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Encyclopedia > William Cardinal Levada
William Joseph Levada
William Joseph Levada
Styles of
William Joseph Cardinal Levada
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
See San Fransisco (emeritus)

William Joseph Cardinal Levada, (born 15 June 1936, Long Beach, California) is a Roman Catholic cardinal, currently serving in the Roman Curia as Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. Levada became a cardinal in the consistory of March 24, 2006. Image File history File links WJLevada. ... Image File history File links WJLevada. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (550x741, 86 KB) Description: Vestments of a cardinal: red cassock, rochet trimmed with lace, red chimere, apostolical cross. ... A style of office, or honorific, is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the political office itself. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... County Los Angeles County, California Area  - Total  - Water 170. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 3rd 410,000 km² 402. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The word cardinal comes from the Latin cardo for hinge and usually refers to things of fundamental importance, as in cardinal rule or cardinal sins. ... The Roman Curia (sometimes, if inaccurately, called the Vatican) is the administrative apparatus of the Holy See, coordinating and providing the necessary organisation for the correct functioning of the Catholic Church and the achievement of its goals. ... A prefect (from the Latin praefectus, perfect participle of praeficio, to make in front, i. ... The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF) (Congregatio pro Doctrina Fidei) is the oldest of the nine congregations of the Roman Curia. ... // Antiquity Originally, the Latin word consistorium meant simply sitting together, just as the Greek syn(h)edrion (from which the Biblical sanhedrin was a corruption). ...


Levada's previous positions include that of Archbishop of Portland in Oregon from 1986 to 1995, and Archbishop of San Francisco 1995 to 2005. He was also a principal editor of the Catechism of the Catholic Church. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Portland in Oregon (Archidioecesis Portlandensis in Oregon) encompasses the western part of the State of Oregon from the summit of the Cascades to the Pacific Ocean, an area of about 29,717 square miles (76,967 km²). The Archbishop of Portland serves as the Ordinary... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 9th 255,026 km² 420 km 580 km 2. ... The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Francisco is the ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the northern California region of the United States. ... The Catechism of the Catholic Church, or CCC, is an official exposition of the teachings of the Catholic Church, first published in French in 1992 by the authority of Pope John Paul II.[1] Subsequently, in 1997, a Latin text was issued which is now the official text of reference...

Contents


Biography

Early life and clerical formation

Levada was born in Long Beach, California on June 15, 1936. His great-grandparents came from Portugal and Ireland, and immigrated to the San Francisco Bay Area in the 1860s. He grew up in Long Beach, California and Houston, Texas, and attended a college seminary in the Roman Catholic Archidiocese of Los Angeles. County Los Angeles County, California Area  - Total  - Water 170. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... USGS Satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... // Events and trends Technology The First Transcontinental Railroad in the United States is built in the six year period between 1863 and 1869. ... County Los Angeles County, California Area  - Total  - Water 170. ... Nickname: Space City Official website: www. ... The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the western region of the United States. ...


From 1958 to 1961, Levada attended seminary at the North American College and did his theological studies at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome. He was ordained a priest on December 20, 1961. The North American College The Pontifical North American College is an institution of higher learning and continuing education of the Roman Catholic Church and is located in Rome, Italy. ... The Pontifical Gregorian University The Pontifical Gregorian University is a Roman Catholic university in Rome. ... , For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Priestly ministry

From 1961 until around 1966, Levada worked in parishes in the Archdiocese of Los Angeles, including St. Monica's Church in Santa Monica. He also taught high school and worked in college campus ministry. Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica is a coastal city in western Los Angeles County, California, USA, by the Pacific Ocean, south of Pacific Palisades and Brentwood, and north of Venice. ...


