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Encyclopedia > Windows 95
Windows 95
(Part of the Microsoft Windows family)
Screenshot

Screenshot of Windows 95
Developer
Microsoft
Release information
Release date: August 24, 1995 [citation needed]
Current version:  OEM Service Release 2.5, November 26, 1997 [citation needed]
Source model: Closed source
License: Microsoft EULA
Kernel type: Monolithic kernel
Support status
Unsupported as of December 31, 2001.[1]

Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. It was released on August 24, 1995 by Microsoft, and was a significant progression from the company's previous Windows products. During development it was referred to as Windows 4.0 or by the internal codename Chicago. Image File history File links Windows_95_logo. ... “Windows” redirects here. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... The text below is generated by a template, which has been proposed for deletion. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... A kernel connects the application software to the hardware of a computer. ... It has been suggested that Monolithic system be merged into this article or section. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... “GUI” redirects here. ... An operating system (OS) is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... “Windows” redirects here. ... Microsoft codenames are the codenames given by Microsoft to products it has in development, before these products are given the names by which they appear on store shelves. ...


Windows 95 was intended to integrate Microsoft's formerly separate MS-DOS and Windows products and includes an enhanced version of DOS, often referred to as MS-DOS 7.0. It features significant improvements over its predecessor, Windows 3.1, most visibly the graphical user interface (GUI) whose basic format and structure is still used in later versions such as Windows Vista. There were also large changes made to the underlying workings, including support for 255-character mixed-case long filenames and preemptively multitasked protected-mode 32-bit applications. Whereas its predecessors are optional "operating environments" requiring the MS-DOS operating system (usually available separately), Windows 95 is a consolidated operating system, which was a significant marketing change. Microsofts disk operating system, MS-DOS, was Microsofts implementation of DOS, which was the first popular operating system for the IBM PC, and until recently, was widely used on the PC compatible platform. ... “Windows” redirects here. ... A typical Windows 3. ... “GUI” redirects here. ... Windows Vista is a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... Long filename is the name given to the longer and therefore more descriptive titles on the FAT filesystem, which was previously restricted to eight characters and a three-character extension (referred to as 8. ...

Contents

32-bit

Windows 95 followed Windows for Workgroups 3.11 with its lack of support for older, 16-bit x86 processors, thus requiring an Intel 80386 (or compatible) processor running in protected mode. A typical Windows 3. ... x86 or 80x86 is the generic name of a microprocessor architecture first developed and manufactured by Intel. ... The Intel386[1] is a microprocessor which was used as the central processing unit (CPU) of many personal computers from 1986 until 2007. ... Protected mode is an operational mode of x86-compatible CPUs of the 80286 series or later. ...


The introduction of 32-bit File Access in Windows for Workgroups 3.11 meant that 16-bit real mode MS-DOS is not used for managing the files while Windows is running, and the earlier introduction of the 32-bit Disk Access means that the PC BIOS isn't used for managing hard disks. This essentially reduces MS-DOS to the role of a boot loader for the protected-mode Windows kernel. DOS can be used for running old-style drivers for compatibility, but Microsoft discourages using them, as this prevents proper multitasking and impairs system stability. Control Panel allows a user to see what MS-DOS components are used by the system; optimal performance is achieved when they are all bypassed. The Windows kernel uses MS-DOS style real-mode drivers in Safe Mode, which exists to allow a user to fix problems relating to loading native, protected-mode drivers. 32-bit file access refers to the higher performance, protected mode disk caching method introduced in Windows for Workgroups 3. ... 32-bit Disk Access (also known as FastDisk) refers to a special disk access and caching mode available in older, MS-DOS-based Microsoft Windows operating systems. ... For other uses, see Bios. ... In computing, booting (booting up) is a bootstrapping process that starts operating systems when the user turns on a computer system. ... A device driver, or software driver is a computer program allowing higher-level computer programs to interact with a computer hardware device. ... Control Panel in Windows Vista Control Panel in Windows XP Classic View of the Control Panel in Windows XP Default View of the Control Panel in Windows Me Control Panel is a part of the Microsoft Windows graphical user interface which allows users to view and manipulate basic system settings... A kernel connects the application software to the hardware of a computer. ... Safe Mode is a diagnostic mode used by certain computer operating systems, including Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X, as well as other complex electronic devices. ...


