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Encyclopedia > William Ramsay
William Ramsay

William Ramsay
Born October 2, 1852(1852-10-02)
Glasgow, Scotland
Died July 23, 1916 (aged 63)
High Wycombe, Bucks., England
Residence United Kingdom
Nationality Scottish
Fields Chemist
Institutions University of Bristol (1880–87)
University College London (1887–1913)
Alma mater University of Glasgow
University of Tübingen
Doctoral advisor Wilhelm Rudolph Fittig
Doctoral students Edward Charles Cyril Baly
James Johnston Dobbie
Jaroslav Heyrovský
Known for Noble gases
Notable awards Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1904)

Sir William Ramsay (October 2, 1852July 23, 1916) was a Scottish chemist who discovered the noble gases and received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1904 "in recognition of his services in the discovery of the inert gaseous elements in air" (along with Lord Rayleigh who received the Nobel Prize in Physics that same year for the discovery of argon). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (800x1226, 546 KB) William Ramsay, working on his lab. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... // The world renound retard, jack milner, has been said to be living in the retarded town just west of high wycombe known as down syndromly. ... Buckinghamshire (abbreviated Bucks) is one of the home counties in South East England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... A chemist pours from a round-bottom flask. ... The University of Bristol is a university in Bristol, England. ... Affiliations University of London Russell Group LERU EUA ACU Golden Triangle G5 Website http://www. ... Alma mater is Latin for nourishing mother. It was used in ancient Rome as a title for the mother goddess, and in Medieval Christianity for the Virgin Mary. ... Master of Theology (MTh) Dentistry Nursing Affiliations Russell Group Universitas 21 Website http://www. ... Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen (German: Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen) is a state-supported university located on the Neckar river, in the city of Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Wilhelm Rudolph Fittig (1835 – 1910) was a German chemist. ... James Johnston Dobbie, (1852 - 1924) was known for the isolation, chemical structure, and physical properties (especially UV and visible spectra) of alkaloids. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Jaroslav Heyrovský listen â–¶(?) (December 20, 1890 – March 27, 1967) was a Czech chemist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1959. ... The noble gases are a chemical series. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to the present day. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the country. ... For other uses, see Chemistry (disambiguation). ... The noble gases are a chemical series. ... This is a list of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to 2006. ... See also Rayleigh fading Rayleigh scattering Rayleigh number Rayleigh waves Rayleigh-Jeans law External links Nobel website bio of Rayleigh About John William Strutt MacTutor biography of Lord Rayleigh Categories: People stubs | 1842 births | 1919 deaths | Nobel Prize in Physics winners | Peers | British physicists | Discoverer of a chemical element ... Hannes Alfvén (1908–1995) accepting the Nobel Prize for his work on magnetohydrodynamics [1]. List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physics from 1901 to the present day. ... General Name, symbol, number argon, Ar, 18 Chemical series noble gases Group, period, block 18, 3, p Appearance colorless Standard atomic weight 39. ...


Ramsay was born in Glasgow, the son of William Ramsay, C.E. and Catherine, née Robertson. He was a nephew of the geologist Sir Andrew Ramsay. For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... The Geologist by Carl Spitzweg A geologist is a contributor to the science of geology, studying the physical structure and processes of the Earth and planets of the solar system (see planetary geology). ... Did you know? ANDREW RAMSAY fUKED HIS CAT Ramsay was born at Glasgow, being the son of William Ramsay, manufacturing chemist. ...


He attended the Glasgow Academy and then continued his education at the University of Glasgow under Thomas Anderson and then went to study in Germany at the University of Tübingen with Wilhelm Rudolph Fittig where his doctoral thesis was entitled "Investigations in the Toluic and Nitrotoluic Acids". He returned to Glasgow as Anderson's assistant at the Anderson College. He was appointed Professor of Chemistry at the University College of Bristol in 1879 and married Margaret Buchanan in 1881. In the same year he became the Principal of the Bristol and somehow managed to combine that with active research both in organic chemistry and on gases. The Glasgow Academy is the oldest fully-independent school in Glasgow, Scotland. ... Master of Theology (MTh) Dentistry Nursing Affiliations Russell Group Universitas 21 Website http://www. ... Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen (German: Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen) is a state-supported university located on the Neckar river, in the city of Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Wilhelm Rudolph Fittig (1835 – 1910) was a German chemist. ... The University of Strathclyde (Scottish Gaelic: ) is a university in Glasgow, Scotland. ... The University of Bristol is a university in Bristol, England. ...


In 1887 he succeeded Alexander Williamson to the prestigious chair of Chemistry at University College London (UCL). It was here at UCL that his most celebrated discoveries were made. As early as 1885–1890 he published several notable papers on the oxides of nitrogen developing the skills that he would need for his subsequent work. There have been several persons named Alexander Williamson. ... Affiliations University of London Russell Group LERU EUA ACU Golden Triangle G5 Website http://www. ... General Name, symbol, number nitrogen, N, 7 Chemical series nonmetals Group, period, block 15, 2, p Appearance colorless gas Standard atomic weight 14. ...