After this, he returned to Rome and continued his studies at the North American College. He received a doctorate in sacred theology. His 1971 dissertation was written under Francis A. Sullivan, SJ. In the early 1970s, he returned to the United States and taught theology at St. John's Seminary School of Theology in Camarillo, California. During this time he was also named the first Director of Continuing Education for the Clergy in the Archdiocese of Los Angeles, and received the title Monsignor. 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... Francis Aloysius Sullivan, S.J., is a Catholic theologian and a Jesuit priest. ... Camarillo (Cam-uh-REE-o not Cam-uh-RILL-o) is a city located in Ventura County, California. ... Monsignor is an ecclesiastical honorific used by certain priests and bishops of the Roman Catholic Church. ...


From 1976 to 1982, Levada was an official of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith in the Vatican. He had been recommeded by Joseph Cardinal Bernardin. During this time, he taught part-time at the Pontifical Gregorian University. At the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Levada served under three popes (Pope Paul VI, Pope John Paul I, and Pope John Paul II), and under two prefects of the CDF (Franjo Cardinal Seper and Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger). 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1976 calendar). ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF) (Congregatio pro Doctrina Fidei) is the oldest of the nine congregations of the Roman Curia. ... Joseph Cardinal Bernardin, served as Archbishop of Chicago from 1982 till his death in 1996. ... Pope Paul VI (Latin: ), born Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini (September 26, 1897 – August 6, 1978), reigned as Pope of the Catholic Church and as sovereign of Vatican City from 1963 to 1978. ... Pope John Paul I (in Latin ), born Albino Luciani (October 17, 1912 – September 28, 1978), reigned as pope and as sovereign of Vatican City from August 26, 1978 to September 28, 1978. ... Pope John Paul II (Latin: ), born Karol Józef WojtyÅ‚a (May 18, 1920 – April 2, 2005) reigned as pope of the Roman Catholic Church for almost 27 years, from October 16, 1978 until his death, making his the second-longest pontificate. ... His Eminence Franjo Šeper (born October 2, 1905 in Osijek (Austria-Hungary, now Croatia), died December 30, 1981 in Rome) was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, and prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith from 1968 to his death. ... Pope Benedict XVI (Latin: ), born Joseph Alois Ratzinger (born April 16, 1927) is the 265th and reigning Pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church, and sovereign of Vatican City State. ...


In 1982, Los Angeles Archbishop Timothy Cardinal Manning named Levada as the Executive Director of the California Catholic Conference of Bishops in Sacramento, the public policy arm of the Church in California. His Eminence Timothy Cardinal Manning (1909-1989) was a Roman Catholic Cardinal-Priest who was archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles, California. ... Nickname: City of Trees Motto: Official website: http://www. ...


Episcopal ministry

Levada was ordained a bishop on May 12, 1983 to the titular see of Capreae, and was assigned as an auxiliary bishop to the Archdiocese of Los Angeles. In 1984 he was appointed Episcopal Vicar of Santa Barbara County. In 1986 he was appointed chancellor and moderator of the archdiocesan curia. Serving under Roger Cardinal Mahony, Levada reorganized the internal structure of the diocese. May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... When first appointed auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Honolulu in Hawaii, Joseph Anthony Ferrario became a titular bishop of the titular see of the ancient Egyptian city of Cusae. ... Overlooking Capri harbor from Villa San Michele Capri is an island off the coast of Italy, in the Bay of Naples that has been a celebrated beauty spot and resort since the time of the Roman Republic. ... An auxiliary bishop, in the Roman Catholic Church, is an additional bishop assigned to a diocese because the diocesan bishop is unable to perform his functions, the diocese is so extensive that it requires more than one bishop to administer, or the diocese is attached to a royal or imperial... The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels is the motherchurch of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. ... A vicar general is an ecclesiastical office in the Latin rite of the Roman Catholic Church existing in each particular church. ... Santa Barbara County is a county located on the Pacific coast of Southern California, in the state of California, just west of Ventura County. ... Various governments have a Chancellor who serves as some form of junior or senior minister. ... Moderator can refer to one of the following: neutron moderator moderator (communications) - Message Board Moderator The chairperson of a church court in Presbyterian churches (see Moderator of the General Assembly). ... A Curia in early Roman times was a subdivision of the people, i. ... His Eminence Roger Cardinal Mahony Roger Michael Cardinal Mahony (b. ...


