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Encyclopedia > William H. Crawford
William Harris Crawford


In office
August 1, 1815 – October 22, 1816
President James Madison
Preceded by James Monroe
Succeeded by John C. Calhoun

In office
October 22, 1816 – March 6, 1825
President James Madison (1816-1817)
James Monroe (1817-1825)
Preceded by Alexander J. Dallas
Succeeded by Richard Rush

Born February 24, 1772(1772-02-24)
Amherst County, Virginia, U.S.
Died September 15, 1834 (aged 62)
Crawford, Georgia, U.S.
Political party Democratic-Republican
Profession Lawyer, Politician, Judge, Farmer, Teacher

William Harris Crawfordlalalalalalala (February 24, 1772September 15, 1834) was an important American politician, as well as a judge, during the early 19th century. He served as United States Secretary of War from 1815 to 1816 and United States Secretary of the Treasury from 1816 to 1825, and was a candidate for President of the United States in 1824. He was the cousin of George W. Crawford. Portrait of William Harris Crawford, lifted from [1]. public domain. ... The Secretary of War was a member of the United States Presidents Cabinet, beginning with George Washingtons administration. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... James Madison (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836), an American politician and fourth President of the United States of America (1809–1817), was one of the most influential Founders of the United States. ... For other persons named James Monroe, see James Monroe (disambiguation). ... John Caldwell Calhoun (March 18, 1782 – March 31, 1850) was a leading United States Southern politician and political philosopher from South Carolina during the first half of the 19th century, best known as a spokesman for slavery, nullification and the rights of electoral minorities, such as slave-holders. ... The United States Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury, concerned with finance and monetary matters, and, until 2003, some issues of national security and defense. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... James Madison (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836), an American politician and fourth President of the United States of America (1809–1817), was one of the most influential Founders of the United States. ... For other persons named James Monroe, see James Monroe (disambiguation). ... Dallas, as portrayed in an 1881 copy of a Gilbert Stuart painting Alexander James Dallas (June 21, 1759 – January 16, 1817) was an American statesman who served as the U.S. Treasury Secretary under President James Madison. ... Wikipedia also has an entry for Richard Rush (director) Richard Rush Richard Rush (August 29, 1780–July 30, 1859) was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Amherst County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Crawford is a city located in Oglethorpe County, Georgia. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... The Democratic-Republican Party, also known as the Republican Party , was founded by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in 1792. ... For the fish called lawyer, see Burbot. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Farmer (disambiguation). ... For university teachers, see professor. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Secretary of War was a member of the United States Presidents Cabinet, beginning with George Washingtons administration. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The United States Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury, concerned with finance and monetary matters, and, until 2003, some issues of national security and defense. ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... George W. Crawford (December 22, 1798–July 27, 1872) was an American political figure from Georgia. ...


Crawford was born in Amherst County, Virginia, but his family moved south to Appling County, Georgia, when he was a boy. As a young man, he worked as a farmer and a schoolteacher for about 10 years, then began to practice law in Lexington, Georgia in 1799. Amherst County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. ... Appling County is a county located in the Georgia. ... Lexington is a city in Oglethorpe County, Georgia, United States. ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1803, Crawford was elected to the Georgia state legislature as a member of the Democratic-Republican Party. In 1807, that legislature elected him to fill a vacant United States Senate seat. 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Democratic-Republican Party, also known as the Republican Party , was founded by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in 1792. ... Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States...


Crawford soon became a respected and influential senator, and was elected president pro tempore in 1811. On April 12, 1812 Vice President George Clinton died in office which made Crawford, as President Pro Tempore, the Acting Vice President until March 4, 1813. In recognition of his abilities, President James Madison appointed Crawford as the American minister to the First French Empire in 1812. Crawford held that important ministerial post throughout the War of 1812, and returned shortly after its end in 1815. Robert C. Byrd of West Virginia the current President pro tempore of the United States Senate. ... 1811 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... James Madison (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836), an American politician and fourth President of the United States of America (1809–1817), was one of the most influential Founders of the United States. ... Map of the First French Empire in 1811, with the Empire in dark blue and satellite states in light blue Capital Paris Language(s) French Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1804 - 1814/1815 Napoleon I  - 1814/1815 Napoleon II Legislature Parliament  - Upper house Senate  - Lower house Corps législatif Historical era Napoleonic... For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting... This article is about the U.S. – U.K. war. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ...


