FACTOID # 27: If you're itching to live in a trailer park, hitch up your home and head to South Carolina, where a whopping 18% of residences are mobile homes.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > William Rosecrans
William Rosecrans
September 6, 1819March 11, 1898

General William Rosecrans
Place of birth Delaware County, Ohio
Place of death Redondo Beach, California
Allegiance United States
Years of service 1842 – 1867
Rank Major General
Commands Army of the Cumberland
Battles/wars American Civil War
Other work President of the Preston Coal Oil Company
U.S. Minister to Mexico
Congressman from California
Registrar for the U.S. Treasury

William Starke Rosecrans (September 6, 1819March 11, 1898) was an inventor, coal-oil company executive, diplomat, politician, and U.S. Army officer. He gained fame for his role as a Union general during the American Civil War. September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... March 11 is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (71st in leap years). ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Delaware County is a fast growing suburban county located in the state of Ohio, within the Columbus, OH metropolitan area. ... Location of Redondo Beach in California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1892-04-29 [2]  - Mayor Michael A. Gin [1] Area    - City 16. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Union army in the west during the American Civil War, commanded at various times by Generals Robert Anderson, Don Carlos Buell, William S. Rosecrans, and George Thomas. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives United States Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, D since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups (as of November 7, 2006 elections) Democratic Party Republican... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The U.S. Treasury building today. ... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... March 11 is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (71st in leap years). ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... This article is becoming very long. ...

Contents

Early life and career

Rosecrans was born in Little Taylor Run in Kingston Township, Delaware County, Ohio. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1842, fifth in his class of 56 cadets, which included notable future generals, such as James Longstreet, D.H. Hill, and Abner Doubleday. The Army assigned him to duty as an engineer, working on the fortifications at Hampton Roads, Virginia. Later he served as an instructor at West Point, and at various other stations in the New England area. Rosecrans resigned from the Army in 1854, moving into civil fields. He took over a mining business in Western Virginia (today West Virginia) and ran it extremely successfully, making many inventions, including a more effective method of manufacturing soap. Delaware County is a fast growing suburban county located in the state of Ohio, within the Columbus, OH metropolitan area. ... USMA redirects here. ... James Longstreet (January 8, 1821 – January 2, 1904) was one of the foremost Confederate generals of the American Civil War, the principal subordinate to General Robert E. Lee, who called him his Old War Horse. ... General Daniel Harvey Hill Daniel Harvey Hill (July 12th, 1821 - September 24th, 1889) was a Confederate general and Southern scholar. ... Abner Doubleday Abner Doubleday (June 26, 1819 – January 26, 1893), was a career U.S. Army officer and Union general in the American Civil War. ... The United States Army is the largest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... For the Technical Symposium of NITK Surathkal Engineer , see Engineer (Technical Fest). ... Hampton Roads, Virginia 1858 Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the United States. ... USMA redirects here. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... An invention is an object, process, or technique which displays an element of novelty. ... This article is about the computer protocol. ...


Civil War

While he was president of the Preston Coal Oil Company, in 1859, an oil lamp exploded, burning Rosecrans severely. As he concluded recovering from those burns, the Civil War began. He began service as a volunteer aide-de-camp to George B. McClellan. Promoted to the rank of colonel, Rosecrans took up the command of the 23rd Ohio Infantry regiment, whose members included Rutherford B. Hayes and William McKinley, both future presidents. Soon, he received promotion to brigadier general. His plans and decisions proved extremely effective in the West Virginia Campaign, including the Union victory at Rich Mountain; however, his superior, Major General McClellan, received the credit. Because of this, Rosecrans refused to go east with McClellan (who became general-in-chief of all Union armies and later the commander of the Army of the Potomac), instead requesting a transfer to the West. For the 1960s commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, see George McClellan (police commissioner). ... Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... 23rd Ohio Infantry The 23rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry (OVI) was an infantry regiment that participated in the American Civil War. ... Rutherford Birchard Hayes (October 4, 1822 – January 17, 1893) was an American politician, lawyer, military leader and the 19th President of the United States (1877–1881). ... William McKinley Jr. ... This article is about the office in the United States. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... Battle of Rich Mountain Conflict American Civil War Date July 11, 1861 Place Randolph County, West Virginia Result Union victory The Battle of Rich Mountain took place on July 11, 1861 in Randolph County, West Virginia as part of the operations in West Virginia during the American Civil War. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... Generals Burnside, Hancock, Couch, Ferro, Patrick, Wilcox, Cochrane, Buford and others. ...


