and archeological resort in southeast Lithuania, and was once the medieval capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. ... Pillars of Giedymin (Gedimino stulpai) Å vitrigaila (alternative spellings: ÅšwidrygieÅ‚Å‚o, Svitrigaylo, Svidryhajla, Svidrigailo, Swidrigailo; BolesÅ‚aw; ca 1370 – 10 February 1452 Łuck) was the Grand Prince of Lithuania during 1430 - 1432, Prince of Witebsk 1392 – 1393, 1430 – 1436, Podolia 1400 – 1402, Novhorod-Siversky 1404 – 1408, 1420 – 1438, Czernichow 1419 – 1430... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events October - English troops under John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, land in Guyenne, France, and retake most of the province without a fight. ... Lutsk (Луцьк in Ukrainian, Луцк in Russian) is the capital of the Volyn Oblast, Ukraine. ... Categories: Belarus-related stubs | Towns in Belarus ... Events Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General Yi Seonggye leads a coup détat, overthrowing the kingdom of Goryeo and founding the kingdom of Joseon Afyonkarahisar in western Turkey is conquered by Sultan Beyazid I Louis de Valois is created the 1st Duke of Orléans, the second time... Events Ottoman Turks occupy Veliko Turnovo in north-central Bulgaria. ... Events May 23 - Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne The Ottoman Empire captures Thessalonica from the Venetians Year in topics 1430 in art Births Robert Morton, English composer, approximate date Antoine Busnois, Burgundian composer, approximate date Deaths Christine de Pizan... Events April - Paris is recaptured by the French End of the Hussite Wars in Bohemia. ... The region of Podolia (Polish Podole, Ukrainian Podillya) lies in the west-central and south-west portions of present-day Ukraine. ... Events Henry IV quells baron rebellion and executes The Earls of Kent, Huntingdon and Salisbury for their attempt to have Richard II of England restored as King Jean Froissart writes the Chronicles Medici family becomes powerful in Florence, Italy Births Owen Tudor, seventh generation descedant of Rhys ap Gruffydd (approximate... Events September 14 - Battle of Homildon Hill. ... Novgorod-Seversky is a historic town in the Chernigov region of Ukraine, on the bank of the Desna River, only 45 km south from the Russian border. ... Events June 14 - Owain Glyndwr of Wales allies with the French against the English and the Henry of Lancaster. ... Events December 13 - The Order of the Dragon is officially formated under King Sigismund of Hungary. ... Events May 21 - Treaty of Troyes. ... Events Pachacuti who would later create Tahuantinsuyu, or Inca Empire became the ruler of Cuzco January 1 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Hungary March 18 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Germany Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway looses direct control of Sweden. ... ... Events January 19 - Hundred Years War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England which brings Normandy under the control of England. ... Events May 23 - Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne The Ottoman Empire captures Thessalonica from the Venetians Year in topics 1430 in art Births Robert Morton, English composer, approximate date Antoine Busnois, Burgundian composer, approximate date Deaths Christine de Pizan... Events May 23 - Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne The Ottoman Empire captures Thessalonica from the Venetians Year in topics 1430 in art Births Robert Morton, English composer, approximate date Antoine Busnois, Burgundian composer, approximate date Deaths Christine de Pizan... Events June 1 - Battle of San Romano - Florence defeats Siena foundation of Université de Caen In the end of the Hook and Cod wars, Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut and Holland is forced by Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, to abdicate all her estates in his favour; end of Hainaut... Volhynia (Wołyń in Polish; Волинь, Volyn’ in Ukrainian; also called Volynia, Volyň in Czech) comprises the historic region in western Ukraine located between the rivers Pripyat and Western Bug. ... Events foundation of All Souls College, University of Oxford. ... Events October - English troops under John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, land in Guyenne, France, and retake most of the province without a fight. ...

