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Encyclopedia > Winter Olympic Games
An athlete carries the Olympic torch during the 2002 torch relay
An athlete carries the Olympic torch during the 2002 torch relay

The Winter Olympic Games are a winter multi-sport event held every four years. They feature winter sports held on ice or snow, such as ice skating and skiing. Picture of John Nowak carrying the Olympic Torch to Salt Lake City and the 2002 Winter Games Picture from: http://www. ... Picture of John Nowak carrying the Olympic Torch to Salt Lake City and the 2002 Winter Games Picture from: http://www. ... The Olympic Flame at the Athens 2004 Summer Olympics The Olympic Flame, Olympic Fire, Olympic Torch, Olympic Light, Olympic Eye, and Olympic Sun is a symbol of the Olympic Games. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... A multi-sport event is a competition in which athletes compete in a number of different sports. ... A winter sport is a sport commonly played during winter, usually a sport played on snow or ice. ... This article is about water ice. ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... Outdoor ice skating in Austria Ice skating is travelling on ice with skates, narrow (and sometimes parabolic) blade-like devices moulded into special boots (or, more primitively, without boots, tied to regular footwear). ... Cross-country skiing (skating style) in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. ...


Each National Olympic Committee (NOC), as with the Summer Olympics, enters athletes to compete against other NOC's athletes for gold, silver, and bronze medals. Fewer nations participate in the Winter Olympics than the Summer Olympics; the most obvious reason for this is sheer geography, as most of the countries near the equator have no access to winter sport training facilities. National Olympic Committees (or NOCs) are the national constituents of the worldwide olympic movement. ... Poster for the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... This article is about the chemical element. ... This article is about the metal alloy. ... The Summer Olympic Games are an international multi-sport event held every four years, organised by the International Olympic Committee. ... World map showing the equator in red In tourist areas, the equator is often marked on the sides of roads The equator marked as it crosses Ilhéu das Rolas, in São Tomé and Príncipe. ...


Like the Summer Olympics, the United States have hosted the most times, four, most recently in Salt Lake City, Utah in 2002. France has hosted the Winter Olympics three times. Austria, Italy, Japan, Norway, and Switzerland have all hosted the games twice. Canada will have hosted twice after the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver. Germany and Yugoslavia have hosted the games once and Russia will host the Winter Olympics for the first time in 2014. Three cities have hosted twice; Lake Placid, United States, St. Moritz, Switzerland, and Innsbruck, Austria For ships of the United States Navy of the same name, see USS Salt Lake City. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... Motto Brotherhood and Unity Anthem Hey, Slavs Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian (spoken throughout the territory), Slovenian, Macedonian, Albanian, Hungarian (all official), and languages of other nationalities. ... For other places with the same name, see Lake Placid (disambiguation). ... St. ... Innsbruck City Center Innsbruck and Nordkette from south Innsbruck (population 120,000) is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the Tyrol province. ...


The most recent games were held in Turin, Italy in 2006, and the next games will be held in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in 2010. On July 4, 2007, the Russian resort of Sochi was chosen to host the 2014 Winter Olympics. Neve and Gliz, the 2006 Olympics mascots, on display in Turin The 2006 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XX Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in Turin, Italy from February 10, 2006, through February 26, 2006. ... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ... Wikinews has related news: Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games, are the next winter Olympics and will take place in 2010 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... Sochi (Russian: , IPA: [soʨɪ]) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai just north of the southern Russian border. ... The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXII Olympic Winter Games, is an international winter multiple sports event that will be celebrated from February 7 to February 23, 2014. ...

Contents

History

The early years

When the International Olympic Committee (IOC) was established in 1894, one of the sports proposed for the programme was ice skating. However, no skating was conducted at the Olympics until the 1908 Summer Olympics in London,[1] which featured four figure skating events. Ulrich Salchow (10 time World champion) and Madge Syers (first competitive woman figure skater) won the individual titles with ease. Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... Outdoor ice skating in Austria Ice skating is travelling on ice with skates, narrow (and sometimes parabolic) blade-like devices moulded into special boots (or, more primitively, without boots, tied to regular footwear). ... The 1908 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the IV Olympiad, were held in 1908 in London, England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Figure skating is an ice skating sporting event where individuals, mixed couples, or groups perform spins, jumps, and other moves on the ice, often to music. ... Karl Emil Julius Ulrich Salchow (August 7, 1877-April 19, 1949) was a Swedish figure skater, who dominated the sport in the first decade of the 20th century. ... Florence Madeleine Madge Syers (born Cave) (1881-September 1917) was a British figure skater. ...

Poster advertising the International Winter Sports Week, later dubbed the 1924 Winter Olympics.
Poster advertising the International Winter Sports Week, later dubbed the 1924 Winter Olympics.

Three years later, Italian count Eugenio Brunetta d'Usseaux proposed that the IOC stage a week with winter sports as part of the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm. The organisers opposed this idea, wanting to promote the Nordic Games, a winter sports competition held every four years.[1] However, this same idea was again proposed for the 1916 Games, which were to be held in Berlin. A winter sports week with speed skating, figure skating, ice hockey and Nordic skiing was planned, but the 1916 Olympics were cancelled after the outbreak of World War I. Image File history File links 1924w. ... The 1924 Winter Olympics, officially known as the I Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in 1924 in Chamonix, France. ... Count Eugenio Brunetta dUsseaux (December 14, 1857-January 8, 1919) was an Italian nobleman. ... The 1912 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the V Olympiad, were held in 1912 in Stockholm, Sweden. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... The Nordic Games was the first international multi-sport event that focused primarily on winter sports, and was held at varying intervals between 1901 and 1926. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Speed skating, or long track speedskating, long track speed skating, is an Olympic sport where competitors are timed while crossing a set distance. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Nordic skiing is a winter sport that encompasses all types of skiing where the heel of the boot cannot be fixed to the ski. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


The first Olympics after the war, the 1920 Games in Antwerp, again, featured figure skating, while ice hockey made its Olympic debut. At the IOC Congress held the following year, it was decided that the organisers of the next Olympics (France) would also host a separate "International Winter Sports Week", under patronage of the IOC. This "week" (it actually lasted 11 days) proved to be a great success and in 1925 the IOC decided to create separate Olympic Winter Games, not connected to the Summer Olympics.[1] The 1920 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the VII Olympiad, were held in 1920 in Antwerp, Belgium. ... For other uses, see Antwerp (disambiguation). ...