On September 21, 1986, Levada became the Archbishop of Portland. During his tenure in Portland, Levada help to revitalize Mount Angel Seminary. Levada briefly taught at the Seminary as well. Other accomplishments in Portland included reorganizing Catholic Charities, working in outreach to the Hispanic Catholic community, and renovating St. Mary’s Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception. September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Portland in Oregon (Archidioecesis Portlandensis in Oregon) encompasses the western part of the State of Oregon from the summit of the Cascades to the Pacific Ocean, an area of about 29,717 square miles (76,967 km²). The Archbishop of Portland serves as the Ordinary... Nickname: City of Roses, Stumptown, Bridgetown Official website: http://www. ... // Legal definitions A charity is a trust, company or unincorporated association established for charitable purposes only. ... It has been suggested that Hispano be merged into this article or section. ... History In 1925 Archbishop Alexander Christie authorized construction of a new cathedral at 18th and Couch. ...


In 1987, Levada and six other Bishops were chosen by Cardinal Ratzinger to edit the forthcoming Catechism of the Catholic Church. When the Catechism was completed in 1993, the first English translation was very loose and used a great deal of inclusive language. Along with Archbishop Eric D'Arcy of Hobart, Australia and Fr. John Wall, Levada insisted that this be replaced with a more literal translation, and it was a new and more literal translation that was published in English in 1994. Levada also authored the glossary for the second edition of the Catechism. 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pope Benedict XVI (Latin: ), born Joseph Alois Ratzinger (born April 16, 1927) is the 265th and reigning Pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church, and sovereign of Vatican City State. ... The Catechism of the Catholic Church, or CCC, is an official exposition of the teachings of the Catholic Church, first published in French in 1992 by the authority of Pope John Paul II.[1] Subsequently, in 1997, a Latin text was issued which is now the official text of reference... This entry discusses how the Abrahamic faiths of Judaism, Christianity and Islam deal with God and gender. ... Joseph Eric DArcy (April 25, 1924-December 12, 2005) was Roman Catholic Bishop of Hobart (Australia) from 1988 - 1999. ... For other places and things named Hobart, see Hobart (disambiguation). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ...


On August 17, 1995, Levada was appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of San Francisco, and on December 27 of the same year succeeded John Raphael Quinn as the Archbishop of San Francisco. Some of Levada's most famous actions as Archbishop of San Francisco involved in the issues surrounding gay rights. In 1997, the City of San Francisco passed a law that all companies must provide the same benefits for domestic partners as for their spouses. Levada objected that this violated Catholic teaching on the unique status of marriage, but the city would not budge. Levada's solution was seen as a compromise in some circles and a brilliant move in others: He ruled that unmarried employees of the archdiocese could designate any person sharing the same address as their beneficiary. This complied with the statute while avoiding a privileged status for unmarried domestic partnerships. Levada also allowed a predominantly gay and lesbian parish in the Castro district, Most Holy Redeemer Church to remain active in the Archdiocese. August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Archbishop Jerome Hanus of the Archdiocese of Dubuque, Dubuque, Iowa. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The Most Reverend John Raphael Quinn (born March 28, 1929) is a Roman Catholic bishop, currently the Archbishop Emeritus of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Francisco; he served as the archdioceses sixth archbishop from 1977 to 1995. ... As of 2003 the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Francisco covers the city and county of San Francisco, as well as Marin and San Mateo counties, California. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... In modern society, gay is a word which can be used as either a noun or adjective. ... A lesbian is a homosexual woman who is aesthetically, sexually and romantically attracted to other women. ... The sidewalk on Castro Street looking north from 18th toward Market displays some of the color of the neighborhood. ... Most Holy Redeemer Church in San Francisco, is a Roman catholic parish situated in the Castro district, located at 100 Diamond Street (at 18th Street). ...