Iuka-Corinth

Rosecrans received the command of the Right Wing of the Army of the Mississippi in May 1862 and took an active part in the siege of Corinth under Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck. He received command of the entire army on June 26, and in July added the dual responsibility of commanding the District of Corinth. In these roles, he was the effective subordinate of Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, from whom he received direction in the Iuka-Corinth campaign in September and October 1862. In the Battle of Iuka, Rosecrans was supposed to be part of a dual-pronged offensive against the Confederate army of Maj. Gen. Sterling Price, but he was late in arriving at the battlefield and Grant ordered his other commander, Maj. Gen. Edward Ord, to wait until he heard the sounds of Rosecrans in battle south of Iuka before he attacked from the north. The direction of the wind caused an acoustic shadow that prevented Ord and Grant from hearing the battle noise, and Rosecrans's army fought alone but successfully. Defeated, Price retreated from Iuka and Grant criticized Rosecrans for failing to pursue his opponent aggressively. Army of the Mississippi was the name given to two Union armies, both with short existences, during the Civil War. ... The Battle of Corinth I (also known as the Siege of Corinth) was a United States Civil War battle fought from April 29, 1862 – June 10, 1862 in Corinth, Mississippi. ... Henry Wager Halleck (1815 - 1872) was an American soldier and politician. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... Ulysses S. Grant[2] (born Hiram Ulysses Grant, April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American general and the 18th President of the United States (1869–1877). ... The Battle of Iuka was a United States Civil War battle fought from October 3 - September 19, 1862 in Iuka, Mississippi. ... General Price Sterling Old Pap Price (September 20, 1809 – September 29, 1867) was an antebellum politician from the U.S. state of Missouri and a Confederate major general during the American Civil War. ... Edward Ord Edward Otho Cresap Ord (October 18, 1818 – July 22, 1883) was the designer of Fort Sam Houston, and a U.S. Army officer who saw action in the Seminole War, the Indian Wars, and the Civil War. ...


Rosecrans then faced Earl Van Dorn at the Battle of Corinth, a bloody two-day affair in which Van Dorn suffered heavy casualties assaulting Rosecrans's entrenched positions. During the battle, rumors swirled that Rosecrans had been killed and when the firing stopped and the Confederates retreated, he toured his line on horseback to thank his men and assure them that he had survived. But once again, his pursuit of a defeated foe was lackluster, waiting until the following morning to begin, despite orders from Grant that he move immediately. Van Dorn was able to evade pursuit at the Battle of Hatchie's Bridge and an opportunity to complete the destruction of his army was lost. Grant, among others, would later repeatedly fault Rosecrans for being too conservative. (Grant had similar complaints about Rosecrans's successor, George Henry Thomas). Nonetheless, Rosecrans was considered a hero in the Northern press. He was given command of the XIV Corps (which would soon be renamed the Army of the Cumberland) on October 24, replacing the ineffectual Don Carlos Buell, and was promoted to the rank of major general (of Volunteers, as opposed to his brigadier rank in the Regular Army). Grant was not unhappy that Rosecrans was leaving his command. The promotion was applied retroactively from March 21, 1862, so that he would outrank fellow Maj. Gen. Thomas; Thomas had earlier been offered Buell's command, but turned down the opportunity out of a sense of personal loyalty. Earl Van Dorn Earl Van Dorn (September 17, 1820 – May 7, 1863) was a Confederate Major General during the American Civil War. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders William S. Rosecrans Earl Van Dorn Strength approximately 23,000 approximately 22,000 Casualties 2,359 4,838 {{{notes}}} The Battle of Corinth II was a United States Civil War battle fought from October 3 - October 4, 1862 in Corinth... Second phase of the Iuka-Corinth Campaign The Battle of Hatchies Bridge, also known as Daviss Bridge or Matamora, was fought on October 5, 1862, in Hardeman County and McNairy County, Tennessee, as the final engagement of the Iuka-Corinth Campaign of the American Civil War. ... General George H. Thomas George Henry Thomas (July 31, 1816 – March 28, 1870), the Rock of Chickamauga, was a career U.S. Army officer and a Union general during the American Civil War. ... XIV Corps was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War. ... Union army in the west during the American Civil War, commanded at various times by Generals Robert Anderson, Don Carlos Buell, William S. Rosecrans, and George Thomas. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... Don Carlos Buell Don Carlos Buell (March 23, 1818 – November 19, 1898) was a career U.S. Army officer who fought in the Seminole War, the Mexican-American War, and the Civil War. ... The Regular Army is the permanent force of the United States Army or any Countrys army that is maintained during peacetime, as opposed to those persons who may be part of a reserve or national guard outfit. ... March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (81st in leap years). ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Stones River