It wasn't until 1926 at the 24th IOC Session in Lisbon, that the 1924 events in Chamonix were retroactively designated as the first Winter Olympics.[2] The French town in the Haute-Savoie hosted the Games from January 25 to February 5. These first Olympics attracted more than 200 athletes from 16 nations, competing in 16 events. The first event on the programme was 500 m speed skating won by U.S. athlete Charlie Jewtraw, who thereby became the first Olympic Winter Games champion, though not the first winter Olympic champion, since figure skating and ice hockey were held in 1908 and 1920. Overall, in 1924, Finnish and Norwegian athletes dominated events. For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Panorama of Chamonix valley Chamonix-Mont-Blanc or, more commonly, Chamonix is a town and commune in eastern France, in the Haute-Savoie département, at the foot of Mont Blanc. ... Haute-Savoie is a French département, named after the Alps mountain range. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Charles Jewtraw, an American, became the first every gold medal winner of the 1924 Winter Olypic Games by winning the 500m speed skating competition in the French town of Chamonix. ...


St. Moritz was appointed by the Swiss organisers to host the second Olympic Winter Games, held from February 11 to February 19 in 1928. Curling and military patrol were no longer medal sports (although the latter was demonstrated) while skeleton made its first Olympic appearance. Warm weather conditions plagued the Olympics on the fourth day. The 10000 m speed skating was abandoned in the 5th pair, and the 50 km cross-country event ended with a temperature of 77 °F (25 °C), forcing a third of the field to abandon competition. St. ... The II Olympic Winter Games were held in 1928 in Sankt-Moritz, Switzerland. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Curling (disambiguation). ... Several biathletes in the shooting area of a competition Biathlon (not to be confused with duathlon) is a term used to describe any sporting event made up of two disciplines. ... United States Air Force Major Brady Canfield, 2003 U.S. skeleton champion, shows his takeoff form. ...


The next Olympics came to North America for the first time. However, fewer athletes participated than in 1928, as the journey to Lake Placid, New York was a long and expensive one for most competitors, and there was little money for sports in the midst of the Great Depression. On top of that, these games too were marred by warm weather, which eventually made it necessary to extend them for two more days. The Games opened on February 4 and closed on February 15. Eddie Eagan, who had been an Olympic champion in boxing in 1920, won the gold in the men's bobsled event during these games to become the first and so far only Olympian to have won gold medals in both the Summer and Winter Olympics. The 1932 Winter Olympics, officially known as the III Olympic Winter Games, were held in 1932 in Lake Placid, New York, United States. ... North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For other places with the same name, see Lake Placid (disambiguation). ... This article is about the state. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Edward Patrick Francis Eddie Eagan (April 26, 1897 – June 14, 1967) is an American sportsman. ... At the 1932 Winter Olympics, two bobsleigh events were contested. ...


The Bavarian twin towns of Garmisch and Partenkirchen joined to organise the 1936 edition of the Winter Games, held from February 6 to the 16th. Alpine skiing made its Olympic debut in Germany, but skiing teachers were barred from entering, as they were considered to be professionals. This decision caused the Swiss and Austrian skiers to boycott the Olympics.[3] The cross-country relay was also held for the first time, while the military patrol and ice stock sport were demonstration sports. For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... Garmisch-Partenkirchen (29,875 inhabitants; 01-01-2004) is a market town, and the administrative centre of the district of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, in the Oberbayern region of Bavaria, Germany, near the border with Austria. ... The 1936 Winter Olympics, officially known as the IV Olympic Winter Games, were held in 1936 in the villages of Garmisch and Partenkirchen in Bavaria, Germany. ... Ice stock sport (also known as German Curling) is a winter sport, somewhat similar to curling. ...


World War II

The Second World War interrupted the celebration of the Winter Olympics. The 1940 Winter Olympics had originally been awarded to Japan, and were supposed to be held in Sapporo, but Japan had to give the Games back in 1938, because of the Japanese invasion of China in the Sino-Japanese War. Subsequently, St. Moritz, Switzerland was chosen by the IOC to host the 1940 Winter Olympics, but three months later the IOC withdrew St. Moritz from the Games, because of quarrels with the Swiss organisation team. Garmisch-Partenkirchen, the hosts of the previous games, stepped in to organise the Games again, but the Games were cancelled in their entirety in November of 1939 because Germany had invaded Poland two months before. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The anticipated V Olympic Winter Games were cancelled due to World War II. They were to have been held in Sapporo, Japan. ... Sapporo redirects here. ... The Second Sino-Japanese War was a major invasion of eastern China by Japan preceding and during World War II. It ended with the surrender of Japan in 1945. ... St. ... Garmisch-Partenkirchen (29,875 inhabitants; 01-01-2004) is a market town, and the administrative centre of the district of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, in the Oberbayern region of Bavaria, Germany, near the border with Austria. ...


The 1944 Winter Olympics, scheduled to take place in Cortina d'Ampezzo, were cancelled in the Summer of 1941, again, due to the still raging World War II. The anticipated V Olympic Winter Games were cancelled due to World War II. They were to have been held in Cortina dAmpezzo, Italy. ... Cortina dAmpezzo is a town and municipality in the province of Belluno, Veneto, northern Italy. ...


Post-war

The Swiss town of St. Moritz, untouched by the war because of Switzerland's neutrality, became the first place to host the Winter Olympics for the second time in 1948. Twenty-eight countries competed in Switzerland from January 30 to February 8, although athletes from Germany and Japan were not invited. Alpine skiing events were expanded to include the slalom and downhill. Skeleton returned to the programme after 20 years, but once more, the sport disappeared after the St. Moritz games, not to return again until 2002. St. ... The V Olympic Winter Games were held in St. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Slalom from the Morgedal dialect of Norwegian slalåm: sla, meaning slightly inclining hillside, and låm, meaning track after skis. ... The downhill is an alpine skiing discipline. ...


In 1952, the Winter Games came to Norway, the country considered the birthplace of modern skiing. As a tribute, the Olympic Flame was lit in the fireplace of the home of skiing pioneer Sondre Nordheim. The programme in Oslo, from February 14 to February 25, was expanded with the first ever cross-country event for women, while the alpine combined was replaced with the giant slalom. Bandy, a popular sport in the Nordic countries, was held as a demonstration sport. Germany returned to the Olympic Games after 16 years, although only represented by West German athletes. The VI Olympic Winter Games were held in 1952 in Oslo, Norway. ... The Olympic Flame at the Athens 2004 Summer Olympics The Olympic Flame, Olympic Fire, Olympic Torch, Olympic Light, Olympic Eye, and Olympic Sun is a symbol of the Olympic Games. ... Sondre Norheim (June 10, 1825–March 9, 1897) was the pioneer of modern skiing. ... This article is about the capital of Norway. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Combined is an alpine skiing discipline. ... Giant Slalom is an alpine skiing discipline. ... Look up bandy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


