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Encyclopedia > Windows 3.1x
Windows 3.1x
(Part of the Microsoft Windows family)
Screenshot

A typical Windows 3.1x workspace
Developer
Microsoft
Web site: Microsoft Support Lifecycle
Release information
Release date: March 18, 1992 [citation needed]
Current version:  Windows 3.11, December 31, 1993 info
Source model: Closed source
License: Microsoft EULA
Kernel type: See article
Support status
Unsupported as of December 31, 2001

Windows 3.1x is a graphical user interface and a part of the Microsoft Windows software family. Several editions were released between 1992 and 1994, succeeding Windows 3.0. This family of Windows can run in either Standard or 386 Enhanced memory modes. The exception is Windows for Workgroups 3.11, which can only officially run in 386 Enhanced mode. Image File history File links Windows_Logo_(horz). ... Windows redirects here. ... This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... The text below is generated by a template, which has been proposed for deletion. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... A kernel connects the application software to the hardware of a computer. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... A graphical user interface (GUI) is a type of user interface which allows people to interact with a computer and computer-controlled devices which employ graphical icons, visual indicators or special graphical elements called widgets, along with text labels or text navigation to represent the information and actions available to... Windows redirects here. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Windows 3. ... Windows 3. ...

Contents

Windows 3.1

Base version

Windows 3.1 (originally codenamed Janus, of which two betas were published), released on March 18, 1992, includes a TrueType font system (and a set of highly legible fonts already installed), which effectively made Windows a serious desktop publishing platform for the first time. Similar functionality was available for Windows 3.0 through the Adobe Type Manager (ATM) font system from Adobe. Roman bust of Janus, Vatican In Roman mythology, Janus was the god of gates, doors, doorways, beginnings, and endings. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... TrueType is an outline font standard originally developed by Apple Computer in the late 1980s as a competitor to Adobes Type 1 fonts used in PostScript. ... For the origin and evolution of fonts, see History of western typography. ... Adobe InDesign CS2, one of many popular desktop publishing applications. ... Windows 3. ... Adobe Type Manager (ATM) is the name of four different computer programs created and marketed by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Systems (pronounced a-DOE-bee IPA: ) (NASDAQ: ADBE) (LSE: ABS) is an American computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California, USA. Adobe was founded in December 1982[1] by John Warnock and Charles Geschke, who established the company after leaving Xerox PARC in order to develop and sell...


Windows 3.1 was designed to have a large degree of backward compatibility with older Windows platforms. As with Windows 3.0, version 3.1 had File Manager and Program Manager, but unlike all previous versions, Windows 3.1 and later supported 32-bit disk access, couldn't run in real mode, and included Minesweeper instead of Reversi. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Windows 3. ... A screenshot of File Manager displaying a folder and the contents of the C drive. ... Program Manager in Windows 3. ... 32-bit Disk Access (also known as FastDisk) refers to a special disk access and caching mode available in older, MS-DOS-based Microsoft Windows operating systems. ... Real mode (also called real address mode in Intels manuals) is an operating mode of 80286 and later x86-compatible CPUs. ... Minesweeper is a single-player computer game. ... Reversi and Othello are names for an abstract strategy board game which involves play by two parties on an eight-by-eight square grid with pieces that have two distinct sides. ...

Windows 3.1 start up screen
Windows 3.1 start up screen
Windows 3.1 desktop showing a customized color theme
Windows 3.1 desktop showing a customized color theme

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Versions with special font support

A special version named Windows 3.1 for Central and Eastern Europe was released that allowed the use of Cyrillic and had fonts with diacritical marks characteristic of Central and Eastern European languages. Microsoft, which introduced its own codepage ('Windows-1250') and supported its use in violation of many countries' ISO standards (e.g., the official Polish codepage is ISO-8859-2, which was ignored by Microsoft but is supported by contemporary Internet Explorer versions). Similarly, Microsoft also released Windows 3.1J with support for the Japanese language, which shipped 1.46 million copies in its first year on the market (1993) in Japan.[1] Code page is the traditional IBM term used for a specific character encoding table: a mapping in which a sequence of bits, usually a single octet representing integer values 0 through 255, is associated with a specific character. ... Windows-1250 is a code page used under Microsoft Windows to represent texts in Eastern European languages that use Latin script, such as Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Slovene, Croatian, Romanian and Albanian. ... ISO 8859-2, more formally cited as ISO/IEC 8859-2 or less formally as Latin-2, is part 2 of ISO/IEC 8859, a standard character encoding defined by ISO. It encodes what it refers to as Latin alphabet no. ... Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer, abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of proprietary graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... Not to be confused with the Javanese language. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


Windows 3.11

Microsoft also released an update for Windows 3.1 which (aside from installing new files) changes the Windows version displayed in "About" dialog boxes to 3.11. Thus, Windows 3.11 isn't a standalone version of Windows, but rather a software update from Windows 3.1, much like modern Windows service packs. For those who did not own Windows 3.1, full disk sets of Windows 3.11 were available at the time. A Service Pack (more commonly, SP) is a software program that corrects known bugs, problems, or adds new features. ...


