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Encyclopedia > Will Durant
Will Durant
Will Durant

William James Durant (November 5, 1885November 7, 1981) was an American philosopher, historian, and writer. He is best known for his authorship and co-authorship with his wife Ariel Durant of The Story of Civilization. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 510 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (976 × 1146 pixel, file size: 650 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Credit: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, Look Magazine Photograph Collection. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 510 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (976 × 1146 pixel, file size: 650 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Credit: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, Look Magazine Photograph Collection. ... November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 56 days remaining. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... A philosopher is a person who thinks deeply regarding people, society, the world, and/or the universe. ... A historian is an individual who studies history and who writes on history. ... A writer is anyone who creates a written work, although the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... Ariel Durant, born Chaya Kaufman, (May 10, 1898_October 25, 1981) was the co-author of The Story of Civilization. ... The Story of Civilization by Will and Ariel Durant (ISBN 0-671-21988-X) is an eleven-volume set of books. ...

Contents

Life and Works

Durant was born in North Adams, Massachusetts of French-Canadian parents Joseph Durant and Mary Allard, who had been part of the Quebec emigration to the United States. He fought for equal wages, women's suffrage and fairer working conditions for the American labor force. Durant not only wrote on many topics but also put his ideas into effect. Durant, it has been said widely, attempted to bring philosophy to the common man. He authored The Story of Philosophy, The Mansions of Philosophy, and, with the help of his wife, Ariel, wrote The Story of Civilization. He also wrote magazine articles. North Adams is a city in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... “Canadiens” redirects here. ... The Quebec diaspora consists of hundreds of thousands of people who left the Province of Quebec in Canada for the United States, Ontario and the Canadian prairies between 1840 and through the Great Depression of the 1930s. ... The term womens suffrage refers to an economic and political reform movement aimed at extending suffrage — the right to vote — to women. ... The Story of Philosophy: the Lives and Opinions of the Greater Philosophers is a book by Will Durant that profiles several prominent Western philosophers and their ideas, beginning with Plato and on through Friedrich Nietzsche. ... Ariel Durant, born Chaya Kaufman, (May 10, 1898_October 25, 1981) was the co-author of The Story of Civilization. ... The Story of Civilization by Will and Ariel Durant (ISBN 0-671-21988-X) is an eleven-volume set of books. ...


He tried to improve understanding of viewpoints of human beings and to have others forgive foibles and human waywardness. He chided the comfortable insularity of what is now known as Eurocentrism, by pointing out in Our Oriental Heritage that Europe was only a "a jagged promontory of Asia." He complained of "the provincialism of our traditional histories which began with Greece and summed up Asia in a line" and said they showed "a possibly fatal error of perspective and intelligence." Eurocentrism is the practice, conscious or otherwise, of placing emphasis on European (and, generally, Western) concerns, culture and values at the expense of those of other cultures. ...


In 1900, Will was educated by the Jesuits in St. Peter's Preparatory School and, later, Saint Peter's College in Jersey City, New Jersey. In 1905, he became a Socialist. He graduated in 1907. He worked as a reporter for Arthur Brisbane's New York Evening Journal for ten dollars a week. At the Evening Journal, he wrote several articles on sexual criminals. Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... Saint Peters College is a private, coeducational Roman Catholic college in the United States. ... Location of Jersey City within New Jersey. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... A Female Reporter A reporter is a type of journalist who researches and presents information in certain types of mass media. ... Arthur Brisbane (1864-1936) was an American newspaper editor, born in Buffalo, N. Y., and educated in the public schools of the United States and Europe. ... Sex crimes are forms of human sexual behavior that are crimes. ...


Following this, in 1907, he began teaching Latin, French, English and geometry at Seton Hall University, South Orange, New Jersey. Durant was also made librarian at the college. Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Calabi-Yau manifold Geometry (Greek γεωμετρία; geo = earth, metria = measure) is a part of mathematics concerned with questions of size, shape, and relative position of figures and with properties of space. ... “Seton Hall” redirects here. ... Map of South Orange Village in Essex County South Orange is a village in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. ... The Librarian, a 1556 painting by Giuseppe Arcimboldo A librarian is an information professional trained in library science and information science: the organization and management of information and service to people with information needs. ...


