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Encyclopedia > William McMahon
Rt Hon Sir William McMahon


In office
10 March 1971 – 5 December 1972
Preceded by John Gorton
Succeeded by Gough Whitlam

Born 23 February 1908
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Died 31 March 1988
Political party Liberal

Sir William McMahon, GCMG, CH (23 February 190831 March 1988), Australian politician and 20th Prime Minister of Australia, was born in Sydney, New South Wales, where his father was a lawyer. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on December 2, 1972. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sir John Grey Gorton GCMG AC CH (9 September 1911 – 19 May 2002), Australian politician, was the 19th Prime Minister of Australia. ... Edward Gough Whitlam, AC, QC (born 11 July 1916), known as Gough Whitlam (, pronounced Goff), Australian politician and 21st Prime Minister of Australia. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of over 4,200,000 people, and 151,920 in the City of Sydney. ... Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $305,437 (1st)  - Product per capita  $45,153/person (4th) Population (End of March 2006)  - Population  6,817,100 (1st)  - Density  8. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... The Order of the Companions of Honour is a British and Commonwealth Order. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of over 4,200,000 people, and 151,920 in the City of Sydney. ... Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $305,437 (1st)  - Product per capita  $45,153/person (4th) Population (End of March 2006)  - Population  6,817,100 (1st)  - Density  8. ...


He was educated at Sydney Grammar School and at the University of Sydney, where he graduated in law. He practised in Sydney with "Allen, Allen and Hemsley", the oldest law firm in Australia. In 1940 he joined the Army, but because of a hearing loss he was confined to staff work. After World War II he travelled in Europe and completed an economics degree. Sydney Grammar School (colloquially known as Grammar) is a non-denominational, independent school for boys in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... The University of Sydney, established in Sydney in 1850, is the oldest university in Australia. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Contents

Politics

McMahon was elected to the House of Representatives for the Sydney seat of Lowe in 1949, one of the flood of new Liberal MPs known as the "forty-niners". He was capable and ambitious, and in 1951 Prime Minister Robert Menzies made him Minister for the Navy. He was to spend 21 continuous years in the ministry, a record in the Australian Parliament. Over the next 15 years he held a series of portfolios. In 1966, when Harold Holt became Prime Minister, McMahon succeeded him as Treasurer and as Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party. The Division of Lowe is an Australian Electoral Division in the state of New South Wales. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... Sir Robert Gordon Menzies, KT, AK, CH, FRS, QC (20 December 1894 – 14 May 1978), Australian politician, was the twelfth and longest-serving Prime Minister of Australia, serving eighteen and a half years. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Harold Edward Holt CH (5 August 1908– presumed dead 17 December 1967) was an Australian politician who became the 17th Prime Minister of Australia in 1966. ...


Despite his steady advance, McMahon remained unpopular with his colleagues. He was highly capable, but seen as too ambitious and a schemer. He was also haunted throughout his life by unsubstantiated rumours that he was homosexual. In 1965, aged 57, he married Sonia Rachel Hopkins (born August 1932), by whom he had three children: Melinda, Julian McMahon (the actor and model) and Debra. Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Julian Dana William McMahon (born 27 July 1968) is a Golden Globe nominated Australian actor and former fashion model. ...


When Holt drowned in December 1967, McMahon was assumed to be his automatic successor. But John McEwen, caretaker Prime Minister and leader of the Country Party, announced that he and his party would not serve in a government led by McMahon. This was partly because of McEwen's personal dislike of McMahon, for reasons suggested in the previous paragraph, but also because McEwen, an arch-protectionist, correctly suspected that McMahon favoured policies of free trade and deregulation. 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Sir John McEwen (March 29, 1900 - November 20, 1980), Australian politician and 18th Prime Minister of Australia, was born at Chiltern, Victoria, where his father was a pharmacist. ... The National Party of Australia is an Australian conservative political party, which claims to represent rural voters. ... Protectionism is the economic policy of restraining trade between nations, through methods such as high tariffs on imported goods, restrictive quotas, a variety of restrictive government regulations designed to discourage imports, and anti-dumping laws in an attempt to protect domestic industries in a particular nation from foreign take-over... Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ... Deregulation is the process by which governments remove, reduce, or simplify restrictions on business and individuals in order to (in theory) encourage the efficient operation of markets. ...


McMahon therefore withdrew, and John Gorton won the party room ballot. McMahon became Foreign Minister and waited for his chance at a comeback. He stood as a candidate for the Liberal Party leadership (and therefore Prime Minister, as the Liberal/Country Party coalition held a majority in the House of Representatives) after the 1969 elections but was defeated by Gorton. In March 1971 , the Defence Minister, Malcolm Fraser, resigned from Cabinet and denounced Gorton, who then called a party meeting. When the confidence vote in Gorton was tied, he resigned, and McMahon was elected leader. Sir John Grey Gorton GCMG AC CH (9 September 1911 – 19 May 2002), Australian politician, was the 19th Prime Minister of Australia. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the former Prime Minister of Australia; for the Western Australian public servant, see Malcolm Fraser (surveyor). ...


