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Encyclopedia > William Hartnell
William Hartnell

William Hartnell in a publicity still as the First Doctor
Born 8 January 1908(1908-01-08)
St Pancras, London, England
Died 23 April 1975 (aged 67)
Marden, Kent, England

William Henry Hartnell (8 January 190823 April 1975) was an English actor, the first actor to play the lead role of the Doctor in the long-running science fiction television series Doctor Who from 1963 to 1966. Download high resolution version (546x740, 118 KB)copyright-free publicity still of William Hartnell as the Doctor This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... St Pancras is the name of a place in London. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Marden is a village to the south of Maidstone. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Californios were Spanish-speaking inhabitants of New Spain, and later Mexico, Alta California. ... William Edward Petty Hartnell William Edward Petty Hartnell, a. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... The First Doctor is the name given to the first incarnation of the Doctor seen on screen in the long-running BBC television science-fiction series Doctor Who. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... For other uses, see Doctor Who (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Early life

Hartnell was born in St Pancras, London, England, the only child of an unmarried mother, and raised primarily by his aunt Bessie (Wood, 208). Hartnell never discovered the identity of his father (whose particulars are left blank on the existing birth certificate) and, despite efforts made by Hartnell in later years, was never able to trace him. So ashamed was he by his illegitimate background that in later years, Hartnell deliberately concealed it – instead claiming to come from a farming family in Seaton, Devon where he spent many a happy childhood holiday with relatives. Often known as Billy, he was educated at home and at Imperial Service College. St Pancras is the name of a place in London. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Imperial Service College was an English public school based in Windsor, which merged in 1942 into Haileybury and Imperial Service College. ...


After training as a jockey, and boxer, he studied at the Italia Conti Academy and entered the theatre in 1924 working under Frank Benson. The first of more than sixty film appearances was Say It With Music in 1932. Hartnell usually played comic characters, until 1944 when he was cast in the robust role of sergeant Ned Fletcher in The Way Ahead. From then on his career was defined by playing mainly policemen, soldiers, and thugs — although he was noted for his ability to bring complexity to such roles, for example his widely praised performance as Dallow in Brighton Rock. In 1958 he topped the bill in the first Carry On film, Carry On Sergeant playing Sergeant Grimshaw, and in 1963 he appeared as a town councillor in the Boulting Brothers' film Heavens Above! with Peter Sellers. William Hartnell also appeared as Will Buckley in the film The Mouse That Roared in 1959 (again with Sellers). The racecourse in Chester. ... For other senses of these words, see boxing (disambiguation) or boxer (disambiguation). ... The Italia Conti Academy is Britains oldest theatre arts training school. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... Francis Robert Benson (November 4, 1858 - 1939), English actor, son of William Benson of Alresford, Hants, was born at Tunbridge Wells. ... For other uses, see Sergeant (disambiguation). ... The Way Ahead is a British Second World War drama released in 1944. ... For the band, see The Police. ... This article is about a military rank. ... Look up thug in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Brighton Rock is a novel by Graham Greene, published in 1938, and later made into a 1947 film. ... The Carry On films were a long-running series of British low-budget comedy films, directed by Gerald Thomas and produced by Peter Rogers. ... Carry On Sergeant is the first Carry On film, and its first public screening was on 1st August 1958 at Screen One, London. ... A councillor is a member of a council (such as a city council), particularly in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and other parts of the Commonwealth. ... John and Roy Boulting were English film producers and directors. ... Heavens Above! is a 1963 black-and-white British satirical comedy starring Peter Sellers, directed by John and Roy Boulting, who also co-wrote along with Frank Harvey, from an idea by Malcolm Muggeridge. ... Richard Henry Peter Sellers, CBE (8 September 1925 – 24 July 1980) was an English comedian, actor, and performer, who came to prominence on the BBC radio series The Goon Show and later became a film star. ... The Mouse that Roared is a 1955 novel by Irish writer Leonard Wibberley that launched a series of satirical books about a fictional European nation called the Duchy of Grand Fenwick. ...


His first regular role on television was as Sgt Major Percy Bullimore in The Army Game from 1957–1961. In 1963 he appeared in a supporting role in the film version of This Sporting Life, giving a sensitive performance as an ageing rugby league talent scout known as 'Dad'. The Army Game was a British television series about life in National Service broadcast between 1957 and 1961 by Granada Television . ... This Sporting Life is also a radio program in Australia. ... Wally Lewis passing the ball in Rugby League State of Origin. ...