In 1911 he left the Seminary. He became the teacher and chief pupil of the Ferrer Modern School, an experiment in libertarian education. Alden Freeman, a supporter of the Ferrer Modern School, sponsored him for a tour of Europe. At the Modern School, he fell in love with and married a pupil, thirteen years his junior, Chaya (Ida) Kaufman, whom he later nicknamed "Ariel". The Durants had one daughter, Ethel, and adopted a son, Louis. Ariel would contribute materially to all the volumes of The Story of Civilization but was given title page credit starting only with Volume VII, The Age of Reason Begins. Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Modern School in New York City, circa 1911-12. ... See also Libertarianism and Libertarian Party Libertarian,is a term for person who has made a conscious and principled commitment, evidenced by a statement or Pledge, to forswear violating others rights and usually living in voluntary communities: thus in law no longer subject to government supervision. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Ariel Durant, born Chaya Kaufman, (May 10, 1898_October 25, 1981) was the co-author of The Story of Civilization. ... The Story of Civilization by Will and Ariel Durant (ISBN 0-671-21988-X) is an eleven-volume set of books. ...


In 1913, he resigned his post as teacher. To support themselves, he began lecturing in a Presbyterian church for five- and ten-dollar fees; the material for these lectures became the starting point for The Story of Civilization. Freeman paid his tuition for the graduate school of Columbia University. Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Columbia University is a private research university in the United States. ...


In 1917, working on a doctorate in philosophy, Will Durant wrote his first book, Philosophy and the Social Problem. He discussed the idea that philosophy had not grown because it avoided the actual problems of society. He received his doctorate in 1917. He was also an instructor at Columbia University. 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Columbia University is a private research university in the United States. ...


The Story of Philosophy originated as a series of Little Blue Books (educational pamphlets aimed at workers) and was so popular it was republished in 1926 by Simon & Schuster as a hardcover book[1] and became a bestseller, giving the Durants the financial independence that would allow them to travel the world several times and spend four decades writing The Story of Civilization. He retired from teaching and began work on the eleven volume Story of Civilization. Will drafted a civil rights "Declaration of Interdependence" in the early 1940s, nearly a full decade before the Brown decision (see Brown v. Board of Education) ignited the Civil Rights Movement. This Declaration was introduced into the Congressional Record on October 1, 1945. The Story of Philosophy: the Lives and Opinions of the Greater Philosophers is a book by Will Durant that profiles several prominent Western philosophers and their ideas, beginning with Plato and on through Friedrich Nietzsche. ... Little Blue Books are a series of small staple-bound books published by the Haldeman-Julius Publishing Company of Girard, Kansas (1919-1978). ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jean-François Millet Le Semeur (The Sower) Simon & Schuster logo, circa 1961. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Holding Segregation of students in public schools violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, because separate facilities are inherently unequal. ... Martin Luther King is perhaps most famous for his I Have a Dream speech, given in front of the Lincoln Memorial during the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom This article is about the civil rights movement following the Brown v. ... The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...


The Durants strove throughout The Story of Civilization to create what they called "integral history." They opposed this to the "specialization" of history, an anticipatory rejection of what some have called the "cult of the expert." Their goal was to write a "biography" of a civilization, in this case, the West, including not just the usual wars, politics and biography of greatness and villainy, but also the culture, art, philosophy, religion, and the rise of mass communication. Much of The Story considers the living conditions of everyday people throughout the twenty-five hundred years their "story" of the West covers. They also bring an unabashedly moral framework to their accounts, constantly stressing the repetition of the "dominance of strong over the weak, the clever over the simple." The Story of Civilization is the most successful historiographical series in history. It has been said that the series "put Simon and Schuster on the map" as a publishing house.


For Rousseau and Revolution, (1967), the 10th volume of The Story of Civilization, they were awarded the Pulitzer Prize for literature; later followed the highest award granted by the United States government to civilians, the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Ford in 1977. The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... The Presidential Medal of Freedom The Presidential Medal of Freedom is one of the two highest civilian awards in the United States and is bestowed by the President of the United States (the other award which is considered its equivalent is the Congressional Gold Medal, which is bestowed by an... this guy is awsome i played him in a school play he also has some pretty funky history Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ...


They followed Rousseau and Revolution with a slender volume of observations called The Lessons of History; which was both synopsis of the series as well as analysis. Though they had intended to carry the work into the 20th century, they simply ran out of time and had intended the 10th volume to be the last. However, they published a final volume, the 11th, The Age of Napoleon in 1975. The Lessons of History by Will and Ariel Durant The Lessons of History is a book by historians Will Durant and Ariel Durant. ...


