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Encyclopedia > Winchester
Winchester

Coordinates: 51.0632° N 1.3085° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Population 40,000
OS grid reference SU485295
District City of Winchester
Shire county Hampshire
Region South East
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WINCHESTER
Postcode district SO22, SO23
Dial code 01962
Police Hampshire
Fire Hampshire
Ambulance South Central
UK Parliament Winchester
European Parliament South East England
List of places: UKEnglandHampshire

Winchester is a historic city in southern England, with a population of around 40,000 within a 3 mile radius of its centre. It is the seat of the City of Winchester local government district, which covers a much larger area, and is also the administrative capital and county town of Hampshire. Winchester was formerly the capital of England, during the 10th and early 11th centuries, and the capital of Wessex before that. The town is at the western end of the South Downs with the scenic River Itchen running through it. The town is served by trains running from London Waterloo, Weymouth, Brighton, Portsmouth, Southampton and the North. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 11 KB) Summary Description: A blank map of the United Kingdom, with country outline and coastline; contact the author for help with modifications or add-ons Source: Reference map provided by Demis Mapper 6 Date: 2006-21-06 Author: User... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Winchester is a local government district in Hampshire, England, with city status. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Hampshire, sometimes historically Southamptonshire or Hamptonshire, (abbr. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... South East England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The SO postcode area, also known as the Southampton postcode area[1], is a group of postal districts around Alresford, Brockenhurst, Eastleigh, Lymington, Lyndhurst, Romsey, Southampton, Stockbridge and Winchester in England. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... Hampshire Constabulary is the Home Office police force responsible for policing Hampshire and the Isle of Wight in southern England. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service for the area of Hampshire, on the south coast of England. ... Crest of NHS ambulance services in England Crest of the Scottish Ambulance Service In the UK, the majority of ambulance services are provided under the National Health Service through local ambulance trusts. Each trust is specific to a county or area, and so the country is divided across a number... The South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Hampshire, Milton Keynes, Oxfordshire, Portsmouth, and Southampton, in the South East England region. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Winchester is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... South East England is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of settlements and places of interest in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England. ... Historically, city status in England and Wales was associated with the presence of a cathedral, such as York Minster. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Winchester is a local government district in Hampshire, England, with city status. ... A county town is the capital of a county in the United Kingdom or Republic of Ireland. ... Hampshire, sometimes historically Southamptonshire or Hamptonshire, (abbr. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Map of the British Isles circa 802 Wessex was one of the seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) that preceded the Kingdom of England. ... Near Beachy Head The South Downs is one of the two areas of chalk downland in southern England. ... The Itchen near Ovington. ... London Waterloo railway station is a major railway station and transport interchange complex in London, England. ... Weymouth is a town in Dorset, England, situated on a sheltered bay at the mouth of the River Wey on the English Channel coast. ... Brighton is located on the south coast of England, and together with its immediate neighbour Hove forms the city of Brighton and Hove. ... For other places with the same name, see Portsmouth (disambiguation). ... Southampton is a city, unitary authority and major port situated on the south coast of England. ...

Contents

Notable buildings

Cathedral

View of Winchester Cathedral.
View of Winchester Cathedral.
Main article: Winchester Cathedral