After not being able to host the Games in 1944 due to the war, Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy was able to organise the 1956 Winter Olympics, held from January 26 to February 5. At the first Winter Games to be televised, the programme was extended with two events in cross-country skiing. The most important development was the debut of the Soviet Union at the Winter Olympics. They immediately showed their potential by winning more medals than any other nation. Cortina dAmpezzo is a town and municipality in the province of Belluno, Veneto, northern Italy. ... The VII Olympic Winter Games were held in 1956 in Cortina dAmpezzo, Italy. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the late 1950s when the Olympics were awarded to Squaw Valley for 1960, this resort town in California founded by Alexander Cushing was a ghost town. After being awarded the games, there was a rush to construct roads, hotels, restaurants, and bridges, as well as the ice arena, the speed skating track, ski lifts, and the ski jumping hill. By 1960, everything was in place. There was a fear of lack of snow, but late snowfall prevented a disaster.[4] The Games were held from February 18 to the 28th. While bobsleighing was absent (the organizing committee found it expensive as only 9 nations would take part), biathlon was first contested at the Olympics, and women first took part in speed skating. Squaw Valley can refer to the following places in California in the United States: Squaw Valley, California - A census-designated place located in Fresno County, California. ... Sign outside Olympic Village at Squaw Valley The 1960 Winter Olympics, officially known as the VIII Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in 1960 in Squaw Valley, California, United States (located in the Lake Tahoe basin). ... Resorts combine a hotel and a variety of recreations, such as swimming pools. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Alexander Cushing is the founder and chairman of Ski Corporation, the parent company of the internationally recognized ski resort of Squaw Valley, in the Lake_Tahoe area of Northern_California. ... For other uses, see Ghost town (disambiguation). ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Several biathletes in the shooting area of a competition Biathlon (not to be confused with duathlon) is a term used to describe any sporting event made up of two disciplines. ...


The Tyrolean city of Innsbruck was the host in 1964. Despite being a traditional winter sports resort, there was a lack of snow and ice during the Games and the Austrian army was called in to bring snow and ice to the sport venues.[5] Bobsleigh returned to the Olympics, while a new event was added to ski jumping and women's cross-country skiing. Luge was first contested in the Olympics, although the sport received bad publicity when a competitor was killed in a pre-Olympic training run. Coat of arms of the Counts of Tyrol Austria-Hungary in 1914, showing Tirol–Vorarlberg as the left-most province, coloured cream Capital Meran (Merano), until 1848 Government Principality Historical era Middle Ages  - Created County 1140  - Bequeathed to Habsburgs 1363 or 1369  - Joined Council of Princes 1582  - Trent, Tyrol and... Innsbruck is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the federal state of Tyrol. ... The 1964 Winter Olympics, officially known as the IX Olympic Winter Games, were held in 1964 in Innsbruck, Austria. ... A luge is small one- or two-person sled on which one sleds supine and feet-first. ...


Held in the French town of Grenoble, the 1968 Winter Olympics were the first Olympic Games in which East and West Germany participated as separate countries.[6] Until 1964, they had competed in a combined German team. One new event was added for the Grenoble Games: the 4 × 10 km relay in biathlon. Another first in these Olympics were doping and sex tests.[7] Grenoble (Arpitan: Grenoblo) is a city and commune in south-east France situated at the foot of the Alps where the Drac joins the Isère River. ... The 1968 Winter Olympics, officially known as the X Olympic Winter Games, were held in 1968 Grenoble, France and opened on February 6. ...


The 1972 Winter Games were the first to be held outside North America or Europe. The Games in Sapporo, Japan, were surrounded by several professionalism issues. Three days before the Olympics, IOC president Avery Brundage threatened to bar a large number of top alpine skiers from competing because they did not comply with the amateurism rules. Eventually, only Austrian star Karl Schranz, who earned most of all skiers, was not allowed to compete. On a historical note, the 1972 Games were the last Olympic Winter Games where a skier would win the gold medal using all-wooden skis. After this, all top-level cross-country skiing would take place with the athletes using skis made mostly of fibreglass synthetics. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Sapporo redirects here. ... Avery Brundage (September 28, 1887 – May 8, 1975) was an American athlete, sports official, art collector and philanthropist. ... Karl Schranz (* 18 November 1938 in St. ... There is a disputed proposal to merge this article with glass-reinforced plastic. ...


Originally, the 1976 Winter Games had been awarded to Denver, but in 1972 the residents of Denver and of Colorado expressed unwillingness to host the Games through a city plebiscite and a state referendum. Whistler, British Columbia was also offered the Games as they had bid earlier, but the new government there rejected the offer. Innsbruck, which still had the venues of 1964 in good shape, was chosen in 1973 to replace Denver.[8] Because it was the second time the Austrian town hosted the Games, two Olympic flames were lit. New events on the programme included ice dancing and the men's 1000 m in speed skating. The 1976 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XII Olympic Winter Games, were held in 1976 in Innsbruck, Austria. ... This article refers to the state capital of Colorado. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... Whistler can refer to the following: Whistler, British Columbia - the municipality of the 2010 Winter Olympics Alpine events Whistler-Blackcomb - the ski resort that will host the 2010 Winter Olympics Alpine events Whistler (radio) - a very low frequency radio phenomenon. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... Innsbruck is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the federal state of Tyrol. ... Ice dancers Albena Denkova and Maxim Staviski. ...


1980s and beyond

The Olympic Winter Games returned to Lake Placid, New York, which had earlier hosted the 1932 edition. The People's Republic of China made its debut at the Winter Olympics. Because of this, the Republic of China (Taiwan) was forced by the IOC to compete under the name of Chinese Taipei. The Taiwanese refused, and thus became the only nation to boycott the Olympic Winter Games. The threat of the American boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics was also clouding these Olympics, as much of the debate about doing so fell during the Winter Games. Fortunately, there were also many sporting highlights. Speed skater Eric Heiden set world records in each of the 5 events he competed in. For the Americans, however, the highlight of the Games was the Olympic ice hockey tournament. In a match later dubbed the "Miracle on Ice", the home team upset the favoured Soviet Union, and went on to win the title. The 1980 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIII Olympic Winter Games, were held in 1980 in Lake Placid, New York, United States of America. ... For other places with the same name, see Lake Placid (disambiguation). ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Badge, released in the USSR The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, were held in Moscow in the Soviet Union. ... Eric Arthur Heiden (born June 15, 1958) is an American speed skater who won all the distances and thus an unprecedented five gold medals at the 1980 Winter Olympic Games in Lake Placid, New York, United States. ... The 1980 U.S. Olympic hockey team celebrates the goal that led them to victory over the USSR. The Miracle on Ice is the popular nickname for the mens ice hockey game in the 1980 Olympic Winter Games, in which a team of amateur and collegiate players from the...


