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Encyclopedia > Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008
(Part of the Microsoft Windows family)
Screenshot

Screenshot of Windows Server 2008 (Build 6001)
Developer
Microsoft
Web site: www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2008/
Release information
Release date: February 27, 2008 info
Current version:  6.0 (Build 6001), February 27, 2008 info
Source model: Closed source / Shared source
License: Microsoft EULA
Kernel type: Hybrid kernel
Support status
Current
Further reading

Windows Server 2008 is the most recent release of Microsoft Windows's server line of operating systems. Released on February 27, 2008, it is the successor to Windows Server 2003, released nearly five years earlier. Like Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008 is built on the Windows NT 6.0 kernel. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Windows redirects here. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... The text below is generated by a template, which has been proposed for deletion. ... Shared source is Microsoft’s framework for sharing computer program source code with individuals and organizations. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... A software license is a type of proprietary or gratiuitious license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software — sometimes called an End User License Agreement (EULA) — that specifies the perimeters of the permission granted by the owner to the user. ... A kernel connects the application software to the hardware of a computer. ... Graphical overview of a hybrid kernel Hybrid kernel is a kernel architecture based on combining aspects of microkernel and monolithic kernel architectures used in computer operating systems. ... Windows Vista (formerly codenamed Longhorn) has many significant new features compared with previous Microsoft Windows versions, covering most aspects of the operating system. ... Development of Windows Vista occurred over the span of five and a half years, starting in earnest in May 2001,[1] prior to the release of Microsofts Windows XP operating system, and continuing until November 2006. ... Windows redirects here. ... In information technology, a server is an application or device that performs services for connected clients as part of a client-server architecture. ... An operating system (OS) is a software that manages computer resources and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Windows Server 2003 is a server operating system produced by Microsoft. ... Windows Vista is a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... Windows NT (New Technology) is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993. ... It has been suggested that Microkernel be merged into this article or section. ...

Contents

History

It was known as Windows Server Codename "Longhorn" until May 16, 2007, when Microsoft chairman Bill Gates announced its official title (Windows Server 2008) during his keynote address at WinHEC.[1] is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... For other persons named Bill Gates, see Bill Gates (disambiguation). ... The Windows Hardware Engineering Conference (WinHEC) is the annual conference where Microsoft sets out its hardware plans for Microsoft Windows-compatible PCs. ...


Beta 1 was released on July 27, 2005, Beta 2 was announced and released on May 23, 2006 at WinHEC 2006 and Beta 3 was released publicly on April 25, 2007.[2] Release Candidate 0 was released to the general public on September 24, 2007[3] and Release Candidate 1 was released to the general public on December 5, 2007. Windows Server 2008 was released to manufacturing on February 4, 2008 and officially launched on February 27, 2008.[4] is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Windows Hardware Engineering Conference (WinHEC) is the annual conference where Microsoft sets out its hardware plans for Microsoft Windows-compatible PCs. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


Features

See also: Features new to Windows Vista

Windows Server 2008 is built from the same code base as Windows Vista; therefore, it shares much of the same architecture and functionality. Since the code base is common, it automatically comes with most of the technical, security, management and administrative features new to Windows Vista such as the rewritten networking stack (native IPv6, native wireless, speed and security improvements); improved image-based installation, deployment and recovery; improved diagnostics, monitoring, event logging and reporting tools; new security features such as Bitlocker and ASLR; improved Windows Firewall with secure default configuration; .NET Framework 3.0 technologies, specifically Windows Communication Foundation, Microsoft Message Queuing and Windows Workflow Foundation; and the core kernel, memory and file system improvements. Processors and memory devices are modelled as Plug and Play devices, to allow hot-plugging of these devices. This allows the system resources to be partitioned dynamically using Dynamic Hardware Partitioning; each partition having its own memory, processor and I/O host bridge devices independent of other partitions.[5] Windows Vista (formerly codenamed Longhorn) has many significant new features compared with previous Microsoft Windows versions, covering most aspects of the operating system. ... Windows Vista (formerly codenamed Windows Longhorn) has many significant new features compared with previous Microsoft Windows versions, covering most aspects of the operating system. ... There are a number of security and safety features new to Windows Vista, most of which are not available in any prior Microsoft Windows operating system release. ... Windows Vista contains a range of new technologies and features that are intended to help network administrators and power users better manage their systems. ... Windows Vista (formerly codenamed Longhorn) has many significant new features compared with previous Microsoft Windows versions, covering most aspects of the operating system. ... Windows Vista contains a brand new networking stack, which brings large improvements in all areas of network-related functionality[1]. It includes native implementation of IPv6, as well as complete overhaul of IPv4. ... Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is a network layer for packet-switched internetworks. ... The Windows Imaging Format (WIM) is a file-based disk image format. ... There are a number of security and safety features new to Windows Vista, most of which are not available in any prior Microsoft Windows operating system release. ... BitLocker Drive Encryption is a data protection feature integrated into Microsofts Windows Vista operating system that provides encryption for the entire OS volume. ... Address space layout randomization (ASLR) is a computer security technique which involves arranging the positions of key data areas, usually including the base of the executable and position of libraries, heap, and stack, randomly in a process address space. ... Windows Firewall icon in Windows Vista Windows Firewall is a personal firewall, included with Microsofts Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Vista operating systems. ... .NET Framework 3. ... This subsystem is a part of . ... Microsoft Message Queuing or MSMQ is a technology developed by Microsoft and deployed in its Windows Server operating systems since Windows NT 4 and Windows 95. ... This subsystem is a part of . ... For the specific branded ISA add-on technology marketed by Intel and Microsoft, see Plug-And-Play. ... Hot swapping or hot plugging is the ability to remove and replace components of a machine, usually a computer, while it is operating. ...


