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Encyclopedia > William Edward Parry
William Edward Parry
William Edward Parry

Sir William Edward Parry (December 19, 17908 or 9 July 1855) was an English rear-admiral and Arctic explorer. Image File history File links WiiliamEdwardParry. ... Image File history File links WiiliamEdwardParry. ... December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... July 8 is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 176 days remaining. ... July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 175 days remaining. ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages English Capital London Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population –mid-2004... Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers. ... The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border The Arctic is the area around the Earths North Pole. ...


Parry was born in Bath, the son of a doctor. He was educated at King Edward's School, Bath. At the age of thirteen he joined the flag-ship of Admiral Cornwallis in the Channel fleet as a first-class volunteer, in 1806 became a midshipman, and in 1810 received promotion to the rank of lieutenant in the frigate Alexander, which spent the next three years in the protection of the Spitzbergen whale fishery. He took advantage of this opportunity for the study and practice of astronomical observations in northern latitudes, and afterwards published the results of his studies in a small volume on Nautical Astronomy by Night (1816). From 1813-1817 he served on the North American station. For other uses, see Bath (disambiguation). ... King Edwards School (KES) in Bath, United Kingdom is a public school providing education for pupils aged 3 - 18. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Official language Norwegian Capital Longyearbyen King Harald V Governor Per Sefland Area  - Total Ranked 122nd 62 049 km² Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Ranked 230th 2,756 0. ... Radio telescopes are among many different tools used by astronomers Astronomy (Greek: αστρονομία = άστρον + νόμος, astronomia = astron + nomos, literally, law of the stars) is the science of celestial objects (such as stars, planets, comets, and galaxies) and phenomena that originate outside the Earths atmosphere (such as auroras and cosmic background radiation). ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1818 he received command of the brig Alexander in the Arctic expedition under Captain (afterwards Sir) John Ross. This expedition returned to England without having made any new discoveries but Parry, confident, as he expressed it, "that attempts at Polar discovery had been hitherto relinquished just at a time when there was the greatest chance of succeeding", in the following year obtained the chief command of a new Arctic expedition; consisting of the two ships HMS Griper and HMS Hecla. 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... Engraving of Ross Sir John Ross (June 24, 1777 – August 30, 1856) was a British rear admiral and Arctic explorer. ... HMS Hecla was a Hecla-class bomb ship. ...


This expedition returned to England in November, 1820 after a voyage of almost unprecedented Arctic success, having accomplished more than half the journey from Greenland to Bering Strait, the completion of which solved the ancient problem of a Northwest Passage. A narrative of the expedition, entitled Journal of a Voyage to discover a North-west Passage, appeared in 1821. 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Satellite photo of the Bering Strait Nautical chart of the Bering Strait The Bering Strait is a sea strait between Cape Dezhnev, the eastmost point of the Asian continent and Cape Prince of Wales, the westernmost point of the American continent, approximately 85 km (58 mi) in width, with a... Popular Northwest Passage routes through the Canadian archipelago This article describes the route through the Canadian Arctic. ...


Upon his return Lieutenant Parry received promotion to the rank of commander. In May, 1821 he set sail with the HMS Fury and HMS Hecla on a second expedition to discover a Northwest Passage, but had to return to England in October, 1823 without achieving his purpose. During his absence he had in November, 1821 been promoted to post rank, and shortly after his return he was appointed acting hydrographer to the navy. His Journal of a Second Voyage, &c., appeared in 1824. The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... HMS Fury was a Hecla-class bomb vessel. ... HMS Hecla was a Hecla-class bomb ship. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


With the same ships Parry undertook a third expedition on the same quest in 1824, but again unsuccessfully, and following the wreck of the Fury, he returned home in October, 1825 with a double ship's company. He published an account of this voyage in 1826. 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