Windows 3.2

Windows 3.2 was only released in Simplified Chinese
Windows 3.2 was only released in Simplified Chinese

Microsoft released a Simplified Chinese version of Windows for the Chinese market. The updated system identified itself as Windows 3.2. The update was limited to this language version, as it fixed only issues related to the complex writing system of the Chinese language. [1] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Chinese (written) language (pinyin: zhōngw n) written in Chinese characters The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: H nyǔ, Hu yǔ, or Zhōngw n) is a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ...


Windows 3.2 was generally sold by computer manufacturers with a ten disk version of MS-DOS that also had Simplified Chinese characters in basic output and some translated utilities. Microsofts disk operating system, MS-DOS, was Microsofts implementation of DOS, which was the first popular operating system for the IBM PC, and until recently, was widely used on the PC compatible platform. ...


Modular Windows

Modular Windows is a special version of Windows 3.1, designed to run on the Tandy Video Information System. The Tandy Visual Information System or VIS was an interactive, multimedia CD-ROM player. ... The Tandy Visual Information System or VIS was an interactive, multimedia CD-ROM player. ...


Windows for Workgroups

Windows for Workgroups was an extension that allowed users to share their resources and to request those of others without a centralized authentication server. It used the SMB protocol over Netbios. The initialism SMB may stand for: San Miguel Beer, a local beer in the Philippines. ... NetBEUI redirects here. ...


Windows for Workgroups 3.1

Windows for Workgroups 3.1 (originally codenamed Kato), released in October 1992, features native networking support. Windows for Workgroups 3.1 is an extended version of Windows 3.1 which comes with SMB file sharing support via the NetBIOS based NBF and/or IPX network transport protocols, includes the Hearts card game, and introduced VSHARE.386, the Virtual Device Driver version of the SHARE.EXE Terminate and Stay Resident program. 1992 was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Server Message Block (SMB) is an application-level network protocol mainly applied to shared access to files, printers, serial ports, and miscellaneous communications between nodes on a network. ... NetBEUI redirects here. ... NetBEUI Frame Protocol (NBF), part of the NetBIOS/NetBEUI suit of protocols for Windows, is a protocol used to provide the following simple services: Connectionless unreliable data sending of a computer network or medium (datagram), or A more reliable connection-oriented communication method. ... See also Ericsson IPX Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX) is the OSI-model Network layer protocol in the IPX/SPX protocol stack. ... Hearts is a trick-taking card game normally played by four players but it can be modified for other numbers of players. ... In Microsoft computing, a VxD is a virtual device driver. ... SHARE.EXE is a software program for MS-DOS that allowed software to perform file locks. ... Terminate and Stay Resident (TSR) is a system call in DOS operating systems that returned control to the system as if the program had quit, but kept the program in memory. ...


Windows for Workgroups 3.11

Advanced network capabilities of Windows for Workgroups 3.11
Advanced network capabilities of Windows for Workgroups 3.11

Finally, Windows for Workgroups 3.11 (originally codenamed Snowball) was released in December 1993. It supported 32-bit file access, full 32-bit network redirectors, and the VCACHE.386 file cache, shared between them. The standard execution mode of the Windows kernel was discontinued in Windows for Workgroups 3.11. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... 32-bit file access refers to the higher performance, protected mode disk caching method introduced in Windows for Workgroups 3. ...


A Winsock package was required to support TCP/IP networking in Windows 3.x. Usually third-party packages were used, but in August 1994 Microsoft released an add-on package (codenamed Wolverine) which provided limited TCP/IP support in Windows for Workgroups 3.11. Windows Sockets API version 2. ... The Internet protocol suite is the set of communications protocols that implement the protocol stack on which the Internet runs. ... For the scientific and engineering discipline studying computer networks, see Computer networking. ... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ...


Limited compatibility with the (then new), 32-bit Windows API used by Windows NT was provided by another add-on package, Win32s. There was a rumor that Microsoft didn't want to increment any mainstream Windows 3.1x version to something like "Windows 3.2" because it could be scrambled with the Win32 API or otherwise distract consumers from upgrading to some 'real 32-bit OS' like the then upcoming Windows 95 was. In fact, only for the limited Chinese market did Microsoft release a true Windows 3.2 version (see Windows 3.2 section). The Windows API, informally WinAPI, is the name given by Microsoft to the core set of application programming interfaces (APIs) available in the Microsoft Windows operating systems. ... Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993. ... Win32s is a 32-bit application runtime environment for the Microsoft Windows 3. ... Windows API is a set of APIs, (application programming interfaces) available in the Microsoft Windows operating systems. ...