Server Core

Windows Server 2008 includes a variation of installation called a Server Core. Server Core is a significantly scaled-back installation where no Windows Explorer shell is installed. All configuration and maintenance is done entirely through command line interface windows, or by connecting to the machine remotely using Microsoft Management Console. However, Notepad and some control panel applets, such as Regional Settings, are available. Windows Explorer running on Windows Vista Windows Explorer running on Windows XP Windows Explorer is an application that is part of modern versions of the Microsoft Windows operating system that provides a graphical user interface for accessing the file systems. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... MMC on Windows Server 2003, running Computer Management snap-in The Microsoft Management Console (MMC) is a component of modern Microsoft Windows operating systems that provides system administrators and advanced users with a flexible interface through which they may configure and monitor the system. ...


Server Core also does not include the .NET Framework, Internet Explorer or many other features not related to core server features. A Server Core machine can be configured for several basic roles: Domain controller/Active Directory Domain Services, ADLDS (ADAM), DNS Server, DHCP Server, file server, print server, Windows Media Server, IIS 7 web server and Hyper-V virtual server. This last role is projected to be available at most 180 days after release of Windows Server 2008, a beta version was shipped with the released product. The Microsoft . ... Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... On Windows Server Systems, the domain controller (DC) is the server that responds to security authentication requests (logging in, checking permissions, etc. ... Typically Active Directory is managed using the graphical Microsoft Management Console. ... The Domain Name System or DNS is a system that stores information about host names and domain names in a kind of distributed database on networks, such as the Internet. ... DHCP redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A print serveris a host computer or device to which one or more printers are connected and which accepts print jobs from external client computers. ... Windows Media Services (WMS) is a software component of Microsoft Windows Server that allows an administrator to generate streaming media (audio/video). ... Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS, formerly called Internet Information Server) is a set of Internet-based services for servers using Microsoft Windows. ... The inside/front of a Dell PowerEdge web server The term Web server can mean one of two things: A computer program that is responsible for accepting HTTP requests from clients, which are known as Web browsers, and serving them HTTP responses along with optional data contents, which usually are...


Active Directory roles

Active Directory is expanded with identity, certificate and rights management services. Active Directory until Windows Server 2003 allowed network administrators to centrally manage connected computers, to set policies for groups of users, and to centrally deploy new applications to multiple computers. This role of Active Directory is being renamed as Active Directory Domain Services (ADDS).[6] A number of other additional services are being introduced, including Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS), Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (ADLDS), (formerly Active Directory Application Mode, or ADAM), Active Directory Certificate Services (ADCS), and Active Directory Rights Management Services (ADRMS). Identity and certificate services allow administrators to manage user accounts and the digital certificates that allow them to access certain services and systems. Federation management services enable enterprises to share credentials with trusted partners and customers, allowing a consultant to use his company user name and password to log in on a client's network. Identity Integration Feature Pack is included as Active Directory Metadirectory Services. Each of these services represents a server role. Typically Active Directory is managed using the graphical Microsoft Management Console. ... In computer science, identity management is the management of the identity life cycle of entities (subjects or objects) during which: (1a) the identity is established: a name (or number) is connected to the subject or object; (1b) the identity is re-established: a new or addtional name (or number) is... Digital rights management (DRM) is an umbrella term that refers to access control technologies used by publishers and copyright holders to limit usage of digital media or devices. ... Typically Active Directory is managed using the graphical Microsoft Management Console. ... Windows Rights Management Services (RMS) is a Microsoft Windows technology included in Windows Server 2003 and Windows Vista that is a form of digital rights management for corporate email, documents, and intranet web pages. ... In cryptography, a public key certificate (or identity certificate) is an electronic document which incorporates a digital signature to bind together a public key with an identity — information such as the name of a person or an organization, their address, and so forth. ...


