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Encyclopedia > Willys
1920 Willys-Knight advertisement
1920 Willys-Knight advertisement

Willys (correctly pronounced "WILL-iss", but "Will-eez" is more common), was the brand name used by the United States automobile company, Willys-Overland Motors, best known for its production of military and civilian Jeeps, during the twentieth century. Willys-Knight automobile, from 1920 magazine ad This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... Willys-Knight automobile, from 1920 magazine ad This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... A marque (French for brand and pronounced as mark) is a brand name, most commonly used for automobile brands. ... For the magazine called automobile, see Automobile Magazine. ... Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ...

Contents

History

In 1908, John North Willys bought the Overland Automotive Division of Standard Wheel Company and in 1912 renamed it Willys-Overland Motor Company. From 1912 to 1918, Willys was the second largest producer of automobiles in the United States behind only the Ford Motor Company. John Willys, c. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Ford Motor Company and Ford (vehicles). ...


In 1913, Willys acquired a license to build the Knight Engine's (sleeve-valve) engine which it used in cars bearing the Willys-Knight nameplate. In the mid 1920s, Willys also acquired the F.B. Stearns Company of Cleveland, Ohio and assumed continued production of the Stearns-Knight luxury car as well. The Knight Engine was an internal combustion engine, designed by Charles Yale Knight (1868-1940), that used sleeve valves instead of the more common poppet valve construction. ... Willy on Wheels Willys Knight was an automobile produced by Willys. ... Nickname: The Forest City Motto: Progress and Prosperity Location in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio County Cuyahoga Founded 1796 Incorporated 1836 Mayor Frank G. Jackson (D) Area    - City 82. ... Stearns-Knight catalog image, taken outside the Cleveland Museum of Art Stearns-Knight was a luxury automobile produced in Cleveland, Ohio first by the F.B. Stearns Company from 1900 to 1925, and then under ownership by WillysOverland Company of Toledo, Ohio until 1929. ...


John Willys acquired the Electric Auto-Lite Company in 1914 and in 1917 formed the Willys Corporation to act as his holding company. In 1919 he acquired the Duesenberg Motors Company plant in Elizabeth, New Jersey. The New Jersey plant was replaced by a new, larger facility and was to be the site of production for a new Willys Six, but the 1920 recession brought the Willys Corporation to its knees. The bankers hired Walter P. Chrysler to sort out the mess and the first model to go was the Willys Six. Deemed an engineering disaster, Chrysler had auto engineers Owen Skelton, Carl Breer and Fred Zeder get to work on a new car - the Chrysler Six. A 1929 Duesenberg j350 Willoughby on display at the 2005 United States Grand Prix 1930 Duesenberg J Walker Legrande Torpedo Phaeton 1932 Duesenberg J Murphy-bodied coupe convertible Wikimedia Commons has more media related to: Duesenberg vehicles Duesenberg was a US-based luxury automobile company active from the 1910s until... Walter Percy Chrysler (April 2, 1875 - August 18, 1940) was an American automobile pioneer. ...


To raise cash needed to pay debts, all of the Willys Corporation assets were on the auction block. The Elizabeth plant and the Chrysler Six prototype were sold to one William C. Durant, then in the process of building a new, third empire. The plant would build Durant's low priced Star, while the Chrysler Six prototype would be improved and modified, becoming the 1923 Flint. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Prototyping. ... William Crapo Durant (December 8, 1861-March 18, 1947) was a leading pioneer of the United States automobile industry, creating the system of multi-brand holding companies with different lines of cars. ... Logo used by Durant Motors Star automobiles The Star was an automobile marque that was assembled by the Durant Motors Company between 1922 and 1928. ... Logo for the Flint Automobile, 1923-1927 The Flint was an automobile marque that was assembled by the Flint Motors Division, Flint, Michigan between 1923 and 1927. ...


Walter Chrysler moved on to Maxwell-Chalmers, where in January of 1924 he launched his own version of the six-cylinder Chrysler he had been working on, one still based partially on elements originally developed at Willys. (In 1925 the Maxwell car company would become the Chrysler Corporation). The Maxwell was a brand of automobiles manufactured in the United States of America from about 1903 to 1925. ... The Chalmers Motor Car Company was a United States based automobile company which flourished in the 1910s and 1920s. ... The Chrysler Corporation was an American automobile manufacturer that existed independently from 1925–1998. ...