Rosecrans's predecessor, Buell, had been relieved because of his desultory pursuit of Confederate General Braxton Bragg following the Battle of Perryville. And yet Rosecrans displayed similar caution, remaining in Nashville while he reprovisioned his army and improved the training of his cavalry forces. By early December 1862, General-in-Chief Henry W. Halleck had lost his patience. He wrote to Rosecrans, "If you remain one more week in Nashville, I cannot prevent your removal." Rosecrans replied, "I need no other stimulus to make me do my duty than the knowledge of what it is. To threats of removal or the like I must be permitted to say that I am insensible." Braxton Bragg Braxton Bragg (March 22, 1817 – September 27, 1876) was a career U.S. Army officer and a general in the Confederate States Army, a principal commander in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Don Carlos Buell Braxton Bragg Strength Army of the Ohio Army of Mississippi Casualties 4,211 3,196 The Battle of Perryville, also known as Battle at Perryville and Battle of Chaplin Hills, was an important but largely neglected encounter... Nickname: Location in Davidson County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates: Country United States State Tennessee Counties Davidson County Founded: 1779 Incorporated: 1806 Government  - Mayor Bill Purcell (D) Area  - City  526. ... Henry Wager Halleck (1815 - 1872) was an American soldier and politician. ...


In late December, Rosecrans began his march against Bragg's Army of Tennessee, encamped outside Murfreesboro, Tennessee. The Battle of Stones River was the bloodiest battle of the war, in terms of percentages of casualties. It was tactically inconclusive, although Bragg was the first to withdraw his army from the battlefield. Nevertheless, the battle was important to Union morale following its defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg a few weeks earlier, and President Abraham Lincoln wrote to Rosecrans: "You gave us a hard-earned victory, which had there been a defeat instead, the nation could scarcely have lived over." And the victory also nullified the Confederate threat to central Tennessee. The Army of Tennessee was formed in November 1862. ... Nickname: Motto: Creating a better quality of life Location in Rutherford County and the state of Tennessee. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders William S. Rosecrans Braxton Bragg Strength 43,400 37,712 Casualties 13,249 (1,730 killed, 7,802 wounded, 3,717 captured/missing) 10,266 (1,294 killed, 7,945 wounded, 1,027 captured/missing) The Battle of Stones River... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Ambrose E. Burnside Robert E. Lee Strength Army of the Potomac ~114,000 engaged Army of Northern Virginia ~72,500 engaged Casualties 12,653 (1,284 killed, 9,600 wounded, 1,769 captured/missing) 5,377 (608 killed, 4,116... This article is about the office in the United States. ... For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ...


Rosecrans's XIV Corps was soon redesignated the Army of the Cumberland. This force embarked on the successful Tullahoma Campaign against Bragg, resulting in fewer than 500 casualties. Rosecrans became one of the most well-liked generals in the Union Army. He was known to his men as "Old Rosy", not only because of his last name, but because of his large red nose, which was described as "intensified Roman", likely colored because of his heavy drinking habits. He was a devout Catholic who carried a crucifix on his watch chain and a rosary in his pocket, and he delighted in keeping his staff up half the night debating religious doctrine. He could swing swiftly from bristling anger (such as in his reply to Halleck in Nashville) to good-natured amusement, which endeared him to his men. Union army in the west during the American Civil War, commanded at various times by Generals Robert Anderson, Don Carlos Buell, William S. Rosecrans, and George Thomas. ... Battle of Hoovers Gap Conflict American Civil War Date June 24– 26, 1862 Place Bedford County, Tennessee and Rutherford County, Tennessee Result Union victory The Battle of Hoovers Gap was the principal battle fought in the Tullahoma Campaign of the American Civil War. ...


Chickamauga

Rosecrans tended to stutter in battle and practiced micromanagement of his troops. This caused great problems in the Battle of Chickamauga, in which General Rosecrans gave the order, directed toward Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Wood, "to close up and support [General Joseph J.] Reynolds's [division]." However, this caused a gaping hole in the line, and it was only because of Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas's heroics in holding the center of the line that the Union Army managed to escape disaster. Following this Union defeat in the Western Theater, Rosecrans retreated to Chattanooga, where his army came under siege by the victor of Chickamauga, his old opponent Braxton Bragg. When Ulysses Grant was placed in command of all armies in the West, he relieved Rosecrans of his command of the Army of the Cumberland, replacing him with Thomas. Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders William S. Rosecrans George H. Thomas Braxton Bragg James Longstreet Strength Army of the Cumberland (56,965) Army of Tennessee (66,000) Casualties 16,170 (1,657 killed, 9,756 wounded, 4,757 captured/missing) 18,454 (2,312 killed... Thomas J. Wood was a Union General during the American Civil War. ... General George Henry Thomas (July 31, 1816 - March 28, 1870), Northern general during the American Civil War, was born in Southampton County, Virginia. ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Missouri

