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Encyclopedia > William Goebel
William J. Goebel
William Goebel

In office
January 31, 1900 – February 3, 1900
Lieutenant(s) J. C. W. Beckham
Preceded by William S. Taylor
Succeeded by J. C. W. Beckham

In office
1896 – 1900

Born January 4, 1856
Carbondale, Pennsylvania[1]
Died February 3, 1900
Frankfort, Kentucky
Political party Democratic
Spouse None[2]
Profession Lawyer

William J. Goebel (January 4, 1856February 3, 1900)[3] was a controversial American politician who served as Governor of Kentucky for a few days in 1900 before being assassinated. Goebel remains the only state governor in the United States to be assassinated while in office.[4] Image File history File links Goebel_William. ... This is a list of Governors of Kentucky: See also Kentucky Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of Kentucky ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... The office of Lieutentant Governor of Kentucky has existed under the last three of Kentuckys four constitutions, beginning in 1797. ... John Crepps Wickliffe Beckham (August 5, 1869 - January 9, 1940) served as both Governor of Kentucky and in the United States Senate. ... William Sylvester Taylor (1853-1928) was the Governor of Kentucky from December 1899 until January 1900. ... John Crepps Wickliffe Beckham (August 5, 1869 - January 9, 1940) served as both Governor of Kentucky and in the United States Senate. ... President Pro Tempore of the Kentucky Senate was the title of highest ranking member of the Kentucky Senate prior to enactment of a 1992 amendment to the Constitution of Kentucky. ... January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Carbondale, Pennsylvania, as depicted on an 1890 panoramic map. ... February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... Frankfort is the capital of Commonwealth of Kentucky, a state of the United States of America. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... A lawyer, according to Blacks Law Dictionary, is a person learned in the law; as an attorney, counsel or solicitor; a person licensed to practice law. ... January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... This is a list of Governors of Kentucky: See also Kentucky Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of Kentucky ...


A skilled politician, Goebel was well able to broker deals with fellow lawmakers, and equally able and willing to break them if a better deal came along. His tendency to use the state's political machinery to advance his personal agenda earned him the nicknames "Boss Bill", "the Kenton King", "Kenton Czar", "King William I", and "William the Conqueror".[5] In this 1899 cartoon from Puck, all of New York City politics revolves around boss Richard Croker A political machine is an unofficial system of a political organization based on patronage, the spoils system, behind-the-scenes control, and longstanding political ties within the structure of a representative democracy. ... Kenton County is a county located in the state of Kentucky. ...


Goebel's abrasive personality made him many political enemies, but his championing of populist causes, such as railroad regulation and civil rights, won him many friends. This conflict of opinions came to a head in the Kentucky gubernatorial election of 1900. Goebel, a Democrat, divided his party with self-serving political tactics at a time when Kentucky Republicans were finally gaining strength, having elected the party's first governor four years previously. These dynamics led to a close contest between Goebel and William S. Taylor. In the politically chaotic climate that resulted, Goebel was assassinated. The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... William Sylvester Taylor (1853-1928) was the Governor of Kentucky from December 1899 until January 1900. ...

Contents

Early life

Wilhelm Justus Goebel was born January 4, 1856, in Carbondale, Pennsylvania, the son of William and Augusta Goebel, immigrants from Hannover, Germany. The first of four Goebel children, he was born two months premature, and weighed less than three pounds. While his father served in the Union Army during the American Civil War, Goebel's mother raised the children alone, teaching them much about their German heritage. Wilhelm spoke only German until the age of six, but eventually embraced the culture of his birth country as well, including the adoption of the American spelling of his name.[5] January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Carbondale, Pennsylvania, as depicted on an 1890 panoramic map. ... Alternate meanings: Hanover (district), Hanover (region), Hanover (state), other uses Map of Germany showing Hanover Hanover (in German: Hannover [haˈnoːfɐ]), on the Leine river, is the capital of the state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) in Germany. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


