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Encyclopedia > William Chambers (architect)
The central courtyard of Chambers' Somerset House in London. The pavement fountain was installed in the 1990s.
The central courtyard of Chambers' Somerset House in London. The pavement fountain was installed in the 1990s.

Sir William Chambers (October 27, 1723 - February 17, 1796), was a Scottish architect, born in Gothenburg, Sweden, where his father was a merchant. Between 1740 and 1749 he was employed by the Swedish East India Company making several voyages to China where he studied Chinese architecture and decoration. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3008x2000, 1408 KB) Somerset House, London Source: Jan van der Crabben (Photographer) File links The following pages link to this file: Somerset House ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3008x2000, 1408 KB) Somerset House, London Source: Jan van der Crabben (Photographer) File links The following pages link to this file: Somerset House ... The central courtyard of Somerset House in London. ... October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. ... Events February 16 - Louis XV of France attains his majority Births February 24 - John Burgoyne, British general (d. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1796 (MDCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity(English) Wha daur meddle wi me? (Scots)[1] Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots[2] Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Location of Gothenburg in northern Europe Coordinates: Country Sweden County Västra Götaland County Province Västergötland Charter 1621  - Mayor Göran Johansson Area    - City 450 km²  (174 sq mi)  - Water 14. ... The East Indiaman Götheborg in Oslo, for the centenary of the dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden on 10 June 2005 The Swedish East India Company (Swedish: Svenska Ostindiska Companiet or SOIC) was founded in Gothenburg, Sweden in 1731 for the purpose of conducting trade with the... Chinese architecture refers to a style of architecture that has taken shape in Asia over the centuries. ...


Returning to Europe, he studied architecture in Paris (with J. F. Blondel) and spent five years in Italy. Then, in 1755, he travelled to England and established an architectural practice in London. Through a recommendation of the 4th Earl of Bute he was appointed architectural tutor to the Prince of Wales, later George III, and also, with Robert Adam, Architect of the King's Works. He worked for Augusta, Dowager Princess of Wales making fanciful garden buildings at Kew, and in 1757 he published a book of Chinese designs which had quite an influence on contemporary taste. This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Jacques-François Blondel (January 17, 1705-January 9, 1774) was a French architect. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... John Crichton-Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute (June 30, 1744–November 16, 1814) was the son of John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute and Mary Wortley-Montagu, 1st Baroness Mount Stuart. ... George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until 1 January 1801, and thereafter United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. ... Robert Adam Robert Adam (3 July 1728 - 3 March 1792) was a Scottish architect, interior designer and furniture designer, born in Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland. ... The Ministry of Works was a department of the UK Government formed in 1943 to organise the requisitioning of property for wartime use. ... Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (November 30, 1719-February 8, 1772) was Princess of Wales from May 8, 1736 to March 31, 1751. ... Royal Botanic Gardens redirects here. ...


In 1759 his more serious and academic Treatise on Civil Architecture had an influence on builders; it went into several editions and was still being republished in 1826. His influence was transmitted also through a host of younger architects trained as pupils in his office, including Thomas Hardwick Junior (1752-1825) who helped build Somerset House with him and who wrote a biography of Chambers's life. The central courtyard of Somerset House in London. ...


He was the major rival of Adam in British Neoclassicism. Chambers was more international in outlook (his knighthood being originally a Swedish honour) and was influenced by continental neoclassicism (which he in turn influenced) when designing for British clients. A second visit to Paris in 1774 confirmed the French cast to his sober and conservative refined blend of Neoclassicism and Palladian conventions. Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... Palladian architecture is a European style of architecture derived from the designs of the Italian architect Andrea Palladio (1508–1580). ...


Chambers died in London in 1796. He is buried in Westminster Abbey. The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to by its original name of Westminster Abbey, is a mainly Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral (and indeed often mistaken for one), in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. ...


Writings

  • Designs of Chinese buildings, furniture, dresses, machines, and utensils : to which is annexed a description of their temples, houses, gardens, &c (London) 1757
  • Desseins des edifices, meubles, habits, machines, et ustenciles des Chinois ; Auxquels est ajoutée une descr. de leurs temples, de leurs maisons, de leurs jardins, etc. (London) 1757
  • A treatise on civil architecture in which the principles of that art are laid down and illustrated by a great number of plates accurately designed and elegantly engraved by the best hands (London) 1759
  • Plans, Elevations, Sections and Perspective Views of the Gardens and Buildings at Kew in Surry (London) 1763
  • A dissertation on oriental gardening. (London) 1772

Main works

  • Roehampton Villa (largely extant including interior ceilings), now called Parkstead House, for William Ponsonby, 2nd Earl of Bessborough. Also designed two garden temples (one to be re-erected by 2008), similar to those at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.[1]
  • Somerset House in London, his most famous building, which absorbed most of his energies over a period of two decades (1776–1796)
  • The Dunmore Pineapple, a folly in Dunmore Park near Falkirk, is often attributed to Chambers.