McMahon found being Prime Minister an unenjoyable experience. The Vietnam War and conscription had become very unpopular. He was unable to match the performance of Labor leader, Gough Whitlam, who campaigned on radical new policies such as universal health insurance. He was undermined by plotting from Gorton's supporters. He attacked Whitlam over his policy of recognising the People's Republic of China, then had to back down when President Nixon announced his visit to China. Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Edward Gough Whitlam, AC, QC (born 11 July 1916), known as Gough Whitlam (, pronounced Goff), Australian politician and 21st Prime Minister of Australia. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Richard Nixon met with Mao Zedong in 1972. ...


His reputation for economic management was undermined by high inflation. His voice and appearance came across badly on television, and he was no match in parliamentary debates for Whitlam, a witty and powerful orator. The conservative press further weakened McMahon's popularity through smear campaigns and ridicule. A smear campaign or smear tactics are deliberate attempts by an individual or group to malign another individual or groups reputation. ...


McMahon lost his nerve, and in the December 1972 election campaign he was outperformed by Whitlam and subjected to further humiliation in the press. When Whitlam won the elections (albeit more narrowly than some had predicted), McMahon resigned the Liberal leadership. He served in the Shadow Cabinet under his successor, Billy Snedden, but was dropped after the 1974 elections. He was knighted in 1977. He stayed in Parliament as a backbencher until his resignation in 1982, by which time he was the longest-serving member of the House. Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rt Hon Billy Snedden Sir Billy Mackie Snedden (31 December 1926 _ 27 June 1987), Australian Liberal politician, was born in Perth, Western Australia, the son of a stonemason. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... See also: List of longest-serving members of the Australian Senate The first House of Representatives was elected on 30 March 1901. ...


He died of cancer in Sydney in 1988, aged 80. Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ...


Honours

William McMahon was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1966, a Companion of Honour in 1972 and Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George in 1977. Her Majestys Most Honourable Privy Council is a body of advisors to the British Sovereign. ... The Order of the Companions of Honour is a British and Commonwealth Order (decoration). ... The silver Anglia knight, commissioned as a trophy in 1850, intended to represent the Black Prince. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ...


See also

The McMahon Ministry was the forty-seventh Australian Commonwealth ministry, and ran from 10th March 1971 to 5th December 1972. ...

References

External links

  • William McMahon - Australia's Prime Ministers / National Archives of Australia
  • William Mcmahon at the National Film and Sound Archive
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
none
Member for Lowe
1949–1982
Succeeded by
Michael Maher
Preceded by
Harold Holt
Treasurer of Australia
1966–1970
Succeeded by
Leslie Bury
Preceded by
John Gorton
Leader of the Liberal Party
1971–1972
Succeeded by
Billy Snedden
Prime Minister of Australia
1971–1972
Succeeded by
Gough Whitlam
Preceded by
Kim Beazley (senior)
Clyde Cameron
Longest serving member of the Australian House of Representatives
1980–1982
Succeeded by
Malcolm Fraser
Billy Snedden
Sir James Killen
Prime Ministers of Australia
Barton | Deakin | Watson | Reid | Fisher | Cook | Hughes | Bruce | Scullin | Lyons | Page | Menzies | Fadden | Curtin | Forde | Chifley | Holt | McEwen | Gorton | McMahon | Whitlam | Fraser | Hawke | Keating | Howard
Leaders of the Liberal Party of Australia
Menzies | Holt | Gorton | McMahon | Snedden | Fraser | Peacock | Howard | Peacock | Hewson | Downer | Howard
Persondata
NAME McMahon, William
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Prime Minister of Australia
DATE OF BIRTH 23 February 1908
PLACE OF BIRTH Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
DATE OF DEATH 31 March 1988
PLACE OF DEATH Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

  Results from FactBites:
 
William_McMahon (639 words)
William McMahon From Sterwiki Missing imageBillymcmahon.jpg Rt Hon William McMahon Sir William McMahon (February 23 1908 – March 31 1988), Australian politician and 20th Prime Minister of Australia, was born in Sydney, New South Wales, where his father was a lawyer.
McMahon was elected to the House of Representatives for a Sydney seat in 1949, one of the flood of new Liberal MPs known as the 'forty-niners.' He was capable and ambitious, and in 1951 Prime Minister Robert Menzies made him Minister for the Navy.
McMahon lost his nerve, and in the December 1972 election campaign he was outperformed by Whitlam and subjected to ridicule in the press.
William McMahon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (793 words)
Sir William was elected to the House of Representatives for a Sydney seat in 1949, one of the flood of new Liberal MPs known as the "forty-niners." He was capable and ambitious, and in 1951 Prime Minister Robert Menzies made him Minister for the Navy.
McMahon lost his nerve, and in the December 1972 election campaign he was outperformed by Whitlam and subjected to ridicule in the press.
McMahon was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1966, a Companion of Honour in 1972 and Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George in 1977.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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