Goebel's father moved the family to Covington, Kentucky on his return from military service in 1863. Young William attended school in Covington, and became an apprentice to a jeweler in Cincinnati, Ohio. He abandoned that trade, and after a brief stint at Hollingsworth Business College, became a student in the law firm of John W. Stevenson, who had served as governor of Kentucky from 1871 to 1877. Goebel eventually became Stevenson's partner and executor of his estate.[5] After graduating from Cincinnati Law School in 1877, Goebel enrolled at Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, but withdrew to support his family after the death of his father. After a few years of private practice, Goebel partnered with Kentucky state representative John G. Carlisle for five years, then rejoined Stevenson's practice in Covington as a partner.[1] Downtown Covington has many wooded streets and historic buildings Covington is a city in Kenton County, Kentucky, United States. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... John White Stevenson (2 May 1812 - 10 August 1886) succeeded Governor John Helm, who died while in office in 1867. ... The University of Cincinnati College of Law has a long and distinguished history. ... Kenyon College is a private, highly selective liberal arts college in Gambier, Ohio, founded in 1824 by Bishop Philander Chase of the The Episcopal Church, in parallel with the Bexley Hall seminary. ... Gambier is a village located in Knox County, Ohio. ... John G. Carlisle (September 5, 1834 - July 31, 1910) was a prominent American politician in the Democratic Party during the last quarter of the 19th century. ...


Personal characteristics

Goebel was never known as a particularly genial person in public. He belonged to few social organizations, and greeted none but his closest friends with a smile or handshake.[5] He was rarely linked romantically with a woman,[5] and is the only governor of Kentucky to never marry.[1] His physical features exacerbated his taciturn nature. Journalist Irvin S. Cobb remarked that Goebel's appearance was "reptilian," while others commented on his contemptuous lips, sharp nose, and humorless eyes.[5] Neither was Goebel a gifted public speaker, eschewing flowery imagery and relying on his deep, powerful voice and forceful delivery to drive home his points.[5] Irvin Shrewsbury Cobb (1876–1944) was an American author, humorist, and columnist who lived in New York and wrote over 60 books. ...


While lacking in the social qualities common to politicians, one characteristic served Goebel well in the political arena – his intellect. Goebel was well-read, and supporters and opponents both conceded that his mental prowess was impressive.[5] Cobb concluded that he had never been more impressed with a man's intellect than he had been with Goebel's.[5]


Political career

In 1887, James W. Bryan vacated his seat in the Kentucky Senate to pursue the office of lieutenant governor. Goebel decided to seek election to the vacant seat representing the Covington area. His platform of railroad regulation and championing labor causes, combined with the influence of Stevenson, his former partner, should have given Goebel an easy victory, but this was not to be. A third political party, the Union Labor party, had risen to power in the area with a platform similar to Goebel's. However, while Goebel had to stick close to his allies in the Democratic party, the Union Labor party courted the votes of both Democrats and Republicans, and made the election close – decided in Goebel's favor by a mere fifty-six votes.[5] The Kentucky Senate is the upper house of the Kentucky General Assembly. ... The office of Lieutentant Governor of Kentucky has existed under the last three of Kentuckys four constitutions, beginning in 1797. ...

A statue of Goebel stands in front of the Old State Capitol in Frankfort.
A statue of Goebel stands in front of the Old State Capitol in Frankfort.

