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Encyclopedia > William A. Newell

William Augustus Newell (September 5, 1817 - August 8, 1901), was a physician, a three-term Congressman, and the Governor of New Jersey from 1857 to 1860, and of the Washington Territory from 1880-1884. He is probably best known for, and was most proud of, the Newell Act, which created the United States Life-Saving Service (a Federal agency that grew out of private and local humanitarian efforts to save the lives of shipwrecked mariners and passengers; which ultimately merged with the Revenue Cutter Service to form the United States Coast Guard in 1915). September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Governor of New Jersey is the chief executive of the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... This is a list of governors of the U.S. state of Washington. ... The government of the United States, established by the United States Constitution, is a federal republic of 50 states, a few territories and some protectorates. ... The United States Revenue Cutter Service was established by Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in 1790 as an armed maritime law enforcement service. ... Coast Guard shield The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is the coast guard of the United States. ...


Early life

He was born in Franklin, Ohio. His parents, from old New Jersey families, moved back to New Jersey when he was aged 2. He graduated from Rutgers College in 1836 and from the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania in 1839, and began to practice medicine in Allentown, New Jersey, which was to be his residence for the rest of his life. Franklin is a city located in Warren County, Ohio. ... Formerly Queens College The school now called Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, was chartered on November 10, 1766 as Queens College, in honor of Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744–1818), Queen consort of George III of the United Kingdom. ... The University of Pennsylvania (Penn is the moniker used by the university itself; UPenn is also correct, though less common) is a private, nonsectarian research university located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Map of Allentown in Monmouth County Allentown is a Borough located in Monmouth County, New Jersey. ...

Political Life

Entering Congress

He was elected as a Whig to the Thirtieth and Thirty-first United States Congresses (March 4, 1847-March 3, 1851), but did not rerun 1850. It was in his first term that he authored the Newell Act. Under this Act, a series of light house stations were set up between Sandy Hook and Little Egg Harbor. Each station was equipped with a cannon that could shoot a line out to a ship for aiding in rescue efforts. The service was extended from Long Island to Cape May, and after rescuing 200 passengers and crewmembers from the Scottish brig Ayrshire, it was extended over the entire Atlantic Coast. Whig Party banner from 1848 with candidates Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore. ... Thirtieth United States Congress Links and spelling have to be verified. ... This is a list of members of the Thirty-First United States Congress. ... Sandy Hook is the name of several places in the United States of America: Sandy Hook, Connecticut Sandy Hook, Kentucky Sandy Hook, Mississippi Sandy Hook, on the coast of New Jersey (See also Sandy. ... Little Egg Harbor Township is a township located in Ocean County, New Jersey. ... The four counties of Long Island. ... The Cape May Point Beach, NJ Cape May is the northern cape of Delaware Bay along the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. ...


As the Whig party foundered, the opposition to the Democratic Party consisted of the new American party (also called the Know-Nothings), and the nascent Republican Party. The former stood for limiting immigrants' role in politics (primarily Irish Catholics at the time), while the latter was opposed to the extension of slavery to the territories. The parties united in an attempt to defeat the powerful Democratic party, and, as a former Whig who was also opposed the extention of slavery, Newell was nominated at a joint convention in 1856. He won by just 3,000 votes over Democratic candidate William C. Alexander, but the Democrats won most of the seats in the legislature. The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other one being the Republican Party. ... The Know-Nothing movement was a nativist American political movement of the 1850s. ... The Republican Party was established in 1854 by a coalition of former Whigs, Northern Democrats, and Free-Soilers who opposed the expansion of slavery and held a Hamiltonian vision for modernizing the United States. ... Irish Catholics are persons of predominantly Irish descent who adhere to the Roman Catholic faith. ...

As governor, he urged lower taxes and balanced budgets; improvements in the school system; stricter naturalization procedures; restrictions on suffrage of naturalized citizens; as well as improvements to education and to life-saving systems. He worked hard to unite the American and Republican wings of the New Jersey Opposition

As governor he presided over the court of pardons, and in late 1857 was involved in a major controversey. James P. Donnelly, a medical student from a New York City Irish family was convicted of murdering Alfred S. Moses and sentenced to death in a Monmouth County court. To the Irish Catholics of New Jersey, this quickly became a large social and political issue, as he was convicted and sentenced by a Protestant judge and jury on what they saw as doubtful evidence. After Donelly's appeals ran out, he sought commutation to a life sentence. While the Court of Pardons voted 6 to 2 against a commutation, Newell claimed it had been a tie vote and that he cast the deciding vote for execution. This proved significant in Newell's political career later. Nickname: The Big Apple Motto: Official website: City of New York Location [[Image:|250px|250px|Location of City of New York, New York]] Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R... Location in the state of New Jersey Formed 1675 Seat Freehold Borough Area  - Total  - Water 1,723 km² (665 mi²) 500 km² (193 mi²) 29. ...