In November 2000, Levada was appointed one of the members of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, where he again served under Cardinal Ratzinger. This was a part-time task which let him remain in California. The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF) (Congregatio pro Doctrina Fidei) is the oldest of the nine congregations of the Roman Curia. ... Pope Benedict XVI (Latin: ), born Joseph Alois Ratzinger (born April 16, 1927) is the 265th and reigning Pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church, and sovereign of Vatican City State. ...


Also in 2000, Levada became the Bishop Co-Chair of the Anglican-Roman Catholic dialogue in the United States. In November 2003, Levada was appointed as Chairman of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops Committee on Doctrine. This was a three-year term, but he resigned in 2005 due to his new duties in Rome and was replaced by Arthur J. Serratelli, Bishop of Paterson. This article is about the year 2000. ... The United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (also known as the USCCB) is the official governing body of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States. ... Bishop Arthur Serratelli is the current bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson in northern New Jersey. ... The Diocese of Paterson is a particular church or diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States, which includes 3 counties in northern New Jersey: Passaic, Morris, and Sussex. ...


On September 18, 1998, he consecrated Monsignor John C. Wester to the episcopate as an auxiliary Bishop of San Francisco. In January 30, 2003, he consecrated Monsignor Ignatius C. Wang to the episcopate as his second auxiliary Bishop of San Francisco. Bishop Wang, a native of Beijing, is the first Chinese and first Asian Bishop to be ordained for a diocese in the United States. September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... January 31 goooz booz Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... (help· info) (IPA pei˩ tɕɪŋ˦), a city in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ...


Some critics have voiced uncertainty about how Levada handled priests who had committed sexual abuse in Portland and in San Francisco. [1] As President and Chancellor of Saint Patrick's Seminary in Menlo Park, Archbishop Levada has had to deal with the dismissal of his academic dean at the seminary after the dean's arrest in Santa Rosa on charges apparently related to child pornography and sexual abuse. [2] In the late 20th century, and especially at the turn of the 21st, the Catholic Church in several countries was confronted with a series of allegations concerning sexual abuse of children under the legal age of consent ¹ by Catholic clergy and religious. ... Saint Patrick Seminary and University in Menlo Park, California is a Roman Catholic post-graduate seminary whose primary mission is the formation of clergy for Western and Pacific Rim dioceses, orders, religious congregations and secular institutes. ... Cafe Borrone, adjacent to the recently re-opened Keplers Books in the Menlo Center, is a popular lunch spot in downtown Menlo Park. ... Santa Rosa is the county seat of Sonoma County, California. ... Generally, child pornography (sometimes referred to as CP, child porn, KP, or kiddie porn) is an illegal form of pornography, featuring minors. ... In the late 20th century, and especially at the turn of the 21st, the Catholic Church in several countries was confronted with a series of allegations concerning sexual abuse of children under the legal age of consent ¹ by Catholic clergy and religious. ...


Many Traditional Catholics were unhappy with Levada's refusal to allow Tridentine Masses to be celebrated in his Archdiocese. Traditional Catholic is a broad term used to describe many groups of Roman Catholics who follow more traditional aspects of the Catholic Faith. ... A pre-Vatican II altar with reredosThe altar is preceded by three steps, as was most common for a churchs main altar, though some main altars, such as that in Saint Peters in the Vatican, had (and have) much more than three. ...


Prefect for the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith

On May 13, 2005, Pope Benedict XVI appointed Levada to succeed him, the former Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, as Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (134th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pope Benedict XVI (Latin: ), born Joseph Alois Ratzinger (born April 16, 1927) is the 265th and reigning Pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church, and sovereign of Vatican City State. ... The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF) (Congregatio pro Doctrina Fidei) is the oldest of the nine congregations of the Roman Curia. ...