With only the two years remaining in former senator Bryan's term to distinguish himself before a re-election bid, Goebel took aim at a large and popular target: the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. A proposal from pro-railroad legislators in the Kentucky House of Representatives to abolish Kentucky's Railroad Commission was passed and sent to the Senate. Senator Cassius M. Clay responded by proposing a committee to investigate lobbying by the railroad industry. Goebel served on the committee, which uncovered significant violations by the railroad lobby.[6] Goebel also helped defeat the bill to abolish the Railroad Commission in the Senate. These actions made him a hero in his district. He ran for a full term as senator unopposed in 1889, and won another term in 1893 by a three-to-one margin over his Republican opponent.[5] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 363 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (424 × 700 pixel, file size: 598 KB, MIME type: image/png) Taken by user Acdixon in Frankfort, KY on April 27, 2007 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 363 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (424 × 700 pixel, file size: 598 KB, MIME type: image/png) Taken by user Acdixon in Frankfort, KY on April 27, 2007 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Old State Capitol (Kentucky) is the third Capitol of Kentucky. ... Chartered by the state of Kentucky in 1850, the L&N, as it was generally known, grew into one of the great success stories of American business. ... Cassisus Marcellus Clay refers to at least two people: Cassius Marcellus Clay (abolitionist) Muhammad Ali - the former boxer. ...


In 1890, Goebel was a delegate to Kentucky's fourth constitutional convention,[7] which produced the current Kentucky Constitution.[8] Despite the high honor of being chosen as a delegate, Goebel showed little interest in participating in the process of creating a new constitution. The convention was in session for 250 days; Goebel was present for just 100 of them.[5] He did, however, successfully secure the inclusion of the Railroad Commission in the new constitution. As a constitutional entity, the Commission could only be abolished by an amendment ratified by popular vote. This would effectively protect the Commission from ever being unilaterally dismantled by the General Assembly.[6] A constitutional convention is a gathering of delegates for the purpose of writing a new constitution or revising an existing constitution. ... Official language(s) English Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 37th 104,749 km² 225 km 610 km 1. ... The Kentucky State Capitol Building in Frankfort, KY The Kentucky General Assembly, also called the Kentucky Legislature, is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Kentucky. ...


Duel with John Sanford

In 1895, Goebel engaged in what many observers considered a duel with General John Lawrence Sanford. Sanford, an ex-Confederate and politician turned banker, had butted heads with Goebel before. Goebel's successful campaign to remove tolls from some of Kentucky's turnpikes had cost Sanford a good deal of money. Later, it was widely believed that Sanford blocked Goebel's appointment to the Kentucky Court of Appeals, then the highest court in the state.[9] In response to this, Goebel had written an article in a local newspaper referring to Sanford as "Gonorrhea John".[10] A duel is a formalized type of combat. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Religion... A toll road, turnpike or tollpike is a road on which a toll authority collects a fee for use. ... Gonorrhea (gonorrhoea in British English) is among the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the world and is caused by Gram-negative bacterium Neisseria gonorrheae. ...


The duel occurred as Goebel and two of his acquaintances went to cash a check in Covington. Goebel suggested they avoid Sanford's bank, but Sanford, standing outside the bank, engaged the trio in conversation before they could cross the street to another establishment. As Sanford greeted Goebel's friends, he offered his left hand, his right remaining on a pistol in his pocket. Goebel, noticing this and being likewise armed, clutched the pistol in his own pocket. Sanford asked Goebel, "I understand that you assume authorship of that article?" "I do," replied Goebel. Witnesses agree that both men fired their guns, but none could tell who fired first. Goebel was uninjured, the bullet passing through his coat and ripping his trousers, while Sanford was hit in the head. He died five hours later.[9] Though Goebel was acquitted, pleading self-defense, the incident would haunt his future political career.[5] The acquittal was also significant because of prohibitions against duelling in the Kentucky Constitution. Had Goebel been convicted, he would not have been eligible to hold public office.[11]