Sarajevo was quite a surprising choice for the 1984 Winter Olympics, as no Yugoslavian athlete had ever won an Olympic medal in the Winter Games. This gap was filled by alpine skier Jure Franko, who won a silver medal in the giant slalom. There was only one new event at the Sarajevo Games, a 20 km cross-country event for women. Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Entity Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... The 1984 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIV Olympic Winter Games, were held in 1984 in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yugoslavia. ... Jure Franko, born on March 28, 1962, is a Slovenian alpine skier. ...


The city of Calgary, Alberta hosted the first Winter Olympics to span 16 days, in 1988. New events were added in ski jumping and speed skating, while future Olympic sports curling, short track speed skating and freestyle skiing made their appearance as demonstration sports. In alpine skiing, the Super G was added for the first time, while the combined event was reinstated after a 40-year absence from the Olympics. For the first time, the speed skating events were held indoors, on the Olympic Oval. Dutch skater Yvonne van Gennip beat the favoured East German, winning three gold medals and setting two new world records. Her total was equalled by Finnish ski jumper Matti Nykänen, who won all events in his sport. Not all athletes making the headlines were winning medals: British ski jumper Eddie 'the Eagle' Edwards, who came in last, and Jamaica's first ever bobsleigh team also received plenty of attention. This article is about the Canadian city. ... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... The 1988 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XV Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in Calgary, Alberta, Canada and opened by Governor General Jeanne Sauvé. The Olympics were highly successful financially as they brought in million-dollar profits. ... The Super Giant Slalom is an alpine skiing discipline. ... Combined is an alpine skiing discipline. ... The Olympic Oval in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, is a covered speed skating oval built for the 1988 Winter Olympics. ... Yvonne Maria van Gennip (born May 1, 1964 in Haarlem, Noord-Holland) was one of the most successful female Dutch all-round speed skaters. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... Matti Ensio Nykänen ( ) (born July 17, 1963 in Jyväskylä, Finland) is a Finnish former ski jumper, and was arguably the best in that sport, winning five Olympic medals (four Golds), nine World championships medals (five Golds) and 22 Finnish championships medals (13 Golds). ... Image:Eddieedwards. ... The Jamaican Bobsled Team first gained fame during their debut in the 1988 Winter Olympic Games in Calgary. ...


In 1986, the IOC decided to reschedule the Summer and Winter Games by alternating between them every 2 years: each would still be held in four-year cycles, but two years apart from one another. The 1992 Games were the last to be held in the same year as the Summer Games. They were held in the French Haute Savoie region; Albertville itself only hosted 18 events. Two new sports, short track speed skating and freestyle skiing were on the programme. Women's biathlon was also included for the first time. Curling, speed skiing and two freestyle skiing events were demonstrated. Political changes of the time were reflected in the Olympic teams appearing in France. Germany competed as a single nation for the first time since the two German countries ceased competing as a unified team following the 1964 Games, and former Yugoslavian republics Croatia and Slovenia made their debut. Most of former Soviet republics still competed as a single team, under the name of Unified Team, but the Baltic States made independent appearances, for the first time since before World War II. Finnish ski jumper Toni Nieminen made history by becoming the youngest male Winter Olympic champion. New Zealand skier Annelise Coberger made history with a silver medal in the women's slalom, becoming the first Winter Olympic medallist from the Southern Hemisphere. The 1992 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVI Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in 1992 in Albertville, France. ... Haute-Savoie is a French département, named Upper Savoy for its location in the Alps mountain range. ... Albertville is a town and commune in southeast France, in the Savoie département, in the French Alps. ... Motto Brotherhood and Unity Anthem Hey, Slavs Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian (spoken throughout the territory), Slovenian, Macedonian, Albanian, Hungarian (all official), and languages of other nationalities. ... CCCP redirects here. ... The Unified Team (EUN) was allowed by the IOC to use the Olympic Emblem in place of a national flag. ... The three Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The Lillehammer Games in 1994 were the first Winter Olympics to be held without the Summer Games in the same year; in a non-leap, even year. The winter sports-minded Norwegians organised the Olympics extremely well, and many still consider them to be the best organised to date. The event programme was again extended, adding two new events each in freestyle skiing and short track speed skating. After the split-up of Czechoslovakia in 1993, the Czech Republic and Slovakia made their Olympic debut in Lillehammer, as did several former Soviet republics. A lot of media attention, especially in the United States, went to the women's figure skating competition, as American skater Nancy Kerrigan had been injured on January 6 in an assault planned by the ex-husband of opponent Tonya Harding. Both skaters competed in the Games, but neither of them won the gold medal, which went to Oksana Baiul, who won Ukraine's first Olympic title. The 1994 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVII Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in 1994 in Lillehammer, Norway. ... County Oppland District Gudbrandsdal Municipality NO-0501 Administrative centre Lillehammer Mayor (2005) Synnøve Brenden Klemetrud (Ap) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 211 477 km² 450 km² 0. ... Nancy Kerrigan (born October 13, 1969 in Stoneham, Massachusetts) is a two-time American Olympic figure skating medalist and 1993 U.S. champion. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Tonya Harding performs a triple axel jump at the 1991 U.S. Figure Skating Championships. ... Oksana Baiul (Ukrainian: ) (born November 16, 1977) is a professional figure skater and Olympic gold medalist. ...


For the first time, more than 2000 winter athletes competed in the 1998 Winter Olympics, held in the Japanese city of Nagano. Two new sports were conducted—snowboarding and curling—while women's ice hockey was also included. The men's ice hockey tournament was open to all players for the first time, making Canada and the United States favourites for the gold with their many NHL professionals. However, neither nation medalled, losing to the Czech Republic. Speed skating saw a wave of new world records thanks to the use of the revolutionary clap skate. The 1998 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVIII Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in 1998 in Nagano, Japan. ... Categories: Host cities of the Winter Olympic Games | Cities in Nagano Prefecture | Japan geography stubs ... NHL redirects here. ... Clap skates (also called clapskates, slap skates, slapskates, from Dutch klapschaats) are a type of ice skate used in speed skating. ...


Recent years

Olympic flame at Rice-Eccles Olympic Stadium during the opening ceremonies.
Olympic flame at Rice-Eccles Olympic Stadium during the opening ceremonies.

