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Encyclopedia > William M. Rainach

William M. "Willie" Rainach (July 13, 1913 -- January 1978) was a state legislator from the town of Summerfield in Claiborne Parish who led Louisiana's "Massive Resistance" to desegregation during the late 1950s. Rainach was born in Kentwood, Louisianain (Tangipahoa Parish) east of Baton Rouge. He served both Claiborne and neighboring Bienville Parish in north Louisiana for three terms in the state Senate from 1948-1960. He also represented Claiborne Parish in the state House of Representatives from 1940-1948. In 1959, he unsuccessfully sought the Democratic gubernatorial nomination, then equivalent to election in Louisiana. July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... January is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... Claiborne Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Desegregation is the process of ending racial segregation, most commonly used in reference to the United States. ... The 1950s were a decade that spanned the years 1950 through 1959. ... Kentwood is a rural town located in Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana near the Mississippi border. ... Tangipahoa Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Capitol Building Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana, a state of the United States of America. ... Bienville Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Official language(s) English and French Capital Largest city Baton Rouge New Orleans at last census; probably Baton Rouge since Hurricane Katrina Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... Claiborne Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other one being the Republican Party. ... A governor is an official who heads the government of a colony, state or other sub-national state unit. ... Official language(s) English and French Capital Largest city Baton Rouge New Orleans at last census; probably Baton Rouge since Hurricane Katrina Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq. ...

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White Citizens' Council

He formed the first White Citizens' Council in Louisiana. He was the primary mover behind the Louisiana "pupil placement law" which made parish school superintendents responsible for assigning individual students to schools. This was a means of maintaining segregated schools. "I believe that segregation must be maintained throughout the width and breadth of our great state," Rainach proclaimed, according to A.J. Liebling's acclaimed The Earl of Louisiana. The White Citizens Council movement was a U.S. movement against racial desegregation. ... Segregation means separation. ... A.J. Liebling (October 18, 1904 - December 28, 1963) was an American journalist who was closely associated with The New Yorker from 1935 until his death. ...


Part of Rainach's strategy was to purge the rolls of black voters, an important part of Long's coalition. Many blacks were removed from the rolls, particularly in north Louisiana. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 employed the use of federal examiners, if needed, to prevent local officials in the Deep South from preventing the registration of blacks who desired to exercise the franchise.


Defending segregation

In 1959, Rainach delivered a racially inflammatory speech before the Louisiana legislature in which he professed to "love the {expletive deleted}, but I know he can't run this country. The breeding in him does not allow him to run a civilization, and I won't let our civilization go to ruin." Like his segregationist associate from Plaquemines Parish, Leander H. Perez, Rainach equated racial integration with communism. Plaquemines Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Integration may be any of the following: In the most general sense, integration may be any bringing together of things: the integration of two or more economies, cultures, religions (usually called syncretism), etc. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ...


After desegregation, public schools in his Claiborne Parish, which includes the principal towns of Homer, the parish seat, and Haynesville, quickly became majority black in student composition because many white families left the system and either moved out of the parish, opted for private schools, or, later, home schooling. The parish population itself was 47 percent black in the 2000 census. Claiborne Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Haynesville can refer to: Haynesville, Louisiana Haynesville, Maine This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Then Governor Earl Kemp Long, considered more progressive on race than many Louisiana politicians of his era but uncouth in language, lectured Rainach: "Willie, one of these days you gonna retire and go back home. You'll take off your boots, wash your feet, stare at the moon, and get close to God. Then will you realize that {expletive deleted} are human beings too." Earl Kemp Long (26 August 1895 - 5 September 1960) was an American politician and three-time Governor of Louisiana. ...


The gubernatorial primary of 1959

see Louisiana gubernatorial election, 1959-60


Rainach ran third in one of the most heated gubernatorial primaries of Louisiana history. He received 143,095 votes (17 percent.) There was a runoff between former Governor Jimmie Davis (213,551 or 25.3 percent) and the more liberal candidate, New Orleans Mayor deLesseps Story Morrison, Sr., (278,956 or 33.1 percent). Two other candidates, former Lieutenant Governor William Joseph "Bill" Dodd of Baton Rouge and former Governor James A. Noe, Sr., of Monroe split another 22 percent of the vote. Rainach, as well as outgoing Governor Long, endorsed Davis, who defeated "Chep" Morrison, 487,681 (54.1 percent) to 414,110 (45.9 percent). Davis thereafter overwhelmed Republican nominee Francis Grevemberg in the general election held on April 19, 1960 by a margin of 82-17 percent. A governor is an official who heads the government of a colony, state or other sub-national state unit. ... Official language(s) English and French Capital Largest city Baton Rouge New Orleans at last census; probably Baton Rouge since Hurricane Katrina Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq. ... James Houston Davis, better known as Jimmie Davis, (September 11, 1899 - November 5, 2000) was a noted singer who served as Governor of Louisiana. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... de Lesseps Story Morrison (1912 January 18–1964 May 22) was a U.S. political figure. ... Capitol Building Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana, a state of the United States of America. ... James A. Noe, Sr. ... The name Monroe may refer to: People and things Bill Monroe, musician James Monroe, President of the United States Marilyn Monroe, American actress Dr. Marvin Monroe (The Simpsons), cartoon character Robert Monroe, author, founder of the Monroe Institute Monroe Doctrine The Munroe effect, named after Charles Edward Munroe, is sometimes... This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ... A general election is an election in which all members of a given political body are up for election. ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ...


Rainach's suicide

Rainach committed suicide, reminiscent of Edmund Ruffin, a Confederate firebrand who also took his own life to avoid living in the northern-dominated South of 1865. He was a wealthy landowner and Butane gas distributor in Claiborne Parish. He also helped bring electricity to many rural residents in his parish. Edmund Ruffin Carlos Ruffin was a Confederate soldier who, according to the apocryphal legend, fired the first shot against Fort Sumter. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... Claiborne Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Lightning strikes during a night-time thunderstorm. ...


References

Billy Hathorn, Ph.D., "The Republican Party in Louisiana, 1920-1980," Master's thesis (1980) at Northwestern State University, Natchitoches


http://www.southerninstitute.info/civil_rights_education/divided13.html


Stowe, William McFerrin, Jr., Ph.D., “Willie Rainach and the Defense of Segregation in Louisiana, 1954-1959”, written May 1989


http://www.jfk-online.com/jpsgwnol.html


http://www.accd.edu/pac/communic/Denise/JJ.html


http://query.nytimes.com/search/query?


query=william+rainach&n=10&dp=0&sort=newest&daterange=full&srchst=g


A.J. Liebling, The Earl of Louisiana


 
 

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