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Encyclopedia > William Martin Murphy

William Martin Murphy was an Irish businessman and politician, best known for his role as leader of an employer's syndicate in the Dublin Lockout of 1913. Statue of James Larkin on OConnell Street (Oisín Kelly 1977) The Dublin Lockout of 1913 was the most severe industrial dispute in the history of Ireland, a general lockout of workers in Dublin meant to contain the expansion of trade unions. ...


He was born on the 21 of November 1844 in Bantry, County Cork. He was educated at Belvedere College. When his father, a building contractor, died he took over the family business. His enterprise and business acumen expanded the business, and he built churches, schools and bridges throughout Ireland, as well as railways and tramways in Britain and Africa. He was elected Nationalist MP for St Patrick's, Dublin, in 1885. 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Bantry (Beanntraí in Irish) is a town on the coast of County Cork, Ireland, located on the N71 at the head of Bantry Bay. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Cork Code: C (CK proposed) Area: 7,457 km² Population (2002) 447,829 Website: www. ... In 1882 Charles Stewart Parnell, the leader of the Nationalist Party, formed the Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP), replacing the Home Rule League, as a parliamentary party with strict rules. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to a parliament; in the Westminster system, specifically to the lower house. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ...


In 1904 he bought three Dublin newspapers and replaced them in 1905 with the Irish Independent. In 1906 he founded the Sunday Independent. He refused a knighthood from King Edward VII that year. He led Dublin employers against the trade unions, led by James Larkin, an opposition that culminated in the 1913 Lockout.This along with his criticism of Home Rule made him extremely unpopular with many. After the Easter Rising he bought ruined buildings in Abbey Street as sites for his newspaper offices. He owned Clery's department store, the Dublin United Tramways Company, and other large concerns. He wrote one book, The Home Rule Act, 1914, Exposed, 1917. He died in Dublin on the 25 June 1919. The Irish Independents header consists of its name and a green harp The Irish Independent is Irelands best-selling broadsheet newspaper. ... The Sunday Independent is a broadsheet Sunday newspaper published in the Republic of Ireland by Independent News and Media plc. ... Edward VII King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Emperor of India His Majesty King Edward VII (9 November 1841–6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of the Commonwealth realms, and the Emperor of India. ... Statue of James Larkin on OConnell Street, Dublin (Oisín Kelly 1977) James (Big Jim) Larkin (Irish: Séamas Ó Lorcáin)(1874-1947), an Irish trade union leader and socialist activist, was born in Liverpool, England on 28 January 1874, of Irish parents. ... Devolution or Home rule is the pooling of powers from central government to government at regional or local level. ... Combatants Irish Volunteers, Irish Citizen Army, Irish Republican Brotherhood British Army Dublin Metropolitan Police Royal Irish Constabulary Commanders Pádraig Pearse, James Connolly General Sir John Maxwell Strength 1250 in Dublin, c. ...


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Murphy is easily the commonest surname in Ireland: birth registration statistics indicate that of, a population of 4 millions, no less than approximately 55,000 are Murphys.
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