The 19th Olympic Winter Games were held in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States. Prior to the opening of the Games, it was found that Salt Lake organisers had bribed several IOC members in order to be elected. This resulted in a change of the host city election procedures and several IOC members resigned or were punished. Again, the programme was expanded. Skeleton made its return on the Olympic podium after 54 years, while new events were added in biathlon, bobsleigh, cross-country skiing, Nordic combined and short track speed skating. Download high resolution version (700x1034, 126 KB)Caption: Salt Lake City, UT (Feb. ... Download high resolution version (700x1034, 126 KB)Caption: Salt Lake City, UT (Feb. ... The 2002 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIX Olympic Winter Games, and with the theme slogan Light The Fire Within, were celebrated in 2002 in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States. ... For ships of the United States Navy of the same name, see USS Salt Lake City. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The 2002 Winter Olympic bid scandal was a scandal involving allegations of bribery to obtain the 2002 Winter Olympic Games in Salt Lake City, Utah. ...


The Olympic Games in Salt Lake City were also the first Olympics since September 11, 2001, which meant Olympic games since then required a higher level of security to avoid any terrorist attack. During the opening ceremonies, Dr. Jacques Rogge, presiding over his first Olympics as IOC president, told the athletes of the host country that their nation was overcoming the "horrific tragedy" of that day and the IOC stands united with them in promoting the committee's ideals.[9] A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Count Jacques Rogge (born May 2, 1942) is a Belgian orthopaedic surgeon and has been the president of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) since 2001. ... The International Olympic Committee is an organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin on June 23 1894 to reinstate the Ancient Olympic Games held in Greece between 776 BC to 396 AD. Its membership is 202 National Olympic Committees. ...


The Salt Lake City Olympics had many stars. Ole Einar Bjørndalen won all four biathlon events, while Samppa Lajunen took all three Nordic combined medals. Croatia's Janica Kostelić won four medals in alpine skiing, of which three were gold. Simon Ammann won both individual ski jumping events, while Georg Hackl won his fifth consecutive medal in the same event (luge singles), a feat never before achieved by any Olympian. In speed skating, the high altitude of the skating rink assured several new world records. Jochem Uytdehaage broke three world records, winning two golds and a silver; Claudia Pechstein won the 5000 m for the third time in a row, while also winning the 3000 m. The women's short track speed skating events saw China win its first two Winter Olympic golds, both by Yang Yang (A). Canadians jubilated as both their men's and their women's hockey teams defeated the United States to win the gold; the men's team thus ended a gold medal drought that had lasted 50 years to the day. The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Samppa Lajunen (born April 23, 1979, in Turku). ... Janica Kostelić Janica Kostelić (born January 5, 1982 in Zagreb) is a female skier from Croatia and one of the best female skiers in the world. ... Simon Ammann (born June 25, 1981 in Grabs) is a Swiss ski jumper. ... Hackl at the World Wok Racing Championships 2005 Georg Hackl (born September 9, 1966 in Berchtesgaden) is a German luger and a three time Olympic and World Champion. ... Categories: Sports stubs | Dutch speed skaters ... Claudia Pechstein (born 22 February 1972 in East Berlin) is a German speed skater. ... Yang Yang (A) (Chinese: 楊揚; born 24 August 1976 in Harbin, China) is an Olympic short track speed skater. ... 2002 Winter Olympic Games Ice hockey games were held at the E Center and Peaks Ice Arena in Salt Lake City and Provo, Utah. ...


The United Kingdom won their first Winter Olympic gold medal since 1984; the ladies Curling team springing a surprise result by beating the highly favoured Swiss in the gold medal match.


The men's 1000 m short track event saw one of the unlikeliest results in sports history. Australian Steven Bradbury, who would have been eliminated in the quarterfinals but for the disqualification of Marc Gagnon, advanced to the final when three of the four other competitors in his semifinal crashed out on the final lap. In the final, Bradbury was fifth going into the final lap, when another collision left him the last man standing. Bradbury was able to avoid the pileup, becoming the first Winter Olympic gold medallist from the Southern Hemisphere. Many Australians saw this as a painfully humorous example of the country's struggle for competitiveness in winter sports, being that it took for all other competitors to crash for an Aussie to win. The phrase "to do a Bradbury" has since entered the Australian lexicon meaning to succeed through the failure of others. Alisa Camplin won Australia's second gold medal in freestyle skiing without the need for such incredible luck. Steven Bradbury OAM (born October 14, 1973 in Camden, Sydney) is a former Australian short track speed skater. ... Marc Gagnon (born May 24, 1975 in Chicoutimi, Quebec) is a Canadian short track speed skater. ... Alisa Camplin (born November 10, 1974 in Melbourne, Victoria) is an Australian aerial skier who won gold at the 2002 Winter Olympics. ... Freestyle skiing began in the 1930s, when Norwegian skiers began performing acrobatics during alpine and cross-country training. ...


A major scandal evolved around the pair figure skating contest. Canadians Jamie Salé and David Pelletier initially placed second. However, it was decided that a French jury member had favoured the winning Russian pair, and the IOC and the International Skating Union decided to award both pairs the gold medal, after much discussion. Combined with several other referee decisions that came out negatively for Russian athletes, there was a brief threat by the Russians of withdrawing from the Games. Jamie Salé (born April 21, 1977, in Calgary, Alberta) is a Canadian figure skater currently partnered with David Pelletier. ... David Pelletier (born November 22, 1974 in Sayabec, Québec) is a Canadian pairs figure skater, who is partnered with Jamie Salé. // Early career Pelletier achieved early success as a pairs skater with Julie Laporte. ...


The scandal also resulted in a change to the scoring system used for figure skating events. Previously each judge posted their mark and an average score was taken. The new regulations keep individual judges decisions secret. Also the highest and lowest scores for each competitor is dropped, in the hopes that this will eliminate any sort of bias by judges.

Neve and Gliz, the 2006 Olympics mascots, on display in Turin.

Cross-country skiers accounted for a second scandal, as Johann Mühlegg (Spain) and Olga Danilova and Larissa Lazutina (both Russia), who had already medalled in earlier events, were shown to have used doping. As of 2004 they had all been officially stripped of all medals won at the 2002 Games. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 285 KB) Summary Neve and Glitz skis, Atrium Torino in Sponsors Village, Turin, February 16 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 285 KB) Summary Neve and Glitz skis, Atrium Torino in Sponsors Village, Turin, February 16 2006. ... Neve and Gliz, the 2006 Olympics mascots, on display in Turin The 2006 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XX Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in Turin, Italy from February 10, 2006, through February 26, 2006. ... Misha Since the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France the Olympic Games have a mascot, usually an animal native to the area or occasionally human figures representing the cultural heritage. ... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ... Johann Mühlegg (born August 8, 1970) is a German-born top level cross-country skier who has competed in international competitions first representing Germany and then Spain, after becoming a Spanish citizen in 1999. ... Olga Danilova (born June 10, 1970) is an athlete who competes in nordic skiing events for Russia. ... Larisa Lazutina was an athlete that competed for Russia during several Winter Olympic Games. ...