Sisters

Agripina (1342 or earlier - 1393?)
Kenna (Joanna; ca 1351 - 27 April 1367), married to Kazko of Slupsk
Euphrosina (ca 1352 - 1405//06, married to OLeg of Rezan
Theodora (Fedora; 14th century), married to Sviatoslav of Karachev
Helen (ca 1357/60 - 15 September 1437), married to Vladimir of Moscow in 1372, Princess of Borowsko-Sierpuchowsk and third part of the Principality of Moscow, Princess of Wolock and Rzewsk 1389 - 1405, Horodeck and Uglick 1405 - 1410
Maria (born ca 1363), Princess of Lithuania, married to Vaidila, favorite of Algirdas and [Jagiello|Jogaila]] in 1379, then to David of Horodec.
Aleksandra (ca 1368/70 - 19 June 1434), married to Siemowit IV of Masovia, Princess of Czersk, Rawsk, Sochaczewsk, Plock, Gostynin, Plonsk, Wisk, Kujawsk and Belsk
Katherin (Katarzyna; ca 1369/74 - after 4 April 1422), married to Johan II, duke of Meklemburg in 1388
Jadwiga (ca 1375 - after 1407), married to Duke Johan III of Oswiecim in 1394

Events May - Pope Clement VI elected John III Comnenus becomes emperor of Trebizond Louis becomes king of Sicily and duke of Athens Constantine IV becomes king of Armenia Patriarch of Antioch transferred to Damascus under Ignatius II Kitzbühel becomes part of Tyrol Louis I becomes king of Hungary Births... Events Ottoman Turks occupy Veliko Turnovo in north-central Bulgaria. ... Kenna is an Ethiopian born American musician. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Start of the reign of Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan, fourth of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders May 1 Zürich joins the Swiss Confederation. ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... Events Battle of Najera, Peter I of Castile restored as King. ... Słupsk (pronounce: [swupsk], German Stolp) is a city in Middle Pomerania region and the capital of the region, in north-western Poland with some 100,000 inhabitants. ... Events June 4 - Glarus joins the Swiss Confederation. ... Events Early feminist Christine de Pizan writes The Book of the City of Ladies Erection of Bath Abbey (-- 1499) Publication of Bellifortis by Konrad Kyeser (book on military technology) Chinese fleet commander Zheng He set sail to explore the world for the first time. ... Events Construction of Forbidden City begins in Beijing. ... Theodora was the name of Flavia Maximiana Theodora, daughter of the Roman Emperor Maximian and second wife of the Emperor Constantius I Chlorus Theodora (6th century), Byzantine empress and wife of Justinian I Theodora (9th century), Byzantine empress in the 9th century Theodora (10th century), Roman senatrix and mother of... (13th century - 14th century - 15th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which lasted from 1301 to 1400. ... Karachev (Russian: Карачев, Polish: Karaczew?) is a very old town (1146) in Bryansk Oblast, but almost all its old architecture was lost during the Second World War. ... [[ == == ===Events= July 9 - Charles Bridge in Prague was founded == == ==]] Births Vincent Ferrer April 11 - King John I of Portugal Deaths May 28 - King Afonso IV of Portugal Categories: 1357 ... Events Treaty of Brétigny King Valdemar Atterdag of Denmark seizes Scania (from 1658 a Swedish province). ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... Events foundation of All Souls College, University of Oxford. ... Prince Albert of Monaco on the left represents a principality where he wields adminisitrative authority. ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA:   listen?) is the capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva. ... Events February 24 - Margaret I seizes Albert, thus becoming ruler of Denmark, Norway and Sweden June 28 - Battle of Kosovo between Serbs and Ottomans. ... Events Early feminist Christine de Pizan writes The Book of the City of Ladies Erection of Bath Abbey (-- 1499) Publication of Bellifortis by Konrad Kyeser (book on military technology) Chinese fleet commander Zheng He set sail to explore the world for the first time. ... Events Early feminist Christine de Pizan writes The Book of the City of Ladies Erection of Bath Abbey (-- 1499) Publication of Bellifortis by Konrad Kyeser (book on military technology) Chinese fleet commander Zheng He set sail to explore the world for the first time. ... Events July 15 – Lithuanian forces under the cousins Władysław Jagiełło of Poland and Witowt of Lithuania decisively defeat the forces of the Teutonic Knights, whose power is broken Jan Hus is excommunicated by the Archbishop of Prague. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 - 1363 - 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 See also: 1363 state leaders Events Magnus II, King of Sweden, is deposed by Albert of Mecklenburg. ... Columns of Gediminas Algirdas (approximate English transcription [ˈaːl(É™).gır. ... Events Timur ascends throne of Samarkand. ... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... Events May 30, Battle of Lipany in the Hussite Wars Jan van Eyck painted the wedding of Giovanni Arnoflini The Honorable Passing of Arms at the bridge of Obrigo The Portuguese reach Cape Bojador in Western Sahara. ... Masovia (Polish: Mazowsze) is a geographical and historical region situated in central Poland with its capital in Warsaw. ... Sochaczew - a town in central Poland (52. ... Motto: none Voivodship Masovian Municipal government Rada Miasta Płock Mayor Mirosław Milewski Area 88 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 128 210 - 1456/km² Founded City rights - - Latitude Longitude 52°33 N 19°42 E Area code +48 24 Car plates WP Twin towns - Municipal Website Płock (pronounce: [pwɔʦk]) is a... Gostynin is a town in Central Poland with 20,200 inhabitants (1995). ... Płońsk is a town in north-central Poland with 22,700 inhabitants (1995). ... Kuyavia (sometimes spelt Cuyavia, Polish Kujawy) is a historical region of Poland, between the Vistula to the east and Noteć river to the west and between Noteć and Krówka river to the south. ... Belz (Ukrainian Белз, Polish Bełz, Yiddish בעלז) is a small town in western Ukraine, near the border with Poland. ... Events King Charles V of France renounces the treaty of Brétigny and war is declared between France and England. ... Events King Gongmin is assassinated and King U ascends to the Goryeo throne Births Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... Events August 31 - Henry VI becomes King of England. ... Events October 24 - Valdemar IV of Denmark dies and is succeeded by his grandson Olaf III of Denmark. ... Events November 20 - A solemn truce between John, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed under the auspicies of John, Duke of Berry. ... Oświęcim. ... Events Expulsion of the Jews from France. ...

