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Encyclopedia > Wittenoom, Western Australia
Wittenoom
Western Australia
Population: 6
Established: 1930s
Location: 241 km from Newman
LGA: Shire of Ashburton
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Rainfall
32.8 °C
91 °F
19.7 °C
67 °F
453.7 mm
17.9 in

Wittenoom (22°15′S 118°20′E) is a town in the Pilbara region of Western Australia about 1,106 km north north east of Perth. During the 1950s, Wittenoom was the Pilbara's biggest town, but was shut down in 1966 due to health concerns from asbestos mining at the nearby Wittenoom Gorge. Today it is a ghost town with approximately 6 residents[1], who receive no government services and do not pay rates to the Shire of Ashburton. In December 2006, the Government of Western Australia announced that the town would be degazzetted. The town's name will accordingly be removed from official maps and road signs. Emblems: Floral - Kangaroo Paw (Anigozanthos manglesii); Mammal - Numbat (Myrmecobius fasciatus); Bird - Black Swan (Cygnus atratus) Motto: none Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Const. ... The 1930s (years from 1930-1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ... km redirects here. ... Newman, Western Australia, located about 1120 km northeast of Perth, is the largest town in the Pilbara region. ... Local Government Areas of Western Australia There are 144 Local Governments in Western Australia (including Christmas Island and Cocos Islands), represented by the Western Australian Local Government Association External link Statoids on Australia Shires Categories: Local Government Areas of Western Australia ... The Shire of Ashburton is a Local Government Area of Western Australia based in the town of Tom Price ( ; post code: 6751, population 3,200). ... Celsius relates to the Celsius or centrigrade temperature scale. ... Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after the German physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), who proposed it in 1724. ... Celsius relates to the Celsius or centrigrade temperature scale. ... Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after the German physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), who proposed it in 1724. ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The Pilbara is one of the nine regions of Western Australia. ... Emblems: Floral - Kangaroo Paw (Anigozanthos manglesii); Mammal - Numbat (Myrmecobius fasciatus); Bird - Black Swan (Cygnus atratus) Motto: none Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Const. ... City of Perth is situated on Swan River This article is about the urban area of Perth, Western Australia. ... The 1950s was the decade spanning from the 1st of January, 1950 to the 31st of December, 1959. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Fibrous asbestos on muscovite Asbestos Asbestos Asbestos (a misapplication of Latin: asbestos quicklime from Greek : a, not and sbestos, extinguishable) describes any of a group of minerals that can be fibrous, many of which are metamorphic and are hydrous magnesium silicates. ... Bannack, Montana, a well preserved ghost town that is now a State Park. ... The Shire of Ashburton is a Local Government Area of Western Australia based in the town of Tom Price ( ; post code: 6751, population 3,200). ... December 2006 is the twelfth and final month of the year and will begin in 2 day(s). ... The form of the Government of Western Australia is prescribed in its Constitution, which dates from 1890, although it has been amended many times since then. ...

Contents

History

Wittenoom was named by Hancock after Frank Wittenoom (1855-1939) who was his partner in the nearby Mulga Downs Station. The land around Wittenoom was originally settled by Frank Wittenoom's brother, politician Sir Edward Horne Wittenoom. Francis (Frank) Frederick Burdett Wittenoom[1] (born December 1855 in York, Western Australia - died September 1939 in Perth, Western Australia) was an explorer and pastoralist in Western Australia. ... Edward Wittenoom Sir Edward Horne Wittenoon KCMG (12 December 1854–5 March 1936), Australian politician, was a Member of the Western Australian Legislative Council for thirty four years. ...