The Italian city of Turin ("Torino" in Italian) hosted the 2006 Winter Olympics. It was the second time Italy hosted the Winter Olympic Games, after Cortina d'Ampezzo in 1956. The opening ceremonies for the Olympics were the last ones to be held outdoors for a Winter Olympics until the 2014 Winter Olympics because the ones for the 2010 Winter Olympics will be held indoors. To this date, Turin is the largest city ever to host a Winter Olympics. However, that will change when Vancouver hosts the 2010 Winter Olympics. For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ... Neve and Gliz, the 2006 Olympics mascots, on display in Turin The 2006 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XX Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in Turin, Italy from February 10, 2006, through February 26, 2006. ... The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXII Olympic Winter Games, is an international winter multiple sports event that will be celebrated from February 7 to February 23, 2014. ... Wikinews has related news: Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games, are the next winter Olympics and will take place in 2010 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... Wikinews has related news: Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games, are the next winter Olympics and will take place in 2010 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ...


The future

In a 2003 IOC vote, the 2010 Winter Olympics were awarded to Vancouver, thus allowing Canada to host its second Winter Olympics as well as being the first for the province of British Columbia. Vancouver will be the largest city to host a Winter Olympics, with a population of more than 2.4 million people in the greater Vancouver metropolitan area.[10] Wikinews has related news: Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games, are the next winter Olympics and will take place in 2010 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ...

Locations of the Winter Olympics
Locations of the Winter Olympics

The host city for 2014 was narrowed down to three cities, on June 22, 2006, and the final decision for the 2014 Winter Olympics was made on July 4, 2007 in Guatemala City when Sochi, Russia was elected as the host city over the other two finalists: Salzburg, Austria and PyeongChang, Republic of Korea. PyeongChang lost by four votes. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1265x629, 29 KB) // Summary English Locations of the Winter Olympics; Green = Countries that have hosted one winter olympics Blue = Countries that have hosted two or more winter olympics Black dots = cities that have hosted one winter olympics Orange dots = cities that... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1265x629, 29 KB) // Summary English Locations of the Winter Olympics; Green = Countries that have hosted one winter olympics Blue = Countries that have hosted two or more winter olympics Black dots = cities that have hosted one winter olympics Orange dots = cities that... The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXII Olympic Winter Games, is an international winter multiple sports event that will be celebrated from February 7 to February 23, 2014. ... Guatemala City (in full, La Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción; locally known as Guatemala or Guate) is the capital and largest city of the nation of Guatemala. ... Sochi (Russian: , IPA: [soʨɪ]) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai just north of the southern Russian border. ... This article is about the capital of the Austrian state of Salzburg. ... Pyeongchang County (Pyeongchang-gun) is a county in Gangwon Province, South Korea. ...


As evidenced by the growing audience worldwide and increasing rights fees, the Winter Olympic games are gaining in popularity within countries that do not have a strong winter sports tradition (such as Brazil or Mexico). As a result of its global appeal, it seems likely that international participation in the Winter Olympics will also increase.


Sports

Through the years, the number of sports and events conducted at the Winter Olympic Games has increased. Demonstration sports, in which contests were held but for which no medals were awarded, have also taken place. Archery competition at the Athens 2004 Summer Olympics. ... A demonstration sport is a sport which is played in order to promote itself, most commonly during the Olympic Games, but also at other sporting events. ...


Current sports

  • Alpine skiing was first included in 1936. The current programme features 10 events, with both men and women skiing the downhill, super G, giant slalom, slalom and combined events.
  • Biathlon was first included in 1960, although the very similar military patrol was contested in 1924. Only a single individual event for men was included in 1960, but events have been added over the years. Women first participated in 1992. At present there are 5 events, conducted by both men and women: the sprint (10 km (men) /7.5 km (women)), the individual (20 km (men) /15 km (women)), the pursuit (12.5 km (men) /10 km (women)), the relay (4 x 7.5 km) and the mass start (15 km (men) /12.5 km (women)).
  • Bobsleigh has been included since 1924, although it was not held in 1960. The four-man event has been held since 1924, the two-man event was added in 1932. Women didn't compete until 2002, when the two-woman race was included.
  • Cross-country skiing has always been on the Olympic programme. The number of events has steadily grown over the years, being 12 in 2006: sprint, team sprint, pursuit (30 km for men, 15 km for women), 10 km (women), 15 km (men), 30 km (women), 50 km (men), relay (4 x 10 km (men), 4 x 5 km (women)).
  • Curling was on the programme in 1924, but disappeared afterwards. It was demonstrated in 1932, 1988 and 1992, to be officially included in 1998. Since then, separate tournaments for men and women have been held.
  • Figure skating was the first winter sport to be included in the Olympics, appearing in the programme of the Summer Olympics in 1908 and 1920. The single events for men and women, and the pairs contest have been on the programme since 1908, ice dancing was first included in 1976. The special figures event for men was only conducted in 1908.
  • Freestyle skiing was first demonstrated in three disciplines in 1988. The moguls event became Olympic in 1992, while ballet and aerials remained a demonstration event. The aerials also received official status in 1994. Both events are held for men and women.
  • Ice hockey was already held at the 1920 Summer Olympics, and has been played in every celebration of the Winter Games. A women's tournament was first conducted in 1998.
  • Luge first entered the Olympic programme in 1964, and the three events conducted then are still unchanged. It included a singles event for both men and women, and a doubles event. The latter is technically open for both men and women, but in practice, only men compete.
  • Nordic combined, a combination of ski jumping and cross-country skiing, has been Olympic since 1924. Until 1988, when a team event was added, there was only an individual event. A third event, the sprint, made its debut in 2002. Only men compete in this sport.
  • Short track speed skating was a demonstration sport in 1988, and was included as a full sport four years later. The programme was expanded from 4 in 1992 to 8 in 2002. The events are the same for both men and women: 500 m, 1000 m, 1500 m and the relay (5000 m (men) /3000 m (women)).
  • Skeleton was included in both Olympics held in St. Moritz (1928 and 1948), the birthplace of the sport. It was not held again until it was included again in 2002, with individual events for both men and women.
  • Ski jumping has been an Olympic sport since 1924, with the large hill event contested. A second event (normal hill) was introduced in 1964, and a team event followed in 1988. To date, this sport is only contested by men in the Olympics.
  • Snowboarding was first contested at the 1998 Olympics, with giant slalom and halfpipe events for both genders. The giant slalom was replaced by a parallel giant slalom for 2002, and in 2006, the snowboard cross event was added.
  • Speed skating has been on the programme since 1924. Women's events were not included until 1960, although they were demonstrated in 1932 and had been on the preliminary programme for 1940. Current events are the 500 m, 1000 m, 1500 m, 3000 m (women only), 5000 m and 10000 m (men only). The all-round competition was only contested in 1924. The team pursuit event made its debut in 2006.