Upon Crawford's return, Madison appointed him as Secretary of War. After slightly more than a year of satisfactory service in that post (and after disclaiming interest in the 1816 Democratic-Republican nomination for President, which he could have had), Crawford moved within the Cabinet to become Secretary of the Treasury. He remained in that position through the rest of Madison's term and Monroe's entire administration which ended in 1825. The Secretary of War was a member of the United States Presidents Cabinet, beginning with George Washingtons administration. ... Cabinet meeting on May 16, 2001. ... The United States Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury, concerned with finance and monetary matters, and, until 2003, some issues of national security and defense. ... For other persons named James Monroe, see James Monroe (disambiguation). ...


Crawford was again a leading candidate for the Democratic-Republican presidential nomination in 1824, but a massive stroke in 1823 ended his chances. The Democratic-Republican Party split apart that year, and one of the splinter groups nominated Crawford. Despite Crawford's improved health (and the support of former presidents Madison and Thomas Jefferson), he finished only third, behind John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson. Refusing Adams' request that he remain at the Treasury, Crawford then retired to Georgia, where he was appointed as a state superior court judge. 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Democratic-Republican Party, also known as the Republican Party , was founded by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in 1792. ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ... John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1569 – February 23, 1985) was a diplomat, politician, and the sixth President of the United States (March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829). ... For other uses, see Andrew Jackson (disambiguation). ...


Crawford remained an active judge until his death a decade later. He is buried in Crawford Cemetery in Crawford, Georgia. Crawford is a city located in Oglethorpe County, Georgia. ...


Fractional currency

In 1875, William Harris Crawford appeared on the 50 cent bill. Just above it an original wax letter sealer he used while in various offices.


Trivia

The town of Crawfordsville, Indiana, as well as Crawford County, Illinois; Crawford County, Iowa; Crawford County, Missouri; Crawford County, Arkansas; Crawford County, Wisconsin; Crawfordville, Georgia; and Crawford County, Georgia, are named for Crawford. Crawfordsville is a city in Montgomery County, Indiana, United States. ... Crawford County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Crawford County is a county located in the state of Iowa. ... Crawford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1990. ... Crawford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. ... Crawford County is a county located in southwest Wisconsin. ... Crawfordville is a city located in Taliaferro County, Georgia. ... Crawford County is a county located in the state of Georgia. ...


References

  • Garraty, John A. and Mark C. Carnes. American National Biography, vol. 5, "Crawford, William Harris". New York : Oxford University Press, 1999.
Preceded by
George Jones
United States Senator (Class 2) from Georgia
1807–1813
Served alongside: John Milledge, Charles Tait
Succeeded by
William B. Bulloch
Preceded by
John Pope
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
March 24, 1812March 23, 1813
Succeeded by
Joseph Bradley Varnum
Preceded by
Joel Barlow
U.S. Minister to France
1813–1815
Succeeded by
Albert Gallatin
Preceded by
James Monroe
United States Secretary of War
18151816
Succeeded by
John C. Calhoun
Preceded by
Alexander J. Dallas
United States Secretary of the Treasury
18161825
Succeeded by
Richard Rush
Preceded by
James Monroe
Democratic-Republican Party presidential candidate(1)
1824 (lost)
Succeeded by
(none)
Notes & References
1. The Democratic-Republican Party split in 1824, fielding four separate candidates: Crawford, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, and Henry Clay.

  Results from FactBites:
 
William H. Crawford - Definition, explanation (409 words)
Crawford was born in Amherst County, Virginia, but his family moved south to Appling County, Georgia when he was a boy.
In 1803, Crawford was elected to the Georgia state legislature as a member of the Democratic-Republican Party.
Crawford was again a leading candidate for the Democratic-Republican presidential nomination in 1824, but a massive stroke in 1823 ended his chances.
William H. Crawford - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (416 words)
Crawford was born in Amherst County, Virginia, but his family moved south to Appling County, Georgia when he was a boy.
Crawford soon became a respected and influential senator, and was elected president pro tempore in 1811.
Crawford was again a leading candidate for the Democratic-Republican presidential nomination in 1824, but a massive stroke in 1823 ended his chances.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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