The Goebel Election Law

Despite rising to the office of President Pro Tempore in 1896, Goebel became the subject of much opposition from constituencies of both parties in Kentucky after the passage of the so-called "Goebel Election Law." Democrats, who controlled the General Assembly, felt that county election commissioners had been unjust in selecting local election officials, and that this injustice had contributed to the election of Republican governor William O. Bradley in 1895 and Republican president William McKinley in 1896. Goebel's bill, which passed along sharp party lines and over Governor Bradley's veto, created a three-member state election commission, appointed by the General Assembly, to select county election commissioners. This system proved to be just as manipulable as the one it replaced, allowing the Democratically-controlled General Assembly to appoint fellow Democrats to the election commission.[6] Many voters decried the bill as a self-serving attempt by Goebel to increase his political power, and the election board remained a controversial issue until its abolition in a special session of the legislature in 1900.[7] President Pro Tempore of the Kentucky Senate was the title of highest ranking member of the Kentucky Senate prior to enactment of a 1992 amendment to the Constitution of Kentucky. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... William OC. Bradley William OConnel Bradley was a U.S. senator from Kentucky, born in Lancaster, Garrard County, Kentucky on March 18, 1847. ... William McKinley Jr. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Gubernatorial election of 1900

Three men sought the Democratic nomination for governor at the 1899 party convention in Louisville — Goebel, Wat Hardin, and William J. Stone. When Hardin proved the front-runner for the nomination, Stone and Goebel agreed to work together against him. Stone's supporters would back whomever Goebel picked to preside over the convention; in exchange, half of the delegates from Louisville, who were pledged to Goebel, would vote to nominate Stone for governor. Goebel would then drop out of the race, but would be allowed to name many of the other officials on the ticket. As word of the plan spread through the convention, Hardin dropped out of the race, believing he would be bested by the Stone–Goebel alliance.[5] “Louisville” redirects here. ...


But Goebel took a calculated risk, reneging on the agreement once his man was installed as presiding officer. Hardin, seeing that Stone had been betrayed and believing he might yet be able to secure the nomination, re-entered the fray. After several chaotic ballots resulted in no clear majority for any of the three, Goebel's hand-picked chairman announced that the man with the lowest vote total in the next canvass would be dropped from the ballot. That turned out to be Stone. This put Stone's supporters in a difficult position. They were now forced to choose between Hardin, who was seen as being a pawn of the railroad industry, or Goebel, who had just turned on their man.[5] In the end, enough sided with Goebel to give him the nomination.[5] Goebel's tactics, while not illegal, were unpopular with many and fractured the party.[12] A disgruntled faction calling themselves the "Honest Election Democrats" held a separate convention in Lexington and nominated John Y. Brown for governor.[6] Nickname: Location in the Commonwealth of Kentucky Coordinates: Country United States State Kentucky Counties Fayette Government  - Mayor Jim Newberry (D) Area  - City  285. ... John Young Brown (June 28, 1835-January 11, 1904) was a Representative from Kentucky. ...


In the general election, Republican William S. Taylor defeated both Democratic candidates, but his margin over Goebel was a mere 2,383 votes.[10] Democrats in the General Assembly began leveling accusations of voting irregularities in some counties, but in a surprise decision, the Board of Elections created by the Goebel Election Law and manned by three hand-picked Goebel Democrats, ruled 2–1 that the disputed ballots should count, claiming the law gave them no legal power to reverse the official county results.[5] Under the Kentucky Constitution, however, the power to review the election lay with the General Assembly, who invalidated enough votes to give the election to Goebel. The Assembly's Republican minority was incensed, as were voters in traditionally Republican districts. For several days, the state hovered on the brink of civil war.[6] William Sylvester Taylor (1853-1928) was the Governor of Kentucky from December 1899 until January 1900. ... A civil war is a war in which parties within the same culture, society or nationality fight against each other for the control of political power. ...


