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Encyclopedia > William Logan

Sir William Edmond Logan (April 20, 1798 - June 22, 1875) was a noted 19th century Canadian geologist.


Logan was born in Montreal, Quebec and studied at the university of Edinburgh. He started teaching himself geology in 1831, when he took over the running of a colliery in Swansea. He produced a geological map of the south Wales coalfield, and gave his opinion that the layer of clay under the coalfield was the old soil in which grew the plants from which the coal was formed.


His abilities as a geologist were noticed, and in 1842 he was asked to establish the Geological Survey of Canada. He continued as director until 1869. During this time he described the Laurentian rocks of the Laurentian mountains in Canada and of the Adirondacks in the state of New York.


Over his illustrious career he received 22 medals including the Legion of Honor from Emperor Napoleon III of France in 1855 and a knighthood from Queen Victoria of England in 1856. In the same year he was awarded the Wollaston Medal by the Geological Society of London.


After his retirement in 1869 he settled in Pembrokeshire, where he died. He was interred in the churchyard in the village of Cilgerran.


The highest mountain in Canada, Mount Logan, was named after him. As well, the mineral Weloganite, first found in Montreal, is named after him.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Logan, Sir William Edmond (427 words)
Logan identified and mapped the major geological structures of the Province of Canada, in particular the Laurentian and Huronian series of the Precambrian SHIELD.
Logan's reputation as a geologist, his Canadian birth, and his social and family connections in Montréal secured him the position of geologist of the Province of Canada in April 1842.
By 1844 Logan and one assistant, Alexander MURRAY, had divided the geological formations of the province into 3 main divisions; he concluded reluctantly that none could be expected to yield coal.
William Logan Fisher (1982 words)
William Logan Fisher cites his connections to William Rotch, Jr, an eminent merchant, as having a bearing on his whole future character.
William Logan Fisher lived as a widower for four years before marrying Sarah Lindley, the daughter of Jacob Lindley, a resident of Chester County.
William Logan Fisher, in terms of his family, his property and his business ventures, contributed to the rich history of the Philadelphia area, especially Germantown.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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