Winchester Cathedral, the second longest building in Europe, was originally built in 1079. It contains much fine architecture spanning the 11th to the 16th century and is the burial place of numerous Bishops of Winchester (such as William of Wykeham) and Anglo-Saxon and later monarchs (such as King Canute), as well as Jane Austen. It was once an important pilgrimage centre and housed the shrine of Saint Swithun. The ancient Pilgrims' Way travelling to Canterbury begins at Winchester. The plan of the earlier Old Minster is laid out in the grass adjoining the cathedral. The New Minster once stood beside it. Winchester Cathedral from the side, taken by CGS on June 11, 2003. ... Winchester Cathedral from the side, taken by CGS on June 11, 2003. ... Winchester Cathedral as seen from the Cathedral Close View along the nave of Winchester Cathedral to the west door A plan published in 1911 View of Winchester Cathedral Winchester Cathedral at Winchester in Hampshire is one of the largest cathedrals in England, said to be the second longest, and with... Winchester Cathedral as seen from the Cathedral Close View along the nave of Winchester Cathedral to the west door A plan published in 1911 View of Winchester Cathedral Winchester Cathedral at Winchester in Hampshire is one of the largest cathedrals in England, said to be the second longest, and with... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... Events Persian astronomer, Omar Khayyám, computed the length of the year as 365. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Arms of the Bishop of Winchester The diocese of Winchester is one of the oldest and most important in England. ... William of Wykeham (1320 – September 27, 1404), Bishop of Winchester, Chancellor of England, founder of Winchester College and of New College, Oxford, and builder of a large part of Windsor Castle, was born in Wickham, Hampshire. ... The famous parade helmet found at Sutton Hoo, probably belonging to King Raedwald of East Anglia circa 625. ... Canute (or Cnut) I, or Canute the Great (Old Norse: Knútr inn ríki, Danish: Knud den Store, Norwegian: Knut den mektige, Swedish: Knut den store) (ca. ... Jane Austen (16 December 1775 – 18 July 1817) was an English novelist whose works include Pride and Prejudice, Sense and Sensibility, Persuasion and Emma. ... Monument to pilgrims in Burgos, Spain This article is on religious pilgrims. ... Eastern Orthodox shrine Buddhist shrine just outside Wat Phnom. ... St. ... The Pilgrims Way is reputedly the route taken by pilgrims to the shrine of Thomas Becket from Winchester in Hampshire to Canterbury in Kent, England. ... Canterbury is a cathedral city in east Kent in South East England and is the seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Primate of All England, head of the Church of England and of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ... The Old Minster was the Anglo-Saxon cathedral for the diocese of Wessex and then Winchester from 660 to 1093. ... The New Minster, Winchester was a royal Benedictine abbey founded in 901 in Winchester in the English county of Hampshire. ...


Cathedral Close

The Cathedral Close contains a number of historic buildings from the time when the cathedral was also a priory. Of particular note are the Deanery which dates back to the 13th century. It was originally the Prior's House, and was the birthplace of Arthur, Prince of Wales in 1486. Not far away is Cheyney Court, a mid-15th century timber-framed house incorporating the Porter's Lodge for the Priory Gate. It was the Bishop's court house. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Arthur Tudor (20 September 1486 St Swithins Priory, Winchester– 2 April 1502 Ludlow Castle) was the eldest son of Henry VII of England. ... Events Tízoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan dies. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


The earliest hammer-beamed building in England is also situated in the Cathedral Close, next to the Dean's garden. It is known as the Pilgrims' Hall, as it was part of the hostelry used to accommodate the many pilgrims to Saint Swithun's shrine. Left-overs from the lavish banquets of the Dean would be given to the pilgrims who were welcome to spend the night in the hall. It is thought by Winchester City Council to have been built in 1308. The Pilgrims' School is planning to organise some events in the year 2008. Now, the hall is used by the school for assemblies in the morning, drama lessons, plays, orchestral practices, Cathedral Waynflete rehearsals, the school's Senior Commoners' Choir rehearsals and so forth. This photograph from 1896 shows the hammerbeam roof of Westminster Hall. ... Events Henry VII is elected as king of the Holy Roman Empire. ... The Pilgrims School, Winchester, is a preparatory school in the Cathedral Close in Winchester, Hampshire, the ancient capital of England. ...