Long file names

32-bit File Access is necessary for the long file names feature introduced with Windows 95 through the use of the VFAT file system. It is available to both Windows programs and MS-DOS programs started from Windows (they have to be adapted slightly, since accessing long file names requires using larger pathname buffers and hence different system calls). Competing DOS-compatible operating systems released before Windows 95 cannot see these names. Using older versions of DOS utilities to manipulate files means that the long names are not visible and are lost if files are moved or renamed, as well as by the copy (but not the original), if the file is copied. During a Windows 95 automatic upgrade of an older Windows 3.1 system, DOS and third-party disk utilities which can destroy long file names are identified and made unavailable (Microsoft Anti-Virus for Windows indicated that the upgrade program was itself a computer virus). When Windows 95 is started in DOS mode, e.g. for running DOS games, low-level access to disks is locked out. In case the need arises to depend on disk utilities that do not recognize long file names, such as MS-DOS 6.x's defrag utility, a program called LFNBACK for backup and restoration of long file names is provided on the CD-ROM. The program is in the ADMINAPPTOOLSLFNBACK directory of the Windows 95 CD-ROM. File Allocation Table (FAT) is a partially patented file system developed by Microsoft for MS-DOS and was the primary file system for consumer versions of Microsoft Windows up to and including Windows Me. ... A path is the general form of a file or directory name, giving a files name and its unique location in a file system. ... In computing, a buffer is a region of memory used to temporarily hold output or input data, comparable to buffers in telecommunication. ... In computing, a system call is the mechanism used by an application program to request service from the operating system. ... Microsoft Anti-Virus (MSAV) was a antivirus program introduced by Microsoft into its MS-DOS operating system. ... A computer virus is a computer program that can copy itself and infect a computer without permission or knowledge of the user. ...


User interface

In the marketplace, Windows 95 was an unqualified success, and within a year or two of its release had become the most successful operating system ever produced. It also had the effect of driving other major players in the DOS-compatible operating system out of business, something which would later be used in court against Microsoft. This article is about the operating system. ...


Internet Explorer 4.0 came with an optional shell update known as Windows Desktop Update that gave Windows 95 (and NT 4.0) a user interface and several updated shell features that would become the graphical user interface of Windows 98. The last release of Windows 95, that is, OEM Service Release 2.5 (Version 4.00.950C) includes IE4 on the Setup CD (but not in slipstreamed form) and installs it after Windows 95's initial setup and first boot is complete. Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of proprietary graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... In computing, a shell is a piece of software that provides an interface for users (command line interpreter). ... Microsofts Windows Desktop Update was an optional feature included with Internet Explorer 4, which provided several updated shell features introduced with the Windows 98 operating system for older versions of Microsoft Windows. ... GUI can refer to the following: GUI is short for graphical user interface, a term used to describe a type of interface in computing. ... Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. ...


Only the 4.x series of the browser contained the shell update, so those that wanted the new shell had to install IE4 with the desktop update before installing a newer version of Internet Explorer.


Windows 95 marked the introduction of the Start button and taskbar to Microsoft's GUI, both of which have remained fixtures of all subsequent versions of Windows, although the word "Start" was dropped from the button in Windows Vista, with the company preferring to label the button with the Windows logo ("Start" is still there as a tooltip and in the classic UI mode). In computing, the taskbar is a term for the application desktop bar which is used to launch and monitor applications in Microsoft Windows 95 and later operating systems. ... The tooltip is a common graphical user interface element. ...


Release

Microsoft Windows 95 operating system cover shot

Windows 95 was released with great fanfare, including a commercial featuring the Rolling Stones song "Start Me Up" (a reference to the Start button).[2] It was widely reported that Microsoft paid the Rolling Stones between $8 and $14 million for the use of the song (from the 1981 album Tattoo You) in the '95 advertising campaign. According to sources at Microsoft, however, this was just a rumor spread by the Stones to increase their market value, and Microsoft actually paid a fraction of that amount.[3] A 30 minute promotional video, labeled a "cyber sitcom", featuring Jennifer Aniston and Matthew Perry, was also released to showcase the features of Windows 95. Microsoft's $300 million advertising campaign featured stories of people waiting in line outside stores to get a copy, and there were tales of people without computers buying the software on hype alone, not even knowing what Windows was.[4] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 488 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1249 × 1535 pixel, file size: 208 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Microsoft Windows 95 Operating system box shot cover This image is cover art for an item of computer software, and the copyright for... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 488 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1249 × 1535 pixel, file size: 208 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Microsoft Windows 95 Operating system box shot cover This image is cover art for an item of computer software, and the copyright for... Rolling Stones redirects here. ... Start Me Up is a song by The Rolling Stones featured on the 1981 album Tattoo You. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... This article is about the rock band. ... Tattoo You is an album by The Rolling Stones, released in 1981. ... Jennifer Aniston (born February 11, 1969) is an Emmy- and Golden Globe Award-winning American film and television actress, best known for her role as Rachel Green in the popular television sitcom Friends. ... Matthew Langford Perry (born August 19, 1969) is a Canadian-American Emmy and Golden Globe nominated actor, best known for his role as Chandler Bing in the hugely popular television sitcom Friends, a part he played for 10 years. ...


