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Encyclopedia > Window Maker
Window Maker

Default look of the Window Maker environment
Maintainer: Window Maker developers
Latest release: 0.92.0 (stable) / July 3, 2005
OS: Unix-like
Use: Window Manager
License: GPL
Website: http://www.windowmaker.info/

Window Maker is a window manager for the X Window System, which allows graphical applications to be run on Unix-like operating-systems. It is designed to emulate NeXT's GUI, as an OpenStep-compatible environment. A screenshot of the Window Maker window manager. ... In software engineering, software maintenance is the process of enhancing and optimizing deployed software (software release), as well as remedying defects. ... A software release refers to the creation and availability of a new version of a computer software product. ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Unix or UNIX is a computer operating system originally developed in the 1960s and 1970s by a group of AT&T Bell Labs employees including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and Douglas McIlroy. ... On Microsoft Windows 95, 98, and ME you can enter the Windows device manager by clicking Start, Settings, Control Panel, System icon, and clicking on the Device Manager tab. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... The GNU logo The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or simply GPL) is a widely used free software license, originally written by Richard Stallman for the GNU project. ... Website - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... On Microsoft Windows 95, 98, and ME you can enter the Windows device manager by clicking Start, Settings, Control Panel, System icon, and clicking on the Device Manager tab. ... KDE 3. ... Unix or UNIX is a computer operating system originally developed in the 1960s and 1970s by a group of AT&T Bell Labs employees including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and Douglas McIlroy. ... Look up Next in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... The OPENSTEP desktop. ...


Window Maker is free, open source software and is released under the GNU GPL. This article is about free software as defined by the sociopolitical free software movement; for information on software distributed without charge, see freeware. ... ... GNU (pronounced ) is a free operating system consisting of a kernel, libraries, system utilities, compilers, and end-user applications. ... The GNU logo The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or simply GPL) is a widely used free software license, originally written by Richard Stallman for the GNU project. ...

Contents


Overview

Window Maker has a reputation of being relatively fast and efficient compared to many other window managers and operating systems, and is often used on older machines. Window Maker is also known for being configurable and user-friendly, partially due to its small size and simplicity that make it relatively easy to understand.



It uses the WINGs widget set common to several other applications, including a display manager called WINGs Display Manager (WDM) and many dockapps. The applets that integrate into Window Maker's Dock and Clip are compatible with those from Afterstep's Wharf. Widget is a general-purpose term, or placeholder name, for any unspecified device, including those that have not yet been invented. ... In computing, the WINGs Display Manager (WDM) is a display manager for the X window system. ... Window Maker Dock with the dockapps wmclock wmmon wmapmload and wmusic Dockapps, or docked applications are computer programs which appear to reside inside an icon rather than a window in graphical computer systems. ... In Unix computing, AfterStep is a window manager for the X Window System. ...


History

Window Maker was written primarily by Alfredo Kojima, a Brazilian programmer, for the GNUstep desktop environment. It was originally meant to be an improved version of the AfterStep window manager. Alfredo Kengi Kojima (born February 25, 1976 in Gramado, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil) is a Japanese-Brazilian programmer and has been the lead developer of Window Maker, a X11 window manager, since 1997. ... GNUstep is a free software implementation of NeXTs OpenStep Objective-C libraries (called frameworks), widget toolkit, and application development tools not only for Unix-like operating systems, but also for Microsoft Windows. ... In graphical computing, a desktop environment (DE) offers graphical user interface (GUI) solution to operate a computer. ... In Unix computing, AfterStep is a window manager for the X Window System. ...


Getting and using Window Maker

Window Maker is included with many Unix-like operating systems. For example: Fedora Core and Mandriva Linux both include other graphical desktops as an option, Debian and Ubuntu users have a package named "wmaker", while FreeBSD, NetBSD, and OpenBSD offer it as both a port and a package. A Unix-like operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification. ... In computing, an operating system (OS) is the system software responsible for the direct control and management of hardware and basic system operations. ... Fedora Core is an RPM-based Linux distribution, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project, sponsored by Red Hat. ... Mandriva Linux (formerly Mandrakelinux or Mandrake Linux, and an acquisition of Conectiva and Lycoris) is a GNU/Linux distribution created by Mandriva, SA (formerly Mandrakesoft, SA). ... Debian, organized by the Debian Project, is a widely used distribution of free software developed through the collaboration of volunteers from around the world. ... Ubuntu is a desktop Linux distribution, based on Debian GNU/Linux. ... deb is the extension of the Debian software package format and the most often used name for such binary packages. ... FreeBSD is a Unix-like free operating system descended from AT&T UNIX via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) branch through 386BSD and 4. ... NetBSD is a freely redistributable, open source version of the Unix-like BSD computer operating system. ... OpenBSD is a freely available Unix-like computer operating system descended from Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), a Unix derivative created at the University of California, Berkeley. ... Ports collections (or ports trees, or just ports) are the sets of makefiles and patches provided by the BSD-based operating systems, FreeBSD, NetBSD and OpenBSD, as a simple method of installing software or creating binary packages. ...