Terminal Services

Windows Server 2008 features major upgrades to Terminal Services. Terminal Services now supports Remote Desktop Protocol 6.0. The most notable improvement is the ability to share a single application over a Remote Desktop connection, instead of the entire desktop. This feature is called Terminal Services Remote Programs. Other features new to Terminal Services include Terminal Services Gateway and Terminal Services Web Access (full web interface). With Terminal Services Gateway, authorized computers are able to connect securely to a Terminal Server or Remote Desktop from the Internet using RDP via HTTPS without implementing a VPN session first. Additional ports do not need to be opened in the firewall, RDP is tunneled through HTTPS. Terminal Services Web Access enables administrators to provide access to the Terminal Services Sessions via a Web interface. TS Web Access comes with an adjustable Webpart for IIS and Sharepoint, which advertises the possible applications and connections to the user. Using TS Gateway and TS Remote Programs, the whole communication is via HTTP(S) and the remote applications appear transparent to the user as if they are running locally. Multiple applications run in the same session to ensure that there is no need for additional licenses per user. Terminal Services Easy Print does not require administrators to install any printer drivers on the server, but guarantees successful client printer redirection and availability of all printer UI and properties for use in remote sessions. Terminal Services sessions are created in parallel, instead of a serial operation - the new session model can initiate at least four sessions in parallel, or more if a server has more than four processors. Terminal Services is a component of Microsoft Windows (both server and client versions) that allows a user to access applications and data stored on a remote computer over a network. ... Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) is a multi-channel protocol that allows a user to connect to a computer running Microsoft Terminal Services. ... https (Hypertext Transfer Protocol over Secure Socket Layer) is a URI scheme used to indicate a secure HTTP connection. ... VPN redirects here. ... SharePoint - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Windows PowerShell

Screenshot of a sample Windows PowerShell session.
Main article: Windows PowerShell

Windows Server 2008 is the first Windows operating system to ship with Windows PowerShell, Microsoft's new extensible command line shell and task-based scripting technology.[7] PowerShell is based on object-oriented programming and version 2.0 of the Microsoft .NET Framework and includes more than 120 system administration utilities, consistent syntax and naming conventions, and built-in capabilities to work with common management data such as the Windows Registry, certificate store, or Windows Management Instrumentation. PowerShell's scripting language was specifically designed for IT administration, and can be used in place of cmd.exe and Windows Script Host. Windows PowerShell is an administration focused extensible command line interface (CLI) shell and scripting language product developed by Microsoft. ... Windows PowerShell is an administration focused extensible command line interface (CLI) shell and scripting language product developed by Microsoft. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Command line interface. ... Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm that uses objects and their interactions to design applications and computer programs. ... The Microsoft . ... The Windows registry is a directory which stores settings and options for the operating system for Microsoft Windows 32-bit versions, 64-bit versions and Windows Mobile. ... Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) is a set of extensions to the Windows Driver Model that provides an operating system interface through which instrumented components provide information and notification. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Microsoft Windows Script Host (originally called Windows Scripting Host, but renamed for the second release) is distributed and installed by default on Windows 98 and later versions of Microsoft Windows. ...


Self-healing NTFS

In previous Windows versions, if the operating system detected corruption in the file system of an NTFS volume, it marked the volume "dirty"; to correct errors on the volume, it had to be taken offline. With self-healing NTFS, an NTFS worker thread is spawned in the background which performs a localized fix-up of damaged data structures, with only the corrupted files/folders remaining unavailable without locking out the entire volume and needing the server to be taken down.[8] For library and office filing systems, see Library classification. ... NTFS is the standard file system of Windows NT, including its later versions Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Vista. ...