In the UK, the largest computer chain PC World received a large number of oversized Windows 95 boxes, posters and point of sale material, and many branches opened at midnight to sell the first copies of the product, although these customers were far fewer in number than publicity had suggested. PC World is one of Britains largest chain of mass-market computer superstores. ...


In New York City, the Empire State Building was lit to match the colors of the Windows logo. In Toronto, a 300-foot banner was hung from the top of the CN Tower. Copies of The Times were available for free in the UK where Microsoft paid for 1.5 million issues (twice the daily circulation at the time). New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, New York on the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ... This article is about the CN Tower in Toronto. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom (and the Kingdom of Great Britain before the United Kingdom existed) since 1788 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. ...


Internet Explorer

Windows 95 originally shipped without Internet Explorer, and the default network installation did not install TCP/IP, the network protocol used on the internet. At the release date of Windows 95, Internet Explorer 1.0 was available, but only in the Plus! add-on pack for Windows 95, which was a separate product. The Plus! Pack did not reach as many consumers as the operating system itself (it was mainly advertised for its add-ons such as themes and better disk compression), and at the time of Windows 95 release, the web was being browsed mainly with the Mosaic or Netscape browsers.


Windows 95 OEM Service Release 1 was the first release of Windows to include Internet Explorer (Codenamed O'Hare) with the OS. While there was no uninstaller, it could be deleted easily if the user so desired. The installation of Internet Explorer 4 on Windows 95 (or the OSR2.1 version preinstalled on a computer) gave Windows 95 active desktop and browser integration into Windows Explorer. The last version of Internet Explorer supported on Windows 95 is Internet Explorer 5.5 which was released in 2000. Windows 95 shipped with Microsoft's own dial-up online service called The Microsoft Network.
Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of proprietary graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... MSN (or the Microsoft Network) is a collection of Internet services provided by Microsoft. ...


Editions

Release Version Release Date Internet Explorer USB Support FAT32 Support UDMA Support
Windows 95 Retail 4.00.950[5] 1995 [6]
Windows 95 Retail SP1 4.00.950a December 31, 1995[7] [6]
OEM Service Release 1 4.00.950A 1996 2.0
OEM Service Release 2 4.00.950B (4.00.1111) 1996 3.0
OEM Service Release 2.1 4.00.950B (4.03.1212) 1996 3.0
OEM Service Release 2.5 4.00.950C (4.03.1214) 1997 4.0

While Windows 95 was originally sold as a shrink-wrapped product, later editions were provided only to computer OEMs for installation on new PCs. The term OEM Service Release is frequently abbreviated OSR, as in OSR1 or OSR2.1. Thus, for example, OSR1 was the OEM release that was identical to Windows 95 retail with Service Pack 1 applied (with the addition of Internet Explorer). In order to maintain compatibility with existing programs, Windows 95 has an internal version number of "4.00.950", regardless of the internal build number, thus reflecting Windows 95's alternative identity as "Windows 4.0" (similarly, the original edition of Windows 98 has an internal version number of Windows 4.10.1998.) Later versions are sometimes referred to by the trailing letter appended to this version string, such as Windows 95 B for OSR2 and OSR2.1. ATA cables: 40 wire ribbon cable top, 80 wire ribbon cable bottom Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA), is a standard interface for connecting storage devices such as hard disks and CD-ROM drives inside personal computers. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Original equipment manufacturer, or OEM, is a term that refers to containment-based re-branding, namely where one company uses a component of another company within its product, or sells the product of another company under its own brand. ... Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. ...


System Requirements

Official system requirements were an Intel 80386 DX CPU of any speed, 4 MB of system RAM, and 50 MB of hard drive space. These minimal claims were made in order to maximize the available market of Windows 3.1 converts. This configuration was distinctly suboptimal for any productive use on anything but single tasking dedicated workstations due to the heavy reliance on virtual memory. Also, in some cases, if any networking or similar components were installed the system would refuse to boot with 4 Megabytes of RAM. It was possible to run Windows 95 on a 386 SX but this led to even less acceptable performance. To achieve optimal performance, Microsoft recommends an Intel 80486 or compatible microprocessor with at least 8 MB of RAM.[8] The Intel386[1] is a microprocessor which was used as the central processing unit (CPU) of many personal computers from 1986 until 2007. ... How virtual memory maps to physical memory Virtual memory is an addressing scheme implemented in hardware and software that allows non-contiguous memory to be addressed as if it were contiguous. ... The Intel486[1] brand refers to Intels family of i486 (incl. ...