William Hartnell appeared
as "Sergeant Grimshaw" in
Carry On Sergeant

During the 1960s he lived in a house on Eel Pie Island, a small island in the middle of the River Thames near Twickenham in London. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Carry On Sergeant is the first Carry On film, and its first public screening was on 1st August 1958 at Screen One, London. ... Eel Pie Island, in the River Thames at Twickenham in London, England, can only be reached by a footbridge or boat. ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... Twickenham is a suburb in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, south west London. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Doctor Who (1963-1966)

Hartnell's performance in This Sporting Life was noted by Verity Lambert, the producer who was setting up a new science-fiction television series for the BBC, Doctor Who. Lambert offered Hartnell the title role. Although he was initially uncertain, Lambert and director Waris Hussein convinced him to take the part and it became the character for which he gained the highest profile and is now most widely remembered. Hartnell later revealed he took the role as it led him away from the gruff, military roles in which he was becoming increasingly typecast, and came to particularly relish the attention and affection playing the character brought him from children. Verity Lambert (born November 27, 1935 in London, England, UK) is a British television and film producer, best known for producing the science-fiction series Doctor Who for the BBC for its first two years, from 1963 to 1965. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... Waris Hussein (born December 9, 1938 in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India) is a British-Indian television director, best known for his many productions for British television. ... The word typecasting (past participle typecast) can mean more than one thing: typecasting (programming) typecasting (acting) in acting This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Doctor Who earned Hartnell a regular salary of £315 per episode by 1966 (equivalent to £4,050.90 in modern currency [1]). In comparison, his co-stars Anneke Wills and Michael Craze earned £68 and £52 per episode at the same time.[1] Anneke Wills (born 20 October 1941 in Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland) is a British actress noted for her role as the companion Polly in the long running BBC science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... Michael Craze (born 29 November 1942 in Cornwall and died 7 December 1998 ) was a British actor noted for his role of Ben Jackson, a companion of the Doctor, in the long running BBC science fiction television series Doctor Who. ...


Hartnell suffered a bereavement in 1965 whilst working on "The Myth Makers": his Aunt Bessie, who had looked after him during his troubled childhood, died. The tight production schedules prevented him from taking time off to attend her funeral. The Myth Makers is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in four weekly parts from October 16 to November 6, 1965. ...


According to some colleagues on Doctor Who, he could be a difficult person to work with, although others, notably actors Peter Purves and William Russell, and producer Verity Lambert, speak glowingly of him after more than forty years. Nicholas Courtney, in his audio memoirs, recalled that during the filming of The Daleks' Master Plan, Hartnell pointed out to him which members of the cast were Jewish[2]. Hartnell's poor health (arteriosclerosis) as well as poor relations with the new production team on the series following the departure of Lambert, ultimately led him to leave Doctor Who in 1966. Peter Purves (publicity portrait) Peter Purves (born February 10, 1939) is a British actor and television presenter. ... William Russell (born Russell Enoch on November 19, 1924 in Sunderland, England, UK) is a British actor, mainly known for his television work. ... Verity Lambert (born November 27, 1935 in London, England, UK) is a British television and film producer, best known for producing the science-fiction series Doctor Who for the BBC for its first two years, from 1963 to 1965. ... Nicholas Courtney Nicholas Courtney (born William Nicholas Stone Courtney on December 16, 1929) is a British television actor, most famous for playing Brigadier Alistair Gordon Lethbridge-Stewart in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... The Daleks Master Plan is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which originally aired in twelve weekly parts from November 13, 1965 to January 29, 1966. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... Atherosclerosis is a disease affecting arterial blood vessels. ... Production teams are the groups of technical staff whom put on the show. ...


Some commentators now contend that reports of Hartnell's illness were subsequently exaggerated by Lambert's successors in the role of producer, John Wiles and Innes Lloyd, to justify a desire (ultimately successful) to remove the expensive actor from the series. Others suggest that it was a mutual decision between Hartnell and the production team that he should leave the programme. However, Hartnell claimed in later life that he did not want to leave the series, writing, in an oft-quoted letter, "I didn't willingly give up the part". Suggestions that Hartnell's health was failing him are seemingly contradicted by his return to demanding theatre work almost immediately upon leaving Doctor Who. He also made television guest appearances across the late 1960s including in No Hiding Place. John Wiles was the second producer of the popular science fiction serial Doctor Who, succeeding Verity Lambert. ... Innes Lloyd was born in 1925 in Wales and was a producer for television who would later reach the front rank of BBC drama producers. ... No Hiding Place on the cover of TV Times magazine. ...


