FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > William E. Gordon

William E. Gordon is a physicist and astronomer. He is referred to as the "father of the Arecibo Observatory". He was born January 8, 1918, in Patterson, New Jersey. He received a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Cornell University in 1953. He was a faculty member at Cornell University from 1953 - 1966. He joined the faculty Rice University in 1966, serving as Dean of Science and Engineering, Dean of Natural Sciences, and Provost and Vice President. He retired in 1986 to become Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Space Physics and Astronomy and of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Rice University. He is a member of many respected professional and academic societies, including the National Academy of Sciences (1968-) and National Academy of Engineering (1975-). He has been a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, (1986-). The word physicist should not be confused with physician, which means medical doctor. ... An astronomer or astrophysicist is a scientist whose area of research is astronomy or astrophysics. ... The Arecibo Observatory is located in Arecibo, Puerto Rico on the north coast of the island. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Electrical engineering is an engineering discipline that deals with the study and application of electricity and electromagnetism. ... For other uses of the name Cornell, see Cornell (disambiguation). ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Rice University William Marsh Rice University,usually called Rice University, is housed in the Museum District of Houston, Texas. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a corporation in the United States whose members serve pro bono as advisers to the nation on science, engineering, and medicine. ... Founded in 1964, the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) in the United States provides engineering leadership in service to the nation. ... A fellow in its broadest sense is someone who is an equal or a comrade. ... The American Academy of Arts and Sciences is an organization dedicated to scholarship and the advancement of learning, particularly in areas of political science. ...


Gordon wanted to study the properties of the Earth's upper atmosphere, the ionosphere, and thought that he could use a radar system to measure the density and temperature in this difficult-to-study atmospheric region. His calculations indicated that an antenna approximately 305 meters (1,000 feet) in diameter would do the job, but would be far too expensive to build using existing designs for radio and radar antennas. He designed the massive radar (later upgraded to also function as a radio telescope) and oversaw its construction in the karst foothills just south of Arecibo, Puerto Rico. He served as the Director of the resultant Arecibo Ionospheric Observatory from 1960 to 1965. Encouraged by work at the Platteville Atmospheric Observatory, Gordon was influential in getting an ionospheric heater built at Islote, about 30 km from the Arecibo Observatory. Atmosphere may refer to: a celestial body atmosphere, e. ... The ionosphere is the part of the atmosphere that is ionized by solar radiation. ... This long range radar antenna (approximately 40m (130ft) in diameter) rotates on a track to observe activities near the horizon. ... The Parkes 64 metre radio telescope in New South Wales, Australia (the bigger of the two shown) In contrast to an ordinary telescope, which produces visible light images, a radio telescope sees radio waves emitted by radio sources, typically by means of a large parabolic (dish) antenna, or arrays of... Karst topography occurs when a landscape is marked by underground drainage patterns. ... Arecibo is a municipality in Puerto Rico named after the Taino Cacique Arasibo. ... The Arecibo Observatory is located in Arecibo, Puerto Rico on the north coast of the island. ... 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... The Platteville Atmospheric Observatory was one of the first major ionospheric heaters in the world. ...


External Links

  • William E. Gordon Papers (http://www.rice.edu/fondren/woodson/mss/ms408.html) collection at the Fondren Library, Woodsen Research Center at Rice University.

    The William E. Gordon Papers range in date from 1947 to 1994, inclusive (bulk 1975-1990), and arranged in three series: Material in the collection includes publications and research reports (many of which concern findings from research conducted at the Arecibo Ionospheric Observatory in Puerto Rico), talks and lectures, reprints, office files, and alphabetical subject files, which include records of professional organizations and activities in which Dr. Gordon participated. Rice University William Marsh Rice University,usually called Rice University, is housed in the Museum District of Houston, Texas. ...

  • Milestones - NAIC/Arecibo Radiotelescope, 1963 (http://www.ieee.org/organizations/history_center/milestones_photos/arecibo.html) IEEE History Center
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers or IEEE (pronounced as eye-triple-ee) is an international non-profit, professional organization incorporated in the State of New York, United States. ...

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Gordon was born at Marlboro, New Jersey, August 14, 1861, a son of Lewis I. and Lydia (Victoria) Gordon.
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