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Encyclopedia > Wilhelm Filchner

Wilhelm Filchner (September 13, 1877 - May 7, 1957) was a German explorer. September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (128th in leap years). ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


At the age of 21, he participated in his first expedition, which led him to Russia. Two years later, he travelled alone and on horseback through the Pamir mountains. 1903 to 1905 he led an expedition through Tibet. Located in Central Asia, the Pamir Mountains are formed by the junction of the worlds greatest mountain ranges, a geologic structural knot from which the great Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, and Hindu Kush mountain systems radiate. ... 1903 has the latest occurring solstices and equinoxes for 400 years, because the Gregorian calendar hasnt had a leap year for seven years or a century leap year since 1600. ... 1905 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Tibet (Tibetan: བོད་, Bod, pronounced pö in Lhasa dialect; Chinese: 西藏, pinyin: Xīzàng; older splling Thibet) is a region and former independent country in Central Asia and the home of the Tibetan people. ...


Following his return from Tibet, he was tasked with organizing a German expedition to map Antarctica. After a training expedition to Spitzbergen, they set off with their ship Deutschland on May 4, 1911. The expedition entered the Weddell Sea and discovered Luitpold Coast and the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf, which Filchner had originally named after the German emperor Wilhelm II. They were the first expedition to enter further into Weddell Sea than James Weddell some 80 years before. Spitsbergen is the largest island in the Svalbard archipelago, which is situated in the Arctic Ocean and administered by Norway. ... May 4 is the 124th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (125th in leap years). ... 1911 was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... The Weddell Sea is part of the Southern Ocean. ... The calving of A-38 off Ronne ice shelf The Filchner-Ronne ice shelf is in Antarctica bordering the Weddell Sea. ... Wilhelm II of Prussia and Germany, Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Hohenzollern (January 27, 1859 - June 4, 1941) was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and the last King (König) of Prussia from 1888 - 1918. ... James Weddell (August 24, 1787 - September 9, 1834) was an English navigator, sealer, and explorer of the antarctic. ...


The ship overwintered in the pack ice after attempts to set up a base on the ice shelf had failed because of an iceberg calving. It wasn't until September 1912 that the Deutschland was free again and could return. An iceberg (berg is the German word for mountain) is a large piece of ice that has broken off from a glacier or ice shelf and is floating in open water. ... September is the ninth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four Gregorian months with the length of 30 days. ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ...


Filchner never returned to Antarctica, but went on many journeys through Nepal and Tibet, including a geographic survey of Nepal in 1939. Tibet (Tibetan: བོད་, Bod, pronounced pö in Lhasa dialect; Chinese: 西藏, pinyin: Xīzàng; older splling Thibet) is a region and former independent country in Central Asia and the home of the Tibetan people. ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Adolf Hitler awarded him the German National Prize for Art and Science as an acknowledgement of his achievements in exploration. Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889–April 30, 1945) was the Chancellor of Germany from 1933, and Führer und Reichskanzler (Leader and chancellor) of Germany from 1934, to his death. ... The German National Prize for Art and Science was an award created by Adolf Hitler in 1937 as a replacement for the Nobel Prize (he had forbidden Germans to accept the latter award in 1936). ...


In the World War II he was interned in India: 1940 in Patne in the Cottage-Hospital, from 1940 until September 13, 1941 in the Parole Camp in Purandhar and from September 1941 until November 1946 in the Parole Camp in Satara. Later on he lived in Poona in the Maharashtra state of India. World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb. ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... September is the ninth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four Gregorian months with the length of 30 days. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... November is the eleventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four Gregorian months with the length of 30 days. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Satara is a town and district of Maharashtra state of India. ... Pune, formerly called Poona, is the second largest city (after Mumbai) in the state of Maharashtra, India. ... Maharashtra (महाराष्ट्र) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... India is subdivided into 28 states, 6 union territories and a National Capital Territory. ...


Filchner died at the age of 80 in Zurich, Switzerland. General view showing Grossmünster church. ...


External links

  • 70south - more information on Wilhelm Filchner
  • Short biography
  • Biography, with an emphasis on the Antarctic expedition of 1911.

Literature

  • Wilhelm Filchner: Life of a Researcher
  • Wilhelm Filchner: To the sixth continent (translation by William Barr 1994)
  • Wilhelm Filchner: Through East Tibet
  • Wilhelm Filchner: Hell and Fever in Nepal
  • Murphy, David Thomas. German Exploration of the Polar World: a History, 1870-1940. London, Great Britain and Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 2002. xiii, 273 p. ISBN 0803232055.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wilhelm Filchner - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (339 words)
Wilhelm Filchner (September 13, 1877 - May 7, 1957) was a German explorer.
Filchner never returned to Antarctica, but went on many journeys through Nepal and Tibet, including a geographic survey of Nepal in 1939.
Filchner died at the age of 80 in Zurich, Switzerland.
Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (390 words)
The Filchner ice shelf is nourished primarily by the Slessor Glacier, the Recovery Glacier, and the Support Force Glacier, all located east of Berkner Island].
The east part of this shelf was discovered in January-February 1912 by the German Antarctic Expedition under Wilhelm Filchner.
Filchner named the feature for Kaiser Wilhelm, but the Emperor requested it be named for its discoverer.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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