1930 Whippet 96A sedan
1930 Whippet 96A sedan

In 1926, production of the Overland ended and was replaced by the Whippet brand of small cars. Following the stock-market crash of 1929 and the economic depression that soon followed, a number of Willys automotive brands began to falter. Stearns-Knight was liquidated in 1929. Whippet production ended in 1931, its models replaced by the Willys Six and Eight. Production of the Willys-Knight ended in 1933. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1934x1472, 940 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Willys User:Maxontrax Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1934x1472, 940 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Willys User:Maxontrax Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used...


At this point Willys decided to clear the boards and produce two new models - the 4-cylinder Willys 77 and the 6-cylinder Willys 99 - but the firm was on the verge of bankruptcy again. They were forced to sell their Canadian subsidiary, itself in weak financial shape, and started a massive reorganization. In it, only the main assembly plant and some smaller factories remained property of Willys-Overland. The rest were sold off to a new holding company that leased some of the properties back to W-O. The company was thus able to ride out the storm.


In 1936 the Willys-Overland Motor Company was reorganized as Willys-Overland Motors. In the 1920s and 1930s, Willys was an unremarkable automaker based in Toledo, Ohio, one of dozens in the U.S. It was one of several bidders when the War Department sought an automaker who could begin rapid production of a lightweight truck based on a prototype designed by American Bantam. Nickname: The Glass City Location in the state of Ohio Country United States State Ohio County Lucas Mayor Carty Finkbeiner (D) Area    - City 217. ... Line drawing of the Department of Wars seal. ... The American Austin Car Company was a United States automobile manufacturing British Austin Motor Company. ...


In 1938 Joseph Washington Frazer had left Chrysler Corporation and accepted a job as head of Willys-Overland. He immediately set about improving the product and pushing the firm into other business areas. One was the Jeep; another was to improve the Willys 4-cylinder engine so it could withstand the punishment to which the Jeep would be subjected.


Production of the Willys MB, better known as Jeep, began in 1941 with 8,598 units produced that year, and 359,851 units were produced before the end of World War II. The origin of the name "Jeep" has been debated for many years. Some people believe "Jeep" is a phonetic pronunciation of the abbreviation GP, from "General Purpose", that was used as part of the official Army nomenclature. The first documented use of the word "Jeep" was the name of a character Eugene the Jeep in the Popeye comic strip, known for his supernatural abilities (e.g., walking through walls). It was also the name of a small tractor made by Modine before WW2. Whatever the source, the name stuck and, after the war, Willys filed a successful trademark claim for the name. The WWII Willys MB US Army Jeep. ... Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ... Combatants Allied Powers: United Kingdom France Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Axis Powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Charles de Gaulle Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33... Eugene the Jeep is a character in the Thimble Theater comic strip, which stars Popeye. ... A Popeye comic book cover shows Popeye, with his characteristic corncob pipe and single good eye, and his girlfriend Olive Oyl. ...


At the end of the war, Willys did not resume production of its pre-war passenger car models, choosing instead to concentrate on Jeeps and Jeep-based vehicles. The first postwar Willys product was the CJ-2A. The CJ-2A was an MB stripped of obviously military features, particularly the blackout lighting, and with the addition of a tailgate. The Jeep CJ (or Civilian Jeep) was a commercial version of the famous Military Jeep from World War II. The first CJ (the CJ-2) was introduced in 1944 by Willys, and the same basic vehicle stayed in production through 7 variants and 3 corporate parents until 1986. ...


Willys struggled to find a market for the unusual vehicle, and made an effort to sell it as an alternative to the farm tractor. Tractors were in short supply having been out of production during the war. Despite this, sales of the "Agri-Jeep" never took off, mainly because it was too light to provide adequate draft.


However, the CJ-2A was among the first civilian vehicles of any kind to be equipped with four-wheel drive from the factory. It gained popularity among farmers, ranchers, hunters, and others who needed a lightweight vehicle for use on unimproved roads and trails. This article is missing citation of sources. ...


