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Encyclopedia > William Pepperrell
Sir William Pepperrell, 1746, by John Smybert
Sir William Pepperrell, 1746, by John Smybert

Sir William Pepperrell, 1st Baronet (June 27, 1696July 6, 1759) was a merchant and soldier in Colonial Massachusetts. He is most remembered for organising, financing, and leading the expedition that captured the French establishment at Fortress Louisbourg during King George's War. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (393x629, 53 KB) Summary Portrait of Sir William Pepperrell, 1746, by John Smybert; Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA. Licensing The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (393x629, 53 KB) Summary Portrait of Sir William Pepperrell, 1746, by John Smybert; Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA. Licensing The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those... // Events Catharine de Ricci (born 1522) canonized. ... John Smybert (or Smibert) (1684 - 1751) Scottish American artist, was horn at Edinburgh, and died in Boston, Massachusetts. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... The year 1696 had the earliest equinoxes and solstices for 400 years in the Gregorian calendar, because this year is a leap year and the Gregorian calendar would have behaved like the Julian calendar since March 1500 had it have been in use that long. ... July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 178 days remaining. ... 1759 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq. ... Fortress Louisbourg (in French, Forteresse de Louisbourg) is a Canadian National Historic Site and the location of a partial reconstruction of an 18th century French fortress at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia. ... King Georges War is the name given to the military operations in North America that formed part of the 1740-1748 War of the Austrian Succession. ...


William was a native of Kittery, Maine, then part of Massachusetts, and lived there all his life. Born to an English settler, William Pepperrell, and Margery Bray, daughter of a Kittery merchant, he studied surveying and navigation before joining his father (a ship-builder and fishing boat owner) in business. He expanded their enterprise to become one of the most properous mercantile houses in New England. He also joined the militia, becoming a captain (1717), major, lieutenant-colonel, and in 1726 colonel of militia. Location of town of Kittery in state of Maine Kittery is a town located in York County, Maine. ... Events George Friderich Handel becomes a British subject. ...


Pepperrell served in the Massachusetts General Court (1726-1727), and in the Governor's Council (1727-1759), of which for eighteen years he was president. Although not a trained lawyer, he was chief justice of the Court of Common Pleas from 1730 until his death.


During the War of the Austrian Succession, known in America as King George's War and forming the third part of the French and Indian Wars, he proposed the Massachusetts plan for an expedition against the French colony in Nova Scotia. He gathered volunteers, financed and trained the land forces in that campaign. When they sailed in April 1745, he was commander-in-chief of the expedition, supported by a British naval squadron under Captain Peter Warren, appointed Commodore on a temporary basis at the time. They attacked what was then the strongest coastal fortification in America, Fortress Louisbourg on Cape Breton . They captured it on June 16 after a six week siege. The War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748) became inevitable after Maria Theresa of Austria had succeeded her father Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor in his Habsburg dominions in 1740, namely becoming Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, Archduchess of Austria, and Duchess of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla. ... King Georges War is the name given to the military operations in North America that formed part of the 1740-1748 War of the Austrian Succession. ... The French and Indian Wars is a name used in the United States for a series of conflicts in North America that represented the actions there that accompanied the European dynastic wars. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages None (English,French,Gaelic) Flower Trailing arbutus Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Myra Freeman Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked... // Events May 11 - War of Austrian Succession: Battle of Fontenoy - At Fontenoy, French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army including the Black Watch June 4 – Frederick the Great destroys Austrian army at Hohenfriedberg August 19 - Beginning of the 45 Jacobite Rising at Glenfinnan September 12 - Francis I is elected... Sir Peter Warren (1703 or 1704 – 29 July 1752) was a British naval officer from Ireland who commanded the naval forces in the attack on Louisbourg in 1745. ... Commodore is a military rank used in some navies for officers whose position exceeds that of a Captain, but is less than that of a flag officer. ... Fortress Louisbourg (in French, Forteresse de Louisbourg) is a Canadian National Historic Site and the location of a partial reconstruction of an 18th century French fortress at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ...


He was made a baronet for his exploits in 1746, the first New Englander so honoured, and ultimately promoted to Lieutenant General. A baronet (traditional abbreviation Bart, modern abbreviation Bt), is the holder of an hereditary title awarded by the British Crown, known as a baronetcy. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ...


In 1755, during the Seven Years' War, known in America as the French and Indian War (the fourth part of the French and Indian Wars), he was made a Major General responsible for the defence of the Maine and New Hampshire frontier. Throughout that war he was instrumental in raising and training troops for the Massachusetts colony. Both he and Governor William Shirley of Massachusetts raised regiments with funds supplied by the British Crown, which entered the army list as the 50th (Shirley's) and 51st (Pepperrell's) regiments. Both were struck off the army list during the War of Independence. 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Prussia, Great Britain, Hanover Austria, France, Russian Empire, Sweden, Saxony The Seven Years War (1754 and 1756–1763), some of whose theatres are called the Pomeranian War and the French and Indian War, was hailed by Winston Churchill as the first world war[1], as it was the first... The conflict resulted in Frances loss of most of its possessions in North America. ... The French and Indian Wars is a name used in the United States for a series of conflicts in North America that represented the actions there that accompanied the European dynastic wars. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Official language(s) None Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 39th 33,414 sq mi  86,542 km² 190 miles  305 km 320 miles  515 km 13. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq. ... William Shirley (1694-1771) William Shirley (1694-1771) was the British governor of Massachusetts from 1741 to 1759. ...


The town of Pepperell, Massachusetts is named for him. Seal of Pepperell, MA Pepperell is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ...


Book

He published: Conference with the Penobscot Tribe, (Boston, 1753)


References

  • Usher Parsons, Life of Sir William Pepperell, (Boston, 1855)
  • Francis Parkman, A Half-Century of Conflict, (Boston, 1892)
  • Byron Fairchild, Messrs. William Pepperrell: Merchants at Piscataqua, (Cornell UP, 1954)
  • Neil Rolde, Sir William Pepperrell, (Tilbury House Pub, 1982)

External link

  • Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online

This page incorporates information from Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page


  Results from FactBites:
 
Sir William Pepperrell - LoveToKnow 1911 (251 words)
PEPPERRELL, SIR WILLIAM (1696--1759), American soldier, was born in Kittery, Maine, then a part of Massachusetts, on the 27th of June 1696.
Pepperrell served in the Massachusetts general court (1726-1727), and in the governor's council (1727-1759), of which for eighteen years he was president.
Although not a trained lawyer, he was chief justice of the court of common pleas from 1730 until his death.
Historical Biographies, Nova Scotia: William Pepperrell (1696-1759). (623 words)
William Pepperrell" owning a sizable fleet of ships, dealt in the local commodities of timber (pine boards, planks, oak staves and hoops) and fish; the Pepperrell family also dealt in goods from the West Indies (rum, molasses, and sugar); and in naval stores; and in other goods which were brought in from England.
Pepperrell immediately engrossed himself in the business of promoting and organizing the campaign against Louisbourg; enlistment became widely popular; and the success of the campaign under his leadership and that of Warren, his ocean going counterpart, is part of our larger story.
William Pepperrell the Elder received no formal schooling and, like most men in his village, he became a fisherman (it was probably on one of his fishing expeditions to Newfoundland that he decided to become an American colonist).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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