Wolvesey Castle and Palace

Main article: Wolvesey Castle

Wolvesey Castle was the Norman bishop's palace, dating from 1110, but standing on the site of an earlier Saxon structure. It was enhanced by Henry de Blois during the Anarchy of his brother King Stephen's reign. He was besieged there for some days. In the 16th century, Queen Mary Tudor and King Philip II of Spain were guests just prior to their wedding in the Cathedral. The building is now a ruin (maintained by English Heritage), but the chapel was incorporated into the new palace built in the 1680s, only one wing of which survives. Wolvesey Castle is a ruined castle in Winchester, Hampshire, United Kingdom. ... Wolvesey Castle is a ruined castle in Winchester, Hampshire, United Kingdom. ... The Anglo-Normans were the descendents of the Normans who ruled England following the conquest by William of Normandy in 1066. ... The Bishops Palace, also known as Greshams Castle, is an ornate Victorian home located on Broadway and 14th Street in the East End Historic District of Galveston, Texas. ... Events December 4 - First Crusade: The Crusaders conquer Sidon. ... Henry of Blois (1111-1171) was bishop of Winchester from 1129 to his death. ... The Anarchy in English history commonly names the period of civil war and unsettled government that occurred during the reign (1135–1154) of King Stephen of England. ... Stephen (c. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Queen Mary I of England (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558), also known as Mary Tudor, was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 6 July 1553 (de facto) or 19 July 1553 (de jure) until her death. ... Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, King of England (as King-consort of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, King... English Heritage is a United Kingdom government body with a broad remit of managing the historic environment of England. ... Events and Trends The Treaty of Ratisbon between France and England in 1684 ended the Age of Buccaneers. ...


Winchester Castle

Main article: Winchester Castle

Winchester is well known for the Great Hall of its castle, which was built in the 12th century. The Great Hall was rebuilt, sometime between 1222-1235, and still exists in this form. It is famous for King Arthur's Round Table, which has hung in the hall from at least 1463. The table actually dates from the 13th century, and as such is not contemporary to Arthur. Despite this it is still of considerable historical interest and attracts many tourists. The table was originally unpainted, but was painted for King Henry VIII in 1522. The names of the legendary Knights of the Round Table are written around the edge of the table surmounted by King Arthur on his throne. Opposite the table are Prince Charles' 'Wedding Gates'. In the grounds of the Great Hall is a recreation of a medieval garden. Apart from the hall, only a few excavated remains of the stronghold survive amongst the modern Law Courts. The buildings were supplanted by the King's House, now incorporated into the Peninsula Barracks where there are several military museums. Winchester is also home to the Army Training Regiment Winchester, otherwise known as Sir John Moore Barracks, where Army recruits undergo their phase one training. A castle in Winchester called Winchester Castle ... A castle in Winchester called Winchester Castle ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Decades: 1170s 1180s 1190s 1200s 1210s - 1220s - 1230s 1240s 1250s 1260s 1270s Years: 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 See also: 1222 state leaders Events Foundation of the University of Padua Completion of the Cistercian convent in Alcobaca... Events Anglo-Norman invasion of Connacht St. ... A bronze Arthur in plate armour with visor raised and with jousting shield wearing Kastenbrust armour (early 15th century) by Peter Vischer, typical of later anachronistic depictions of Arthur. ... Events January 5 - Poet Francois Villon is banned from Paris Births January 17 - Frederick III, Elector of Saxony (died 1525) February 24 - Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher (died 1494) October 20 - Alessandro Achillini, Italian philosopher (died 1512) Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de Medici, Italian patron of the arts (died 1503... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Silver groat of Henry VIII, minted c. ... Events January 9 - Adrian Dedens becomes Pope Adrian VI. February 26 - Execution by hanging of Cuauhtémoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan under orders of conquistador Hernán Cortés. ... Knights of the Round Table were those men awarded the highest order of Chivalry at the Court of King Arthur in the literary cycle the Matter of Britain. ... Prince Charles may refer to: Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, current heir-apparent to the British throne Any of the previous British royals named Charles, Prince of Wales The former Belgian regent, Prince Charles of Belgium This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Kings House in Winchester was a late 17th century planned royal palace in the English county of Hampshire. ... An Army Training Regiment (ATR) is a unit of the British Army which conducts basic training for new recruits. ...


