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Encyclopedia > Windows 98
Windows 98
(Part of the Microsoft Windows family)
Screenshot

Screenshot of Windows 98
Developer
Microsoft
Release information
Release date: June 25, 1998 info
Current version:  4.10.2222A, May 5, 1999 info
Source model: Closed source
License: Microsoft EULA
Kernel type: Monolithic kernel
Support status
Unsupported as of July 11, 2006[1]

Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. Like its predecessor, it is a hybrid 16-bit/32-bit monolithic product based on MS-DOS. Image File history File links Windows_98_logo. ... Windows redirects here. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... // is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The text below is generated by a template, which has been proposed for deletion. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... A kernel connects the application software to the hardware of a computer. ... It has been suggested that Monolithic system be merged into this article or section. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft codenames are the codenames given by Microsoft to products it has in development, before these products are given the names by which they appear on store shelves. ... // An operating system (OS) is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. ... A 16 bit application is any software written for MS-DOS, OS/2 1. ... Headline text Media:Example. ...


The first edition of Windows 98 is designated by the internal version number 4.10.1998, or 4.10.1998A if it has been updated with the Security CD from Microsoft. Windows 98 Second Edition is designated by the internal version number 4.10.2222A, or 4.10.2222B if it has been updated with the Security CD from Microsoft. The successor to Windows 98 is Windows Me. Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows Me (IPA pronunciation: [miː], [ɛm iː]), is a hybrid 16-bit/32-bit graphical operating system released on September 14, 2000 by Microsoft. ...

Contents

Windows 98 Second Edition

Cover of the Windows 98 Second Edition Box

Windows 98 Second Edition (often shortened to SE) is an update to Windows 98, released on May 5, 1999. It includes fixes for many minor issues, improved USB support, and the replacement of Internet Explorer 4.0 with the significantly faster Internet Explorer 5. Also included is Internet Connection Sharing, which allow multiple computers on a LAN to share a single Internet connection through Network Address Translation. Other features in the update include Microsoft NetMeeting 3.0 and integrated support for DVD-ROM drives. However, it is not a free upgrade for Windows 98, but a stand-alone product. This can cause problems if programs specifically request Windows 98 SE, but the user only owns Windows 98. Also included on the CD-ROM was the option to install Microsoft Plus! themes for Windows 98. A list of all features new to Windows 98 Second Edition can be found here: KB234762 successor to windows 95 Image File history File links Win98secover. ... Image File history File links Win98secover. ... // is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer, abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of proprietary graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... Internet Connection Sharing (ICS) is the name given by Microsoft to a feature in newer versions of its Windows operating system (as of Windows 98 Second Edition) for sharing a single Internet connection on one computer between other computers on the same local area network. ... “LAN” redirects here. ... In Computer Networking, the process of Network Address Translation (NAT, also known as Network Masquerading, Native Address Translation or IP Masquerading) involves re-writing the source and/or destination addresses of IP packets as they pass through a Router or firewall. ... This article or section should be merged with Video teleconference A videoconference is a live connection between people in separate locations for the purpose of communication, usually involving audio and often text as well as video. ... DVD is an optical disc storage media format that is used for playback of movies with high video and sound quality and for storing data. ... Microsoft Plus! was an operating system enhancement package provided by Microsoft. ...


New driver standards

Windows 98 was the first operating system to use the Windows Driver Model (WDM). This fact was not well published when Windows 98 was released and most hardware producers continued to develop drivers for the older driver standard, VxD. This resulted in the misconception that Windows 98 can use only VxD drivers. The WDM standard spread years after its release, mostly through Windows 2000 and Windows XP, because these systems are not compatible with the older VxD standard. Today, even if hardware producers are not developing drivers optimized for Windows 98, the drivers written to WDM standards are compatible with Windows 98–based systems. In computing, the Windows Driver Model (WDM) — also known (somewhat misleadingly) at one point as the Win32 Driver Model — is a framework for device drivers that was introduced with Windows 98 and Windows 2000 to replace VxD, which was used on older versions of Windows such as Windows 95 and... In Microsoft computing, a VxD is a virtual device driver. ... Windows 2000 (also referred to as Win2K) is a preemptive, interruptible, graphical and business-oriented operating system that was designed to work with either uniprocessor or symmetric multi-processor 32-bit Intel x86 computers. ... Windows XP is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on general-purpose computer systems, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ...