Sons

King Wladislaus III of Poland (1424 - 1444)
Casimir (1426 - 1427)
King Casimir IV of Poland (1427 - 1492)

Wladislaus III on a painting by Jan Matejko Wladislaus III of Varna (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw WarneÅ„czyk) also seen as Vladislaus, Ladislaus, Ladislas or Vladislav) (October 31, 1424 - November 10, 1444). ... Events August 17 - Battle of Verneuil - An English force under John, Duke of Bedford defeats a larger French army under the Duke of Alençon, John Stuart, and Earl Archibald of Douglas. ... Events March 1 - Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg proclaimed commander of the Albanian resistance April 16 - Truce of Tours. ... Casimir could refer to any of the following: Any of several kings of Poland: Casimir I of Poland Casimir II of Poland Casimir III of Poland Casimir IV of Poland The Casimir effect, about the quantum mechanical attraction between conducting plates. ... Events March 6 - Battle of St. ... Events Lincoln College in Oxford is founded. ... Reign From 1446 until June 7, 1492 Coronation On June 25, 1447 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents WÅ‚adyslaw II JagieÅ‚Å‚o Zofia HolszaÅ„ska Consorts Elżbieta Rakuszanka (1438-1505) Children with Elżbieta Rakuszanka WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II JagielloÅ„czyk Jadwiga Jagiellonka... Events Lincoln College in Oxford is founded. ... Events January 2 - Boabdil, the last Moorish King of Granada, surrenders his city to the army of Ferdinand and Isabella after a lengthy siege. ...

Daughters

Elzbieta-Bonifacja (1399 - 1399)
Jadwiga (1408 - 1431)

Events September 30 - Accession of Henry IV of England October 13 - Coronation of Henry IV of England November 1 - Accession of John VI, Duke of Brittany Births Deaths November 1 - John V, Duke of Brittany Categories: 1399 ... Events September 30 - Accession of Henry IV of England October 13 - Coronation of Henry IV of England November 1 - Accession of John VI, Duke of Brittany Births Deaths November 1 - John V, Duke of Brittany Categories: 1399 ... Jadwiga is a Polish name, equivalent of German Hedwig. ... Events December 13 - The Order of the Dragon is officially formated under King Sigismund of Hungary. ... Events February 21 - The trial of Joan of Arc March 3 - Eugenius IV becomes Pope May 30 - In Rouen, France, 19-year old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake. ...

