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Encyclopedia > William Barton (heraldist)

William Barton (1754-1817) was a Pennsylvania lawyer, scholar, and the designer (with Charles Thomson) of the Great Seal of the United States. 1754 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) English, Pennsylvania Dutch Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... Charles Thomson (November 29, 1729 - August 16, 1824) served as the secretary of the Continental Congress through its entirety (1774-1789). ... Obverse The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the United States government. ...

Contents

Family and Education

William Barton was born April 11, 1754 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His father, Rev. Thomas Barton was an Irish immigrant from Carrickmacross who had opened a school near Norristown, Pennsylvania in 1751. His mother was Esther Rittenhouse, brother of astronomer David Rittenhouse, for whom William would later write a biography. William's brother, Benjamin Smith Barton, would later become known for his work as a botanist. April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (102nd in leap years). ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... Carrickmacross is a town in County Monaghan, Ireland. ... Norristown is a home rule municipality in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, 17 miles (27 km) west by north of Philadelphia, on the Schuylkill River. ... Events Adam Smith is appointed professor of logic at the University of Glasgow March 25 - For the last time, New Years Day is legally on March 25 in England and Wales. ... David Rittenhouse. ... Benjamin Smith Barton Benjamin Smith Barton (February 10, 1766 - December 19, 1815) was an American botanist. ...


William grew up in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. In 1775, with the American War of Independence under way, he went to England, where he studied heraldry. During his time in Europe, he also met some of his maternal relatives in the Netherlands. Nickname: The Red Rose City Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Lancaster Founded 1730 Incorporated March 10, 1818  - Mayor Rick Gray (D) Area    - City  7. ... ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ...


He returned to Pennsylvania in 1779 and was admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, setting up a practice in Philadelphia. In 1781, he married Elizabeth Rhea, niece of Continental Congressman Jonathan Bayard Smith. They had five daughters and four sons, including botanist William P.C. Barton. 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania is the court of last resort for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Jonathan Bayard Smith (February 21, 1742–June 16, 1812) was an American merchant from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ...


It was also in 1781 that Barton published Observations on the Nature and Use of Paper Credit. The same year, the University of Pennsylvania awarded him an honorary Master of Arts degree, and in 1785, the College of New Jersey (later known as Princeton University) followed suit. In 1786, Barton published The True Interests of the United States and particularly of Pennsylvania considered with Respect to the Advantages Resulting from a State Paper Money. This article is about the private university in Philadelphia. ... A Master of Arts is a postgraduate academic masters degree awarded by universities in North America and the United Kingdom (excluding the ancient universities of Scotland and Oxbridge. ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... one of the earlier names for Princeton University Trenton State College is now known as The College of New Jersey This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Princeton University is a coeducational private university located in Princeton, New Jersey, in the United States of America. ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


The Great Seal

In May 1782, Barton, who had a reputation for his knowledge of heraldry, was consulted by the Third Great Seal Committee to contribute to the design of a national coat-of-arms for the United States. He drafted what he called Device for an Armorial Atchievement for the United States of North America, blazoned agreeably to the Laws of Heraldry. 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Shield Field Supporter Crest Wreath Mantling Helm Compartment Charge Motto Coat of arms elements A coat of arms or armorial bearings (often just arms for short), in European tradition, is a design belonging to a particular person (or group of people) and used by him or her in a wide...


He introduced an eagle with wings "displayed", an element that Secretary of the Continental Congress Charles Thomson greatly emphasized in the final proposal. The new design for the reverse of the seal incorporated the Eye of Providence atop a pyramid of thirteen steps. This combined the influence of Pierre Eugene du Simitiere, who had included the Eye of Providence in his designs for the First Great Seal Committee, with that of Francis Hopkinson, who had consulted for the Second Great Seal Committee, and who had included a similar pyramid in his 1778 design for the Continental Currency. On June 20, the design, as amended and expanded by Thomson, was adopted by the Continental Congress. Genera Several, see below. ... The Continental Congress is the label given to these two girls that i know. ... The Eye of Providence floating above an unfinished pyramid on the reverse of the Great Seal of the United States. ... Pierre Eugene du Simitiere (1736? - October 1784) was a philosopher and member of the American Philosophical Society. ... Francis Hopkinson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Continental Currency. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ...


On the subject of heraldry, Barton wrote a 1788 letter to General George Washington: 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and was later elected the first president of the United States under the U.S. Constitution. ...

I am likewise persuaded, Sir, that Blazonry not only merits the notice of an inquisitive mind, viewed merely as an affectative science; but that Coat-Armour, the Object of it, may be rendered conducive to both public and private uses, of considerable importance, in this infant nation, now rising into greatness;

In 1789, Washington (who had since been elected President) nominated Barton as a Judge of the Western Territory. Barton declined the appointment. 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The presidential seal was first used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ...


Later publications

In 1787, Barton was elected to Benjamin Franklin's American Philosophical Society. In 1791, his uncle, David Rittenhouse, became the Society's second president, after Franklin's death in 1790. Year 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... The American Philosophical Society is a discussion group founded as the Junto in 1743 by Benjamin Franklin. ... 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...


By 1800, William moved back to Lancaster. In 1802, he published a lengthy treatise entitled A Dissertation on the Freedom of Navigation and Maritime Commerce, and such Rights of States Relative Thereto, as are founded on the Law of Nations. He dedicated this work to Thomas Jefferson, who was the President of the United States at the time, as well as the president of the American Philosophical Society. // ON MAY 5 1853 MR.FADER HAD SEX WITH A MAN NAME MR WIEN THEN THEY HAD SON NAMEDMRS COTURE AND MR MANOOGIAN WENT INTO MRS HASKELLS OFFICE NAKED AND DANCED AROUND AND MASTERBATED ON HER CHEST AND SHE LICKED IT OFF THEN THEY HAD ORAL SEEX WITH NAPLOEAN OF... --69. ... This article is becoming very long. ...


In 1813, he published Memoirs of the life of David Rittenhouse. Jefferson had already subscribed for six copies. Former President John Adams, who received a copy of the book from Barton, wrote in an 1814 letter to Jefferson: 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... John Adams (October 30, 1735 – July 4, 1826) was a politician and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...

Mrs. Adams reads it with great delight, and reads to me what she finds interesting, and that is, indeed, the whole book. I have not time to hear it all.

Barton proposed an ambitious series of biographies, to be published in three volumes a year under the title, Select American Biography, Or, An Account of the Lives of Persons, Connected by Nativity, or Otherwise With the History of North America, Since the First Discovery of that Country. He described his intention for this project:

not only to concentrate in one point of view the lives of men distinguished in the New World, of whom some notices are already published; but also to rescue from oblivion the merits of many characters of worth, related in various ways to this country, of whom no public record has yet appeared.

He died in Lancaster on October 21, 1817 before the project could be realized. October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 71 days remaining. ...


References


 
 

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