System requirements

  • 486 DX2, 66 MHz or higher processor
  • 16MB of RAM (24MB recommended)
  • At least 500 MB of space available on HDD. The amount of space required depends on the installation method and the components selected, but virtual memory and system utilities as well as drivers should be taken into consideration.
  • Upgrading from Windows 95 (FAT16) or 3.1 (FAT): 140-400 MB (typically 205 MB).
  • New installation (FAT32): 190-305 MB (typically 210 MB).
  • Note: Both Windows 98 and Windows 98 SE can have significant problems associated with hard drives that are over 32 Gigabytes (GB) in size. This issue only occurs with certain Phoenix BIOS settings. A software update has been made available to fix this shortcoming.[2]
  • VGA or higher resolution monitor
  • CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive
  • Microsoft Mouse or compatible pointing device.[3]

Press demonstration

The release of Windows 98 was preceded by a notable press demonstration at Comdex in April 1998. Microsoft CEO Bill Gates was highlighting the operating system's ease of use and enhanced support for Plug and Play (PnP). However, when program manager Chris Capossela plugged in a scanner and attempted to install it, the operating system crashed, showing a BSOD.[4] Video footage of this event became a popular Internet phenomenon.
COMDEX (Computer Dealers Exhibition) was a computer expo held in Las Vegas, Nevada, each November from 1979 to 2003. ... For other persons named Bill Gates, see Bill Gates (disambiguation). ... For the specific branded ISA add-on technology marketed by Intel and Microsoft, see Plug-And-Play. ... A blue screen of death as seen in Windows XP and Vista. ... An Internet phenomenon occurs when something becomes extremely popular, often quite suddenly, through the word-of-mouth and self-publishing made feasible by the Internet. ...


Advantages and disadvantages

Image File history File links Merge-arrows. ... Windows 9x is a term used to describe the DOS-based operating systems Windows 95 and Windows 98, similar versions of Microsoft Windows which were produced in the 1990s. ...

Advantages

Windows 98 is a hybrid 16/32-bit operating system. It has quite low system requirements; therefore it can gain full potential even on older machines. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Shortcut: WP:WIN Wikipedia is an online encyclopedia and, as a means to that end, also an online community. ... Shortcut: WP:CSD Current list: Category:Candidates for speedy deletion There are a few, limited, cases where admins can delete Wikipedia pages on sight. Non-admins can ask for an admin to delete such a page, either by listing it on speedy deletions, or by adding either a {{delete}} or...


The graphical user interface (GUI) runs on a DOS-based layer. This is partially an advantage and disadvantage. DOS has some limits (such as the number of disk buffers or simultaneously opened files), but through its environment memory managers, drivers or other applications can be loaded which can improve overall system performance and functionality.


Windows 98 also offers full support for DOS applications in the form of being able to boot in "DOS Mode" (MS-DOS can be booted without booting Windows or putting the CPU in protected mode). This differs from the emulation used in Windows NT-based operating systems in that the latter cannot handle devices such as modem or LAN cards which are required for some DOS applications.


Since DOS programs provide their own device drivers, some DOS programs, such as those that require a Sound Blaster compatible sound card, cannot run on newer computers without Windows (which provides Sound Blaster emulation in some sound card drivers). The Sound Blaster logo The Sound Blaster family of sound cards was for many years the de facto standard for audio on the IBM PC compatible system platform, before PC audio became commoditized, and backward-compatibility became less of a feature. ...


LAN cards that are not NE2000 compatible generally cannot be used at all by DOS programs, with or without Windows.


DOS Mode also offers the ability to fix certain system errors without entering the GUI. For example, if a virus is active in GUI mode it can often be safely removed in DOS mode, by deleting its executable files, which usually cannot run without Windows.


While in "DOS Mode", the 32-bit Windows layer can be started with the same DOS command that was used for older versions of Windows going back to Windows 1.0: WIN.COM


The biggest advantage of this operating system is its compatibility with older versions of Windows and MS-DOS. It can successfully run very old applications that were written for Windows 3.0, while also being able to run new applications and applications written for Windows NT. Windows 3. ... Windows NT (New Technology) is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993. ...