See also

Gediminids
List of Belarusian rulers
List of Lithuanian rulers
List of Polish rulers

Columns of Gediminas, symbol of the Gediminids. ... History of Belarusian states can be traced far to Duchy of Pólacak. ... The following is a List of Lithuanian rulers, or a list of kings, dukes, grand dukes, governors and presidents of Lithuania or administrative units, that encompassed the territory of Lithuania during the periods of occupations. ... Poland was ruled by dukes (c. ...

Bibliography

Dlugosz, Jan, The Annals of Jan Dlugosz, translated and abridged by Maurice Michael, commentary by Paul Smith (Chichester, UK: IM Publications, 1997).


Drabina, Jan, “Die Religionspolitik von König Wladyslaw Jagiello im polnisch-litauischen Reich in den Jahren 1385-1434,” Zeitschrift für Ostforschung vol. 43 (1994), p. 161-173.


Jogaila, parašė J. Jakštas, Z. Ivinskis, S. Sužiedėlis, A. Šapoka, P. Šležas; redagavo A. Šapoka, Kaunas, 1935, 333 p.


Sruogienė-Sruoga, Vanda, “Jogaila (1350-1434),” Lituanus, vol. 33 (4) (Winter 1987), p. 23-34.


Tęgowski, Jan. Pierwsze pokolenia Giedyminowiczow, Poznań-Wrocław, 1999, 319, [1] p.


External links

Pages and Forums on Lithuanian History
Belarusian history club
"Wladyslaw II" at the Directory of Royal Genealogical Data
Władysław II Jagiełło


 
Polish Monarchs
Coat of Arms of Poland
Siemowit | Lestko | Siemomysł | Mieszko I | Boleslaus I the Brave | Mieszko II Lambert | Bezprym | Mieszko II Lambert | Casimir I the Restorer | Boleslaus II the Generous | Wladislaus I Herman | Zbigniew | Boleslaus III the Wrymouth | Wladislaus II the Exile | Boleslaus IV the Curly | Mieszko III the Old | Casimir II the Just | Leszek the White | Wladislaus III Spindleshanks | Leszek the White | Mieszko IV Plątonogi | Leszek the White | Wladislaus III Spindleshanks | Konrad I of Masovia | Henry I the Bearded | Henry II the Pious | Konrad I of Masovia | Boleslaus V the Chaste | Leszek II the Black | Henry IV Probus | Przemysł II | Wenceslaus II | Wenceslaus III | Wladislaus I the Elbow-high | Casimir III the Great | Louis of Hungary | Jadwiga | Wladislaus II Jagiełło | Wladislaus III of Varna | Casimir IV the Jagiellonian | John I Olbracht | Alexander the Jagiellonian | Sigismund I the Old | Sigismund II Augustus | Henry Valois | Stephen Báthory | Sigismund III Vasa | Wladislaus IV Vasa | John II Casimir | Michael Korybut Wiśniowiecki | John III Sobieski | Augustus II the Strong | Stanislaus I Leszczyński | Augustus II the Strong | Stanislaus Leszczyński | Augustus III | Stanislaus II Augustus Poniatowski