Hyper-V

Hyper-V architecture
Main article: Hyper-V

Hyper-V is a hypervisor-based virtualization system, forming a core part of Microsoft's virtualization strategy. It virtualizes servers on an operating system's kernel layer. It can be thought of as partitioning a single physical server into multiple small computational partitions. Hyper-V will include the ability to act as a Xen virtualization hypervisor host allowing Xen-enabled guest operating systems to run virtualized. Hyper-V is not currently part of Windows Server 2008, but will ship within 180 days after Windows Server 2008 is released, as both a standalone product and as part of special "with Hyper-V" editions of Windows Server 2008. Both will only support the x86-64 architecture.[9] In computing, a hypervisor (also: virtual machine monitor) is a virtualization platform that allows multiple operating systems to run on a host computer at the same time. ... In computing, virtualization is a broad term that refers to the abstraction of computer resources. ... A kernel connects the application software to the hardware of a computer. ... Xen is a free virtual machine monitor for IA-32, x86-64, IA-64 and PowerPC architectures. ... In computing, virtualization is a broad term that refers to the abstraction of computer resources. ... In computing, a hypervisor (also: virtual machine monitor) is a virtualization platform that allows multiple operating systems to run on a host computer at the same time. ... The AMD64 or x86-64 is a 64-bit processor architecture invented by AMD. It is a superset of the x86 architecture, which it natively supports. ...


Windows System Resource Manager

Windows System Resource Manager (WSRM) is being integrated into Windows Server 2008. It provides resource management and can be used to control how much resources a process or a user can use based on business priorities. Process Matching Criteria, which is defined by the name, type or owner of the process, enforces restrictions on the resource usage by a process that matches the criteria. CPU time, bandwidth that it can use, number of processors it can be run on, and memory allocated to a process can be restricted. Restrictions can be set to be imposed only on certain dates as well. Windows System Resource Manager (WSRM) is a component of Microsofts Windows Server 2008 operating systems that provides resource management and enables the allocation of resources, including processor and memory resources, among multiple applications based on business priorities. ... In computing, a process is an instance of a computer program that is being executed. ...


Server Manager

Server Manager is a new roles-based management tool for Windows Server 2008[10]. It is a combination of Manage Your Server and Security Configuration Wizard from Windows Server 2003. Server Manager is an improvement of the Configure my server dialog that launches by default on Windows Server 2003 machines. However, rather than serve only as a starting point to configuring new roles, Server Manager gathers together all of the operations users would want to conduct on the server, such as, getting a remote deployment method set up, adding more server roles etc and provides a consolidated, portal-like view about the status of each role.


It is not currently possible to use the Server Manager remotely, but a client version is planned.


Other features

Other new or enhanced features include:


Core OS improvements
  • Fully multi-componentized operating system.
  • Improved hot patching, a feature that allows non-kernel patches to occur without the need for a reboot.
  • Support for being booted from Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI)-compliant firmware on x86-64 systems.
  • Dynamic Hardware Partitioning
    • Support for the hot-addition of processors and memory, on capable hardware.
    • Support for the hot-replacement of processors and memory, on capable hardware.

A hot patch is a patch that can be applied to a running program such as a server, an operating system, or another long-running application, without the need to shut down and restart the program thats being fixed in the process. ... The workings of the Extensible Firmware Interface The Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI) is a software interface between an operating system and platform firmware. ... The AMD64 or x86-64 is a 64-bit processor architecture invented by AMD. It is a superset of the x86 architecture, which it natively supports. ...

Active Directory improvements
  • A new "Read-Only Domain Controller" operation mode in Active Directory, intended for use in branch office scenarios where a domain controller may reside in a low physical security environment. The RODC holds a non-writeable copy of Active Directory, and redirects all write attempts to a Full Domain Controller. It replicates all accounts except sensitive ones. In RODC mode, credentials are not cached by default. Moreover, only the Domain Controller running the PDC-Emulator needs to run Windows Server 2008. Also, local administrators can log on to the machine to perform maintenance tasks without requiring administrative rights on the domain.
  • Restartable Active Directory allows ADDS to be stopped and restarted from the Management Console or the command-line without rebooting the domain controller. This reduces downtime for offline operations and reduces overall DC servicing requirements with Server Core. ADDS is implemented as a Domain Controller Service in Windows Server 2008.

On Windows Server Systems, the domain controller (DC) is the server that responds to security authentication requests (logging in, checking permissions, etc. ... A Primary Domain Controller (PDC) is a server computer in a pre-Windows 2000 NT server Domain. ... Typically Active Directory is managed using the graphical Microsoft Management Console. ...