Rosecrans went to Cincinnati to await further orders, but ultimately he would play no further large part in the fighting. He would eventually be given command of the Department of Missouri until war's end, where he was active in opposing Sterling Price's Missouri raid. In 1865, he was given a brevet promotion to major general in gratitude for his actions at Stones River. He resigned from the Army in 1867. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... General Price Sterling Old Pap Price (September 20, 1809 – September 29, 1867) was an antebellum politician from the U.S. state of Missouri and a Confederate major general during the American Civil War. ... Maj. ... In the US military, brevet referred to a warrant authorizing a commissioned officer to hold a higher rank temporarily, but usually without receiving the pay of that higher rank. ...


Diplomacy, politics, and legacy

From 1868 to 1869, Rosecrans served as U.S. Minister to Mexico, but was replaced when his old nemesis, Ulysses Grant, became president. He returned to private mining business in Mexico and California for ten years. He was elected as a congressman from California, serving from 1881 to 1885, and was appointed as a registrar for the U.S. Treasury, serving from 1885 to 1893. He died in 1898 at Rancho Sausal Redondo, Redondo Beach, California, and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery, outside of San Diego, California, is named in his honor. Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives United States Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, D since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups (as of November 7, 2006 elections) Democratic Party Republican... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The U.S. Treasury building today. ... Location of Redondo Beach in California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1892-04-29 [2]  - Mayor Michael A. Gin [1] Area    - City 16. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A tugboat tows the decommissioned aircraft carrier USS Midway towards San Diego Bay past Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery is situated in San Diego County on the Fort Rosecrans Military Reservation, the cemetery is located approximately 10 miles west of San Diego, overlooking the bay and the... Nickname: Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates: Country United States State California County San Diego Founded July 16, 1769 Incorporated March 27, 1850 Government  - Mayor Jerry Sanders  - City Attorney Michael Aguirre  - City Council Scott Peters Kevin Faulconer Toni Atkins Tony Young Brian Maienschein Donna Frye Jim Madaffer...


A simple memorial was constructed on the site of his birthplace and childhood home. Just north of Sunbury, Ohio, a large boulder surrounded by a wrought iron fence holds a plaque in memoriam and rests beside a rural road that bears his name. Sunbury is a village in Delaware County, Ohio, United States. ...


References

  • Eicher, John H., & Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • Foote, Shelby, The Civil War, A Narrative: Fredericksburg to Meridian, Random House, 1958, ISBN 0-394-49517-9.
  • Lamers, William M., The Edge of Glory: A Biography of General William S. Rosecrans, U.S.A, Louisiana State University Press, 1999, ISBN 0-8071-2396-X

Shelby Foote (November 17, 1916 – June 27, 2005) was a noted author and historian of the American Civil War. ...

External links

Preceded by
John Pope
Commander of the Army of the Mississippi
June 26, 1862October 24, 1862
Succeeded by
John Alexander McClernand
Political offices
Preceded by
Horace Davis
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 1st congressional district

18811885
Succeeded by
Barclay Henley

  Results from FactBites:
 
William Starke Rosecrans - LoveToKnow 1911 (454 words)
WILLIAM STARKE ROSECRANS (1819-1898), American soldier, was born in Kingston, Ohio, on the 6th of September 1819, and graduated in 1842 from the U.S. Military Academy, being appointed to the engineers.
In the latter part of 1861 Rosecrans conducted further operations in the same region with great skill and success, and early in 1862 he was transferred to the West as a major-general of volunteers.
In December he advanced against General Braxton Bragg, and on the 31st of December to the 3rd of January was fought the bloody and indecisive battle of Stone River (Murfreesboro), after which Bragg withdrew his army to the southward.
William Rosecrans - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1372 words)
Rosecrans received the command of the Right Wing of the Army of the Mississippi in May 1862 and took an active part in the siege of Corinth under Maj. Gen.
In the Battle of Iuka, Rosecrans was supposed to be part of a dual-pronged offensive against the Confederate army of Maj. Gen.
He was given command of the XIV Corps (which would soon be renamed the Army of the Cumberland) on October 24, replacing the ineffectual Don Carlos Buell, and was promoted to the rank of major general (of Volunteers, as opposed to his brigadier rank in the Regular Army).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m