Windows 3.x was eventually superseded by Windows 95, Windows 98, and later versions which integrated the MS-DOS and Windows components into a single product. Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. ... Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis and formerly known as Windows 97[2]) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. ...


Full OS or MS-DOS shell?

Windows 3.x requires pre-installation of MS-DOS (or a compatible operating system), which must be booted on PC startup. Windows is started as an application program, and can be terminated at any time, returning the user to the MS-DOS prompt. MS-DOS also provides device drivers for certain tasks such as CD-ROM or network access, specifically remote disk drive or remote printer access; these drivers run in real mode. In 386 enhanced mode of Windows for Workgroups, the networking drivers are running in protected mode. Windows requires specifically written applications, and has a specific on-disk file format, which is much more complicated than the format of MS-DOS executables. It has many of its own device drivers and for the most part its own memory management system. In computing, booting (booting up) is a bootstrapping process that starts operating systems when the user turns on a computer system. ... Real mode (also called real address mode in Intels manuals) is an operating mode of 80286 and later x86-compatible CPUs. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Windows XP loading drivers during a Safe Mode bootup A device driver, or a software driver is a specific type of computer software, typically developed to allow interaction with hardware devices. ... Memory management is the act of managing computer memory. ...


Other considerations include the fact that MS-DOS does not isolate applications from the hardware and does not protect itself from applications. The memory-resident part of MS-DOS is akin to a library of routines for dealing with disk-type peripherals and loading applications from them; an MS-DOS program is free to do whatever it desires, notably replacing or bypassing part or all of MS-DOS code, temporarily or permanently - Loadlin uses this very method to boot the Linux kernel from DOS. Windows took advantage of this, and the degree to which bypassing was performed increased with every new release. Windows 3.1 and its 32-bit Disk Access superseded the BIOS code for accessing disks, while 32-bit File Access of Windows for Workgroups 3.11 bypassed the native MS-DOS code for accessing files. This opened the way for Windows 95's support for Long File Names, which made DOS file code and related 8.3 filename utilities obsolete. Illustration of an application which may use libvorbisfile. ... In computer science, a subroutine (function, method, procedure, or subprogram) is a portion of code within a larger program, which performs a specific task and is relatively independent of the remaining code. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Computer hardware. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Linux boot loader loadlin starts Linux from DOS or Microsoft Windows (since loadlin version 1. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... 32-bit Disk Access (also known as FastDisk) refers to a special disk access and caching mode available in older, MS-DOS-based Microsoft Windows operating systems. ... 32-bit file access refers to the higher performance, protected mode disk caching method introduced in Windows for Workgroups 3. ... Long filename is the name given to the longer and therefore more descriptive titles on the FAT filesystem, which was previously restricted to eight characters and a three-character extension (referred to as 8. ... A 8. ...


Furthermore, an MS-DOS program running in the Windows environment can take advantage of those features of Windows which are natively unsupported by DOS. An MS-DOS program running on Windows for Workgroups 3.11 automatically uses 32-bit File Access rather than the native MS-DOS file and disk access routines. Similarly, a specially written MS-DOS program running on Windows 95 can access long file names.


Windows NT and its successors represent operating systems completely separate from MS-DOS legacy and their kernel is entirely composed of 32-bit code. MS-DOS (and Windows 3.x) programs run inside virtual DOS machines, which are implemented over the normal system API rather than underlying the system. Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Applications

Windows 3.1x introduced new possibilities for applications, especially multimedia applications. During this era, Microsoft developed a new range of software that was implemented on this operating system, called Microsoft Home. Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Logo Microsoft Home was a line of software applications and personal hardware products published by Microsoft Corporation. ...


References

  1. ^ Virginia Kouyoumdjian. "DOS/V, Windows, Prices, and the Future", Computing Japan, August 1994. 

External links

  • Technical articles discussing the Windows 3.1 architecture
  • GUIdebook: Windows 3.1 Gallery - A website dedicated to preserving and showcasing Graphical User Interfaces
  • HPC:Factor Windows 3.1x Patches & Updates Guide
  • Win3x.Org - (en / fr) Resources, abandonware and support for windows 3x
  • Windows 3.1 Rocks Mailing List Support, links and freeware downloads for users of Windows 3x.
  • Lightspeed Reference Page Good place to find programs to run on Windows 3.1 and links to most important Windows 3.1 websites.

 
 

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