Alpine skiing has been contested at every Winter Olympics since the 1936 Winter Games in Garmisch and Partenkirchen, Germany. ... The downhill is an alpine skiing discipline. ... The Super Giant Slalom is an alpine skiing discipline. ... The Giant Slalom is an alpine skiing discipline. ... Slalom from the Morgedal dialect of Norwegian slalåm: sla, meaning slightly inclining hillside, and låm, meaning track after skis. ... Combined is an alpine skiing discipline. ... Biathlon debuted at the 1960 Winter Olympics in Squaw Valley with the Mens 20km Individual event. ... Bobsleigh has been contested at the Winter Olympics since the first Winter Games in 1924, with the exception of the 1960 games in Squaw Valley when the organizing committee decided not to build a track in order to reduce expenses. ... Image File history File links Cross_country_skiing_2006. ... ... Curling has been an official Winter Olympic sport since the 1998 games in Nagano. ... These are the Olympic medalists in figure skating. ... Ice dancers Albena Denkova and Maxim Staviski. ... Freestyle skiing has been contested at the Winter Olympics since the 1992 Winter Games in Albertville. ... Ice hockey tournaments have been competed at the Olympic Games since the 1920 Summer Olympics. ... The 1920 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the VII Olympiad, were held in 1920 in Antwerp, Belgium. ... Luge was introduced to the Winter Olympics program at the 1964 games, with both mens and womens events and a doubles event. ... The Nordic combined has been contested at the Winter Olympics since 1924. ... Short track speed skating has been contested at the Winter Olympics since the 1992 Winter Games in Albertville, France. ... Skeleton was part of the Winter Olympics program when the games were held in St. ... Ski jumping has been included in the program of every Winter Olympic Games. ... Snowboarding has been contested at every Winter Olympics since the 1998 Winter Games in Nagano, Japan. ... Speed skating has been featured as a sport in the Winter Olympics since 1924. ...

Discontinued sports or disciplines

The name biathlon is commonly confused with duathlon, the term used to describe any sporting event made up of two disciplines. ... Several biathletes in the shooting area of a competition Biathlon (not to be confused with duathlon) is a term used to describe any sporting event made up of two disciplines. ... Special figures were a former component of figure skating in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ... At the 1908 Summer Olympics, four figure skating events were contested, and winter sports were introduced for the very first time. ...

Demonstration events

A demonstration sport is a sport which is played in order to promote itself, most commonly during the Olympic Games, but also at other sporting events. ... Look up bandy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Ice stock sport (also known as German Curling) is a winter sport, somewhat similar to curling. ... The 1988 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XV Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in Calgary, Alberta, Canada and opened by Governor General Jeanne Sauvé. The Olympics were highly successful financially as they brought in million-dollar profits. ... The 1992 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVI Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in 1992 in Albertville, France. ... The International Ski Federation/Fédération Internationale de Ski (FIS) is the main international organisation of ski sports. ... Skijoring is a winter dog-powered sport popularized in North America and derived from the Scandinavian sport of pulka. ... A sled dog race was included as a demonstration event at the 1932 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid. ... Speed skiing is the sport of skiing downhill in a straight line as fast as possible. ... The Winter Pentathlon was a demonstration sports in the 1948 Winter Olympics in St. ... Competitors in the final round of the Mens Modern Pentathlon pull for the finish line at the Goudi Sports Complex on August 26, 2004. ... Cross-country skiing (aka XC skiing) is an adventure and fitness activity as well as a competitive winter sport popular in many countries with large snowfields, primarily in Europe and Canada. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The downhill is an alpine skiing discipline. ... Fencing advertisement for the 1900 Summer Olympic Games This article is about the sport, which is distinguished from stage fencing and academic fencing (mensur). ... Equestrianism made its Summer Olympics debut at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, France. ...

List of Winter Olympic Games

Year Games Location
1924 I Olympic Winter Games Flag of France Chamonix, France
1928 II Olympic Winter Games Flag of Switzerland St. Moritz, Switzerland
1932 III Olympic Winter Games Flag of the United States Lake Placid, New York, United States
1936 IV Olympic Winter Games Flag of Germany Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
1948 V Olympic Winter Games Flag of Switzerland St. Moritz, Switzerland
1952 VI Olympic Winter Games Flag of Norway Oslo, Norway
1956 VII Olympic Winter Games Flag of Italy Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy
1960 VIII Olympic Winter Games Flag of the United States Squaw Valley, California, United States
1964 IX Olympic Winter Games Flag of Austria Innsbruck, Austria
1968 X Olympic Winter Games Flag of France Grenoble, France
1972 XI Olympic Winter Games Flag of Japan Sapporo, Japan
1976 XII Olympic Winter Games Flag of Austria Innsbruck, Austria
1980 XIII Olympic Winter Games Flag of the United States Lake Placid, New York, United States
1984 XIV Olympic Winter Games Flag of Yugoslavia Sarajevo, Yugoslavia
1988 XV Olympic Winter Games Flag of Canada Calgary, Alberta, Canada
1992 XVI Olympic Winter Games Flag of France Albertville, France
1994 XVII Olympic Winter Games Flag of Norway Lillehammer, Norway
1998 XVIII Olympic Winter Games Flag of Japan Nagano, Japan
2002 XIX Olympic Winter Games Flag of the United States Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
2006 XX Olympic Winter Games Flag of Italy Turin, Italy
2010 XXI Olympic Winter Games Flag of Canada Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
2014 XXII Olympic Winter Games Flag of Russia Sochi, Russia