Assassination and aftermath

A sketch of the Goebel assassination that appeared in Harper's Weekly in 1900
A sketch of the Goebel assassination that appeared in Harper's Weekly in 1900

While the election results remained in dispute, Goebel, despite being warned of a rumored assassination plot against him, walked without bodyguards to the Old State Capitol the morning of January 30, 1900. Reports conflict about what happened next, but five or six shots were fired from the nearby State Building, the first striking Goebel in the chest, wounding him seriously. Taylor, serving as governor pending a final decision on the election, called out the militia and ordered the General Assembly into a special session, not in Frankfort, but in London, Kentucky, a Republican area.[10] The Republican minority naturally heeded the call and headed to London. Democrats predictably resisted the call, many retiring to Louisville instead. Both factions claimed authority, but the Republicans were too few in number to muster a quorum.[9] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 516 pixelsFull resolution (821 × 530 pixel, file size: 1,013 KB, MIME type: image/png) This sketch of the chaos following the assassination of Kentucky Governor William Goebel appeared in Harpers Weekly in 1900. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 516 pixelsFull resolution (821 × 530 pixel, file size: 1,013 KB, MIME type: image/png) This sketch of the chaos following the assassination of Kentucky Governor William Goebel appeared in Harpers Weekly in 1900. ... Teresa Bagioli Sickles confession, 1859 Harpers Weekly (A Journal of Civilization) was an American political magazine based in New York City. ... The Old State Capitol (Kentucky) is the third Capitol of Kentucky. ... January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... Lebanese Kataeb militia A Militia is an organization of citizens to provide defense, emergency or paramilitary service, or those engaged in such activity. ... London is a city in Laurel County, Kentucky, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 5,692 (5,757 in 1990). ... “Louisville” redirects here. ... Look up quorum in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

A plaque set in front of the Old State Capitol building marks where Goebel fell after being shot.
A plaque set in front of the Old State Capitol building marks where Goebel fell after being shot.

One day after being shot, Goebel, lying upon his back in ill health, was sworn in as governor. In his only act in that capacity, Goebel signed a proclamation to dissolve the militia called up by Taylor, an order which was not heeded by the force's Republican commander. Despite the ministrations of 18 physicians, Goebel died the afternoon of February 3, 1900. Sympathetic journalists recalled his heroic last words as "Tell my friends to be brave, fearless, and loyal to the common people." Skeptic Irvin S. Cobb uncovered another story from some in the room at the time. On having ingested his last meal, the fallen governor supposedly remarked "Doc, that was a damned bad oyster." In respect of Goebel's displeasure with the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, the governor's body was transported from his hometown of Covington north across the Ohio River to Cincinnati, and then south to Frankfort on the Queen and Crescent Railroad.[5] This circuitous route avoided the direct line provided by L&N.[5] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Old State Capitol (Kentucky) is the third Capitol of Kentucky. ... February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... Irvin Shrewsbury Cobb (1876–1944) was an American author, humorist, and columnist who lived in New York and wrote over 60 books. ... Crassostrea gigas, Marennes-Oléron Crassostrea gigas, Marennes-Oléron Crassostrea gigas, Marennes-Oléron, opened The name oyster is used for a number of different groups of mollusks which grow for the most part in marine or brackish water. ... Cincinnati, Ohio is a well known city along the Ohio River, historically known for its riverboats. ... The Queen and Crescent Railroad, originally known as the Cincinnati Southern Railroad, was a railroad that extended from Cincinnati, Ohio to New Orleans. ...


Resolution of the election

With Goebel dead, tensions began to ease. The idea of Goebel's lieutenant governor, J. C. W. Beckham, as governor was more palatable to much of the opposition than civil war in the state, though many of them may have preferred war to a Goebel governorship. After a lengthy meeting, a bipartisan compromise was drafted which would have ended the matter. The terms called for Republican recognition of Goebel's rightful election (and Beckham's subsequent right to govern). Republicans would also remove the militia from Frankfort. Democrats would, in turn, extend immunity to any Republican official found to have ties to the assassination, stop contesting elections for other state offices, and work to pass a nonpartisan election reform bill. The agreement needed only Taylor's signature to become effective. Unwilling to relinquish his office, Taylor balked.[5] The office of Lieutentant Governor of Kentucky has existed under the last three of Kentuckys four constitutions, beginning in 1797. ... John Crepps Wickliffe Beckham (August 5, 1869 - January 9, 1940) served as both Governor of Kentucky and in the United States Senate. ...