Parry also pioneered the use of canning techniques for food preservation on his Arctic voyages. However, his techniques were not infallible: in 1939, viable spores of certain heat-resistant bacteria were found in canned roast veal that had traveled with Parry to the Arctic Circle in 1824. Canning is a method of preserving food by first heating it to a temperature that destroys contaminating microorganisms, and then sealing it in air-tight jars, cans or pouches. ... Various preserved foods Food preservation is the process of treating and handling food in such a way as to stop or greatly slow down spoilage to prevent foodborne illness while maintaining nutritional value, texture and flavor. ... Subgroups Actinobacteria Aquificae Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi Chlamydiae/Verrucomicrobia Chloroflexi Chrysiogenetes Cyanobacteria Deferribacteres Deinococcus-Thermus Dictyoglomi Fibrobacteres/Acidobacteria Firmicutes Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Nitrospirae Planctomycetes Proteobacteria Spirochaetes Thermodesulfobacteria Thermomicrobia Thermotogae Bacteria (singular: bacterium) are a major group of living organisms. ...


In the following year Parry obtained the sanction of the Admiralty for an attempt on the North Pole from the northern shores of Spitzbergen, and his extreme point of 82° 45’ N. lat. remained for 49 years the highest latitude attained. He published an account of this journey under the title of Narrative of the Attempt to reach the North Pole, &c. (1827). In April, 1829 he was knighted. Old Admiralty House, Whitehall, London, Thomas Ripley, architect, 1723-26, was not admired by his contemporaries and earned him some scathing couplets from Alexander Pope The Admiralty was historically the authority in the United Kingdom responsible for the command of the Royal Navy. ... The North Pole is the northernmost point on the Earth. ... Spitsbergen is the largest island in the Svalbard archipelago, which is situated in the Arctic Ocean and administered by Norway. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Parry served as Commissioner of the Australian Agricultural Company based in at Tahlee on the northern shore of Port Stephens New South Wales, Australia from 1829 to 1834. The Australian Agricultural Company (AA Co) is a company which serves to improve beef cattle production through responsible natural resource and land use. ... Emblems: Floral - Waratah (Telopea Speciosissima); Bird - Kookaburra (Dacelo Gigas); Animal - Platypus (Ornithorhynchus Anatinus); Fish - Blue Groper (Achoerodus Viridis) Motto: Orta Recens Quam Pura Nites (Newly Risen, How Brightly You Shine) Slogan or Nickname: First State, Premier State Other Australian states and territories Capital Sydney Government Const. ...


Parry was subsequently selected for the post of comptroller of the newly-created department of steam machinery of the Navy, and held this office until his retirement from active service in 1846, when he was appointed captain-superintendent of Haslar Hospital. He attained the rank of rear-admiral in 1852, and in the following year became a governor of Greenwich Hospital, and retained this post until his death. The Greenwich Hospital was founded in 1694 as the Royal Naval Hospital for Seamen. ...


Sir Edward Parry’s character was influenced by his unwavering belief in Jesus Christ, and besides the journals of his different voyages he also wrote a Lecture to Seamen, and Thoughts on the Parental Character of God.


See Memoirs of Rear-Admiral Sir W. E. Parry, by his son, Rev. Edward Parry (3rd edition, 1857).


Parry crater on the Moon was named after him. Parry is a lunar crater that is attached to the southeast rim of the Fra Mauro walled-plain. ... For information on the actual moon orbiting the Earth, see Moon. ...


External links

  • Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
  • Volume I of Parry's "Voyages"
  • Volume II of Parry's "Voyages"

Project Gutenberg (often abbreviated as PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive, and distribute cultural works. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
  • The Royal Navy in Polar Exploration from Frobisher to Ross, E C Coleman 2006 ISBN 0 7524 3660 0
  • The Royal Navy in Polar Exploration from Franklin to Scott, E C Coleman 2006 (Tempus Publishing)

  Results from FactBites:
 
William Edward Parry - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (710 words)
Parry was born in Bath, the son of a doctor.
Parry served as Commissioner of the Australian Agricultural Company based in at Tahlee on the northern shore of Port Stephens New South Wales, Australia from 1829 to 1834.
Parry was subsequently selected for the post of comptroller of the newly-created department of steam machinery of the Navy, and held this office until his retirement from active service in 1846, when he was appointed captain-superintendent of Haslar Hospital.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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