Later life

Hartnell reprised the role of the Doctor in the 10th Anniversary story The Three Doctors (made in 1972, broadcast 1972-3) with the help of cue cards, but appeared only in pre-filmed inserts seen on video screens. His appearance in this story was his last work as an actor. Hartnell's health had grown progressively worse in the early 1970s and in December 1974 he was admitted to hospital permanently. In early 1975, he suffered a series of strokes brought on by cerebrovascular disease and died peacefully in his sleep of heart failure on 23 April 1975 at the age of 67. His death was reported on the BBC News and a clip of the Doctor in the TARDIS from the end of The OK Corral, the final episode of The Gunfighters, was shown. The Three Doctors is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, first broadcast in four weekly parts from the December 30, 1972 to January 20, 1973. ... For other uses, see Stroke (disambiguation). ... Cerebrovascular disease is damage to the blood vessels in the brain, resulting in a stroke. ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... The Gunfighters is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in four weekly parts from April 30 to May 21, 1966. ...


A clip of his scene from the end of the serial The Dalek Invasion of Earth (1964) was used as a pre-credits sequence for the 20th anniversary story The Five Doctors (1983), although another actor, Richard Hurndall, played the role of the First Doctor for the rest of the episode. The Dalek Invasion of Earth is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which originally aired in six weekly parts from November 21 to December 26, 1964. ... The Five Doctors was a special movie-length episode of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, produced in celebration of the programmes twentieth anniversary. ... Richard Gibbon Hurndall (November 3, 1910 – April 13, 1984) was an English stage, radio, film, and television actor. ...


Hartnell was married to Heather McIntyre from May 9, 1929 until his death. They had one child, a daughter named Anne.[1][3] Other biographical information about William Hartnell is hard to substantiate because of conflicting information from various sources. Hartnell himself gave accounts of his birth and upbringing which seem to differ from verifiable facts, and the only published biography of him is by his granddaughter, Jessica Carney. Although criticised by some as a hagiography, Carney's "Who's There?" does refer to these difficulties and makes it clear that a great deal of research has been done, drawing from primary sources, as well as Hartnell's family's own extensive archive. Notwithstanding an often negative view of its subject, the family link with the author makes some critics view this work as biased. is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hagiography is the study of saints. ...


Hartnellisms

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
William Hartnell

Hartnell's occasional mistakes over his lines while in Doctor Who have been named "Hartnellisms" (or "Billy-fluffs") by Doctor Who fans. It should, however, be noted that the methods of television production at the time — effectively recording long takes "as live" with retakes only being undertaken in extreme circumstances — led to the inclusion of far more of these small errors than would have been apparent in any more modern production. As well, sudden, short-term memory loss or a momentary loss of concentration are recognised symptoms of arteriosclerosis, which Hartnell was suffering from, undiagnosed. In light of this, overt mocking of this small tendency has increasingly been considered to be in poor taste, especially when it draws attention away from Hartnell's other achievements with a consequent effect on his reputation.[citation needed] Additionally, some so-called Hartnellisms can be looked at in the context of the character and were scripted (other characters draw attention to this tendency in dialogue). For example, the Doctor frequently misspoke companion Ian Chesterton's name (calling him "Chesterfield" in one episode, "Chatterton" in another). Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... For other uses, see Doctor Who (disambiguation). ... // Introduction Arteriosclerosis means the hardening of the arteries in Greek. ... Ian Chesterton is a fictional character in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who and a companion of the First Doctor. ...