Winchester College

Main article: Winchester College

The buildings of Winchester College, a public school founded by William of Wykeham, still largely date from their first erection in 1382. There are two courtyards, a gatehouse, cloister, hall and a magnificent college chapel. It was planned to educate poor boys before they moved on to New College, Oxford and a life in the church. Winchester College is a well-known boys independent school, and an example of a British public school, in the city of Winchester in Hampshire, England. ... Winchester College is a well-known boys independent school, and an example of a British public school, in the city of Winchester in Hampshire, England. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Enyu of Japan, fifth and last of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Emperor Go-Komatsu ascends to the throne of Japan John Wyclifs teachings are condemned by the Synod of London. ... College name New College of St Mary Collegium Novum Oxoniensis/Collegium Sanctae Mariae Wintoniae Named after Mary, mother of Jesus Established 1379 Sister College Kings College Warden Prof. ...


Hospital of St Cross

The almshouses and vast Norman chapel of Hospital of St Cross were founded just outside the city centre by Henry de Blois in the 1130s. Since at least the 14th century, and still available today, a 'wayfarer's dole' of ale and bread has been handed out at there. It was supposedly instigated to aid pilgrims to Canterbury. The Almshouse at Sherborne, Dorset The Almshouse at Woburn, Bedfordshire West Hackney Almshouses in Stoke Newington, London. ... The nave of Durham Cathedral demonstrates the characteristic round arched style, though use of shallow pointed arches above the nave is a forerunner of the Gothic style. ... A chapel is a private church, usually small and often attached to a larger institution such as a college, a hospital, a palace, or a prison. ... Hospital of St Cross is a medieval almshouse in Winchester England, founded between 1133 and 1136 it is the oldest charitable institution in Britain[1]. The founder was Henry de Blois Bishop of Winchester, grand son of William the Conqueror, half brother to King Stephen of England. ... Centuries: 11th century - 12th century - 13th century Decades: 1080s 1090s 1100s 1110s 1120s - 1130s - 1140s 1150s 1160s 1170s 1180s Years: 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 Events and Trends Romanesque church at Vezelay - carving completed 1130 Innocent II is elected pope 1139 Alphonso I becomes first... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ...

Winchester Guildhall 1871.
Winchester Guildhall 1871.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (533x800, 191 KB) Winchester Guildhall 1871 . File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (533x800, 191 KB) Winchester Guildhall 1871 . File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Other buildings

Other important historic buildings include the Guildhall dating from 1871, the Royal Hampshire County Hospital and one of the city's several water mills driven by the various channels of the River Itchen that penetrate the city centre. Winchester City Mill, has recently been restored, and is again milling corn by water power. The mill is owned by the National Trust. 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Royal Hampshire County Hospital in Winchester is a District General Hospital serving much of central Hampshire. ... Watermill of Braine-le-Château, Belgium (12th century) A watermill is a structure that uses a water wheel or turbine to drive a mechanical process such as flour or lumber production, or metal shaping (rolling, grinding or wire drawing). ... The Itchen near Ovington. ... The Winchester City Mill is a restored water mill situated on the River Itchen in the centre of the ancient English city of Winchester. ... The standard of the National Trust The National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, usually known as The National Trust, is a British preservation organization. ...


History

Early history

Main article: Venta Belgarum

Settlement in the area dates back to pre-Roman times, with an Iron Age enclosure or valley fort, Oram's Arbour, on the western side of the present-day city. After the Roman conquest of Britain the civitas, then named Venta Belgarum or "Market of the Belgae", was of considerable importance. Principal sites in Roman Britain Venta Belgarum was a town in the Roman province of Britannia. ... In the British Isles, the Iron Age lasted from about the 7th century BC until the Roman conquest and until the 5th century in non-Romanised parts. ... A hill fort is a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for military advantage. ... Orams Arbour was a hill fort during the Iron Age, which eventually became Venta Belgarum, Britannia and then Winchester, Hampshire, England. ... Britain was the target of invasion by forces of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire several times during its history. ... Principal sites in Roman Britain Venta Belgarum was a town in the Roman province of Britannia. ... The Belgae were a group of nations or tribes living in north-eastern Gaul, on the west bank of the Rhine, in the 1st century BC, and later also attested in Britain. ...