Policy related improvements
  • All of the Group Policy improvements from Windows Vista. Group Policy Management Console (GPMC) is built-in. The Group Policy objects are indexed for search and can be commented on.[11]
  • Policy-based networking with Network Access Protection, improved branch management and enhanced end user collaboration. Policies can be created to ensure greater Quality of Service for certain applications or services that require prioritization of network bandwidth between client and server.
  • Granular password settings within a single domain - ability to implement different password policies for administrative accounts on a "group" and "user" basis, instead of a single set of password settings to the whole domain.

Local Group Policy Editor in Windows XP Media Center Edition Group policy is a feature of Microsoft Windows NT family of operating systems that provides centralized management and configuration of computers and remote users in an Active Directory environment. ... Windows Vista contains a range of new technologies and features that are intended to help network administrators and power users better manage their systems. ... Network Access Protection (NAP) is a Microsoft technology for controlling network access of a computer host based on the system health of the host, first utilized in Windows XP Service Pack 3, Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008. ... In the fields of packet-switched networks and computer networking, the traffic engineering term Quality of Service, abbreviated QoS, refers to resource reservation control mechanisms. ...

Disk management and file storage improvements
  • The ability to resize hard disk partitions without stopping the server, even the system partition. This applies only to simple and spanned volumes, not to striped volumes.
  • Shadow Copy based block-level backup which supports optical media, network shares and Windows Recovery Environment.
  • DFS enhancements - SYSVOL on DFS-R, Read-only Folder Replication Member. There is also support for domain-based DFS namespaces that exceed the previous size recommendation of 5,000 folders with targets in a namespace. [12]
  • Several improvements to failover clusters (High-availability clusters).[13]
  • Internet Storage Naming Server (iSNS) enables central registration, deregistration and queries for iSCSI hard drives.

Shadow Copy in Windows Vista Shadow Copy (also called Volume Snapshot Service or VSS) is a feature in recent versions of Microsoft Windows that allows taking manual or automatic backup copies or snapshots of a file or folder on a specific volume at a specific point in time. ... Windows Vistas System Recovery menu Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE) is a set of tools included in the Windows Vista operating system to help diagnose and recover from serious errors which may be preventing Windows from booting successfully. ... The Microsoft Distributed File System, or DFS, is a set of client and server services that allow a large enterprise to organize many distributed SMB file shares into a distributed file system. ... Microsoft Cluster Server (MSCS) is software designed to allow servers to work together as one machine, to provide failover and increased availability of applications, or parallel calculating power in case of high-performance computing (HPC) clusters (as in supercomputing). ... High-availability clusters (also known as HA Clusters) are computer clusters that are implemented primarily for the purpose of improving the availability of services which the cluster provides. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... In computing, iSCSI (for Internet SCSI) is a protocol that allows clients (called initiators) to send SCSI commands (CDBs) to SCSI storage devices (targets) on remote servers. ...

Protocol and cryptography improvements

In cryptography, the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), also known as Rijndael, is a block cipher adopted as an encryption standard by the U.S. government. ... Kerberos is the name of a computer network authentication protocol, which allows individuals communicating over a non-secure network to prove their identity to one another in a secure manner. ... The German Lorenz cipher machine, used in World War II for encryption of very high-level general staff messages Cryptography (or cryptology; derived from Greek κρυπτός kryptós hidden, and the verb γράφω gráfo write or λεγειν legein to speak) is the study of message secrecy. ... Elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) is an approach to public-key cryptography based on the algebraic structure of elliptic curves over finite fields. ... Secure Socket Tunneling Protocol (SSTP) is a form of VPN tunnel that provides a mechanism to encapsulate the PPP traffic over SSL channel of HTTPS protocol. ... Proprietary indicates that a party, or proprietor, exercises private ownership, control or use over an item of property, usually to the exclusion of other parties. ... A Virtual Private Network, or VPN, is a private communications network usually used within a company, or by several different companies or organizations, communicating over a public network. ... AuthIP is a Microsoft proprietary extension of the IKE cryptographic protocol. ... IKE or Ike can refer to: Internet key exchange, a key agreement protocol Dwight D. Eisenhower, popularly known as Ike Chicagos Eisenhower Expressway, the main east-west expressway through the city, also known as The Ike Ike, a television miniseries about the life and action of Eisenhower during WWII... A cryptographic protocol is an abstract or concrete protocol that performs a security-related function and applies cryptographic methods. ... IPsec (IP security) is a suite of protocols for securing Internet Protocol (IP) communications by authenticating and/or encrypting each IP packet in a data stream. ... A Virtual Private Network, or VPN, is a private communications network usually used within a company, or by several different companies or organizations, communicating over a public network. ... Windows Vista contains a brand new networking stack, which brings large improvements in all areas of network-related functionality[1]. It includes native implementation of IPv6, as well as complete overhaul of IPv4. ... A network share is a location on a computer network, typically allowing multiple computer users on the same network to have a centralized space on which to store files (i. ... Mutual authentication or two-way authentication refers to two parties authenticating each other suitably. ...

