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Encyclopedia > William Wynford

William Wynford (flourished 1360-1405)[1] was one of the most successful English master masons of the 14th century, using the new Perpendicular Gothic style. He is first mentioned in 1360 when at work at Windsor Castle as warden of masons' work. He became master mason at Wells Cathedral in 1364-5 where he is believed to have designed the South West tower, it was probably here that he met William of Wykeham who was then a provost of the cathedral. He was probable made master of the works at Windsor Castle under Wykeham, in 1372 Edward III granted Wynford a pension of £10 per annum. In 1375-6 he was at work at Abingdon Abbey and working for the crown at Corfe Castle in 1377-78 making new rooms in the keep. In 1378 Wynford was working with Henry Yevele at Southampton. Winchester Cathedral Sherborne Abbey The Perpendicular Gothic period (or simply Perpendicular) is the third historical division of English Gothic architecture, and is so-called because it is characterised by an emphasis on vertical lines; it is also known as the Rectilinear style, or Late Gothic. ... Windsor Castle: The Round Tower or keep dominating the castle, as seen from the River Thames. ... The west front of Wells Cathedral Wells Cathedral is a cathedral in Wells, Somerset, the smallest cathedral city in England. ... William of Wykeham (1320 – September 27, 1404), Bishop of Winchester, Chancellor of England, founder of Winchester College and of New College, Oxford, and builder of a large part of Windsor Castle, was born in Wickham, Hampshire. ... Edward III King of England Edward III (13 November 1312–21 June 1377) was one of the most successful English Kings of medieval times. ... Abingdon Abbey was a Benedictine monastery located in Abingdon, historically in the county of Berkshire but now in Oxfordshire, England. ... Corfe Castle is a small village and ruined castle ( ) dating back to the 11th century, situated in a gap in the Purbeck Hills, five miles south of Wareham, in Dorset, England. ... The keep of Scarborough Castle. ... Henry Yevele (c. ... Southampton is a city and major port situated on the south coast of England. ...

With the death of Edward III the new king Richard II of England favoured Wykeham, with new found wealth he founded in 1379 New College, Oxford which was designed by Wynford who also designed Winchester College founded by Wykeham in 1382. There is a portrait of Wynford in the stained glass in the east window of Winchester College, this shows an old man with thinning hair, a long nose and dropping moustache and forked beard with the words 'Willms Wynfort lathomus' below. In 1389-90 he was repairing Winchester Castle, and 1394 he commenced his major work of remodelling the Norman nave of Winchester Cathedral in the latest Perpendicular Gothic style. Richard II (January 6, 1367 – February 14, 1400) was the son of Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Wales, and Joan The Fair Maid of Kent. He was born in Bordeaux and became his fathers successor when his elder brother died in infancy. ... College name New College of St Mary Collegium Novum Oxoniensis/Collegium Sanctae Mariae Wintoniae Named after Mary, mother of Jesus Established 1379 Sister College Kings College Warden Prof. ... Winchester College is a well-known boys independent school, and an example of a British public school, in the city of Winchester in Hampshire, England. ... A castle in Winchester called Winchester Castle ... Winchester Cathedral as seen from the Cathedral Close View along the nave of Winchester Cathedral to the west door A plan published in 1911 Winchester Cathedral in Winchester, Hampshire is one of the largest cathedrals in England. ... Winchester Cathedral Sherborne Abbey The Perpendicular Gothic period (or simply Perpendicular) is the third historical division of English Gothic architecture, and is so-called because it is characterised by an emphasis on vertical lines; it is also known as the Rectilinear style, or Late Gothic. ...

Wynford used a distinctive plan of placing the chapel and great hall end to end, this occurred at Windsor Castle (the chapel and Hall were united as a single Hall by Sir Jeffry Wyatville for George IV), and at Winchester and New Colleges'. The two colleges also have cloisters that are next to rather than surrounded by the main college buildings, which form a seperate couryard consisting of as well as the Great Hall and Chapel, a entrance gate with tower above, sets of rooms for scholars and fellows opening of staircases, a Library, accommodation for the Warden, the Kitchen, bakery and etc are in a separate wing at New College but surround a second courtyard at Winchester College. New college also has a bell tower next to the closter. These were the very first educational buildings in England to be designed as a complete entity, as such they influenced later college buildings such as Eton College & Magdalen College, Oxford. Jeffry Wyatville (1766-1840) was an English architect. ... George IV King of the United Kingdom George IV (George Augustus Frederick) (12 August 1762–26 June 1830) was King of the United Kingdom and Hanover from 29 January 1820. ... The Kings College of Our Lady of Eton beside Windsor, commonly known as Eton College or just Eton, is an internationally renowned public school (privately funded and independent) for male students, founded in 1440 by Henry VI. It is located in Eton, Berkshire, near Windsor in England, situated north... College name Magdalen College Collegium Beatae Mariae Magdalenae Named after Mary Magdalene Established 1458 Sister College Magdalene College President Professor David Clary FRS JCR President Jessica Jones Undergraduates 395 MCR President Kader Allouni Graduates 230 Homepage Boatclub Magdalen College (pronounced ) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of...


  1. ^ page 352, English Medieval Architects A Biographical Dictionary Down to 1550, John Harvey 1984



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