The city may have been the Caergwinntguic or Caergwintwg (literally meaning "White Fortress") as recorded by Nennius after the Roman occupation. This name was corrupted into Wintanceastre following the Anglo-Saxon conquest of the area in 519. Nennius, or Nemnivus, is the name of two shadowy personages traditionally associated with the history of Wales. ... Motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent, c. ... Telephone Area Code for much of Southwestern Ontario, Canada including cities of Windsor and Kitchener Cerdic becomes king of Wessex The synagogues of Ravenna are burnt down in a riot; Theodoric the Great orders them to be rebuilt at Ravennas expense. ...

Hamo Thornycroft's statue of King Alfred the Great in Winchester.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (768x1024, 98 KB) Photo prise par Odejea le 25 août 2005 à Winchester. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (768x1024, 98 KB) Photo prise par Odejea le 25 août 2005 à Winchester. ... (William) Hamo Thornycroft (1850–1925) was a British sculptor, responsible for several London landmarks. ... Alfred (849? – 26 October 899) (sometimes spelt Ælfred) was king of England from 871 to 899, though at no time did he rule over the whole of the land. ...

Anglo-Saxon times

The city has historic importance as it replaced Dorchester-on-Thames as the defacto capital of the ancient kingdom of Wessex in about 686 after King Caedwalla of Wessex defeated King Atwald of Wight. Although it was not the only town to have been the capital, it was established by King Egbert as the main city in his kingdom in 827. Saint Swithun was Bishop of Winchester in the mid-9th century. The Saxon street plan laid out by Alfred is still evident today: a cross shaped street system which conformed to the standard town planning system of the day - overlaying the pre-existing Roman street plan (incorporating the ecclesiastical quarter in the south-east; the judicial quarter in the south-west; the tradesmen in the north-east). The town was part of a series of fortifications along the south coast. Built by Alfred to protect the Kingdom, they were known as 'burhs'. The boundary of the old town is visible in places (a wooden barricade surrounded by ditches in Saxon times) now a stone wall. Four main gates were positioned in the north, south, east and west plus the additional Durngate and King's Gate. Winchester remained the capital of Wessex, and then England, until some time after the Norman Conquest when the capital was moved to London. Dorchester-on-Thames is a village on the River Thames in Oxfordshire, England. ... Map of the British Isles circa 802 Wessex was one of the seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) that preceded the Kingdom of England. ... Events October 21 - Conon becomes Pope, succeeding Pope John V. Empress Jito ascends to the throne of Japan Kingdom of Kent attacked and conquered by West Saxons under Caedwalla Births August 23 - Charles Martel, winner of the Battle of Tours Deaths Emperor Temmu of Japan Korean Buddhist monk Weonhyo See... Caedwalla (c. ... The Isle of Wight is an English island and county, off the southern English coast, to the south of the county of Hampshire. ... Egbert (also Ecgbehrt or Ecgbert) (c. ... Events Succession of Pope Valentine, then Pope Gregory IV. Arabs invade Sicily. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... Bayeux Tapestry depicting events leading to the Battle of Hastings The Norman Conquest of England was the conquest of the Kingdom of England by William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy), in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings and the subsequent Norman control of England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...

Winchester High Street in the mid 19th century.
Winchester High Street in the mid 19th century.

Image File history File links WinchesterHighStreetHampshireRobertMudieauthor18532ndattempt. ... Image File history File links WinchesterHighStreetHampshireRobertMudieauthor18532ndattempt. ...