Window Maker 0.91.0 on FreeBSD 5.3
Window Maker 0.91.0 on FreeBSD 5.3

The default appearance can be confusing to those who are expecting a taskbar and start menu, but all applications can be accessed by right-clicking on the background to obtain the main menu. Keyboard users can use F12 for the application menu, and F11 for a window menu. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 202 KB)Window Maker Screenshot This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 202 KB)Window Maker Screenshot This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... In computing, the taskbar is a term for the application desktop bar which is used to launch and monitor applications in Microsoft Windows 95 and later operating systems. ...


Window Maker itself can be configured by double-clicking on the icon with a white screwdriver at the top-right of the screen (or on the Window Maker logo in recent versions), while an icon depicting a computer monitor is used to launch a command-window. A paperclip icon is used to cycle between workspaces. Christ the Redeemer (1410s, by Andrei Rublev) For other senses of this word, see icon (disambiguation). ... CLI is an acronym (or, strictly speaking, an initialism) for Command line interface Call Level Interface Common language interface (Commonly believed, but not official for Common Language Infrastructure) Common Language Infrastructure CLear Interrupts Composite Leading Indicator Caller Line Identification (telephony) Celebrity Love Island Critical Language Institute This page concerning a...


Application icons and docked applications appear at the bottom of the screen and may be covered by windows when they maximise - drag icons to the right of the screen to make them permanent, and right-click on their edges to adjust an icon's settings. Window Maker Dock with the dockapps wmclock wmmon wmapmload and wmusic Dockapps, or docked applications are computer programs which appear to reside inside an icon rather than a window in graphical computer systems. ...


Useful applications

wprefs
wprefs

The archetypical WM dockable applications (dockapps) are clocks and system monitoring applications. For the clock functionality alone there are numerous implementations, including but not limited to wmcalclock, wmtime, wmclock, wmclockmon. For monitoring, there's wmload, wmavgload, wmmon, wmnet, wmnd, etc. This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software. ... This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software. ... Archetype is defined as the first original model of which all other similar persons, objects, or concepts are merely derivative, copied, patterned, or emulated. ... Categories: Substubs | Free software ...


Many other dockapps are available, including apps that show various system parameters, run other applications, etc — see examples at Ben Sinclair DockApp Warehouse or dockapps.org.


To change the background, use the command wmsetbg -s -u [filename.jpg] (windowmaker set background) - it's possible to create a menu which automatically shows and allows you to select wallpaper from a directory, see below. A desktop with the famous Bliss wallpaper, the default wallpaper for Windows XP. A screenshot of Ubuntu 6. ...


The WPrefs configuration tool enables tuning of most Window Maker preferences, while additional programs such as wmakerconf were developed to provide additional configuration options. WPrefs is a configuration tool for WindowMaker. ... Window Maker 0. ...


Configuration files are typically stored in ~/GNUstep/ .

This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software. ...

Menu

The configuration tool allows you to edit the application menu graphically, in a very versatile manner which is recorded in ~/GNUstep/Defaults/WMRootMenu as a text file which can be easily read and edited (or automatically generated if you have a list of installed applications elsewhere).


Menu items can be set to:

  • Run a program or application
  • Run an internal command, such as quitting Window Maker
  • List a directory in a submenu
    • Where clicking on a file runs it as a program
    • Where clicking on a program runs an application with that filename as an argument
  • List the windows being shown
  • List the workspaces available

Many Linux distributions define their own applications menu for Window Maker, although they cannot usually be edited using the configuration tool (which will offer to replace the unknown menu with a default which you can edit). A Linux distribution is a Unix-like operating system comprising the Linux kernel and other assorted free software/open-source software, and possibly proprietary software. ...


Name

The original name of the program was WindowMaker (without the space) until a name conflict arose with the older product Windowmaker from Windowmaker Software Ltd, producers of software for windows and doors. An agreement between the developers of Window Maker and Windowmaker Software in 1998 specified that 'Window Maker' (in the X Window sense) should never be used as a single word. The terms computer program, software program, applications program, system software, or just program are used to refer to either an executable program by both lay people and computer programmers or the collection of source code from which an executable program is created (eg, compiled). ... A window is an opening in an otherwise solid and opaque surface through which light and, sometimes, air can pass. ... The front door of a house is often decorated to appear inviting. ...


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