Improvements due to client-side (Windows Vista) enhancements
  • Searching Windows Server 2008 servers from Windows Vista clients delegates the query to the server, which uses the Windows Search technology to search and transfer the results back to the client.
  • In a networked environment with a print server running Windows Vista, clients can render print jobs locally before sending them to print servers to reduce the load on the server and increase its availability.
  • Event forwarding aggregates and forwards logs of subscribed Windows Vista client computers back to a central console. Event forwarding can be enabled on the client subscribers from the central server directly from the event management console.
  • Offline Files are cached locally so that they are available even if the server is not, with copies seamlessly updating when the client and server are reconnected.

Windows Desktop Search (or WDS) is an indexed search platform released by Microsoft for the Windows operating system. ... A print serveris a host computer or device to which one or more printers are connected and which accepts print jobs from external client computers. ... Microsofts latest Windows operating system, Windows Vista, includes a number of new I/O technologies and enhancements that are intended to shorten the time taken to boot the system, improve the responsiveness of the system, and improve the reliability of data storage. ...

Miscellaneous improvements
  • Windows Deployment Services replacing Automated Deployment Services and Remote Installation Services. Windows Deployment Services (WDS) support an enhanced multicast feature when deploying operating system images. [14]
  • Internet Information Services 7 - Increased security, xcopy-deployment, improved diagnostic tools, delegated administration.
  • An optional "Desktop Experience" component provides the same Windows Aero user interface as Windows Vista, both for local users, as well as remote users connecting through Remote Desktop.

A Microsoft supplied server that provides Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE) BIOS enabled computers to remotely execute boot environment variables. ... Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS, formerly called Internet Information Server) is a set of Internet-based services for servers using Microsoft Windows. ... Delegated administration describes the decentralization of Role-based-access-control systems. ... Windows Aero is the graphical user interface for Windows Vista, an operating system released by Microsoft in November 2006. ...

Editions

Most editions of Windows Server 2008 are available in x86-64 (64-bit) and x86 (32-bit) versions. Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems supports IA-64 processors. The IA-64 version is optimized for high workload scenarios like database servers and Line of Business (LOB) applications. As such it is not optimized for use as a file server or media server. Microsoft has announced that Windows Server 2008 is the last 32-bit Windows server operating system.[15] Windows Server 2008 is available in the editions listed below,[16] similar to Windows Server 2003. The AMD64 or x86-64 is a 64-bit processor architecture invented by AMD. It is a superset of the x86 architecture, which it natively supports. ... In computing, a 64-bit component is one in which data are processed or stored in 64-bit units (words). ... x86 or 80x86 is the generic name of a microprocessor architecture first developed and manufactured by Intel. ... 32-bit is a term applied to processors, and computer architectures which manipulate the address and data in 32-bit chunks. ... In computing, IA-64 (short for Intel Architecture-64) is a 64-bit processor architecture developed cooperatively by Intel Corporation and Hewlett-Packard (HP), and implemented in the Itanium and Itanium 2 processors. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A media server is a computing device, ranging from an enterprise class machine providing video on demand, to, more commonly, a small home computer storing various digital media. ... Windows Server 2003 is a server operating system produced by Microsoft. ...