The 1924 Winter Olympics, officially known as the I Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in 1924 in Chamonix, France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Panorama of Chamonix valley Chamonix-Mont-Blanc or, more commonly, Chamonix is a town and commune in eastern France, in the Haute-Savoie département, at the foot of Mont Blanc. ... The II Olympic Winter Games were held in 1928 in Sankt-Moritz, Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... St. ... The 1932 Winter Olympics, officially known as the III Olympic Winter Games, were held in 1932 in Lake Placid, New York, United States. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ... For other places with the same name, see Lake Placid (disambiguation). ... The 1936 Winter Olympics, officially known as the IV Olympic Winter Games, were held in 1936 in the villages of Garmisch and Partenkirchen in Bavaria, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... Garmisch-Partenkirchen (29,875 inhabitants; 01-01-2004) is a market town, and the administrative centre of the district of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, in the Oberbayern region of Bavaria, Germany, near the border with Austria. ... The V Olympic Winter Games were held in St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... St. ... The VI Olympic Winter Games were held in 1952 in Oslo, Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... This article is about the capital of Norway. ... The VII Olympic Winter Games were held in 1956 in Cortina dAmpezzo, Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Cortina dAmpezzo is a town and municipality in the province of Belluno, Veneto, northern Italy. ... Sign outside Olympic Village at Squaw Valley The 1960 Winter Olympics, officially known as the VIII Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in 1960 in Squaw Valley, California, United States (located in the Lake Tahoe basin). ... Image File history File links US_flag_49_stars. ... Lake Tahoe from Squaw Valley. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The 1964 Winter Olympics, officially known as the IX Olympic Winter Games, were held in 1964 in Innsbruck, Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Innsbruck is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the federal state of Tyrol. ... The 1968 Winter Olympics, officially known as the X Olympic Winter Games, were held in 1968 Grenoble, France and opened on February 6. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Grenoble (Arpitan: Grenoblo) is a city and commune in south-east France situated at the foot of the Alps where the Drac joins the Isère River. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Sapporo redirects here. ... The 1976 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XII Olympic Winter Games, were held in 1976 in Innsbruck, Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Innsbruck is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the federal state of Tyrol. ... The 1980 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIII Olympic Winter Games, were held in 1980 in Lake Placid, New York, United States of America. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other places with the same name, see Lake Placid (disambiguation). ... The 1984 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIV Olympic Winter Games, were held in 1984 in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yugoslavia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_SFR_Yugoslavia. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Entity Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... Motto Brotherhood and Unity Anthem Hey, Slavs Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian (spoken throughout the territory), Slovenian, Macedonian, Albanian, Hungarian (all official), and languages of other nationalities. ... The 1988 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XV Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in Calgary, Alberta, Canada and opened by Governor General Jeanne Sauvé. The Olympics were highly successful financially as they brought in million-dollar profits. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the Canadian city. ... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... The 1992 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVI Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in 1992 in Albertville, France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Albertville is a town and commune in southeast France, in the Savoie département, in the French Alps. ... The 1994 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVII Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in 1994 in Lillehammer, Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... County Oppland District Gudbrandsdal Municipality NO-0501 Administrative centre Lillehammer Mayor (2005) Synnøve Brenden Klemetrud (Ap) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 211 477 km² 450 km² 0. ... The 1998 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVIII Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in 1998 in Nagano, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Categories: Host cities of the Winter Olympic Games | Cities in Nagano Prefecture | Japan geography stubs ... The 2002 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIX Olympic Winter Games, and with the theme slogan Light The Fire Within, were celebrated in 2002 in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is Salt Lake Citys top tourist draw. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Neve and Gliz, the 2006 Olympics mascots, on display in Turin The 2006 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XX Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in Turin, Italy from February 10, 2006, through February 26, 2006. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ... Wikinews has related news: Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games, are the next winter Olympics and will take place in 2010 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXII Olympic Winter Games, is an international winter multiple sports event that will be celebrated from February 7 to February 23, 2014. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Sochi (Russian: , IPA: [soʨɪ]) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai just north of the southern Russian border. ...

See also

Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Both the Summer Olympic Games and Winter Olympic Games have been marred by various incidents and scandals. ... The Summer Olympic Games are an international multi-sport event held every four years, organised by the International Olympic Committee. ... Silver 2004 The Paralympic Games are a multi-sport event for athletes with physical, mental and sensorial disabilities. ... A winter sport is a sport commonly played during winter, usually a sport played on snow or ice. ... An all-time medal count for all Olympic Games from 1896 to 2006, including Summer Olympic Games, Winter Olympic Games and a combined total of both, is tabulated below. ... Although traditionally associated with northern nations, the Winter Olympics has also had a number of teams from warm/tropical countries competing. ...

Bibliography

Internet sources

  1. ^ a b c Butler, Allen. "The International Winter Sports Week: A Look at the First Winter Olympic Games, 1924", Associated Content, 2006-01-25. Retrieved on 2006-05-31. 
  2. ^ Ist Olympic Winter Games (British English). Olympic Games. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved on 2006-05-06.
  3. ^ IV Olympic Winter Games (British English). Olympic Games. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved on 2006-05-06.
  4. ^ The Winter Olympics. Ralph Hickok (2004-11-25). Retrieved on 2006-05-31.
  5. ^ 1964 Olympics. Infoplease. Retrieved on 2006-05-31.
  6. ^ Winter Olympic Games Grenoble 1968. [kiat.net]. Retrieved on 2006-05-31.
  7. ^ History and Mission of the Medical Commission. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved on 2006-05-31.
  8. ^ Winter Olympic Games Innsbruck 1976. [kiat.net]. Retrieved on 2006-05-31.
  9. ^ Remarks of the IOC President, XIX Olympic Winter Games (PDF). International Olympic Committee. Retrieved on 2006-05-31.
  10. ^ Canadian Statistics -- Population by selected ethnic origins, by census metropolitan areas (2001 Census). StatCan (2005-01-25). Retrieved on 2006-05-31.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Book sources

  1. Kluge, Volker. Olympische Winterspiele - Die Chronik (in German). Sport publishing house. 3328008314. 
  2. Wallechinsky, David; Loucky, Jaime (2005-11-25). The Complete Book of the Winter Olympics. SportClassic Books. 1894963458. 

David Wallechinsky (born 5 February 1948) is an Olympic historian, who worked as commentator for NBC Olympic coverage and is the author of many Olympic reference books and other reference books. ...

External links

Olympic Games
v  d  e
SportsMedal countsNOCs
MedalistsSymbols
Summer Games: 1896, 1900, 1904, 19061, 1908, 1912, (1916)2, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940)2, (1944)2,3, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024, 2028
Winter Games: 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940)2, (1944)2, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018, 2022
Summer Youth Games: 2010
Winter Youth Games: 2012
Athens 2004Turin 2006Beijing 2008Vancouver 2010London 2012Sochi 2014

  Results from FactBites:
 
Winter Olympic Games at AllExperts (4484 words)
Fewer nations participate in the Winter Olympics than the Summer Olympics; the most obvious reason for this is sheer geography, as most of the countries near the equator have no access to winter sport training facilities.
The 1940 Winter Olympics had originally been awarded to Japan, and were supposed to be held in Sapporo, but Japan had to give the Games back in 1938, because of the Japanese invasion of China in the Sino-Japanese War.
Jacques Rogge, presiding over his first Olympics as IOC president, told the athletes of the host country that their nation was overcoming the "horrific tragedy" of that day and the IOC stands united with them in promoting the committee's ideals.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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