In 1946, a year after the introduction of the CJ-2A, Willys produced the Willys "Jeep" Utility Wagon based on the same engine and transmission, with clear styling influence from the CJ-2A Jeep. The next year came a "Jeep" Utility Truck with four wheel drive. In 1948, the wagon was available in four wheel drive, making it the ancestor of all sport utility vehicles.


Willys later produced the M38 Jeep for the U.S. Army, and continued the CJ series of civilian Jeeps. Another variation of the Jeep was the Jeepster. A more civilized variation, it came with either a 4-cylinder or 6-cylinder engine but came only with two wheel drive. The WWII Willys MB US Army Jeep. ... The Jeep CJ (or Civilian Jeep) was a commercial version of the famous Military Jeep from World War II. The first CJ (the CJ-2) was introduced in 1944 by Willys, and the same basic vehicle stayed in production through 7 variants and 3 corporate parents until 1986. ...

1953 Willys advertisement
1953 Willys advertisement

In 1951 Willys re-entered the car market with a new compact car, the Willys Aero. At first available only as a two door sedan, it was available with either an L-head or F-head six cylinder engine. Export markets could get the Aero with a four cylinder engine. A four door sedan and a two door hardtop were added for 1953 along with taxi models. Image File history File links 1953Aero-Willys. ... Image File history File links 1953Aero-Willys. ... Willys Aero were a line of passenger cars manufactured by Willys from 1952-1955. ...


In 1953 Kaiser Motors purchased Willys-Overland and changed the name to Willys Motor Company. The same year, production of the Kaiser car was moved from Willow Run, Michigan to the Willys plant at Toledo, Ohio. Although Jeep production was steady, sales of the Willys and Kaiser cars continued to fall. The last Willys car was built in early 1955. Kaiser Motors, a subsidiary of Kaiser Industries, was a manufacturer of automobiles in the United States from 1946 - 1963 based in Willow Run, Michigan (USA). ...


Willys then shipped the tooling for the Aero to Brazil, where it was built into the 1970s. Brooks Stevens restyled it for 1963, and the Aero continued to be built by Ford after they purchased Willys-Overland do Brasil.


The American company changed its name again in 1963 to Kaiser-Jeep Corporation, at which time the Willys name disappeared. Kaiser Jeep was the result of the merger between the Kaiser-Frazer Corporation, an independent automobile manufacturing company based in Willow Run, Michigan, and the Toledo, Ohio-based Willys-Overland Company. ...


Legacy

Kaiser-Jeep was sold to American Motors Corporation (AMC) in 1970 when Kaiser Industries decided to leave the automobile business. After the sale, AMC used engines it had developed for its other cars in the Jeep products to improve performance and standardize production and servicing. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Renault purchased a major stake in AMC in 1979 and took over operation of the company, producing the CJ series until 1986. Chrysler purchased AMC in 1987 after the CJ had been replaced with the Jeep Wrangler, which had little in common with the CJ series other than outward appearance. DaimlerChrysler still produces Jeep vehicles at the Toledo Complex. Renault S.A. is a French vehicle manufacturer producing cars, vans, buses, tractors, and trucks. ... The Chrysler Corporation was a United States-based automobile manufacturer that existed independently from 1925–1998. ... // The Wrangler (also known as the YJ, TJ, and JK, as explained below) is a mini SUV from Jeep. ... The Toledo Complex is an automobile factory in Toledo, Ohio. ...


DaimlerChrysler would introduce the Overland name for a trim package on the 2002–present Jeep Grand Cherokee. The badging is a recreation of the Overland nameplate from the early twentieth century. DaimlerChrysler AG headquartered in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg (Germany) and Auburn Hills, Michigan (USA), is a prominent automobile and truck manufacturer and financial services provider (through DaimlerChrysler Financial Services). ... The Jeep Grand Cherokee is a mid-size sport utility vehicle produced by the Jeep division of DaimlerChrysler. ...


