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Encyclopedia > William Smith (chief justice)

William Smith (June 25, 1728November 3, 1793) was a lawyer, historian, speaker, loyalist, and eventually Chief Justice of the Province of New York from 1763 to 1782 and Chief Justice of Canada from 1786 until his death. He was the son of Judge William Smith (1697–1769) of New York and the brother of Joshua Hett Smith, the supposed "dupe" of Benedict Arnold and Major John André. His fame mainly derives from the designation "the weathercock" when his contemporaries were not able to understand which side he was on during the American Revolution. June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... Events Astronomical aberration discovered by the astronomer James Bradley Swedish academy of sciences founded at Uppsala Births January 9 - Thomas Warton, English poet (d. ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... A lawyer is a person licensed by the state to advise clients in legal matters and represent them in courts of law and in other forms of dispute resolution. ... A historian is a person who studies history. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with public speaker. ... For the township in Canada, see Loyalist, Ontario In general, a loyalist is an individual who is loyal to the powers that be. ... In many countries, especially common law countries such as Canada and the United States the Chief Justice is the name for the presiding officer on a senior court such as the United States Supreme Court, the Supreme Court of Canada, the Supreme Court of New Zealand, the Supreme Court of... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Right Hon. ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Benedict Arnold For other people of the same name, see Benedict Arnold (disambiguation). ... Major John André John André (May 2, 1750 - October 2, 1780) was a British officer hanged as a spy during the American Revolutionary War for an incident in which he assisted Benedict Arnolds attempted surrender of West Point to the British. ... The American Revolution is the series of events, ideas, and changes that resulted in the political separation of thirteen colonies in North America from the British Empire and the creation of the United States of America. ...


Basically, though, he was neither friend to American or Loyalist and was one of the main reasons that the loyalists themselves declared that they did never trust the family of Smith.


He, along with his brother Joshua Hett Smith, escaped prosecution and probable execution by the Commission for Detecting and Defeating Conspiracies in the State of New York in 1778 for the crime of treason due to the memory of their father's influence upon the Justice system: the Honorable Justice William Smith, Sr. (1697–1769) who, despite the efforts of friends and relatives, refused his own appointment to the Office of Chief Justice of the Province of New York in 1760, which his son William, Jr. did accept. 1778 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... In law, treason is the crime of disloyalty to ones nation. ... 1760 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


His brother, Doctor Thomas Smith, was the owner of the "treason house" in Haverstraw, Orange County, New York that was being occupied by his other brother, Joshua Hett Smith, at the time that Benedict Arnold and Major John André planned their conspiracies. Haverstraw is the name of two locations in Rockland County, New York: the Town of Haverstraw the Village of Haverstraw There is also a village of West Haverstraw. ... The Orange County Government Center in Goshen, N.Y., designed by Paul Rudolph. ...


External links

http://www.famousamericans.net/williamsmith/ for a complete biography of William Smith and that of his father.


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Governor Lewis Morris (1342 words)
Lewis Morris (October 15, 1671 - May 21, 1746), chief justice of New York and governor of New Jersey, was the first lord of the manor of Morrisania in New York.
Morris was elected to the assembly from the town of Eastchester, and joined James Alexander and William Smith in championing the popular cause against the "court party" led by Cosby and De Lancey.
William A. Whitehead, Editor, The Papers of Lewis Morris, Governor of the Province of New Jersey, from 1738 to 1746, New Jersey Historical Society, New York, George P. Putnam, 1852.
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