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Encyclopedia > William Robertson (historian)
This article is about the Scottish historian. For other people of the same name, see William Robertson (disambiguation).

William Robertson (1721 - 1793) was a Scottish historian. Born at Borthwick, Midlothian and educated in Dalkeith and at the University of Edinburgh, where he studied divinity. He became minister at Gladsmuir (East Lothian) in 1743 and later at Lady Yester's Kirk and Greyfriars Kirk in Edinburgh. A staunch Presbyterian and Whig, he volunteered to defend the city against the Jacobites led by Prince Charles Edward Stuart in 1745. There have been several people named William Robertson: Field Marshal Sir William Robertson (1860–1933), a British soldier, William Robertson, a Scottish soldier in the Anglo-Boer War, William Robertson, an 18th-century Scottish historian, Second Lieutenant William Robertson, see Elbe Day. ... // Events Pope Innocent XIII becomes pope Johann Sebastian Bach composes the Brandenburg Concertos April 4 - Robert Walpole becomes the first prime minister of Britain September 10 - Treaty of Nystad is signed, bringing an end to the Great Northern War November 2 - Peter I is proclaimed Emperor of All the Russias... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Royal motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within the UK Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... A historian is a person who studies history. ... The central portions of the old province of Lothian in Scotland, centred around Edinburgh, became known as Midlothian, Scotland. ... Dalkeith (Scottish Gaelic: Dail Cheith) (pop. ... The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1583, is a renowned centre for teaching and research in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... East Lothian (Lodainn an Ear in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council areas in Scotland, and a Lieutenancy Area. ... // Events February 14 - Henry Pelham becomes British Prime Minister February 21 - - The premiere in London of George Frideric Handels oratorio, Samson. ... Greyfriars Kirk, today Greyfriars Tolbooth & Highland Kirk, is a parish kirk (church) of the Church of Scotland in central Edinburgh, Scotland. ... Edinburgh (pronounced ), Dùn Èideann () in Scottish Gaelic, is the second-largest city in Scotland and its capital city. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... While the Whigs (along with the Tories) are often described as one of the two political parties in late 17th to mid 19th century Great Britain, it is more accurate to describe them as loose political groupings or tendencies. ... This article concerns the political movement supporting the restoration of the House of Stuart, not the earlier Jacobean period. ... Bonnie Prince Charlie Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Silvester Maria Stuart (December 31, 1720 – January 31, 1788), was the exiled claimant to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland, commonly known as Bonnie Prince Charlie. Charles was the son of James Francis Edward Stuart who was in turn the son... // Events May 11 - War of Austrian Succession: Battle of Fontenoy - At Fontenoy, French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army including the Black Watch June 4 – Frederick the Great destroys Austrian army at Hohenfriedberg August 19 - Beginning of the 45 Jacobite Rising at Glenfinnan September 12 - Francis I is elected...

He became Royal Chaplain to George III (1761), Principal of the University of Edinburgh (1762), Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 1763, and Royal Historiographer in 1764. Member of the Poker Club.[1] His most notable work was perhaps his History of Scotland 1542 - 1603 which was first published in 1759. George III (George William Frederick) (4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain, and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until 1 January 1801, and thereafter King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. ... 1761 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1583, is a renowned centre for teaching and research in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The standard of the Moderator The Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland is an honorary role, held for 12 months. ... The Historiographer Royal is a member of the Royal household in Scotland. ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1759 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...

External links

  • William Robertson at James Boswell - a Guide

  Results from FactBites:
William Robertson - LoveToKnow 1911 (1095 words)
WILLIAM ROBERTSON (1721-1793), Scottish historian, born at Borthwick, Mid Lothian, on the 19th of September 1721, was the eldest son of the Rev. William Robertson.
Robertson's inclination for study was never allowed to interfere with his duties as a parish minister, and his power as a preacher had made him a local celebrity while still a young man.
For an adequate appreciation of Robertson's position in British literature, and more especially of his rank as an historian, we have to consider the country and the age in which he was born and his own personal qualities and limits.
Cromohs 1999 - Francesconi - William Robertson on Historical Causation and Unintended Consequences (10916 words)
Robertson opposed a conception of history as an "arena of moral choice", in which there would be scope for rational human agency, to a conception of history that emphasized the gap between the "natural course of things" and the power of human volition.
Robertson is referring to a familiar account of the gradual increase in the power of the Commons which was related to a monarchical policy of centralisation of sovereignty and of fragmentation of feudal property.
Robertson severely criticized the Spanish colonial empire from a free-trade and humanitarian point of view, for its utter destruction of two ancient and worthy civilizations, the inhumane treatment of the American Indians and the slaves, the superstitious program of forced mass-conversions, the errors of economic policy, and the maladministration of the colonies.
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