List of Willys vehicles

Willys cars

1922 Willys-Knight Model 20 in the Petersen Automotive Museum
1922 Willys-Knight Model 20 in the Petersen Automotive Museum
  • Willys 77 (1933–1936)
  • Willys Four
  • Willys Six
  • Willys Eight
  • Willys-Knight (1914–1933)
  • Willys Americar
  • Stearns-Knight
  • also many early cars with model numbers

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1888x1358, 324 KB) 1922 Willys-Knight Model 20 From the Petersen Automotive Museum, Los Angeles, CA File links The following pages link to this file: Willys Willys Knight ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1888x1358, 324 KB) 1922 Willys-Knight Model 20 From the Petersen Automotive Museum, Los Angeles, CA File links The following pages link to this file: Willys Willys Knight ... The Petersen Automotive Museum is located on Wilshire Boulevard along Museum Row in the Miracle Mile neighborhood of Los Angeles. ... Willy on Wheels Willys Knight was an automobile produced by Willys. ... Stearns-Knight catalog image, taken outside the Cleveland Museum of Art Stearns-Knight was a luxury automobile produced in Cleveland, Ohio first by the F.B. Stearns Company from 1900 to 1925, and then under ownership by WillysOverland Company of Toledo, Ohio until 1929. ...

Overland

  • Overland Whippet (1926–1931)
  • Overland Four
  • Overland Six
  • Overland 93
  • Overland 39
  • also many early cars with model numbers

Aero-Willys

  • Aero-Willys JT (1951)
  • Aero-Willys Wing (1952)
  • Aero-Willys Scout (1953)
  • Aero-Willys Lark (1952–1954)
  • Aero-Willys Ace (1952–1954)
  • Aero-Willys Falcon (1953)
  • Aero-Willys Eagle (1952–1954)
  • Aero-Willys 2600 (1960–1969) or Ford Aero (1970–1971) (Brazil)

Willys-Overland

The Renault Dauphine was an automobile produced by the French manufacturer Renault from 1956 to 1962. ... Crossley Motors, based in Manchester, England, produced approximately 19,000 high quality cars from 1904 until 1938, 5,500 buses from 1926 until 1958 and 21,000 goods and military vehicles from 1914 to 1945. ...

Jeeps

The WWII Willys MB US Army Jeep. ... The WWII Willys MB US Army Jeep. ... The Jeep CJ (or Civilian Jeep) was a commercial version of the famous Military Jeep from World War II. The first CJ (the CJ-2) was introduced in 1944 by Willys, and the same basic vehicle stayed in production through 7 variants and 3 corporate parents until 1986. ... The Willys Jeep Station Wagon was introduced in 1946. ... The Jeep CJ (or Civilian Jeep) was a commercial version of the famous Military Jeep from World War II. The first CJ (the CJ-2) was introduced in 1944 by Willys, and the same basic vehicle stayed in production through 7 variants and 3 corporate parents until 1986. ... The Willys Jeep Pickup was similar to the Willys Jeep Wagon and the VJ-2 and VJ-3 Willys Jeepster. ... The Jeepster was an automobile sold under the Jeep marque. ... The Jeep CJ (or Civilian Jeep) was a commercial version of the famous Military Jeep from World War II. The first CJ (the CJ-2) was introduced in 1944 by Willys, and the same basic vehicle stayed in production through 7 variants and 3 corporate parents until 1986. ... The Jeep CJ (or Civilian Jeep) was a commercial version of the famous Military Jeep from World War II. The first CJ (the CJ-2) was introduced in 1944 by Willys, and the same basic vehicle stayed in production through 7 variants and 3 corporate parents until 1986. ...

Body Type Designations

  • Bermuda - Hardtop designation, 1955

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Willys Jeep Trucks (653 words)
There is almost a conspiracy of secrecy that Willys made some Jeep Trucks and Wagons from the late forties to the mid sixties.
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Willys (574 words)
Willys (pronounced "will-eeze") was the brand name used by the US company Willys-Overland Motors, best known for its production of military and civillian Jeeps.
In the 1920s and 1930s, Willys was an unremarkable automaker based in Toledo, Ohio, one of dozens in the U.S. It was one of several bidders when the Department of the Army[?] sought an automaker who could begin rapid production of a lightweight truck based on a prototype designed by Bantam[?].
Willys struggled to find a market for the unusual vehicle, and made an effort to sell it as an alternative to the farm tractor.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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