Medieval and later times

A serious fire in the city in 1141 accelerated its decline. However, William of Wykeham (1320-1404) played an important role in the city's restoration. As Bishop of Winchester he was responsible for much of the current structure of the cathedral, and he founded Winchester College as well as New College, Oxford. During the Middle Ages, the city was an important centre of the wool trade, before going into a slow decline. Events February 2 - Battle of Lincoln. ... William of Wykeham (1320 – September 27, 1404), Bishop of Winchester, Chancellor of England, founder of Winchester College and of New College, Oxford, and builder of a large part of Windsor Castle, was born in Wickham, Hampshire. ... Arms of the Bishop of Winchester The diocese of Winchester is one of the oldest and most important in England. ... Winchester College is a well-known boys independent school, and an example of a British public school, in the city of Winchester in Hampshire, England. ... College name New College of St Mary Collegium Novum Oxoniensis/Collegium Sanctae Mariae Wintoniae Named after Mary, mother of Jesus Established 1379 Sister College Kings College Warden Prof. ...


The famous novelist Jane Austen died in Winchester on 18 July 1817 and is buried in the cathedral. Jane Austen (16 December 1775 – 18 July 1817) was an English novelist whose works include Pride and Prejudice, Sense and Sensibility, Persuasion and Emma. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Further learning

The City Museum located on the corner of Minster Street and The Square contains much information on the history of Winchester.


Sport

Winchester's association football club, called Winchester City F.C., was founded in 1884 and has the motto "Many in Men, One in Spirit", and currently play in the Sydenhams Wessex League Division 1. Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Winchester City F.C. are an English football team based in Winchester, Hampshire and playing in the Southern League Division One South and West. ...


Winchester also has a rugby team named Winchester RFC and a thriving athletic club called Winchester and District AC.


Winchester has a thriving successful Hockey Club (http://www.winchesterhc.co.uk/), with ten mens and three ladies teams catering to all ages and abilities.


Winchester women also have successful sports teams with Winchester City Women FC currently playing in the Hampshire County League Division 1 and recently went through a league campaign unbeaten. The club caters for players of all ability and ages(www.winchestercitywomen.co.uk)
. . .


Also there is a roller hockey team http://www.kingsrollerhockey.btinternet.co.uk/ they are recruiting new players


Winchester Kings currently train once a week on a Sunday morning, and each age group training at different times. The times are as follows: Cubs and Colts- 9:00 to 11:00am / Juniors and Seniors- 11:00am to 1:00pm


Training takes place at Winchester River Park Leisure Centre on Sunday mornings. (NB. Please check our Fixtures to make sure we're not playing a match)


Lawn bowls is played at several greens during the summer months and at Riverside Indoor Bowling Club during the winter.


Education in Winchester

There are numerous educational institutions in Winchester.


Among privately owned preparatory schools, there are The Pilgrims' School Winchester, Twyford, Prince's Mead etc. Winchester College, which accepts students from ages 13 to 18, is one of the most well-known public schools in Britain and many of its pupils leave for well-respected universities. The Pilgrims School, Winchester, is a preparatory school in the Cathedral Close in Winchester, Hampshire, the ancient capital of England. ... Winchester College is a well-known boys independent school, and an example of a British public school, in the city of Winchester in Hampshire, England. ...


There are three state secondary schools; Kings' School Winchester, The Westgate School and Henry Beaufort, all of which have excellent reputations. The sixth form Peter Symonds College is the main college that serves Winchester, it is rated amongst the top and the largest sixth form colleges in the UK. Peter Symonds College is an open-access sixth form college in Winchester, Hampshire, in the south of England. ... A sixth form college is an educational institution in England, Wales or Northern Ireland where students aged 16 to 18 complete post-compulsary further education qualifications, such as A Levels. ...