  • Windows Server 2008 Standard Edition (x86 and x64)
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Edition (x86 and x64)
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter Edition (x86 and x64)
  • Windows HPC Server 2008
  • Windows Web Server 2008 (x86 and x64)
  • Windows Storage Server 2008 (x86 and x64)
  • Windows Small Business Server 2008 (Codenamed "Cougar") (x64) for small businesses
  • Windows Essential Business Server 2008 (Codenamed "Centro") (x64) for medium-sized businesses [17]
  • Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems

Server Core is available in the Standard, Enterprise and Datacenter editions. It is not available in Web edition or in the Itanium edition. It is important to note that Server Core is simply a server role supported by some of the editions, and not a separate edition by itself. Each edition has a separate evaluation DVD. x86 or 80x86 is the generic name of a microprocessor architecture first developed and manufactured by Intel. ... x64 is Microsoft Corporations marketing designation for the Advanced Micro Devices AMD64 and Intel EM64T 64-bit Instruction Set Extensions to the x86 architecture, which were substantially similar as of 2004. ... Windows Small Business Server (formerly Microsoft Small Business Server) is an integrated server suite from Microsoft designed for running network infrastructure (both intranet management and Internet access) of small and medium enterprises having no more than 75 workstations or users. ... Mom and pop store redirects here. ... Windows Essential Business Server (codenamed Centro) is Microsofts server offering for midsize businesses (up to a maximum of 250 PCs). ... 2007 Itanium logo Itanium is the brand name for 64-bit Intel microprocessors that implement the Intel Itanium architecture (formerly called IA-64). ...


System requirements

System requirements for Windows Server 2008 are as follows:[18]

Minimum Recommended
Processor 1 GHz (x86) or 1.4 GHz (x64) 2 GHz or faster
Memory 512 MB RAM (may limit performance and some features) 2 GB RAM or higher
  • Maximum (32-bit systems): 4GB RAM (Standard) or 64GB RAM (Enterprise and Datacenter)
  • Maximum (64-bit systems): 32GB RAM (Standard) or 2TB RAM (Enterprise, Datacenter and Itanium-Based Systems)
Video adapter and monitor Super VGA (800 x 600) Super VGA (800 x 600) or higher resolution
Hard drive disk free space 10 GB 40 GB or higher

Note: Computers with more than 16GB of RAM will require more disk space for paging, hibernation, and dump files This article is about the SI unit of frequency. ... Intel Pentium 4 (Northwood version), one example out of a huge number of x86 implementations from Intel, AMD, and others. ... The AMD64 or x86-64 is a 64-bit processor architecture invented by AMD. It is a superset of the x86 architecture, which it natively supports. ... This article is about a unit of data. ... Look up RAM, Ram, ram in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Super Video Graphics Array, almost always abbreviated to Super VGA or just SVGA is a broad term that covers a wide range of computer display standards. ... This article is about the unit of measurement. ...

Drives DVD-ROM DVD-ROM or better
Devices Super VGA (800 x 600) or higher-resolution monitor, keyboard and mouse Super VGA (800 x 600) or higher-resolution monitor, keyboard and mouse

DVD is an optical disc storage media format that is used for playback of movies with high video and sound quality and for storing data. ... A 104-key PC US English QWERTY keyboard layout The Dvorak Simplified Keyboard layout A standard Hebrew keyboard showing both Hebrew and QWERTY. A computer keyboard is a peripheral partially modelled after the typewriter keyboard. ... A contemporary computer mouse, with the most common standard features: two buttons and a scroll wheel. ...

See also

Windows Server System logo Windows Server System is an integrated set of server software, from Microsoft, that forms the infrastructure for operating the backend of an institutions information technology system. ... Microsoft codenames are the codenames given by Microsoft to products it has in development, before these products are given the names by which they appear on store shelves. ...