Examples include:

  1. The Doctor intends to tell a character named Maitland to stabilise his spaceship. Instead, the Doctor says, "Stabilise us, matron!" (The Sensorites)
  2. A Hartnellism that occurred during rehearsals (but fortunately not the actual recording) of The Edge of Destruction: the Doctor was to tell Susan to check the fault-locator. Instead, he told her to check the fornicator.[4]
  3. Perhaps the most famous of Hartnell's fluffs was when the Doctor warned Ian and Barbara that they could wind up as two "cinders floating around in Spain" (rather than "space") (The Chase)

It has been said that as time went on, and Hartnell's health ostensibly failed, the number of Hartnellisms increased, sometimes to the detriment of the plot. However, listening to surviving audio copies of his later serials, such as The Savages or The Smugglers shows this assertion to be demonstrably false. The Sensorites is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in six weekly parts from June 20 to August 1, 1964. ... The Edge of Destruction (also known as Inside the Spaceship, among other titles, see below) is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in 2 weekly parts on February 8 and February 15, 1964. ... The Chase is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in six weekly parts from May 22 to June 26, 1965. ... The Savages is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in four weekly parts from May 28 to June 18, 1966. ... The Smugglers is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in four weekly parts from September 10 to October 1, 1966. ...


In Hartnell's final story, The Tenth Planet, the Doctor is given far fewer lines than normal. It has been speculated that this was done to deliberately prevent such problems in his final story, but there is no evidence from either the production office records or surviving members of the production team to suggest that this was the case. However, Hartnell's illness did prevent his participation in the third episode of that story, leaving the question open. The Tenth Planet is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in four weekly parts from October 8 to October 29, 1966. ...


Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Howe, David J.; & Mark Stammers & Stephen James Walker (1994). The Handbook: The First Doctor – The William Hartnell Years 1963-1966. London: Virgin Publishing. ISBN 0-426-20430-1. 
  2. ^ Big Finish Talks Back: The Nicholas Courtney Memoirs (A Soldier in Time)
  3. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0367156/bio
  4. ^ [The Edge of Destruction DVD Production Subtitles]

David J. Howe is a British novelist, writer, journalist, publisher, and media historian. ... Mark Stammers is a graphic designer, editor and author best known for his work related to the BBC Television series Doctor Who. ... Stephen James Walker is a writer and editor most associated with his work relating to the BBC Television series Doctor Who, usually with co-editors David J. Howe and/or Mark Stammers. ...

References

  • Wood, Tat; & Lawrence Miles (2006). About Time 1: The Unauthorized Guide to Doctor Who 1963–1966. Illinois: Mad Norwegian Press. ISBN 0-9759446-0-6. 

Tat Wood is an academic and co-writer (with Lawrence Miles) of the About Time episode guides (begun 2004) to the television programme Doctor Who. ... Lawrence Miles (born 1972 in Middlesex) is a science-fiction author best known for his work on original Doctor Who novels (both for the Virgin New Adventures and BBC Books series) and the subsequent spin-off Faction Paradox. ...

External links

Preceded by
(none)
The Doctor
(First Doctor)

1963–1966
Succeeded by
Patrick Troughton
 v  d  e The Doctors
First Doctor (William Hartnell) Second Doctor (Patrick Troughton)
Third Doctor (Jon Pertwee) Fourth Doctor (Tom Baker)
Fifth Doctor (Peter Davison) Sixth Doctor (Colin Baker)
Seventh Doctor (Sylvester McCoy) Eighth Doctor (Paul McGann)
Ninth Doctor (Christopher Eccleston) Tenth Doctor (David Tennant)
Other Doctors
Dr. Who (Peter Cushing) The Watcher (Adrian Gibbs)
The Valeyard (Michael Jayston) Shalka Doctor (Richard E. Grant)
Persondata
NAME Hartnell, William Henry
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Character Actor
DATE OF BIRTH January 8, 1908
PLACE OF BIRTH St Pancras, London, England
DATE OF DEATH April 23, 1975
PLACE OF DEATH Marden, Kent, England

  Results from FactBites:
 
William Hartnell (1109 words)
William Hartnell's background is one which has been surrounded by inconsistency.
According to the research by Carney, Hartnell was in fact born in London close to King's Cross.
Hartnell was the first person to play the Doctor and made the show very popular during the sixties.
William Hartnell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1216 words)
William Henry Hartnell (January 8, 1908–April 23, 1975), a British actor, was the first actor to play the lead role of the Doctor in the long-running science fiction television series Doctor Who from 1963 to 1966.
Hartnell was born in St Pancras, London, and raised primarily by his aunt Bessie (Wood, 208).
Hartnell came to relish particularly the attention and affection playing the character brought him from children, and he became very fond of the role which also, at a regular salary of over 500 guineas a week, saw him become one of television's highest paid actors.
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