It was commonly speculated that the pope's reasons for choosing Levada may have included the fact that Levada had been a principal editor of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, the fact that the two of them had worked together at the CDF in the past, and the pope's desire to have an American heading the CDF since one of its major roles today is to deal with the fallout from the sexual abuse scandal. The Catechism of the Catholic Church, or CCC, is an official exposition of the teachings of the Catholic Church, first published in French in 1992 by the authority of Pope John Paul II.[1] Subsequently, in 1997, a Latin text was issued which is now the official text of reference... In the late 20th century, and especially at the turn of the 21st, the Catholic Church in several countries was confronted with a series of allegations concerning sexual abuse of children under the legal age of consent ¹ by Catholic clergy and religious. ...


Levada resigned as Archbishop of San Francisco effective August 17, 2005, the tenth anniversary of the announcement of his appointment as coadjutor to San Francisco. One of his last official duties as metropolitan bishop was to serve as principal consecrator of Clarence Richard Silva as the new Bishop of Honolulu, since Honolulu is a suffragan diocese of the San Francisco ecclesiastical province. August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In hierarchical Christian churches, the rank of metropolitan, pertains to the bishop of a metropolis; that is, the chief city of an old Roman province, ecclesiastical province, or regional capital. ... Clarence Richard Silva is the fifth Bishop of Honolulu and the dioceses first native-born prelate. ... The Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace is the oldest Roman Catholic cathedral in continuous use in the United States. ... An ecclesiastical province is a unit of religious government existing in certain Christian churches. ...


On February 22, 2006, Pope Benedict announced that Levada was to be elevated to the College of Cardinals, a nomination which was much foreseen, given his curial position. On March 24, Levada was named the Cardinal Deacon of the Titulus S. Mariae in Domnica. The Sacred College of Cardinals is the body of all Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church. ... The Cardinal Deacons are the lowest-ranked of the three orders of Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church. ...


Levada's views on theology and society

Archbishop Levada's views reflect the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. To learn his views on most theological and moral questions, it is sufficient to learn the views of the Church. Saint Peters Basilica in Rome. ...


With regard to certain disputed and controversial topics, the following quotes from Levada are pertinent.


On Catholic teachers who dissent from Catholic teachings:

Catholic theology does not recognize the right to dissent, if by that we mean adopting conclusions which are contrary to the clear teachings of the authoritative, noninfallible magisterium and which are presented to the public in such a way as to constitute equivalently an alternative personal magisterium. (Speech to National Catholic Educational Association, 1986)

On whether specific moral norms fall within the scope of infallibility, Levada's position changed between 1971 and 1995. In 1971, he concluded that infallibility in faith and morals does not extend to specific questions of natural law and moral norms: Magisterium (from the Latin magister: master) is a technical ecclesiastical term in Catholicism referring to the Pope and those Bishops who are directly under his supervision. ... Infallibility of the Church is the belief that the Holy Spirit will not allow the Church to err in its belief or teaching under certain circumstances. ... It has been suggested that Law of nature (precept) be merged into this article or section. ...

Even though there is nothing to prevent a council or a pope from extending [infallibility] to questions of the natural moral law from the point of view of their authority to do so, nevertheless the "prudential" certitude which characterizes the non-scriptural norms of the natural law argues against such an extension.... (Doctoral dissertation, Infallible Church Magisterium and the Natural Law, 1971)

But in 1995, Levada, following Pope John Paul II's encyclical Evangelium Vitae, agreed that in some cases moral norms have been taught infallibly by the ordinary magisterium: Pope John Paul II (Latin: ), born Karol Józef Wojtyła (May 18, 1920 – April 2, 2005) reigned as pope of the Roman Catholic Church for almost 27 years, from October 16, 1978 until his death, making his the second-longest pontificate. ... Evangelium Vitæ (Latin: The Gospel of Life) is the name of the encyclical written by Pope John Paul II which expresses the official position of the Catholic Church regarding the value and inviolability of human life. ...