Roehampton is a place in south London, in the London Borough of Wandsworth. ... Royal Botanic Gardens redirects here. ... Blackheath is a suburb of London, divided between the London Borough of Lewisham and the London Borough of Greenwich. ... Henry Scott (1746 - 1812), 3rd Duke of Buccleuch and 5th Duke of Queensberry was a Scottish nobleman. ... Caroline of Brunswick Duchess Caroline of Brunswick (17 May 1768 – 7 August 1821) as Queen Caroline was the Queen Consort of King George IV of the United Kingdom from 29 January 1820 to her death. ... George IV (George Augustus Frederick) (12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Hanover from 29 January 1820 until his death. ... The central courtyard of Somerset House in London. ... The Gold State Coach was built in 1762 and has been used at every coronation of the British monarch since George IV. The coach weighs four tons and is 24 feet long and 12 feet high. ... British coronations are held in Westminster Abbey. ... The Pineapple The Dunmore Pineapple is a remarkable folly situated in Dunmore Park, approximately 1km northwest of Airth in the Falkirk council area, Scotland. ... Broadway Tower, Worcestershire, England The folly at Wimpole Hall, Cambridgeshire, England, built in the 1700s to resemble Gothic-era ruins In architecture, a folly is an extravagant, useless, or fanciful building, or a building that appears to be something other than what it is. ... Falkirk (An Eaglais Bhreac in Scottish Gaelic) is a town in central Scotland. ... James Caulfeild, 1st Earl of Charlemont (August 18, 1728 - August 4, 1799), was an Irish statesman. ... Charlemont House was finished in 1763 and designed by William Chambers for James Caulfeild, the 1st Earl of Charlemont. ... The Casino at Marino The Casino at Marino, located in Dublin, Ireland was designed by Sir William Chambers for James Caulfeild, the 1st Earl of Charlemont, starting in the late 1750s and finishing around 1775. ... Trinity College, Dublin, corporately designated as the Provost, Fellows and Scholars of the College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin, was founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth I, and is the only constituent college of the University of Dublin, Irelands oldest university. ... Victoria Tower at the Palace of Westminster, London: Gothic details provided by A.W.N. Pugin The Gothic Revival was an architectural movement which originated in mid-18th century England. ... Milton Abbey in Dorset was a Benedictine foundation, but only part of the church now survives and is used as a parish church. ... Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dɔ.sət], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ... Milton Abbas Milton Abbey Milton Abbas is a village in Dorset in the south-west of England, approximately seven miles south-west of the market town of Blandford Forum and 11 miles north-east of Dorchester. ... A landscape architect is primarily a designer of spaces, mostly landscapes, and sometimes gardens, in the field of landscape architecture. ... Capability Brown, by Nathaniel Dance, ca. ... Joseph Damer (12 March 1718-1798) was a wealthy landowner particularly associated with the reshaping of Milton Abbey and the creation of the village of Milton Abbas in Dorset, south-west England. ... The title of Earl of Dorchester was created in the Peerage of Great Britain on 18 May 1792 together with the subsidiary title Viscount Milton for Joseph Damer, who already held the the titles Baron Milton in the Peerage of Ireland and Peerage of Great Britain. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.parksteadhouse.co.uk/history.htm

  Results from FactBites:
 
Biography of Sir William Chambers, Architect (1896 words)
Of the English architects and furniture designers of the later Georgian period, the two greatest were undoubtedly Robert Adam, who popularized a revival of Classic forms, the neoclassical style, and Sir William Chambers, who typified the ultra trendy taste of his time.
Chamber's first work of importance was a villa for Lord Bessborough at Roehampton in Surrey, the portico of which was particularly admired.
But though Chambers was undoubtedly fascinated by the Chinese style, he nevertheless gained a place among those masters who perpetuated the classical traditions, in the form of the neoclassical style of the late Georgian era.
William Chambers (architect) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (500 words)
The central courtyard of Chambers' Somerset House in London.
Sir William Chambers (1723-1796) was a Scottish architect (though born in Gothenburg where his father was a merchant).
Chambers was more international in outlook (his knighthood being originally a Swedish honor) and was influenced by continental neoclassicism (which he in turn influenced) when designing for English clients.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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