Lang Hancock discovered Wittenoom Gorge in the early 1930s and in 1937 started mining blue asbestos (crocidolite) there. In 1943 the mine was sold to a CSR Limited subsidiary, Australian Blue Asbestos Pty Ltd. By the late 1940s there was a need for a nearby townsite to house the mine workers and their families, and this was gazetted in 1950. The following year CSR requested the town name be changed to Wittenoom Gorge, and in 1974 it was changed back to Wittenoom. Langley George Lang Hancock (10 June 1909–27 March 1992) was an Australian iron ore magnate from Western Australia. ... The 1930s (years from 1930-1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ... Amphibole (Hornblende) Amphibole defines an important group of dark-colored rock-forming inosilicate minerals composed of double chain SiO4 tetrahedra linked at the vertices and generally containing ions of iron and/ or magnesium in their structures. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... CSR Limited is a major Australian industrial company, producing aluminium, sugar products (notably including pure ethanol), and construction products. ... The 1940s decade ran from 1940 to 1949. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


From 1950 until the early 1960s Wittenoom was Australia's only supplier of asbestos with 161,000 tonnes being mined. During that time 20,000 men, women and children lived and worked in Wittenoom. Since then, over 1,000 people have died from asbestos-related diseases including asbestosis, lung cancer and mesothelioma. The National Health and Medical Research Council estimates that the final death toll will eventually rise to over 2,000.[2] Asbestosis is a chronic inflammatory medical condition affecting the parenchymal tissue of the lungs. ... Lung cancer is a cancer of the lungs characterized by the presence of malignant tumours. ... The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) is Australias peak funding body for medical research, with a budget of nearly A$500M a year. ...


Despite ongoing risks associated with airborne asbestos fibres, around 20-25 residents still remained in early 2006, defying the Government of Western Australia's removal of services and stated intention to demolish the town. The old school and post office was reportedly being used by residents as a meeting place, while a caravan park accommodates visitors, a gem shop functions as a tourist agency, and some tour buses still visit, although this is strongly discouraged by the state's Tourism Commission. On 30 June 2006, the Government turned off the power grid to Wittenoom. However, no residents left the town, or took up the government's offer to buy their houses for up to A$39,804. The form of the Government of Western Australia is prescribed in its Constitution, which dates from 1890, although it has been amended many times since then. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In December 2006, Minister for the Pilbara Jon Ford announced that Wittenoom's status as a town would be removed, but that the town's six remaining residents would be allowed to stay[1]. December 2006 is the twelfth and final month of the year and will begin in 2 day(s). ...


Wittenoom is close to a number of spectacular gorges in the Hamersley Ranges and Karijini National Park. The Hamersley Range is a mountainous region of the Pilbara, Western Australia. ... Karijini is a national park in Western Australia (Australia), 1055 km north of Perth. ...


The Midnight Oil song, Blue Sky Mine, was inspired by the town and its mining industry[1], as was 'He Fades Away' by Alastair Hewlett. Midnight Oil was an Australian rock band active from the early 1970s until 2002. ... Blue Sky Mining is an album by Midnight Oil that was released in 1990 under the Columbia Records label. ...


References

  1. ^ a b Govt to remove Wittenoom's town status. ABC News Online. Retrieved on 2006-12-23.
  2. ^ Chronology of events. Worksafe. Retrieved on 2006-05-09.

2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 23 is the 357th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (358th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ...

See also

Wittenoom is a ghost town in the Pilbara region of Western Australia. ...

External links

Coordinates: -22.244° 118.335° Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

  • Maps and aerial photos
  • Landgate - History of country town names
  • Wittenoom's diehard residents stay put, 7:30 Report (ABC), 2004-12-06

  Results from FactBites:
 
::ADSA:: (888 words)
The CSR mining and milling of blue asbestos at Wittenoom, Western Australia, is the greatest industrial disaster in Australia and is comparable to similar catastrophes such as Bhopal, Seveso and Minamato.
At Wittenoom thousands of workers and their families, visitors, tourists, consultants and Government officials were exposed to lethal levels of blue asbestos a thousand times higher than occupationally regulated at the time.
Western Australia in particular has the highest rate of malignant mesothelioma than any State in Australia or elsewhere in the world per capita of population.
Wittenoom, Western Australia: Information from Answers.com (455 words)
Wittenoom is a town in the Pilbara region of Western Australia located at 22°15′S 118°20′E, about 1,106 km north north east of Perth.
Wittenoom was named by Hancock after Frank Wittenoom (1855-1939) who was his partner in the nearby Mulga Downs Station.
Wittenoom is close to a number of spectacular gorges in the Hamersley Ranges and Karijini National Park.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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