Compromise having been exhausted, both sides agreed to adjudicate the matter. The Kentucky Court of Appeals found that the General Assembly had acted legally in declaring Goebel the winner of the election. That decision was appealed to the Supreme Court. Arguments were presented April 30, 1900, and on May 21, the justices decided 8–1 not to hear the case, allowing the Court of Appeals' decision to stand.[13] The lone dissension was that of Associate Justice John Marshall Harlan, a Kentucky native.[9] Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest judicial body in the... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... May 21 is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is about the pre-World-War-I US Supreme Court justice; for his grandson, the mid-20th-century holder of the same position, see John Marshall Harlan II. John Marshall Harlan (June 1, 1833 – October 14, 1911) was an American Supreme Court associate justice. ...


Trials and investigations

During the ensuing assassination investigation, suspicion naturally focused on deposed governor Taylor. Seeing an indictment looming, he fled to Indianapolis, Indiana.[7] The governor of Indiana refused to extradite Taylor, and he was never able to be questioned about his knowledge of the plot to kill Goebel. Taylor became a successful lawyer in Indiana, and was pardoned in 1909 by Beckham's successor, Republican Augustus E. Willson.[10] Nickname: Location in the state of Indiana Coordinates: County Marion Founded 1821 Government  - Mayor Bart Peterson (D) Area  - City  372 sq mi (963. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... Augustus Everett Willson (October 13, 1846 – August 24, 1931) was the thirty-sixth governor of Kentucky. ...


Sixteen people, including Taylor, were eventually indicted in the assassination of Governor Goebel. Three accepted immunity from prosecution in exchange for testimony. Only 5 ever went to trial, two of those being acquitted.[4] Convictions were handed down against Taylor's Secretary of State Caleb Powers, Henry Youtsey, and Jim Howard. The prosecution charged that Powers was the mastermind, having a political opponent killed so that his boss, Governor Taylor, could stay in office. Youtsey was an alleged intermediary, and Howard, who was said to have been in Frankfort to seek a pardon from Taylor for the killing of a man in a family feud,[10] was accused of being the actual assassin.[4] In several countries, Secretary of State is a senior government position. ... Caleb Powers (February 1, 1869 - July 25, 1932) was a United States Representative from Kentucky and the first Secretary of State of Kentucky convicted as an accessory to murder. ...


The trials were fraught with irregularities. All three judges were pro-Goebel Democrats,[10] and at one point the juror pool of 368 people was found to have only 8 Republicans. Republican appeals courts overturned Powers' and Howard's convictions, though Howard was tried and convicted twice more, and Powers was tried three more times, resulting in two convictions and a hung jury. Both men were pardoned in 1908 by Governor Augustus E. Willson. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Youtsey, who received a life sentence, did not appeal.[4] After two years in prison, he turned state's evidence.[4] In Howard's second trial, Youtsey claimed that ex-governor Taylor had discussed an assassination plot with Howard and Youtsey.[5] He backed the prosecution's claims that Powers and Taylor worked out the details, he acted as an intermediary, and Howard fired the shot.[5] On cross examination, the defense pointed out contradictions in the details of Youtsey's story, but Howard was still convicted.[5] Life imprisonment is a sentence of imprisonment for a serious crime, nominally for the entire remaining life of the prisoner, but in fact for a period which varies between jurisdictions: many countries have a maximum possible period of time (usually seven years) a prisoner may be incarcerated, or require the... Immunity confers a status on a person or body that makes that person or body free from otherwise legal obligations such as, for example, liability for damages or punishment for criminal acts. ...


Youtsey was paroled in 1916 and was pardoned in 1919 by Democratic governor James D. Black.[10] James Dixon Black (September 24, 1849 – August 4, 1938) was governor of Kentucky for part of 1919. ...