Poland was ruled by dukes (c. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... According to the chronicles of Gallus Anonymus Siemowit was the son of Piast and Rzepicha. ... Lestko (also Lestek, Leszek) is the second legendary duke of Poland, and son of Siemowit, born probably 930/940 Though proof of his actual existence is unclear, he had to have been a major figure in his time, due to the fact that before Poland existed as a state, the... SiemomysÅ‚ is the third legendary Polish duke, and said to be the father of Polands first historical ruler, Mieszko I. SiemomysÅ‚ is credited with leaving the lands known as Greater Poland to his son, who further expanded them during his reign. ... Reign From c. ... Reign From 992 until 1025 Coronation On April 18, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms OrzeÅ‚ Piastowski Parents Mieszko I Dubrawka Consorts Rikdaga Judith Enmilda Oda Children with Judith Bezprym with Enmilda Regelina Mieszko II Lambert Otton with Oda Matylda Date of Birth 966/967... Reign From 1025 until 1034 Coronation On December 25, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms Orzeł Piastowski Parents Bolesław I Chrobry Emnilda Consorts Ryksa Children with Ryksa Boleslaw Zapomiany Kazimierz I Odnowiciel Gertruda Date of Birth 990 Place of Birth  ? Date of Death May 10... Bezprym (986/987-1032), the first-born son of king of Poland BolesÅ‚aw I Chrobry and his second wife, who came from Hungary (unknown name); he was deprived of the throne of Poland due to giving it to his brother Mieszko II. In 1031, in alliance with Conrad II... Reign From 1025 until 1034 Coronation On December 25, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms Orzeł Piastowski Parents Bolesław I Chrobry Emnilda Consorts Ryksa Children with Ryksa Boleslaw Zapomiany Kazimierz I Odnowiciel Gertruda Date of Birth 990 Place of Birth  ? Date of Death May 10... Casimir I on Jan Matejkos painting Casimir I, the Restorer (Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel) (1015-1058), duke of Poland, was the son of Mieszko II of Poland and Rixa von Lothringen. ... Boleslaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Boleslaus II was a duke and king of Poland 1058-1079 (crowned 1076). ... Wladislaus I on Jan Matejkos painting Wladislaus I Herman (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw I Herman, also seen as Ladislaus, Ladislas or Vladislav) (1040-1102), duke of Poland, was the son of Casimir I of Poland, duke of Poland. ... Zbigniew of Poland (born after 1070, died 1112). ... Boleslaus III on a painting by Jan Matejko Boleslaus III the Wrymouth (Polish: BolesÅ‚aw III Krzywousty), (1086-1138) was duke of Poland from 1102. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II Wygnaniec Wladislaus II the Exile (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II Wygnaniec, also seen Wladislaus, Ladislaus, Ladislas or Vladislav) was the High-Duke of Poland (1138-1146) Born: 1105, Cracow, Poland Died: 30 May 1159, in Altenburg, Germany Parents: Boleslaus III the Wrymouth, Duke of Poland, and... BolesÅ‚aw IV KÄ™dzierzawy Boleslaus IV the Curly (Polish: BolesÅ‚aw KÄ™dzierzawy) - high-duke of Poland (1146-1173) Born: 1120 Poland Died: 1173 Poland Parents: Boleslaus III the Wrymouth, duke of Poland, and Salome von Berg-Schelklingen, daughter of Henry duke of Berg Married to: Russian pricess Wierzchoslawa... Mieszko III Stary Mieszko III the Old (Polish: Mieszko III Stary) was a duke of Greater Poland (1138-1202) and also a high-duke of all Poland (1173-1202, with interruptions), belonging to the Piast dynasty. ... Casimir II the Just on a painting by Jan Matejko Casimir II the Just (1138 - 5 May 1194; Polish: Kazimierz II Sprawiedliwy) of the Piast dynasty was the youngest son of Boleslaus III of Poland. ... Leszek BiaÅ‚y Leszek the White (Polish: Leszek BiaÅ‚y) (1186/1187 - 1227) was a prince of Sandomierz and (from 1194/1195) prince of Krakow. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III Laskonogi Wladislaus III Spindleshanks (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III Laskonogi) was the duke of the Greater Poland province and the high duke of the whole Poland in 1202-1206 and 1227-1228. ... Leszek BiaÅ‚y Leszek the White (Polish: Leszek BiaÅ‚y) (1186/1187 - 1227) was a prince of Sandomierz and (from 1194/1195) prince of Krakow. ... Mieszko IV of Poland (Mieszko IV PlÄ…tonogi, Mieszko IV of Raciborz) (ca 1130 - 16 May 1211), High-Duke of Poland from 9 June 1210. ... Leszek BiaÅ‚y Leszek the White (Polish: Leszek BiaÅ‚y) (1186/1187 - 1227) was a prince of Sandomierz and (from 1194/1195) prince of Krakow. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III Laskonogi Wladislaus III Spindleshanks (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III Laskonogi) was the duke of the Greater Poland province and the high duke of the whole Poland in 1202-1206 and 1227-1228. ... Konrad I Mazowiecki Konrad of Masovia (1187 - 1247, Polish: Konrad Mazowiecki) was Duke of Masovia, son of Casimir II of Poland (the Just) and Helen, princess of Moravia. ... Henry the Bearded in a painting by Jan Matejko Henry I the Bearded, Polish: Henryk Brodaty (1163 - March 19, 1238) of the Silesian line of the Piast dynasty of rulers, was duke of Lower Silesia from 1201. ... Henryk II Pobożny Henry II the Pious, (Polish: Henryk II Pobożny, b. ... Konrad I Mazowiecki Konrad of Masovia (1187 - 1247, Polish: Konrad Mazowiecki) was Duke of Masovia, son of Casimir II of Poland (the Just) and Helen, princess of Moravia. ... BolesÅ‚aw Wstydliwy Boleslaus the Chaste or the Shy (Polish: BolesÅ‚aw Wstydliwy) (21 June 1226 - 7 December 1279) was the son of Leszek the White. ... Leszek Czarny Leszek II the Black (Polish: Leszek II Czarny) ruled 1279-1288. ... Henryk IV Probus Henry Probus (Polish: Henryk