After the Governorship

Newell attending the Republican National Conventions in 1860 and 1864. Abraham Lincoln appointed Newell to the Life-Saving Service of New Jersey and held this office until he re-entered congress in 1865. Newell was nominated for Congress in 1864 and won on a platform of supporting the war. But in 1866 he was defeated, in part because of Newell's strong anti-immigrant past and his role in the Donelly case. He returned to medicine, but unsuccessfully sought the nomination for Congress in 1868. He did win the nomination in 1870 but lost the election. He ran for governor again in 1877, but lost to the popular Civil War general George Brinton McClellan. Again, his role in the Donnelly case was an issue, particularly in Irish Jersey City. The 1860 Republican National Convention in Chicago, Illinois, nominated former U.S. Representative Abraham Lincoln for President and Maine Senator Hannibal Hamlin for Vice-President. ... Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865), sometimes called Abe Lincoln and nicknamed Honest Abe, the Rail Splitter, and the Great Emancipator, was the 16th President of the United States (1861 to 1865), and the first president from the Republican Party. ... George Brinton McClellan has been the name of three noted figures in Canadian and American history. ... The skyline of Jersey City, as seen from Lower New York Bay. ...

In 1880, President Rutherford B. Hayes appointed Newell to be the Governor of Washington Territory. He supported many of the same policies he did while he was Governor of New Jersey: stregthening life-saving systems on the Pacific Ocean, lower taxes, temperance, and forced acculturation of Native Americans. He served until 1884, and then was United States Indian inspector for a year. He then resumed the practice of medicine, this time in Olympia, and remained there 14 more years, until his wife died. Then, in 1899, at the age of 82, he returned to Allentown, resumed the practice of medicine, and took an active role in the Monmouth County Historial Association. He died in Allentown in 1901 and was interred in the Presbyterian Cemetery. Rutherford Birchard Hayes (October 4, 1822–January 17, 1893) was an American politician, lawyer, and military leader from the U.S. state of Ohio. ... This is a list of governors of the U.S. state of Washington. ... State Capitol and waterfront, Olympia, Washington. ...

This article incorporates facts obtained from the public domain Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress is a biographical dictionary of all members of both houses of the United States Congress, past and present. ...

Preceded by:
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
for New Jersey's District 2

Succeeded by:
Preceded by:
Rodman M. Price
Governor of New Jersey
Succeeded by:
Charles S. Olden
Preceded by:
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
for New Jersey's District 2

Succeeded by:
Preceded by:
Elisha Peyre Ferry
Governor of Washington Territory
Succeeded by:
Watson Carvasso Squire

New Jerseys Second Congressional District is currently represented by Republican Frank LoBiondo. ... The Governor of New Jersey is the chief executive of the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Charles Smith Olden (February 19, 1799 – April 7, 1876) was Governor of New Jersey from 1860 to 1863. ... New Jerseys Second Congressional District is currently represented by Republican Frank LoBiondo. ... This is a list of governors of the U.S. state of Washington. ...

External links

Governors of New Jersey New Jersey State Flag
Livingston | Paterson | Howell | Bloomfield | Ogden | W.S. Pennington | M. Dickerson | Williamson | Vroom | Southard | Seeley | P. Dickerson | W. Pennington | Haines | Stratton | Fort | Price | Newell | Olden | Parker | Ward | Randolph | Bedle | McClellan | Ludlow | Abbett | Green | Werts | Griggs | Voorhees | Murphy | Stokes | Fort | Wilson | Fielder | Edge | Edwards | Silzer | Moore | Larson | Hoffman | Edison | Driscoll | Meyner | Hughes | Cahill | Byrne | Kean | Florio | Whitman | DiFrancesco | McGreevey | Codey | Corzine



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