Most historians agree that the assassin of Governor Goebel will never be conclusively identified.[4]


External links

See also

The history of Kentucky spans hundreds of years, and has been influenced by the states diverse geography and central location. ... This is a list of assasinated American politicians. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c Powell, Robert A. (1976). Kentucky Governors. Frankfort, Kentucky: Kentucky Images. ISBN B0006CPOVM. 
  2. ^ (1985) "William Goebel 1856–1900", in Lowell H. Harrison: Kentucky's Governors. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0813115396. 
  3. ^ Chronological Listing of Kentucky’s Governors: 1879–1907. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives (2006-02-15). Retrieved on 2007-01-13.
  4. ^ a b c d e f (1992) "Goebel Assassination", in Kleber, John E.: The Kentucky Encyclopedia, Associate editors: Thomas D. Clark, Lowell H. Harrison, and James C. Klotter, Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0813117720. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Klotter, James C. (1977). William Goebel: The Politics of Wrath. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0813102405. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Hood, Fred J. (1978). "Goebel's Campaign for Railroad Regulation, 1888–1900", Kentucky: It's History and Heritage. St. Louis, Missouri: Forum Press. ISBN 0882730193. 
  7. ^ a b c (1992) "Goebel, William", in Kleber, John E.: The Kentucky Encyclopedia, Associate editors: Thomas D. Clark, Lowell H. Harrison, and James C. Klotter, Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0813117720. 
  8. ^ (February 2003) "Constitutional Background", Kentucky Government: Informational Bulletin No. 137 (Revised). Frankfort, Kentucky: Kentucky Legislative Research Commission. 
  9. ^ a b c d Woodson, Urey (1939). The First New Dealer, William Goebel: His origin, ambitions, achievements, his assassination, loss to the state and nation; the story of a great crime. Louisville, Kentucky: The Standard Press. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g McQueen, Keven (2001). "William Goebel: Assassinated Governor", Offbeat Kentuckians: Legends to Lunatics, Ill. by Kyle McQueen, Kuttawa, Kentucky: McClanahan Publishing House. ISBN 0913383805. 
  11. ^ The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Kentucky: Informational Bulletin No. 59 (PDF). Kentucky Legislative Research Commission (October 2005). Retrieved on 2007-10-09.
  12. ^ (1992) "Music Hall Convention", in Kleber, John E.: The Kentucky Encyclopedia, Associate editors: Thomas D. Clark, Lowell H. Harrison, and James C. Klotter, Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0813117720. 
  13. ^ Taylor v. Beckham, 178 U.S. 548 (1900). FindLaw.com. Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
Preceded by
William S. Taylor
Governor of Kentucky
1900
Succeeded by
J. C. W. Beckham
Persondata
NAME Goebel, William
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Goebel, Wilhelm
SHORT DESCRIPTION Governor of Kentucky
DATE OF BIRTH January 4, 1856
PLACE OF BIRTH Carbondale, Pennsylvania
DATE OF DEATH February 3, 1900
PLACE OF DEATH Frankfort, Kentucky

  Results from FactBites:
 
William Goebel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1022 words)
William J. Goebel (January 4, 1856 – February 3, 1900) was a controversial American politician who served as Governor of Kentucky for a few days in 1900.
Goebel was born in 1856 in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania, the son of German immigrants William and Augusta Goebel.
Goebel was buried in the Frankfort, Kentucky cemetery near the grave of Daniel Boone.
Peter William Goebel - KS-Cyclopedia - 1912 (763 words)
Goebel is a native of the village of Langhecke, province of Hesse, Nassau, Prussia, Germany, where he was born, March 18, 1859.
Goebel is now president of one bank, vice-president of another, and besides is still a director of the Bank of Louisburg.
Goebel is a fine example of a self-made man, who with worthy ambitions and a strong character, has attained a great measure of success.
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