IV Probus), (the Righteous, c. ... PrzemysÅ‚ II PrzemysÅ‚ II (October 14, 1257 – February 8, 1296), was a duke of PoznaÅ„, Greater Poland, Kraków and Pomerania, and King of Poland from 1295 until his death. ... Wenceslaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Wenceslaus II Premyslid (Czech: , Polish: WacÅ‚aw II Czeski) (September 27, 1271 – June 21, 1305) King of Bohemia (1278 - 1305), Duke of Krakow (1291 - 1305), King of Poland (1300 - 1305). ... Wenceslaus III Premyslid (Czech and Slovak Václav, Hungarian Vencel, Polish WacÅ‚aw), (October 6, 1289 – August 4, 1306) was the king of Hungary (1301 - 1305) and king of Bohemia (1305 - 1306). ... Wladislaus I on Jan Matejkos painting Wladislaus I the Short or Elbow-high (Polish: WÅ€adyslaw I Łokietek) was King of Poland, duke till 1300 and the Prince of Kraków from 1305 until his coronation on January 20, 1320. ... Casimir the Great Casimir III the Great (Polish: Kazimierz Wielki), (1310-1370), King of Poland, son of king WÅ‚adyslaw I Łokietek (Wladyslaw the Elbow High), 1305-1333 and Jadwiga of Gniezno and Great Poland. ... Louis the Great Louis I (the Great), Lajos, Ludwik WÄ™gierski (1326 - 1382) became king of Hungary in 1342 at the death of his father. ... This article is about 14th century queen and saint. ... Wladislaus III on a painting by Jan Matejko Wladislaus III of Varna (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw WarneÅ„czyk) also seen as Vladislaus, Ladislaus, Ladislas or Vladislav) (October 31, 1424 - November 10, 1444). ... Reign From 1446 until June 7, 1492 Coronation On June 25, 1447 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents WÅ‚adyslaw II JagieÅ‚Å‚o Zofia HolszaÅ„ska Consorts Elżbieta Rakuszanka (1438-1505) Children with Elżbieta Rakuszanka WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II JagielloÅ„czyk Jadwiga Jagiellonka... Reign From September 23, 1492 until June 17, 1501 Coronation On September 23, 1492 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV JagielloÅ„czyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts None Children None Date of Birth December 27, 1459 Place of Birth Kraków, Poland Date of... Reign From December 12, 1501 until August 19, 1506 Coronation On December 12, 1501 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV JagielloÅ„czyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Helena Children None Date of Birth August 5, 1461 Place of Birth Kraków, Poland Date of... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV JagielloÅ„czyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara Zapolya Jadwiga... Reign From April 1, 1548 until July 6, 1572 Coronation On September 15, 1697 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Zygmunt I Stary Bona Sforza Consorts Elżbieta Habsburzanka Barbara Radziwiłł Katarzyna Austriaczka Barbara Giżycka Children with Barbara Giżycka Barbara Date of Birth August 1, 1520 Place... Henry III (French: Henri III; Polish: Henryk III Walezy; September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589) was King of Poland (1573-1574) and subsequently King of France (1574-1589). ... The first Stephen Báthory, István Báthory (1477-1534) was a Hungarian noble and loyal adherent of King John Zápolya of Hungary. ... Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Coronation... Reign in Poland From November 8, 1632 until May 20, 1648 Reign in Russia From 1610 until 16351 Coronation On February 6, 1633 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Anna Austriaczka Consorts Cecylia Renata Ludwika Maria Gonzaga Children with Cecylia Renata Zygmunt... Reign From November, 1648 until September 16, 1668 Elected In November 1648 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 19, 1649 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Constance of Austria Consorts Ludwika Maria Children with Ludwika Maria Maria Anna... Reign From June 19, 1669 until November 10, 1673 Elected On June 19, 1669 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On September 29, 1669 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Nobel Family WiÅ›niowiecki Coat of Arms Korybut Parents Jeremi MichaÅ‚ WiÅ›niowiecki Gryzelda Konstancja Zamoyska Consorts... Reign From May 21, 1674, until June 17, 1696 Elected On May 21, 1674 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On February 2, 1676 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Noble Family Sobieski Coat of Arms Janina Parents Jakub Sobieski Zofia Teofillia Daniłowicz Consorts Marie Casimire Louise Children... Reign From 1697, until 1706 and from 1709, until February 1, 1733 Elected In 1697 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On September 15, 1697 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents John George III Wettin Anne Sophie Consorts  ? Children August III Sas Maurice... Reign From 1704 until 1709 and from 1733 until 1736 Elected In 1704 and 1733 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On October 4, 1705 in the St. ... Reign From 1697, until 1706 and from 1709, until February 1, 1733 Elected In 1697 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On September 15, 1697 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents John George III Wettin Anne Sophie Consorts  ? Children August III Sas Maurice... Reign From 1704 until 1709 and from 1733 until 1736 Elected In 1704 and 1733 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On October 4, 1705 in the St. ... Reign From 1734 until October 5, 1763 Elected In 1734 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 17, 1734 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents August II Mocny ? Consorts Marie Josepha Children Frederick Christian Date of Birth October 7, 1696 Place of... For other persons named Stanisław Poniatowski, see Stanisław Poniatowski. ...