Another advantage is its small size in comparison to newer Microsoft operating systems. While newer Microsoft Operating Systems often take up several gigabytes of disk space, Windows 98 can be installed requiring less than 250 megabytes of HDD space, offering more room for applications and files. It also has a very small memory footprint, so it doesn't reduce the overall system performance the way current OS do on older systems. When installed on newer systems, Windows 98SE can boot within 15 seconds and shut down within 3 seconds, giving it a huge advantage in speed when comparing it to current versions of Windows.[citation needed]


Legacy support (1994 – release date) is excellent. For example, Windows 98SE may have a driver for 3Com network card made in 1995, but later versions such as Windows 2000 and XP would neither natively support that card nor be compatible with the VxD driver. However, earlier versions of NT may have drivers for these cards (especially considering that NT 4.0 was released in 1996) and these drivers can be used with Windows 2000 and XP. However NT back then did not support as much hardware as it does now. This is one of the greatest advantages of DOS-based operating systems such as Windows 95 and 98 SE. Windows 2000 (also referred to as Win2K) is a preemptive, interruptible, graphical and business-oriented operating system that was designed to work with either uniprocessor or symmetric multi-processor 32-bit Intel x86 computers. ...


Also because now most viruses are written for Windows 2000/XP, it is more likely that a Windows 2000/XP system is infected with a virus than a Windows 98 system.


Disadvantages

Windows 98 has never been as stable as common users required, for many reasons. Often the software developers of drivers and applications had insufficient experience with creating programs for the 'new' system, thus causing many errors which have been generally described as "system errors" by users, even if the error was not caused by parts of Windows or DOS. Windows 98 can gain high stability, on par with newer versions of Windows, by using the newest device drivers and carefully installing the OS and selecting application programs.


Other OS that were available at the same time as Windows 98 are either multi-user or have multiple user accounts with different access privileges, which allows important system files (such as the kernel image) to be immutable under most user accounts. In contrast, while Windows 98 offers the option of having profiles for multiple users, it has no concept of access privileges, making it roughly equivalent to a single-user, single-account operating system; during login, the system can be accessed by pressing "Cancel", even if the default user installed a password; this means that all processes can modify all files on the system that aren't open, in addition to being able to modify the boot sector and perform other low-level hard drive modifications. This enables viruses and other clandestinely installed software to integrate themselves with the operating system in a way that is difficult for ordinary users to detect or undo. Multi-user is a term that defines an operating system that allows concurrent access by multiple users of a computer. ... In computing, a process is an instance of a computer program that is being executed. ...


Its biggest limit is hardware handling. Although it was originally designed to handle up to 2 and 4 GB of physical and virtual memory respectively [5], computers capable of using that much memory were simply unavailable when developing the operating system[6]. As a result, systems with more than 512 MB of physical memory may display errors or not run at all [7][8], and interfere with the operation of VCache[9]. A workaround for systems with excess RAM can be done by changing system settings in the System.ini file: go to the [VCache] section and set MaxFileCache to a smaller value, or go to [386Enh] section and set MaxPhysPage to a stable value.


There is no native support for SATA drives, multi-threading or multi-core processors, and most hardware manufacturers do not ship drivers for Windows 98SE any more, so current high-end graphics cards and peripherals do not work properly or at all.


Some newer application installation wizards refuse to install on Windows 98 systems, sometimes even when the application doesn't actually need a newer version of Windows. This is seen as a move by Microsoft and affiliated companies to 'persuade' customers to upgrade to more advanced operating systems. [citation needed]


Support is not included for generic built-in USB 2.0 storage-drives. Unofficial extensions are available to provide this.


Windows 98 does not support file encryption, unlike Windows NT. Windows NT (New Technology) is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993. ...