The individual politician, like any Catholic, who is at odds with the teaching of the Church about the principle involved, i.e., that abortion constitutes the killing of innocent human life and is always gravely immoral (cf. Evangelium Vitae, nn. 57-62), has an obligation to reflect more deeply on the issue, in the hope of allowing the persuasive character of this infallibly taught teaching to become part of his belief and value system. I say infallibly taught not because Pope John Paul II has assumed in Evangelium Vitae the special prerogative recognized for individual papal teachings in the First Vatican Council, but rather because he has called attention explicitly to the fact that Catholic teaching on abortion has been an infallible doctrine of the Church by virtue of the universal ordinary Magisterium, recognized for the teachings of the Pope and worldwide college of bishops together by the Second Vatican Council. (From The Catholic Sentinel, 6/2/1995)

Archbishop Levada has been criticized by LGBT associations for his denunciation of same-sex marriage. He wrote in 2004: LGBT (or GLBT) is an abbreviation used as a collective term to refer to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender people. ... Same-sex marriage is marriage between two people who are of the same characteristic sex. ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in...

Heterosexual marriage, procreation and the nurturing of children form the bedrock of the family, and the family unit lies at the heart of every society. To extend the meaning of marriage beyond a union of a man and a woman, their procreative capacity, and their establishment of family represents a misguided understanding of marriage.

Levada also led a march of approximately 1,000 people through the streets of San Francisco in April of 2005 in protest of gay marriage.


On Catholic politicians:

A Catholic, to be in full communion with the faith of the Church, must accept this teaching about the evil of abortion and euthanasia.

On Islam:

If both Islam and Christianity view themselves as universal and missionary, it does not mean an impasse but an opportunity to search further into the mystery of that faith to see how it resonates and relates to the other's faith.

Significance of Levada's role

As Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Levada is the principal defender of all the moral and theological doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church, sometimes acting as chief prosecutor against members of the Church who have strayed from those values. As the most influential position in the government of the Church apart from the Holy Father himself, Levada is considered the highest ranking American in the institution. The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF) (Congregatio pro Doctrina Fidei) is the oldest of the nine congregations of the Roman Curia. ...


Other Americans heading dicasteries in the Roman Curia and associated institutions include Edmund Cardinal Szoka, Governor of Vatican City and President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State; James Francis Cardinal Stafford, Major Penitentiary; Archbishop James Harvey, Prefect of the Pontifical Household and Archbishop John Foley, President of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications. The Roman Curia (sometimes, if inaccurately, called the Vatican) is the administrative apparatus of the Holy See, coordinating and providing the necessary organisation for the correct functioning of the Catholic Church and the achievement of its goals. ... His Eminence Cardinal Edmund Casimir Szoka, (born September 14, 1927) is a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. ... The Governor of Vatican City is concurrently the President of the Governatorate of Vatican City and sometimes called the President of Vatican City. ... The President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State is the leader of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State, the legislative body of Vatican City. ... James Francis Cardinal Stafford (born July 26, 1932 in Baltimore, Maryland) is one of the highest ranking members of the Roman Curia from the United States, and incidentally the second American to serve as Major Penitentiary in recent years. ... The Apostolic Penitentiary, more formally the Tribunal of the Apostolic Penitentiary, is one of three bodies in the Roman Curia that make up the judiciary within the Holy See. ... John Foley is a sociologist known for his input on many sociological theories, particularly post-modernism, for his catch phrase Forget about everyone, have a great time, and forget about everything which he inserts as a footnote in all of his publications, at all his public speeches, and lectures. ...


Sources

  • Biography of Levada from Archdiocese of San Francisco website
  • Vatican news bulletin announcing Levada's nomination (May 13, 2005)
  • Statement of Levada on his appointment as Prefect for the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (May 13, 2005)
  • Profile of Levada in the San Francisco Chronicle (May 14, 2005)
Preceded by:
Cornelius Michael Power
Archbishop of Portland
19861995
Succeeded by:
Francis Cardinal George, OMI
Preceded by:
John Raphael Quinn
Archbishop of San Francisco
19952005
Succeeded by:
George Hugh Niederauer
Preceded by:
Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger
Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
2005–present
Incumbent

 
 

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