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Poland - LoveToKnow 1911 (15908 words)
It is to him that Poland owed the important acquisition of the greater part of Red Russia, or Galicia, which enabled her to secure her fair share of the northern and eastern trade.
Poland, as the next neighbour of Hungary, was more seriously affected than any other European power by this catastrophe, but her politicians differed as to the best way of facing it.
All the.more disquieting was the internal condition of the country, due mainly to the invasion of Poland by the Reformation, and the coincidence of this invasion with an internal revolution of a quasi-democratic character, which aimed at substituting the rule of the szlachta for the rule of the senate.
EARLY HISTORY OF POLAND (6748 words)
POLAND till the end of the 18th century was a kingdom extending (with Lithuania) over the basins of the Warta, Vistula, Dwina, Dnieper and upper Dniester, and had under its dominions, besides the Poles proper and the Baltic Slavs, the Lithuanians, the White Russians and the Little Russians or Ruthenians.
The first symptom of this lawlessness was the separation of Poland and Lithuania, the Lithuanians proceeding to elect Alexander Casimir's fourth son, as their grand duke, without even consulting the Polish senate, in flagrant violation of the union of Horodlo.
All the more disquieting was the internal condition of the country, due mainly to the invasion of Poland by the Reformation and the coincidence of this invasion with an internal revolution of a quasi-democratic character, which aimed at substituting the rule of the szlachta for the rule of the senate.
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