References

  1. ^ Miller, Michael J. (2007-05-15). Gates at WinHec 2007: Windows Server 2008, Rally, Home Server and More. Forward Thinking. Retrieved on 2007-07-09.
  2. ^ Lowe, David (2007-04-25). Beta 3 is Go!. Windows Server Division WebLog. Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-04-25.
  3. ^ Ralston, Ward (2007-09-24). Windows Server 2008 Rc0 Released!. Windows Server Division WebLog. Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-09-24.
  4. ^ Nate Mook. New Windows Server, Visual Studio, SQL Server to Launch in February. BetaNews. Retrieved on 2007-07-11.
  5. ^ Dynamic Hardware Partitioning Architecture. MSDN. Retrieved on 2007-07-23.
  6. ^ Hynes, Byron (November 2006). The Future of Windows: Directory Services in Windows Server 2008. TechNet Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-05-02.
  7. ^ Snover, Jeffrey (2007-03-28). Announced: PowerShell to Ship in Windows Server 2008. Blog of Windows PowerShell team. Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007-04-06.
  8. ^ Loveall, John (2006). Storage improvements in Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 (PowerPoint). Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved on 2007-07-09.
  9. ^ Microsoft Extends Virtualization Strategy, Outlines Product Road Map. Microsoft (2006-05-22). Retrieved on 2007-07-09.
  10. ^ Server Manager. Windows Server 2008 Technical Library. Microsoft TechNet (2007-06-25). Retrieved on 2007-05-02.
  11. ^ Keith Ward. Top 10 Overlooked Windows Server 2008 Features, Part 2. Redmond Developer News.
  12. ^ Breaking the 5K Folder “Barrier” in Domain-Based Namespaces: Filing Cabinet blog
  13. ^ Failover Clustering with Windows Server 2008. Microsoft (2007-01-17). Retrieved on 2007-07-09.
  14. ^ Multicasting OS deployments with Windows Server 2008
  15. ^ Heaton, Alex (2007-05-18). On 64-bit and Windows Client. Windows Vista Team Blog. Retrieved on 2007-07-09.
  16. ^ Windows Server 2008 Product Editions. Microsoft (2007-04-25). Retrieved on 2007-07-09.
  17. ^ Announcing Windows Essential Business Server
  18. ^ Windows Server 2008 System Requirements (March 31, 2008). Retrieved on 2008-03-31.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Technet is a division of Microsoft that have TechNet subscriptions. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 122nd day of the year (123rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ: MSFT), (founded 1975), headquartered in Redmond, Washington, USA, is the worlds largest software company (with over 50,000 employees in various countries, as of May 2004). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Technet is a division of Microsoft that have TechNet subscriptions. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 122nd day of the year (123rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Microsoft

Others

The Windows logo used since November 2006. ... Microsofts disk operating system, MS-DOS, was Microsofts implementation of DOS, which was the first popular operating system for the IBM PC, and until recently, was widely used on the PC compatible platform. ... Windows 9x is the family of Microsoft Windows operating systems that comprises the 32-bit, DOS-based Windows versions: Windows 95, Windows 98, and often also Windows Me. ... Windows 1. ... Windows 2. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Windows 3. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. ... Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. ... Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows Me (IPA pronunciation: [miː], [ɛm iː]), is a hybrid 16-bit/32-bit graphical operating system released on September 14, 2000 by Microsoft. ... Windows NT (New Technology) is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993. ... Windows NT 3. ... Windows NT 3. ... Windows NT 3. ... Windows NT 4. ... Windows 2000 (also referred to as Win2K) is a preemptive, interruptible, graphical and business-oriented operating system designed to work with either uniprocessor or symmetric multi-processor computers. ... Windows XP is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... Windows Server 2003 is a server operating system produced by Microsoft. ... Windows Fundamentals for Legacy PCs (WinFLP) is an operating system from Microsoft, based on Windows XP, but optimized for older, less powerful hardware. ... Windows Vista is a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... Windows Vista is available in six editions. ... Windows Home Server is a home server operating system from Microsoft. ... Windows CE (sometimes abbreviated WinCE) is a variation of Microsofts Windows operating system for minimalistic computers and embedded systems. ... Windows CE (sometimes abbreviated WinCE) is a variation of Microsofts Windows operating system for minimalistic computers and embedded systems. ... Windows CE (sometimes abbreviated WinCE) is a variation of Microsofts Windows operating system for minimalistic computers and embedded systems. ... Microsoft Windows CE 3. ... Windows CE (sometimes abbreviated WinCE) is a variation of Microsofts Windows operating system for minimalistic computers and embedded systems. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Windows CE. (Discuss) Windows CE 5. ... Windows Embedded CE 6. ... Windows Mobile is a compact operating system combined with a suite of basic applications for mobile devices based on the Microsoft Win32 API. Devices which run Windows Mobile include Pocket PCs, Smartphones, Portable Media Centers, and on-board computers for certain automobiles. ... Windows 7 (formerly codenamed Blackcomb, then Vienna) is a future version of Microsoft Windows. ... Cairo was the code name for a project at Microsoft from 1991 to 1996. ... Original Nashville desktop build 999 Nashville was the codename for Windows 96, a cancelled operating system upgrade for Microsoft Windows 95, which was originally intended to be released in 1996. ... Windows Neptune Logon Screen Windows Neptune is a version of Microsoft Windows that was in development from early 1999 to early 2000. ... Odyssey was a codename for a version of Microsoft Windows that was in development from early 1999 to early 2000. ... OS/2 is a computer operating system, initially created by Microsoft and IBM, then later developed by IBM exclusively. ...

 
 

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