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Encyclopedia > Witiza

Witiza was son of Egica, king of the Visigoths in Hispania, and ruled jointly with him from 693 to 701. In the latter year Egica died and Witiza became sole ruler. Witiza was a religious moderate. King Egica (c. ... Hispania was the name given by the Romans to the whole of the Iberian Peninsula (modern Portugal, Spain, Andorra and Gibraltar) and to two provinces created there in the period of the Roman Republic: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior. ... Events Births Deaths Categories: 693 ... Events September 30 - John VI succeeds Sergius I as Pope. ...


According to Washington Irving, in the first part of his 1835 Legends of the Conquest of Spain, Witiza's sole reign initially showed great promise. "He redressed grievances, moderated the tributes of his subjects, and conducted himself with mingled mildness and energy in the administration of the laws." However, the honeymoon lasted only a short while. Soon Witiza "showed himself in his true nature, cruel and luxurious." Washington Irving Washington Irving (April 3, 1783 – November 28, 1859) was an American author of the early 19th century. ...


As the story goes, Witiza sought to better secure his throne by doing in two of his relatives: Favila, duke of Cantabria, and Theodofredo, who lived in retirement at court. Witiza had Favila killed and Theodofredo blinded and imprisoned. The son of Favila, Pelayo, was elsewhere at the time and thus was spared for the major role he would later play in history. The son of Theodofredo was Roderick, duke of Baetica, who escaped to Italy. Capital Santander Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 15th  5 321 km²  1. ... Pelayo (690–737) was the first King of Asturias, ruling from 718 until his death. ... Roderic (or Roderick; Rodrigo in Spanish and Portuguese, see Rurik for etymology), was the last king of the Visigoths (710—711). ... Roman province of Hispania Baetica, 120 AD In Hispania, which in Greek is called Iberia, there were three Imperial Roman provinces, Hispania Baetica in the south, Lusitania, corresponding to modern Portugal, in the west, and Hispania Tarraconensis in the north and northeast. ...


Witiza now ruled tyranically as well as in ways contrary to Christian custom. For example, following the habit of Muslim rulers, he "indulged in a plurality of wives and concubines." As chroniclers of later ages would sum it up, "Witiza the Wicked taught all Spain to sin." A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is a believer in or follower of Islam. ...


Roderick, in response, gathered an army, engaged King Witiza in battle, and defeated him. Witiza was taken captive and Roderick secured his revenge by having the king blinded and imprisoned just as the king had done to Roderick's father. Witiza died in 710. Events End of the Asuka period, the second and last part of the Yamato period and beginning of the Nara period in Japan. ...


Because this is a story with simple closure and a straightforward moral, it is doubtful that all of its details are true. But where history ends and legend begins is difficult to determine. What is clear is that Witiza lost his throne to Roderick during a civil war among the Visigoths. Then partisans of Witiza invited Muslim forces into Iberia to assist them in defeating Roderick and in regaining the throne.


Though Roderick was successfully defeated in 711, the Muslims proceeded to conquer Iberia for themselves. In time, the only effective force against them would prove to be Pelayo. See also: phone number 711. ... The Muslim Conquest of Iberia (711—718) commenced when the Moors (mostly Berbers with some Yemenis) invaded Visigothic Christian Iberia in the year 711 CE. Under their Berber leader, Tariq ibn-Ziyad, they landed at Gibraltar on April 30 and proceeded to bring most of the Iberian Peninsula under Islamic...



Preceded by:
Egica
King of the Visigoths
693–701 (jointly with Egica), 701–710? (ruled alone)
Succeeded by:
Roderick


King Egica (c. ... The Visigoths, originally Tervingi, or Vesi (the noble ones), one of the two main branches of the Goths (of which the Ostrogothi were the other), were one of the loosely-termed Germanic peoples that disturbed the late Roman Empire. ... Roderic (or Roderick; Rodrigo in Spanish and Portuguese, see Rurik for etymology), was the last king of the Visigoths (710—711). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Saint Patrick's Church: Saints of February 11 (3526 words)
The son of the Visigoth Aigulf, count or governor of Maguelone, Witiza was cup-bearer to King Pepin and Charlemagne and served in the army of Lombardy.
Witiza became a Benedictine monk at Saint-Seine near Dijon, France, where he took the name Benedict and was appointed cellarer.
He spent two and one half years there living on bread and water, sleeping on the bare ground, often praying throughout the night, and going barefoot even in winter.
Texto completo: 'Defensa del Rei Witiza' (11232 words)
Witiza decedente Patre nimia quietudine, ejus in solio sedit, omni Populo redamante.
Cumque Witiza circa initium optime inchoasset, cæpit postmodum flagitiosius se habere, and Pelagium filium Fafilæ Ducis Cantabriæ, qui postea contra Sarracenos cum Asturibus rebellavit, ob causam Patris, quam prædiximus, ab Urbe Regia coëgit expulsum, and cum antea petulantes ageret in occulto, jam nunc laxus impudicitiam publicam in aperto, and laxatis habenis nulli vitio se subtraxit.
Witiza autem Sacrorum Canonum inimicus Oppæ fratri suo Archiepiscopo Hispalensi contradidit Ecclesiam Toletanam, ejusdem Ecclesiæ innuente Pontifice Sinderedo, ut sicut ipse carnali, ita ut (leo, and) frater spirituali adulterio fædaretur: and ut iniquitatem iniquitati, adjiceret, violatis privilegiis Ecclesiarum revocavit, Judæos, and majoris immunitatis, quam Ecclesias, privilegiis honoravit.
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