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Encyclopedia > Wilhelm Müller

Wilhelm Müller (October 7, 1794 - September 30, 1827), German lyric poet, was born at Dessau, the son of a shoemaker. October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ... Events February 11 - 1st session of the United States Senate is open to the public. ... September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 92 days remaining, as the final day of September. ... Events February 20 - Battle of Huzaingo February 28 - The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad is incorporated, becoming the first railroad offering commercial transportation of both people and freight. ... Poets are authors of poems. ... Map of Germany showing Dessau Dessau is a town in Germany on the junction of the rivers Mulde and Elbe, in the Bundesland (Federal State) of Saxony-Anhalt. ...


He was educated at the gymnasium of his native town and at the university of Berlin, where he devoted himself to philological and historical studies. In 1813-1814 he took part, as a volunteer, in the national rising against Napoleon. In 1817 he visited Italy, and in 1820 published his impressions in Rom, Römer und Römerinnen. In 1818 he was appointed teacher of classics in the Dessau school, and in 1820 librarian to the ducal library. There is no institution called the University of Berlin, but there are four universities in Berlin, Germany: Humboldt University of Berlin (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin) Technical University of Berlin (Technische Universität Berlin) Free University of Berlin (Freie Universität Berlin) Berlin University of the Arts (Universität der Künste Berlin) This is... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... Events March 4 - James Monroe succeeds James Madison as the President of the United States of America April – Earthquake in Palermo, Italy April 3 – Princess Caraboo appears in Almondsbury in Gloucestershire, England May - The General Convention of the Episcopal Church founded General Theological Seminary while meeting in New York City. ... The Italian Republic or Italy (Italian: Repubblica Italiana or Italia) is a country in southern Europe. ... 1818 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


Müller's earliest lyrics are contained in a volume of poems, Bundesbluten, by several friends, which was published in 1816. His literary reputation was made by the Gedichte aus den hinterlassenen Papieren eines reisenden Waldhornisten (2vols., 1821-1824), and the Lieder der Griechen (1821-1824). The latter collection was Germany's chief tribute of sympathy to the Greeks in their struggle against the Turkish yoke, a theme which inspired many poets of the time. Two volumes of Neugriechische Volkslieder, and Lyrische Reisen und epigrammatische Spaziergänge, followed in 1825 and 1827. Müller also wrote a book on the Homerische Vorschule (1824; 2nd. ed., 1836), translated Marlowe's Faustus, and edited a Bibliothek der Dichtungen des 17 Jahrhunderts (1825-1827; 10 vols.). Events March 25 - Friedrich Karl Ludwig, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck dies and is succeeded by the later Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, his son and founder of the Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. ... Events February 23 - The Philadelphia College of Apothecaries founds the first pharmacy college. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Christopher Marlowe (baptised February 26, 1564–May 30, 1593) was an English dramatist, poet and translator of the Elizabethan era. ...


Müller and Schubert

Müller is not considered a major figure of German literature, and his work would probably be known only to specialists today, were it not that the celebrated composer Franz Schubert discovered his poems and set them to music. In particular, Schubert's two great song cycles, Die schöne Müllerin and Winterreise, are both based on collections by Müller. Although the poetry in these works is hardly of the highest order, many feel there was something in Müller's writing that spurred Schubert to his highest level of inspiration, and that much of the success of these works should indeed be attributed to Müller. For the crater on the moon, see Schubert (crater) Franz Schubert Franz Peter Schubert (January 31, 1797 – November 19, 1828), was an Austrian composer. ... A song cycle is a group of songs designed to be performed in sequence as a single entity. ... Winterreise (Winter Journey) is a song cycle by Franz Schubert, on poems by Wilhelm Müller. ...


Editions

Wilhelm Müller's Gedichte were first collected in 1837 (4th ed., 1858); edited by his son, Friedrich Max Müller (1868); there are also numerous more recent editions, notably one in Reclam's Universalbibliothek (1894); critical edition by JT Hatfield (7906). Müller's Vermischte Schriften were edited with a biography by G Schwab (3 vols., 1830). See F Max Müller's article in the Allgemeine deutsche Biographie; O Franck, "Zur Biographie des Dichters W. Müller" (Mittellungen des Vereins fur anhaltische Geschichte, 1887); JT Hatfield, "W. Müllers unveröffentlichtes Tagebuch und seine ungedruckten Briefe" (Deutsche Rundschau, 1902). Max Müller Friedrich Max Müller ( December 6, 1823 – October 28, 1900), more commonly known as Max Müller, was a German Orientalist, one of the founders of Indian studies, who virtually created the discipline of comparative religion. ...


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