The University of Winchester (formerly King Alfred's College) serves as Winchester's primary university. It is located on a purpose built campus near the city centre. The Winchester School of Art is part of the University of Southampton. The University of Winchester is a university in Winchester in the United Kingdom. ... Winchester School of Art is an art school that is now part of the University of Southampton. ... The University of Southampton is a university situated in the city of Southampton, on the south coast of Great Britain. ...


Winchester abroad

The city of Winchester is twinned with Laon in France and the Winchester district is twinned with Gießen in Germany. Laon is a city and commune of France, préfecture (capital) of the Aisne département. ... Winchester is a local government district in Hampshire, England, with city status. ... theatre in Giessen Architecture in Giessen Giessen (German spelling Gießen) is a city in the German federal state (Bundesland) of Hesse, capital of both the Giessen district and the Giessen Administrative Region. ...


The city of Winchester gave its name to a suburb of Paris, France, called Le Kremlin-Bicêtre (23,724 inhabitants), due to a manor built there by John of Pontoise, Bishop of Winchester, in the end of the 13th century. City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Floating not submerging) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Le Kremlin-Bicêtre is a commune of the Val-de-Marne département, in France. ... Arms of the Bishop of Winchester The diocese of Winchester is one of the oldest and most important in England. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ...


Media and culture

Winchester is the main location of Samuel Youd's post-apocalyptic science fiction series, Sword of the Spirits. The books were published under the pen name John Christopher. Samuel Youd (born April 16, 1922) is a British science fiction author. ... The Sword of the Spirits is the (unofficial) title of a trilogy of science fiction books written by Samuel Youd under the pseudonym John Christopher. The stories are set in the South of England in a future where, due to a world wide ecological (not military) catastrophe, life has reverted...


On Channel 4 UK's Television Programme "The Best And Worst Places To Live In The UK" 2006, which was broadcast on Channel 4 UK on the 26th October 2006, it was officially branded as the Best Place In The UK To Live In: 2006.[1]


In 'the Idler book of Crap Towns:The 50 Worst Places To Live In The UK', Winchester was 5th just beating Liverpool (6th).[2] The Idler is a bi-yearly British magazine devoted to promoting its ethos of idle living and all that entails. ... Crap Towns: The 50 Worst Places To Live In The UK (ISBN 0752215825) and Crap Crap Towns II: The Nation Decides (ISBN 0752225456) are books edited by Sam Jordison and Dan Kieran and published in association with UK Quarterly The Idler. ... Liverpool skyline. ...


Since 1974 Winchester has hosted the annual Hat Fair, a celebration of street theatre that includes performances, workshops, and gatherings at several venues around the city. 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... It has been suggested that Street performer be merged into this article or section. ...


In the movie Merlin, King Uther's first conquest of Britain begins with Winchester, which Merlin foresaw would fall.


References

  1. ^ http://www.channel4.com/4homes/ontv/best&worst/2006/winchester.html
  2. ^ Idler book of crap towns ISBN 0-7522-1582-5 page 131

External links

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Winchester

  Results from FactBites:
 
Welcome to Winchester - Visit Winchester (362 words)
Find out what life was like in Winchester during the time of Elizabeth I's reign with the help of our programme of special events, or retrace the steps of stars Cate Blanchett and Clive Owen as you visit the filming locations.
Popular for its shopping streets and architecture, its floral summer season and quirky open air events, Winchester is most well known for its eleventh century cathedral and for the Great Hall which for over 600 years has housed the mysterious Round Table.
Winchester College is the oldest continuously running school in the country, whilst the Hospital of St Cross - a medieval almshouse - still offers the Wayfarer's Dole to travellers as it has done for more than eight centuries.
Winchester - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1114 words)
Winchester is a historic city in southern England, with a population of around 40,000 within a 3 mile radius of its centre.
The famous novelist Jane Austen died in Winchester on 18 July 1817 and is buried in the cathedral.
The city of Winchester is twinned with Laon in France and the Winchester district is twinned with Gießen in Germany.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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