Two posthumous works by Durant have been published in the last several years, The Greatest Minds and Ideas of All Time (2002) and Heroes of History: A Brief History of Civilization from Ancient Times to the Dawn of the Modern Age (2001).


The Durants also shared a love story as remarkable as their scholarship; they detail this in Dual Autobiography. They died within two weeks of each other in 1981 (she on October 25 and he on November 7). Though their daughter, Ethel, and grandchildren strove to keep the death of his Ariel from the ailing Will, he learned of it on the evening news, and he himself died at the age of 96. He was buried beside his wife in Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles. Cemetery view looking South-East. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State California County Los Angeles County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ...


More than twenty years after his death, Durant's quote of "A great civilization is not conquered from without until it has destroyed itself from within"[1] appeared as the opening title of Mel Gibson's film Apocalypto, comparing (in Gibson's opinion) the decline of the Mayan Empire to the United State's current political and cultural situations. Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson AO (born January 3, 1956) is an American born Australian actor, director, and producer. ... Apocalypto is an Academy Award-nominated 2006 film directed by Mel Gibson. ... This article is about the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. ...


Selected books

See a full bibliography at Will Durant Online [2].

  • Durant, Will (1926). The Story of Philosophy. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will (1927). Transition. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will (1929) The Mansions of Philosophy. New York: Simon and Schuster. Later with slight revisions re-published as The Pleasures of Philosophy
  • Durant, Will (1930) The Case for India. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will (1931) Adventures in Genius. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will (1953) The Pleasures of Philosophy. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will & Durant, Ariel (1968). The Lessons of History. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will & Durant, Ariel (1970). Interpretations of Life. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will & Durant, Ariel (1977). A Dual Autobiography. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will (2001). Heroes of History: A Brief History of Civilization from Ancient Times to the Dawn of the Modern Age. New York: Simon and Schuster. Actually copyrighted by John Little and the Estate of Will Durant.

The Lessons of History by Will and Ariel Durant The Lessons of History is a book by historians Will Durant and Ariel Durant. ...

The Story of Civilization

  • Durant, Will (1935). Our Oriental Heritage. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will (1939). The Life of Greece. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will (1944). Caesar and Christ. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will (1950). The Age of Faith. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will (1953). The Renaissance. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will (1957). The Reformation. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will, & Durant, Ariel (1961). The Age of Reason Begins. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will, & Durant, Ariel (1963). The Age of Louis XIV. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will, & Durant, Ariel (1965). The Age of Voltaire. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will, & Durant, Ariel (1967). Rousseau and Revolution. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Durant, Will, & Durant, Ariel (1975). The Age of Napoleon. New York: Simon and Schuster.

References

  • Will Durant, Transition: A Sentimental Story of One Mind and One Era, Garden City NY : Garden City Pub. Company, 1927.
  • "Durant, Will; and Durant, Ariel." Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. [3] (Accessed May 14, 2005)
  • Cat Angels, Jeff Rovin, Harper Paperbacks, ISBN 0-06-100972-5
  1. ^ The Story of Civilization (Vol 3 Caesar And Christ. Epilogue - Why Rome fell): A great civilization is not conquered from without until it has destroyed itself within. The essential causes of Rome's decline lay in her people, her morals, her class struggle, her failing trade, her bureaucratic despotism, her stifling taxes, her consuming wars.

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Will Durant

  Results from FactBites:
 
Will Durant - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (864 words)
Durant was born in North Adams, Massachusetts of French-Canadian parents who had been part of the Quebec emigration to the USA.
Durant, it has been said widely, attempted to bring philosophy to the common man. He authored The Story of Philosophy, The Mansions of Philosophy, and, with the help of his wife, Ariel, wrote The Story of Civilization.
In 1900, Will was educated by the Jesuits in Saint Peter's Academy and, later, Saint Peter's College in Jersey City, New Jersey.
Will Durant Online: The Gentle Philosopher (3637 words)
Durant was deeply moved when he learned that Buckle had died in Damascus, after writing merely the introduction to what had been planned as a history of civilization, from its origins to the 19
Durant resolved to undertake the same task -- but he was 41 before he was free to begin.
Durant embodied the two qualities that he once declared no philosophy or philosopher was complete without: understanding and forgiveness.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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