FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
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Encyclopedia > William D. Jelks

William Dorsey Jelks (November 7, 1855December 14, 1931) was an American Democratic politician who was the Governor of Alabama from 1901 to 1907. He also served as governor between 1 December and 26 December 1900 when governor-elect William J. Samford was out-of-state seeking medical treatment (Alabama law at the time required the governor to relinquish authority of the office if he left the state for any reason for more than 20 days). When Samford died on 11 June 1901, Jelks became governor. In 1904, Jelks fell ill himself and left the state for treatment; Russell Cunningham acted as governor in Jelk's absence from 25 April 1904 to 5 March 1905. November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... The following is a list of the territorial and state governors of Alabama. ... Official language(s) English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Area  Ranked 30th  - Total 52,423 sq mi (135,775 km²)  - Width 190 miles (306 km)  - Length 330 miles (531 km)  - % water 3. ... William James Samford (September 16, 1844–June 11, 1901) was an American Democratic politician who was the Governor of Alabama from 1900 to 1901. ... Russell McWhortor Cunningham (August 25, 1855–June 6, 1921) was an American Democratic politician who was the acting Governor of Alabama from April 25, 1904 to March 5, 1905. ...

Jelks, an Alabama native, graduated from Mercer University in Macon, Georgia in 1876. In 1879, Jelks acquired a substantial interest in the Union Springs Herald; later that year he bought and became the editor of the Eufaula Times. During his residence in Eufaula, Alabama, Jelks served on the board and as superintendent of education for the city schools. Mercer University is an independent, coeducational, church-related, private university, located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Macon is a city located in central Georgia. ... Eufaula is a city in Barbour County, Alabama, United States. ...

Elected to the Alabama Senate from Barbour County, Alabama in 1898, Jelks served as chairman of the Committee on Constitution, Constitutional Revision and Amendment. In 1900, he was elected President of the Senate. Alabama did not have an office of lieutenant governor under the State Constitution of 1875, thus, Jelks, by virtue of his position as President of the Senate, served as acting-governor during the temporary incapacitation of Governor William J. Samford from December 1-26, 1900, and succeeded to the office on June 11, 1901, when Samford died. The seal of the Alabama Senate. ... Barbour County, Alabama is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. ... William James Samford (September 16, 1844–June 11, 1901) was an American Democratic politician who was the Governor of Alabama from 1900 to 1901. ...

As governor, Jelks played an active role in securing the ratification of the State Constitution of 1901, which, by executive proclamation, he offered into effect on Thanksgiving Day, 1901. The new constitution reinstated the office of lieutenant governor and established the term of office of governor as four years. Elected to his first full term in 1902, Jelks was the first Alabama governor elected to serve a four-year term.

Significant accomplishments during Jelks' administration include the passage of legislation limiting and regulating child labor; the establishment of the State Textbook Commission; the reforms of the State Railroad Commission and the convict lease system; the renovation and expansion of the State Capitol and the creation of Houston County.

  • The legislature prohibited manufacturers from employing children under twelve years of age or working them more than sixty-six hours per week.
  • The State Textbook Commission was established to provide a uniform series of textbooks for use in the state's public schools. According to Owen, the state realized a savings of several hundred thousand dollars in this way.
  • Public indignation with the high freight rates charged by the railroads resulted in a reform of the State Railroad Commission, whereby the commissioners began to be directly elected in 1903. Jelks' understanding of the workings of the commission was inadequate and although he viewed the change to direct election of commissioners with apprehension, he signed the bill into law.
  • A keen scrutiny of the bookkeeping practices and greater accountability in general were applied to the state's convict lease system. A larger percentage of the proceeds from the hire of county convicts was returned to the counties, the state assumed greater responsibility for the care and feeding of convicts contracted to mine operators and lumber camps and the overall health of state convicts improved. Efficient administration of the convict system net the state nearly $400,000 per year between 1901 and 1906.
  • A legislative appropriation in 1903 of $150,000 for expansion and renovation of the State Capitol enabled the state to acquire a block of houses directly south of the Capitol, on which were constructed additional offices for state officials. The recently established State Department of Archives and History was provided offices and storage space in the new wing of the Capitol.

When Jelks left office in 1907 he had served longer than any governor before him. He left a cash balance in the treasury of $1.8 million, which he recommended be spent on education. After leaving office, he organized the Protective Life Insurance Company in Birmingham, Alabama and served as its first president. He was a delegate to the 1912 Democratic Convention in Baltimore, Maryland that nominated Woodrow Wilson to the presidency. Jelks died on December 14, 1931. Flag Seal Nickname: The Magic City, Pittsburgh of the South, BHam, The Ham Location Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama Coordinates , Government Country State County United States Alabama Jefferson County Mayor Bernard Kincaid (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 151. ... Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates: Country State County United States Maryland Independent City... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was the 28th President of the United States (1913–1921). ...

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Preceded by:
Joseph F. Johnston
Governor of Alabama
Succeeded by:
William J. Samford
Preceded by:
William J. Samford
Governor of Alabama
Succeeded by:
Russell Cunningham
Preceded by:
Russell Cunningham
Governor of Alabama
Succeeded by:
B. B. Comer
Governors of Alabama Alabama State Flag
W. BibbT. BibbPickensMurphyG. MooreS. MooreGayleClayMcVayBagbyFitzpatrickMartinChapman • Collier • WinstonA. MooreShorterWattsParsonsPattonSwayneSmithLindsayLewisHoustonCobbE.A. O'NealSeayT. JonesOatesJohnstonJelksSamfordJelksCunninghamJelksComerE. O'NealHendersonKilbyBrandonMcDowellBrandonGravesMillerGravesDixonSparksFolsom Sr.PersonsFolsom Sr.PattersonG. WallaceL. WallaceBrewerG. WallaceBeasleyG. WallaceJamesG. Wallace • Hunt • Folsom Jr.JamesSiegelmanRiley



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