On the evening of April 19th, 1894 Ramsay attended a lecture given by Lord Rayleigh. Rayleigh had noticed a discrepancy between the density of nitrogen made by chemical synthesis and nitrogen isolated from the air by removal of the other known components. After a short discussion he and Ramsay decided to follow this up. By August Ramsay could write to Rayleigh to announce that he had isolated a heavy component of air previously unknown which did not appear to have any obvious chemical reactivity. He named the gas "argon". In the years that followed he discovered neon, krypton, and xenon. He also isolated helium which had been observed in the spectrum of the sun but had not been found on earth. In 1910 he also isolated and characterized radon.[1] See also Rayleigh fading Rayleigh scattering Rayleigh number Rayleigh waves Rayleigh-Jeans law External links Nobel website bio of Rayleigh About John William Strutt MacTutor biography of Lord Rayleigh Categories: People stubs | 1842 births | 1919 deaths | Nobel Prize in Physics winners | Peers | British physicists | Discoverer of a chemical element ... General Name, symbol, number argon, Ar, 18 Chemical series noble gases Group, period, block 18, 3, p Appearance colorless Standard atomic weight 39. ... For other uses, see Neon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Krypton (disambiguation). ... General Name, Symbol, Number xenon, Xe, 54 Chemical series noble gases Group, Period, Block 18, 5, p Appearance colorless Standard atomic weight 131. ... General Name, symbol, number helium, He, 2 Chemical series noble gases Group, period, block 18, 1, s Appearance colorless Standard atomic weight 4. ... For other uses, see Radon (disambiguation). ...


In 1904 Ramsay received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.


Ramsay’s high standing in scientific circles led to his unfortunate endorsement in 1905 of the Industrial and Engineering Trust Ltd., a corporation with a supposed secret process to extract gold from sea water. The corporation bought property along the English coast to implement the gold-from-seawater process, but the company quickly faded from public view, and never produced any gold.


He lived at Hazelmere, Buckinghamshire until his death. He died at High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, on July 23 1916 from nasal cancer and was buried at Hazelmere parish church. // The world renound retard, jack milner, has been said to be living in the retarded town just west of high wycombe known as down syndromly. ... Buckinghamshire (abbreviated Bucks) is one of the home counties in South East England. ...


The current upper school Sir William Ramsay School, based in Hazlemere in High Wycombe, is named after him and was built in 1976. Sir William Ramsay School is a co-educational secondary school in Hazlemere, Buckinghamshire. ... // The world renound retard, jack milner, has been said to be living in the retarded town just west of high wycombe known as down syndromly. ...


References

  1. ^ W. Ramsay and R. W. Gray (1910). "La densité de l’emanation du radium". C.R. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 151: 126-128. 
  • Morris Travers (1956). The Life of Sir William Ramsay. ISBN 978-0713121643. 
  • Yves Jeannin (2005). "Une lettre inédite de sir William Ramsay sur la découverte de l’argon (An unedited letter of Sir William Ramsay on the discovery of argon)". Comptes Rendus Chimie 8 (1): 3-7. doi:10.1016/j.crci.2004.11.018. 
  • John Meurig Thomas (2004). "Argon and the Non-Inert Pair: Rayleigh and Ramsay". Angewandte Chemie International Edition 43 (47): 6418 - 6424. doi:10.1002/anie.200461824. 
  • Lord Rayleigh; William Ramsay (1894 - 1895). "Argon, a New Constituent of the Atmosphere.". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 57 (1): 265-287. 
  • Theodore W. Richards (1917). "Sir William Ramsay, K. C. B.". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 56 (1): iii-viii. 

A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... Angewandte Chemie or Angewandte Chemie International Edition is the chemistry journal of the Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (Society of German Chemists). ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... See also Rayleigh fading Rayleigh scattering Rayleigh number Rayleigh waves Rayleigh-Jeans law External links Nobel website bio of Rayleigh About John William Strutt MacTutor biography of Lord Rayleigh Categories: People stubs | 1842 births | 1919 deaths | Nobel Prize in Physics winners | Peers | British physicists | Discoverer of a chemical element ...

External links

Persondata
NAME Ramsay, William
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Chemist
DATE OF BIRTH October 2, 1852
PLACE OF BIRTH Glasgow, Scotland
DATE OF DEATH July 23, 1916
PLACE OF DEATH High Wycombe, Bucks., England
A chemist pours from a round-bottom flask. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... // The world renound retard, jack milner, has been said to be living in the retarded town just west of high wycombe known as down syndromly. ... Buckinghamshire (abbreviated Bucks) is one of the home counties in South East England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Clan Ramsay (1543 words)
Branches: Ramsay of Balmain, Ramsay of Bamff, Ramsay of Dalhousie.
William's son, also William de Ramsay, was a member of the Council of Magnates of the Realm in 1255 and in 1260.
William Ramsay, 5th Earl of Dalhousie, was a military officer with the rank of Brigadier General and was sent to the assistance of Archduke Charles in the struggle for the crown of Spain in 1705.
Biographies of Sir William M. Ramsay -- by J.G.C. Anderson (959 words)
RAMSAY, SIR WILLIAM MITCHELL (1851-1939), classical scholar and archaeologist and the foremost authority of his day on the topography, antiquities, and history of Asia Minor in ancient times, was born in Glasgow 15 March 1851, the Youngest son of Thomas Ramsay, by his wife, Jane, daughter of William Mitchell, both of Alloa.
Ramsay was knighted in 1906 and received many academic distinctions: three honorary fellowships of Oxford colleges (Exeter, 1898, Lincoln, 1899, and St. John's, 1912) and honorary degrees from six British universities and from New York, Bordeaux, and Marburg.
Ramsay's title to distinction is the immense advance, based upon a rich harvest of new evidence, which he achieved in the knowledge of the geography and topography of Asia Minor and of its political, social, and cultural (including religious) history.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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