Windows 95 was superseded by Windows 98 and could still be directly upgraded by both Windows 2000[9] and Windows Me. As of December 31, 2001, Microsoft ended its support for Windows 95, making it an "obsolete" product according to the Microsoft Lifecycle Policy.[10] Even though support for Windows 95 has ended, the software still remains in use on some home computers because of budget issues, a lack of knowledge or lack of desire to upgrade to newer editions of Windows. Another main reason is that a computer purchased around the era of Windows 95's introduction is unlikely to meet the hardware requirements of Windows XP and Vista, and some do not wish to upgrade their existing or buy a new computer. In addition, some video game enthusiasts choose to use Windows 95 for their legacy system to play old DOS games, although some other versions of Windows such as Windows 98 can also be used for this purpose. Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. ... Windows 2000 (also referred to as Win2K) is a preemptive, interruptible, graphical and business-oriented operating system that was designed to work with either uniprocessor or symmetric multi-processor 32-bit Intel x86 computers. ... Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows Me (IPA pronunciation: [miː], [ɛm iː]), is a hybrid 16-bit/32-bit graphical operating system released on September 14, 2000 by Microsoft. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... It has been suggested that Legacy code be merged into this article or section. ...


Windows 95 has been released on both floppy disks and on CD-ROM, as some computers at the time did not include a CD-ROM drive. The floppy disk version of Windows 95 came on 13 DMF formatted floppy disks, excluding additional software that some releases might have featured, such as Internet Explorer. Microsoft Plus! for Windows 95 was also available on floppy disks. A floppy disk is a data storage device that comprises a circular piece of thin, flexible (hence floppy) magnetic storage medium encased in a square or rectangular plastic wallet. ... The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... Distribution Media Format (DMF) is a format for floppy disks that Microsoft used to distribute software. ... Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of proprietary graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... Microsoft Plus! was an operating system enhancement package provided by Microsoft. ...


See also

VCOMM is an abbreviation for Virtual Communications Manager in Win95 and Win98. ...

References

Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Windows Life-Cycle Policy. Microsoft. Retrieved on 2006-09-02.
  2. ^ Microsoft detractors were quick to point out that the second verse of Start Me Up begins "you make a grown man cry" (a line which is repeated throughout). The phrase subsequently featured as a humorous reference in many critical expositions of Windows 95.
  3. ^ Michael Gartenberg (2006-08-22). The Story behind "Start Me Up" and Windows 95. Jupiter Research. Retrieved on 2006-09-02.
  4. ^ Peter Lewis. "Windows 98, The Tuneup", New York Times, 1998-04-30. 
  5. ^ This version of Windows 95 is sometimes called "950r6" because there were five prior release candidates of build 950. Release candidate 6 was the build that shipped in retail boxes.
  6. ^ a b Internet Explorer v1.0 was available with the additional purchase of Microsoft Plus!.
  7. ^ Windows 95 Service Pack 1. Microsoft (1995-12-31). Retrieved on 2006-09-23.
  8. ^ Windows 95 Installation Requirements. Microsoft. Retrieved on 2006-08-07.
  9. ^ http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/professional/howtobuy/upgrading/path/default.asp
  10. ^ Windows 95 Contact Support. Microsoft (January 1, 2002). Retrieved on 2006-10-06.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Start Me Up is a song by The Rolling Stones featured on the 1981 album Tattoo You. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Plus! was an operating system enhancement package provided by Microsoft. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Windows 95 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1492 words)
Windows 95 followed Windows for Workgroups 3.11 with its lack of support for older, 16-bit x86 processors, thus requiring an Intel 80386 (or compatible) processor running in protected mode.
During a Windows 95 automatic upgrade of an older Windows 3.1 system, DOS and third-party disk utilities which could destroy long file names were identified and made unavailable (Microsoft Anti-Virus for Windows indicated that the upgrade program was itself a computer virus).
Windows 95 marked the introduction of the Start button and taskbar to Microsoft's GUI, both of which have remained fixtures of all subsequent versions of Windows.
Microsoft Windows - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3273 words)
Finally, Windows implemented an elaborate, segment-based, software virtual memory scheme which allowed it to run applications larger than available memory: code segments and resources were swapped in and thrown away when memory became scarce, and data segments moved in memory when a given application had relinquished processor control, typically waiting for user input.
The AMD64 versions of Windows XP Professional and Server 2003 were released on April 25, 2005, while the IA-64 versions were released at the same time as their mainstream x86 (32-bit) counterparts.
Windows NT and its successors are designed for security (including on a network) and multi-user PCs, but was not designed for Internet security in mind as much since when it was first developed, the Internet was less important.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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