Windows 98 System tools

  • ScanDisk - Well known program used to maintain the file system. It offers a DOS and a GUI version. Used to check the integrity of the file system and files stored within.
  • Disk Defragmenter - Used to counter the negative effects of filesystem fragmentation. It collects fragmented file parts, reconnects them and rearranges all files in optimal order, thus speeding up file access and allowing faster boot times. Note that Microsoft changed the utility shipping with Windows 2000 and XP, which operates faster than the previously used program but can destroy data when partitioning hard disk drives. This happens as, contrary to the old program, the new defragmenter doesn't necessarily put all files on the same sectors, resulting in the deletion of files when a used drive is partitioned.
  • Scanreg - Used to restore the System registry. It tests the registry's integrity and saves a backup copy each time. The maximum amount of copies is eight. Due to a bug the oldest registry copy available cannot be restored (before restoration, the current configuration is backed up and it erases the oldest registry backup listed). The restoration of a faulty registry can only be done in DOS mode. Important DOS commands: scanreg/opt - optimizes the registry by deleting dead entries; scanreg/fix - repairs registry settings.
  • Msconfig - A system utility used to disable programs and services which are not required to run the computer. It is a very efficient tool that can multiply the system's stability and speed.
  • Sysedit - A system utility used to modify system configuration files in a text window.
  • Regedit - Allows manual editing of the registry.

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A disk defragmenter is a computer program designed to increase access speed (and sometimes increase the amount of usable space) by rearranging files stored on a disk to occupy contiguous storage locations. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sysedit is a specialized editor for core Microsoft Windows configuration files (such as WIN.INI, SYSTEM.INI, CONFIG.SYS, and AUTOEXEC.BAT). ... The Windows registry is a database which stores settings and options for the operating system for Microsoft Windows 32-bit versions, 64-bit versions and Windows Mobile. ...

Editions

Release Version Release Date Internet Explorer
Windows 98 4.10.1998 June 25, 1998 4.0
Windows 98 Second Edition 4.10.2222A May 5, 1999 5.0

is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... // is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...

Expanding modules

Windows 98SE can be upgraded with various versions of DirectX, including version 9.0c from August 2007. Microsoft .NET Framework including version 2.0 is supported, however .NET Framework 3 is not supported. Win98 also supports MDAC ver. 2,8. The highest Internet Explorer release available is version 6.0 with Service Pack 1, the same version included with Windows XP SP1. It can handle the Visual C++ 2005 library and L2TP/IPec VPN client by Microsoft and MSIA services (for *.msi installations). Windows Media Player 9.0 can also be installed without problems. Firefox 2.0 is the last version of Firefox that supports Windows 95/98/Me.


Product life cycle

Microsoft planned to discontinue its support for Windows 98 on January 16, 2004. However, due to the continued popularity of the operating system (27% of Google's pageviews were on Windows 98 systems during October-November, 2003),[10] Microsoft decided to maintain support until July 11, 2006. Support for Windows Me also ended on this date.[11] is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the corporation. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows Me (IPA pronunciation: [miː], [ɛm iː]), is a hybrid 16-bit/32-bit graphical operating system released on September 14, 2000 by Microsoft. ...


References

  1. ^ Windows 98, Windows 98 SE, and Windows Me Support ends on July 11, 2006. Microsoft. Retrieved on 2006-06-10.
  2. ^ Staff (December 28, 1999). Windows 98 Large IDE Update. Microsoft Windows Update. Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved on 2006-08-30.
  3. ^ System requirements from the Microsoft Windows 98 SE manual
  4. ^ Rick Lockridge, Associated Press, Reuters. "Windows 98 crashes during Gates' Comdex demo", CNN, April 20, 1998. Retrieved on 2006-08-30. 
  5. ^ Windows 95 Can Access Up to Two GB of RAM
  6. ^ User Tips and Solutions to Problems
  7. ^ Error Message: Insufficient Memory to Initialize Windows
  8. ^ Computer May Reboot Continuously with More Than 1.5 GB of RAM
  9. ^ "Out of Memory" Error Messages with Large Amounts of RAM Installed
  10. ^ Zeitgeist. Google Press Center. Google (October-November 2003). Retrieved on April 22, 2006. Note: A graphic depicting the decline in use of Windows 98 from June 2001 to June 2004 as an operating system to access Google is available on Wikimedia Commons; IMAGE.
  11. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/5164450.stm

Microsoft Windows 98 Review - IT Reviews Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the corporation. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1065x725, 21 KB) // Summary LEGEND for Win98_operatingSystem_GoogleAccessPercentage_200101to200406. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Windows 98 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (770 words)
Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft.
The release of Windows 98 was preceded by a notable press demonstration at Comdex, in April 1998.
Windows 98 was succeeded by Windows Me, which was in turn shortly succeeded by Windows XP Home Edition.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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